Manual for Census Takers
b) Hands-on exercise filling out the census form.
c) Learning assessment test.
d) Identifying the working area. Participants who pass the course fill out a form with their personal particulars (form RC 02) so that on Census Day they will be able to perform their duties in the census tract nearest to their home. When completing form RC 02, with assistance from INE instructors or staff, they must identify the municipality, the district, and the census tract where their dwelling is located. They should then immediately identify the address of the tract supervisor's office that they must go to and the date on which they must go there.
1.2 Before the census
Once you arrive at the census tract office to which you have been assigned, the tract supervisor, together with the sector supervisor, will let you know the location of the sector in which you will act as a census taker.
On arrival at the sector premises, you will coordinate with the supervisor to determine how you will carry out the following activities:
b) Precise identification of the site, comparing the materials assigned from the central office against the reality of the segment.
c) Recording all corrections or additions to improve and update the cartographic data, such as street names, alley names, paths, routes, neighborhood roads, rivers, streams, etc.
1.3 On Census Day
On Census Day, you will collect information about dwellings, homes and people in compliance with the instructions in this manual or that you receive in meetings with your sector team. At the end of the day, you will provide detailed information to the sector supervisor about the results of your census-taking, and will take part in all the established quality control activities and in the proper final organization of the material for the segments in that sector.
b) You must carry your census taker credential.
c) You must visit and collect the census information about all dwellings and people, omitting no dwelling or person, within your work segment. Do not forget to include newborns, children, old people, or domestic workers and their families, if they spent the night before Census Day in that dwelling.
d) You must request the information from the head of household or, if necessary, an adult present in the dwelling at the time of the census.
e) You must point out that the information recorded on the census form is absolutely confidential and will be used only for statistical purposes.
f) You must perform your census-taking without the help or company of anyone not employed in the census.
g) If you do not have enough census forms for all the dwellings you encounter in the census segment, you must inform the sector supervisor as soon as possible.
h) When leaving a dwelling, you must affix a "counted" sticker to the dwelling's entry door.
i) You must give your section supervisor the census forms, duly ordered in the plastic bag, the clipboard, Form 01, census taker's control sheet and Form 02, census taker's preliminary count sheet.
b) You must not argue or dispute with the people you interview.
c) You must not ask questions other than those on the census.
d) You must not request or receive compensation in money or in kind from the people being counted.
e) You must not promise benefits resulting from the census.
f) You must not divulge the information obtained in the census.
1.6 The census materials entrusted to you
To gather the census information, you will use: the census taker's control sheet (Form 01), the census form, and the census taker's preliminary count sheet (Form 02).
The other material you will receive consists of:
- Diagram or map of the segment
- ''Counted'' stickers to identify dwellings already surveyed
- Black pencil, eraser, and pencil sharpener
2.1 Census-taking period
The census-taking period lasts one day in areas with a street grid and in population hubs, and up to three days in areas with a dispersed population. According to the provisions of Supreme Decree 1305 of August 1, 2012, the census-taking period for the 2012 National Census of Population and Housing lasts from November 21 to 23, 2012.
2.2 The census segment
A census segment is the working area of one census taker. On the maps or diagrams, the census segment is bounded by a red line and has an identification code in the same color, highlighted with a yellow line.
2.3 Surveying areas with a street grid
If the working area includes an entire square block, the census taker should begin at the northwest corner and then continue clockwise with his or her right arm toward the wall, until the entire block is complete. This criterion will be followed even within buildings of apartments or individual rooms. In multistory buildings, it is appropriate to start with the top floor.
If the segment includes more than one square block, the same procedure should be followed when traveling around each block.
2.4 Areas with dispersed population
In dispersed areas, dwellings are irregularly located since there are no streets or other exact points of reference. In this case, the census taker should double-check the segment's identification, its size, and the location of the dwellings before beginning work.
To the extent possible, a zig-zag route should be followed, starting with the farthest dwelling.
2.5 People to include in the census
Census takers should list only the people present in the home. However, if any members of the household are working on Census Day, performing census-related tasks or providing essential services, or must travel abroad by air on that day, they may be included on the census form as long as they left the certificate issued in their name fully confirming this.
The information about this person will be provided by the other members of the household. The census taker must collect this certificate and place it inside the corresponding census form.
This applies to census takers, who along with their credential must also receive the certificate that lets them be counted in their dwelling even though they are out surveying their work segment. Both the credential and the certificate must be provided by the sector supervisor at the first working meeting in the sector.
If they live alone and therefore have no one to leave this certificate with on Census Day, there is an option for them to be interviewed in the office of the census tract that they live in. To do this, they must go to that office on Saturday, November 17, or Sunday, November 18, bringing the certificate, which they will give to the census taker assigned to that office for that purpose.
Members of the armed forces or of the national police are exempted from this requirement. They can be counted in the census survey of their home without presenting the certificate if they are away from home on official duty on Census Day.
This is the first of the forms you will need to use in the field. It allows documentation of the census taker's route and provides substantive information for the processing stage. One control sheet will be completed for the assigned segment. It is important to have a copy of the control sheet in front of you so you can follow the description and recommendations in this manual.
You must copy the following from the folder label: the codes for the municipality, district, city/community, tract, segment.
Also, write the name of the city or community. In areas with a dispersed population, multiple community names may appear on the label. If so, you must be very careful to write only the name of the community you are currently in on each census form. The same applies to the population hub and zone/neighborhood or neighborhood unit.
1. Line number
The line number is preprinted and is an important component of identification. One line number will be used for each dwelling and for each structure not intended as a dwelling. If a unit has multiple door numbers, use one line for the door number corresponding to the main entrance, and ignore the other door numbers. In areas with dispersed population, the route will be designed by drawing on the diagram or map the approximate location of the structural units. Next to each point, note the line number that is assigned to it on the control sheet.
In areas with a street grid, use this column to indicate the block number for the buildings you are surveying. If multiple block numbers appear on the label, be very careful to note only the number of the block currently being surveyed on each census form.
An uninhabited building under construction, meant for housing or other uses, will be included in the census if its roofs and other enclosures are complete, including doors, windows, and other glass. In this case, devote one line of the control sheet to each dwelling unit or unit not intended as a dwelling. If they are dwelling units, assign and complete a census form for each dwelling, even if it is not yet occupied. If the building's construction is not that far along, note down the address on a single line of the control sheet, but even if it is residential, do not assign census forms unless someone usually lives there.
However, if the home or premises are in a ruinous condition, they should not be included in the census. Of course, if anyone usually lives there, it will be considered an occupied dwelling, regardless of its condition. In that case, give it a line on the control sheet and assign it a census form.
3.1 Name of the street, avenue, road, path, etc.
Write down the usual name of the street (whether designated as a street, avenue, road, way, path, alley, etc.). If its name does not appear on the diagram, maximal effort should be made to obtain this name and record it on the diagram and on the control sheet. If the same name is repeated on several lines, you may use quotation marks.
3.2 Door number of the main entrance
If there are multiple door numbers for a single structure, record the number associated with the main entrance. If there is no door number, record (s/n) [sin nÃºmero -- no number] in the appropriate cell.
Garages that are part of dwellings or of buildings not intended as dwellings will only be considered in a separate line if they are dedicated to other purposes distinct from the rest of the unit, for example to carrying out economic activities.
3.4 Apartment or unit number
In buildings with multiple apartments or individual rooms, the apartments or units are usually identified with a number, which should be recorded in this column. If one structure contains multiple dwellings, each of them will be recorded on a line on the control sheet.
4. Main use of the structure
In most cases, there are visible indicators that will let you easily identify if it is a private or collective dwelling, or premises not intended as a dwelling. The prime emphasis should focus on identifying structures used as a dwelling, whether private or collective, and those structures whose main use is not as a dwelling but where someone slept the night before Census Day.
Since it is essential to distinguish between a ''Dwelling'' and a ''Structure not intended as a dwelling,'' we need to define what a dwelling is for statistical and census-related purposes.
Dwelling: ''A dwelling is any room or set of rooms and their outbuildings that occupy a building or a separated part of a building, and that were built, renovated, or refurbished for human habitation, and which, at the time of the census survey, is not fully used for other purposes. For purposes of the census, dwellings also include any fixed or mobile shelter in which a person (or groups of people) spent the night before Census Day.''
b) Collective dwelling: a hotel, inpatient hospital, homes for the elderly or for children, religious boarding schools, barracks, jails, prisons, etc. People live together there for reasons of age, health, education, religion, work, imprisonment, etc.
In any of these circumstances, mark 1 and proceed directly to filling out the census form.
If you notice that a private dwelling is used secondarily for commercial, industrial, artisanal, or service activities in spaces or rooms with no separate entrance directly accessible from outside, absolute priority should be given to the use as a dwelling and you should mark code 1. Examples include bread manufacturing, a sewing workshop, medical office, sale of groceries, etc.
A collective dwelling may separately contain one or more private dwellings (such as owners or caretakers living with their family). In these cases, use a new line of the control sheet for each private dwelling found within the collective dwelling.
4.2 Structure not intended as a dwelling
These are the operating premises of some public institution (government, security, defense, law enforcement, etc.), or an international, religious, or other organization, or else intended for food production, industry, commerce, or services.
In any of these cases, you should ask the question "Did anyone sleep in the structure last night?" If the answer is yes, mark 2 and proceed directly to filling out the census form. However, if the answer is no, mark 3 and go on to the next address on your route.
Bear in mind that even this type of structure may contain one or more private households (such as the caretaker and the caretaker's family). In these cases, use a new line of the control sheet for each private dwelling found that meets these criteria.
5. Dwelling sequence number
The first dwelling found on your route should be assigned sequence number 1, the second one number 2, and so on. Notice that this number need not match the preprinted line number, which may be assigned to either a dwelling or a structure not intended as a dwelling.
6. At the end of the interview: Total people included in the census for this dwelling
This column should be filled in only for private or collective dwellings, or for people with no dwelling, once the corresponding census form has been completed. The information reflects the total number of people included in the census, by sex.
This information will be highly useful when filling out Form 02 (the census taker's preliminary count sheet), which will be dealt with later.
The census taker should briefly explain that the 2012 National Census of Population and Housing is being conducted throughout the country and that everyone must cooperate by providing the information asked for on the census form.
4.3 Attitude during the interview
The census taker must inspire goodwill in the interviewees, so they will feel willing and glad to provide the requested information. To dispel any fear or unease in the person being interviewed, it may be appropriate to make a remark on the subject, such as ''The questions are simple. It won't take much time to fill out the form.''
Census takers must have mastery and knowledge of their job and be aware that each person they must interview is important and their data equally valuable.
- The census taker should not anticipate answers before the informant has replied.
- If it is evident that the informant does not understand the question, the census taker must repeat the question slowly and make whatever clarification he or she deems suitable to facilitate an accurate interpretation.
- The census taker must be especially careful to ask all the questions on the form and write down all the information.
4.5 Potential refusals to participate in the census
During census-taking, it may happen that someone, out of a lack of knowledge or out of fear or indifference, will refuse to answer the census questions. If so, try to convince the person as follows:
- Explain the general goal and usefulness of the census.
- Explain that all information provided individually by the informant is strictly confidential and cannot be divulged.
- Mention Supreme Decree 1305 of August 1, 2012, which indicates that the census is a project in the national interest and that everyone must cooperate by providing the information requested of them.
If the person is still reluctant to provide information, the census taker should note down all the geographical location information and let the sector supervisor know what happened.
5.1 When the multiple-choice options are not followed by a question mark
Ask the question, wait for the answer, and fill in the appropriate circle or bubble based on the information obtained.
5.2 When the multiple-choice options are followed by a question mark
Ask the question and read the multiple-choice options slowly until you obtain a positive response; then fill in the appropriate circle or bubble based on the information obtained.
5.4 Open-ended questions
Open-ended questions have no preset answer.
The answer should be written in capital block letters. For example: Juana states that she is a retail merchant and that this is her main occupation. Write:
All information requested on the census form should be written in black pencil.
When filling in circles or bubbles or writing numbers and letters into the individual boxes, mark and write clearly, being careful about spelling, and use capital letters, as shown in the figures below:
Some open-ended questions include preprinted boxes to facilitate recording the answer. Each box corresponds to one letter, starting with the first box. Never write two letters in the same box.
5.6 Boxes for writing numbers
These accompany questions for which you must write quantities in numeric format. If the information is one digit long, it should occupy only the last box on the right. If two digits, use the last two boxes, and so on. There is no need to put zeros in the remaining boxes on the left. Never write two numbers in one box.
Chapter B. Main characteristics of the dwelling
Chapter C. International emigration
Chapter D. Mortality
Chapter E. People with a permanent difficulty
Chapter F. The person's main characteristics
6.1 Filling out the census form
Below is a description of how to fill out the census form, in other words, how to record the information for each chapter and question on the form. It is important to have a copy of the census form in front of you so you can follow the description and recommendations in this manual.
Chapter A of the census form collects information about the geographical location of housing and the population according to the statistical and census divisions and at more detailed levels such as localities and communities, as indicated in the following format:
As indicated in item 1.1: Copy the geographical location information from the cover sheet of the census taker's folder
The geographical location's numerical data - i.e., the codes corresponding to municipal code, district, city/community, census tract, sector, segment, and block - should be copied carefully from the cover sheet of the census taker's folder.
- Population hub/Locality
Then write the following in the same way:
- Street, avenue, path, or road
- Door number. If there is no number, write SN [sin nÃºmero -- no number].
- Apartment number
- Building name, if it is a building. If the dwelling is not an apartment building, leave these fields of the form blank.
2.1 Dwelling sequence number
The dwelling's sequence number is the same one recorded in column 5 of the control sheet (Form 1). It reflects the required numbering of the dwellings in the census segment that have been assigned as a work area. On the census form of the first dwelling to be counted, write the number 1; then, on the form of the second dwelling to be counted, write the number 2, and so on consecutively until the final dwelling counted in the census taker's working segment.
- If the household being counted has more than eight members, use an additional form to count all the people present in the dwelling at the time of the census. On the second census form, copy all the geographical location codes and the dwelling's same sequence number (2.1) from the initial form, and mark 2 as the form number in this dwelling (2.2), and so on, reflecting the number of forms being used. Then go on to chapter F, the person's main characteristics, to count all the other occupants of the dwelling.
- This procedure is the same for collective dwellings and for people living on the street or people in transit.
3. Number of people in the dwelling
The number of people in the dwelling refers to the people who spent the night before Census Day in that dwelling. The number of people is broken down into male and female, and be sure not to forget any newborns, children, old people, and domestic workers and their families (if they spent the night in that dwelling).
At the end of the interview, it is very important to make sure that the number of people included in the census for that dwelling matches the answer to this question exactly.
A dwelling is any structurally separate and independent premises or enclosure that was built, converted, or set up for permanent or temporary housing of one or more people. A dwelling must have direct access from public spaces (plazas, streets, avenues, etc.) or from common spaces (hallways, patios, staircases) without passing through another dwelling.
This is a dwelling meant as permanent or temporary housing for a person or group of people, with or without family ties, who live as a family and typically share their meals.
Private dwellings are classified as follows:
- Apartment. This is a dwelling located inside a building along with others of the same type, accessed from common spaces, hallways, corridors, or other direct access points.
Generally, apartments have a water supply and their own private basic services.
- Individual room(s). Part of a house or tenement building occupied by a household at the time of the census. In general, individual rooms share a water supply and toilets with other households.
- Improvised dwelling. This is an enclosure or shelter adapted for use as a dwelling. Usually, improvised dwellings lack bathrooms and kitchens, and are built with scrap materials such as cardboard, tinplate, boards, plastics, and so on. Examples of improvised dwellings include chujilla huts, anaca tents, awnings, canopies, and railroad cars.
- Premises not intended as a dwelling. This category includes sheds, garages, barns, warehouses, caves, natural refuges, stalls, and so on, that are inhabited at the time of the census.
A collective dwelling is one intended as permanent or temporary housing for a group of people generally not related to each other, who live together for reasons of discipline, education, religion, health, work, or some other reason. Collective dwellings include hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, boarding schools, jails, barracks, and hotels.
This category includes people in transit as well as people living on the street.
- People who live on the street are those who have no dwelling and wander the streets.
The entry for type of dwelling is obtained by observation, and indicated by marking the appropriate circle or bubble.
These are dwellings that, at the time of the census, are occupied in one of two ways: occupied dwellings with people present at the time of the census, or occupied dwellings with people temporarily absent.
- An occupied dwelling with people temporarily absent is one that is occupied but whose occupants are absent at the time of the census.
These are dwellings that, at the time of the census, are not inhabited by anyone, but which could become inhabited at any time. Unoccupied dwellings include dwellings that are:
This information may be obtained from a notice or may be provided by a neighbor.
- Under construction or repair. The dwelling will be included in the census as long as the roofs and other enclosures are complete, including doors, windows, and other glass.
- Abandoned. These are dwellings that despite being abandoned are still in habitable condition.
Do not include dwellings that are in ruins.
Information on the dwelling's occupancy status can be obtained by observation and indicated by marking the appropriate circle or bubble.
Main construction materials used in building the dwelling
3. Main construction material used in the exterior walls
It refers to primary construction material of the walls of the exterior or outline of the dwelling. Exclude any fences or perimeter walls around it. Mark the appropriate circle or bubble.
4. Plaster on the interior walls of the dwelling
Mark the appropriate circle or bubble.
5. Main construction material used in the roofs
Mark the appropriate circle or bubble.
6. Main construction material used in the floors
Mark the appropriate circle or bubble.
Rooms in the dwelling
13. Availability of a room for cooking.
Mark the appropriate circle or bubble.
14. Number of rooms in the dwelling
In the census, a room is any interior space large enough to accommodate an adult-sized cot or bed. The question about the number of rooms in the dwelling has two boxes for noting down the answer. In these boxes, note down the number of rooms used as bedrooms or for other purposes, not counting any kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms, foyers, hallways, or storage rooms.
15. Number of rooms used only for sleeping
In the boxes, note down the number of rooms used only as bedrooms. If the dwelling has no such rooms, put 0.
17 and 18. Household equipment
Question 17 collects information about access to information and communication technologies (ICTs), and question 18 gathers information about the availability of means of transportation. In both cases, mark the circle or bubble corresponding to each answer, which in each case may be either yes or no.
Chapter C. International emigration
The purpose of this chapter is to capture information about emigration of the Bolivian population from this country from the year 2001 to the date of the census.
The first part of the question acts as a ''filter'' to find out if one or more people living in the household moved to another country.
If the answer is yes, ask, ''How many people?'' and note the stated number in the appropriate boxes. Then fill in the table by writing the name of each person who emigrated from this country, the person's sex, the year of departure, age at departure, and the country where the person lives now.
If the answer to this question is no, go to question 21, chapter D, of the census form.
Chapter D. Mortality
This chapter aims to gather information about mortality in general as well as maternal mortality in women aged 15 and above during the period from January to December of 2011. The first part of the question acts as a ''filter'' to find out if one or more people living in the household died during calendar year 2011. If the answer is yes, ask, ''How many people?'' and note the stated number in the appropriate boxes. Then, fill in the table, writing the name of each of the deceased, their age at their final birthday (writing 0 for those under one year old), and the deceased's sex.
If the deceased was a woman at least 15 years old, also ask the cause of death. If the answer is no, go to question 22, chapter E, of the census form.
Chapter E. People with a permanent difficulty
This chapter aims to obtain information about whether there are people present in the dwelling who have permanent difficulty seeing, hearing, speaking, walking, or remembering. The first part of the question acts as a ''filter'' to find out if one or more people present in the dwelling has some permanent difficulty.
If the answer is yes, ask the name of the person or of each of the people with some permanent difficulty, their age at their most recent birthday (writing 0 for those under one year of age), their sex, and the permanent difficulty.
If the answer is no, go to question 23, chapter F, of the census form.
Person number: In private dwellings, you should number the people consecutively starting with the head of household and ending with the last person present in the dwelling. In collective dwellings, the first position and the number 1 may be assigned to any member of the collective household. The same applies to people with no dwelling.
Person's name. In this space, write the person's given name. The last name is not needed. The person's name is there only to facilitate the data collection.
To collect information about the familial or other relationship within a private household, it is first necessary to identify the person who is the head of household and then the other members of the household. The head of household is the person recognized as such by the other household members, regardless of the person's sex, age, or income.
For technical reasons, each private household must have a head of household.
The question about familial or other relationship refers the relationship between each member of the household and the head of household. The answer should be noted down as follows:
Ask who is the head of household, note down code 1 (head of household) and begin the interview with this person. Then proceed likewise with each person present at the time of the census, following as closely as possible the order of the different familial and other relationships.
In collective dwellings and in the case of people with no dwelling:
In these cases, mark the relationship with code 11. Then interview the first person, then the second, and so on to the last person. In these cases, no head of household is identified and the people can therefore be counted in any order.
29. Belonging to an Afro-Bolivian or original peasant indigenous nation or people
The first part of the question acts as a ''filter'' to determine whether a Bolivian belongs to an Afro-Bolivian or original peasant indigenous nation or people.
If the answer is yes, ask, which one? Write the letter in the boxes, putting one capital letter in each box. Wait for the person to answer. The options listed on the census form are provided as a spelling reference. If the answer is no, note down one of these options (i) Does not belong to any, for Bolivians, or (ii) I am not Bolivian, for foreign people.
30. Native language
Native language refers to the language the person learned to speak in childhood. This is an open-ended question and the answer should be written in the appropriate boxes, letter by letter. If the person does not yet speak or cannot speak, mark 2 and go to question 32.
31. Languages spoken
On the census form, the question about languages spoken is an open-ended question and may have more than one answer. We recommend waiting for the person to state their answer or answers. If there are two or more languages spoken, write the answers in order of importance.
Internal migration and international immigration
Internal migration refers to people's migratory movements within the country's borders. International immigration refers to immigration from other countries to Bolivia.
- Elsewhere in this country. If the place of birth is in this country but not the same as the place where the census interview is occurring. In this case, on the appropriate lines, indicate the name of the city or community, name of the municipality, and the name of the regional department in which the person was born.
- Abroad. In this case, note down the answer in the appropriate circle; then write the name of the country of birth and the year of arrival in Bolivia.
- Elsewhere in this country. If the usual place of residence is in this country but not the same place where the census interview is occurring. In this case, on the appropriate lines, indicate the name of the city or community, name of the municipality, and the name of the regional department in which the person usually resides.
- Abroad. In this case, note down the answer in the appropriate circle; then write the name of the usual country of residence.
34. Usual place of residence 5 years before the census
Usual place of residence 5 years before the census refers to the geographical location where the person documented in the census usually lived in the year 2007. The usual place of residence five years before the census may or may not be in the same place where the census interview is occurring.
The question about usual place of residence 5 years before the census has the following multiple-choice options:
- Elsewhere in this country. If the usual place of residence 5 years ago was in this country but not the same place where the census interview is occurring. In this case, on the appropriate lines, indicate the name of the city or community, name of the municipality, and the name of the regional department in which the person usually resided 5 years earlier.
- Abroad. In this case, note down the answer in the appropriate circle; then write the name of the usual country of residence 5 years before the census (2007).
- Had not been born yet. If the interviewee is less than 5 years old.
Population's educational characteristics
The population's educational characteristics researched in the population censuses are literacy, school attendance, and educational level starting at a certain age. In the census, educational data is collected from people who, at the time of the census, are at least four years old.
37. Highest education level reached
This describes the educational level achieved by a person as of the date of the census. This question has two answers: one about level and one about the year or grade passed at that level. The census form breaks down the levels and grades into five groups:
- Previous system, consisting of these levels: primary (with 8 years or grades) and secondary (with 4 years or grades).
- Current system, consisting of these levels: primary (with 6 years or grades) and secondary (with 6 years or grades).
- University, consisting of education after completing high school, at any public or private university.
- Nonuniversity institution, consisting of other types of education. The first three groups capture information about formal schooling, in other words, the education that concludes with high school graduation.
The fourth group (university) captures information about higher education. If the academic terms are organized into semesters, keep the data uniform by noting down the years of studies that the person passed. For example:
- The person replies 5th semester. Write 2.
The fifth group (nonuniversity institution) captures information about education that does not necessarily occur in a university. This group includes the option technical institute, which refers to technical studies lasting at least one year. The option 'Other' refers to short courses (hairstyling, pastry-making, computing, etc.) lasting less than one year, and so whatever the answer, mark 0 in the year box. Only if the person responds with some nonuniversity institution level and grade, continue with question 38; otherwise, go to section F3. Only for people at least 7 years old.
- Reference period: the week before Census Day
The population's economic characteristics being researched in the census are the type of activity, the principal occupation, the branch of economic activity, and the occupational category or job position (see Appendix).
39, 40, 41. Type of activity
The type of activity defines the person's relationship with the activity the person performed in the week before Census Day. Depending on the type of activity, the person may be economically active or economically inactive. However, people who were economically active and had work in the week before Census Day are considered employed people, and if they are seeking work they are unemployed people. The reference period is the week before Census Day. Questions 39, 40, and 41 allow us to identify, first of all, the economically active population and economically inactive population; then, among the economically active people, we can identify the employed people and unemployed people; among the unemployed people we can distinguish between people seeking work who had worked before the reference week and people seeking work for the first time; and lastly, among the economically inactive people, the questions let us identify homemakers and full-time students, as well as retirees, pensioners, and annuitants. Read out the multiple choices for questions 40 and 41 in order until you get an affirmative response. When this happens, go to the question indicated as the next one.
42. Principal occupation
The principal occupation, job, or trade means the type of work the employed person performed in the week before Census Day. The question about the principal occupation is an open-ended question, and the answer should be written down as clearly as possible in the appropriate line. For example, mine driller, auto mechanic, grocer, primary school teacher, call-shop operator.
1. Employee: This is a person who performs a predominantly intellectual occupation and who works for a public or private employer, for which the worker is paid with money or in kind. For example: an office secretary, schoolteacher, or public employee.
2. Freelance worker: This is a person who has their own company or business, with no paid employees and without answering to a boss or employer. For example: tailor, carpenter, street vendor, or plumber.
3. Employer or partner: The owner of and/or partner in a company, economic unit, or business that provides goods and/or services, which must have one or more temporary or permanent paid workers. For example: owners of factories, large or medium-sized workshops, lawyers with employees, and building contractors.
4. Unpaid apprentice or family worker: This is a person who, whether a member of the household or not, performs some economic or service activity without receiving any monetary or in-kind remuneration in return.
5. Domestic worker: This is a person who provides domestic services in a home in exchange for periodic remuneration (in money or in kind).
6. Member of a production or service cooperative: This is someone who, as a member, works actively in a cooperative business, receiving income or assuming losses in their capacity as a member.
The question about occupational category is closed-ended and allows only one answer.
44. Branch of activity
Branch of economic activity means the activity of the establishment where the person worked in the week before Census Day.
The question about the branch of activity is an open-ended question, and the answer should be written down as clearly as possible in the appropriate line. Branches of activity include: tin mine, manufacture of shoes, ministry of health, poultry farm, growing of potatoes, and retail sales in a neighborhood store.
45. Civil or marital status
On the census form, the question about civil or marital status is closed-ended and allows only one answer. Mark the appropriate circle or bubble.
Civil or marital status means each person's circumstance in relation to the laws or customs regarding marriage. The civil or marital status categories are:
2. Married: This is someone who has had a civil and/or religious marriage and currently lives in that state.
3. Domestic partner or cohabiting partner: This is someone currently in a stable relationship with their partner without having a legal marriage.
4. Separated: This is someone who entered into a legal marriage or a domestic partnership but does not currently live in that state because of the couple's de facto separation.
5. Divorced: This is someone who entered into a legal marriage but does not currently live in that state because the couple has separated legally, i.e., through a judicial decree.
6. Widowed: This is someone who lost their spouse or domestic partner through death and who at the time of the census has not remarried or formed a new domestic partnership.
The questions about fertility and mortality, asked only of women at least 15 years old, deal with and help provide basic data for estimating fertility and infant mortality rates.
Live birth refers to any child who, upon birth, shows any sign of life such as breathing, crying, or moving, even if the child then dies.
46. Number of live births
The number of live births includes all daughters and sons born alive throughout the life of the woman being counted, up to the date of the census.
In the appropriate boxes, note down the total number of live births of the woman being interviewed. If she had no children, write 0 and move on, if appropriate, to the next person.
48. Date of most recent live birth
In the appropriate boxes, note down the month and year of the most recent live birth, regardless of whether the child is alive or died before the date of the census. This information makes it possible to document live births that occurred in the year before the census and will be a basis for fertility estimates.
49a. Survival of child from most recent live birth
This question makes it possible to count the number of deaths among children from live births in the 12 months before the date of the census. Mark the circle or bubble corresponding to the answer received.
[p. 20-21 contain an appendix of examples of occupations and economic activities. These pages have been omitted.]
7. Reviewing the census form
At the end of each interview, it is mandatory for the census taker to review the census form and check for omissions or incorrect notations. This lets you consult interviewees again to avoid errors. Then, thank the informant for their cooperation with the census, and affix a ''counted'' sticker to the dwelling's main entry door.
Census takers should keep in mind that their sector supervisor will review each and every census form that was filled out.
In case of error or omission, the Sector Supervisor will return the material so the census taker can return to the counted dwelling and make the correction.
8. Census taker's preliminary count sheet (Form 02)
It is important to have a copy of Form 02 in front of you so you can follow the description and recommendations in this manual.
This sheet should be filled out with the summary information about the number of dwellings (private plus collective) and people counted in the segment. This information will be obtained based on the accumulated data for each segment, in column 6 of your control sheet (Form 01). Be very careful to check that the numbers tally, to avoid introducing errors that would compromise the accuracy of the preliminary census results that will be released as quickly as possible.
9. Quality control to be carried out by the census taker and how to turn in the material at the end of the census
On completing the census-taking in the segment, the census taker will give the sector supervisor the duly completed census taker's preliminary count sheet (Form 02). The sector supervisor will use this information to prepare their own preliminary count sheet (Form 04), after consolidating all the data supplied by all the census takers who they oversaw on Form 03 (segment allocation by the sector supervisor). Then, the census taker's preliminary count sheet (Form 02) is returned to the census taker's bag.
The census taker's control sheet (Form 01) must be contained in the segment bag along with the filled out census forms, properly sorted by dwelling number. It must be verified that each census form shows the full census geographical location information for that segment.
All material for the area assigned to the census taker, containing useful information, will be turned in inside the census taker's bag so that the sector supervisor can perform final oversight of all material.
All excess or voided material will be turned in separately to the sector supervisor. All voided sheets and census forms must be crossed out with two diagonal lines and marked with the word ''void,'' to avoid any uncertainty. The sector supervisor will arrange the voided or excess materials in the sector box.
[p. 23-24 contain a copy of census taker's control sheet (Form 01) and preliminary count sheet (Form 02). These pages have been omitted.]