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Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh Enumerators Training Manual
Population Census 2001

Bangladesh Bureau of Statictics
Statistics Division
Ministry of Planning
E-27/A, Agargaon
Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207

Enumerator's Training Manual

[Table of contents omitted]
Population Census 2001
Instructions for the Enumerators

General Instructions

1. Population and Housing census will be conducted at the same time simultaneously. Population Census will be conducted based on household unit. For each and every household at least one questionnaire will be filled out. The questionnaire has been deigned in such a way so that OMR and OCR can capture data. It has two modules. The upper module is for Housing and Households. There are 16 questions in this module. The lower module is for individuals. There consists of 12 questions. In the individual module information for 10 persons can be filled out. For the household having more than 10 members, an additional questionnaire is to be filled out. In this case enter the household number in the household module and for the question about whether it is part of previous household, fill out the 'Yes' oval box before filling out the individual module.

2. Household: A person or a group of persons who generally take food from the same kitchen and live together in the same house form a household. If anybody takes food outside but generally stays at night in the house with a household, he will be treated a member of the household where he stayed at night. Household members may be blood connection relation or not even may be follower of different religious groups.

3. Floating population will be enumerated in the census night. For floating population write the name of the place in the blank space of question NO. 2 and fill out the oval box of question No. 4 then collect information of each individual in every line of individual module.

4. Using of Enumeration Area map is mandatory. Start enumeration from the North - West corner of the E.A following serpentine method and complete the enumeration work moving towards right. The serial number of the first household will be 001, the second one will be 002 and the third one will be 003.

5. Fill out the questionnaire using only 2B pencil supplied to you. Filling of oval box should be deep, black, solid and the oval is to be full filled. Filling out of the oval should not be overlapped. Take special care that the questionnaire should be filled out by you will be read by the machine directly. The machine will not be able to read the questionnaire if it is not properly full filled. Don't use ball point pen or any other pen to fill out the questionnaire. Keep the questionnaire always neat and clean. Don't fold the questionnaire, or use stapler pin or any other pin.

6. Collected all the information of the household from the head of household. In absence of head collect information from a responsible member of the household who knows better about the household.

7. On the first visit if the head of household is absent write household serial number from question No. 3 on the main gate of the household and ask the household for revisit.

Household Module:

Question 1: Is it the part of previous household?
Fill out the "Yes" oval box for the household having more than ten members. Don't fill out this oval box for household having less than ten members.

Question 2: Address
Enter the name of the house or number in the first line. In the second line enter the name of the road, para, or mohalla.

Question 3: Serial Number of the Household
Enter the serial number of the household in three digits (e.g., 001, 002, 003, etc.) in the appropriate box. Write the serial number on the main gate or door of the house where head of household lives. Then fill out the oval box for single, decennial and hundred as applicable.

Question 4: Floating Population
Enumerate the floating population using the same questionnaire. Fill out the "Yes" oval of the question during enumeration of floating population. Don't fill out this oval box for enumeration of population other than floating.

Question 5: Slum Household?
Fill out the "Yes" oval box of this question if the household is located in the slum area. Don't fill out this box for the household not located in the slum area

Question 6: Tribal Household
According to physical formation, identification of area and training if the household is considered as tribal Fill out the "Yes" oval box otherwise don't fill it.

Question 7: Type of Household
Fill out the oval box 1 for the dwelling household; oval box for 2 Jail, Hostel, Orphanage, Hospital, or Barrack; and 3 for other households.

Question 8: Number of Houses
You yourself count and fill out the appropriate oval box. If there live more than one household in a house fill out oval box 9 for the last household and for others fill out oval box 0 for them.

Question 9: Type of the Main House of the Household
The type of the main house of the household is divided in to four categories. Fill out the appropriate oval box having a look on it.

Question 10: Ownership of the House
There are 3 alternative answers of this question. Fill out the appropriate oval box for this question.

Question 11: Source of Drinking Water
This question has five alternative answers. Out of these, fill out the most appropriate oval box for the answer.

Question 12: Toilet Facility
This question has three alternative answers. Fill out the most appropriate answer oval box.

Question 13: Electricity Connection
Fill out 1 oval box for electricity connection and 2 for no electricity.

Question 14: Ownership of Agricultural Land
If the household owns any agricultural land fill out 1 oval box, and if the household does not own fill out oval box 2.

Question 15: Is anyone in the household disabled?
Fill out oval box "Yes" if there is any disabled person in the household, and fill out the appropriate oval box for the type of disability, and again fill out the oval box for actual number of disabled. Skip (leave blank) this question if there is no disabled person in the household.

Question 16: Main Source of Household Income (For the last one year)
There are 15 alternative answers of the question. Fill out the oval box for the most appropriate answer.

Question 17: Name of the Household Member and Serial Number
There are two parts of this question: Serial Number and Name. Fill out the short name of the member of the household and serial number in English. The first serial number will be 01, which will be filled out in the front blank oval box. For example, 01, then fill out the short name of the head of household in English in the front seven blank boxes. [Example omitted]

Similarly, in the same way, fill out the name and serial number of the spouse of the head of the household, then fill out the name and serial number of the youngest child of the household then upward, and the name and serial number of the other relatives. Finally, fill out the name and serial numbers of the nonrelatives.

Question 18: Age (in completed years)
Enter the age of every household member in two digits in the specific oval box. Enter 00 for less than 12 month of age and 99 for more than 100 years. Age must be checked and verified before entering.

Question 19: Relationship with the Head of Household
There are four alternative answers of this question. Fill out the oval box for the most appropriate answer to this question.

Question 20: Sex
Fill out the "Yes" oval box for male and "No" oval box for female. Consider male those who are not male or female (i.e. neutral [Hizra]).

Question 21: Marital Status
There are four alternative answers of this question, Fill out the appropriate answer oval box for this question.

Question 22: Religion
Fill out oval box for Islam, for Hindu, for Christian, for Buddhist and for others.

Question 23: Highest Class Passed (in years)
Fill out the years needed to pass the highest class according to requirement of the Board/University. Fill out the oval box 0 for no class passed and oval box 17 for MS or PhD.

Question 24: Field of Education
There are three alternative answers of this question. Fill out the appropriate oval box.

Question 25: Student
Fill out "Yes" oval box for student and don't fill out "Yes" box if not student

Question 26: Able to Write letter
Fill out "Yes" oval box if able to write letter and No oval box for not able.

Question 27: Field Main Activity
There are 12 alternative answers for economic activity. Fill out the appropriate oval box considering the main activity for the last one week.

Question 28: Working Status
Working status is divided into five categories. Fill out the most appropriate oval box for this question.

Assalamualkum,

I welcome you all to this training class. Now I shall take attendance of you (Take attendance in the attendance sheet).

Introduction
I hope you all are aware of population census. The first population census in the sovereign Bangladesh was held in 1974. It was due in 1971. It could not held in 1971 due to liberation war. The second and third population censuses were held in 1981 and 1991 respectively. Maintaining the decennial periodicity, the population census of 2001 will be held on 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27th January which are 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14th of Bengali month Magh,1407 during the days of Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday respectively. Every individual will be covered during enumeration and their fundamental and basic information will be collected. An OMR/OCR readable questionnaire has been designed (PI. show the blow up questionnaire). Detailed discussion will be made on how to conduct the census administering this questionnaire. The questionnaire is dual modeled (i.e., divided into two parts). The first part is the household module where information on 16 items will be collected and the second part is the individual module where information on 12 items will be collected.

Chapter 1

General Instructions for Conducting the Census

1. Training Schedule: The census training will be two days long. Today the training will be imparted following the verbatim Manual of Instruction. In the afternoon a questionnaire will be supplied to you to collect information for your own household. You are to fill out the questionnaire and submit it tomorrow in the training class. On the second day discussion, observation and analysis will be made on the filled in questionnaire and a rehearsal will be held for enumerators and respondents. In the afternoon you will have to go to a field trip where you will fill out three questionnaires. After completion of this training census kits and other necessary materials will be distributed to you.

2. Enumeration of Floating Population: One day before the starting of enumeration, in the afternoon the pocket and spots where the floating people usually gather and stay at night should be identified and finalize the strategy and preparation of counting those floating population. On the night of 22nd instant start the counting of floating population and complete within 12.00 to 5.00 am. The people staying at night in railway stations, markets, launchghat, stadium, majar (grave yard), road side, under the stair of the house should be brought under the coverage of enumeration. An enumeration area (E.A.) map of your own assigned E.A. has been supplied to you to identify the concerned E.A. properly (show the sample). Nobody will be left out from the census enumeration. Similarly nobody will be counted twice in the census.

3. Use of Map: Enumeration should be done using a map. Starting from the North-West corner of your E.A., enumeration should be completed following a serpentine method moving toward the right. Therefore, the serial number the household on the North-West corner should be 001 and this serial number should be written on the top of the door of the main house of that household with the lumber chalk supplied to you. Similarly, the serial number of the second household will be 002 and this should be written on the top of the door of the main house of the household. In this process the remaining households should be enumerated in your enumeration area.

4. Pencil and Filling out of the Questionnaire: Questionnaire is to be filled out using only the supplied 2B pencil. The questionnaire should not, in any way, be stitched, dirty, folded, torn or washed. Multiple answers of the questions are set out in the questionnaire (show the questionnaire). You are to confirm the right answer before filling out the appropriate oval box. During filling out the oval box use the supplied 2B pencil. Be careful in filling out the oval box not to fill the area outside the oval box, and do not make any hole in the questionnaire (show it practically).

5. Rule for Asking Questions: Fill out the questionnaire asking each question of the responsible member of the household with humble submission. The respondent may be a male or female and or young or old.

6. Special Arrangement: The people who are engaged in catching fish in deep sea and or engaged in collecting honey, timber, bamboo etc. from deep forest should be covered under the census enumeration in a special arrangement.

7. Questionnaire Book: Two types of questionnaire book will be used in the census. Start enumeration using the 100-page questionnaire book. After completing the 100-page book collect another 40-page questionnaire book from your supervisor to complete the enumeration work of the remaining households of your E.A.

8. Enumeration Procedure: Place of residence (de-facto) procedure will be followed in this census and the population will be counted at the place where they stayed the night on the 22nd instant. You know better about your village or mahollah. Enumerate all the households living in your E.A. only once. Starting from north-west corner, enumerate all the households of your E.A. during 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27 January.

9. Last Date of Enumeration: On the last date of the enumeration be sure that nobody has been counted twice and that none have been left out from enumeration.

10. Discussion Session: Here is the end of verbatim training on general instructions for conducting the census. Now I shall ask you some questions to make me sure that I have been able to make you understand properly about the chapter we discussed. You (specify someone) say
a) How many days have you been given to complete the enumeration?
b) From where will you start enumeration and how it will be completed?
c) What are the places where members of the floating population may stay?
d) In how many digits will the serial number of the household be written with the supplied lumber chalk and where?

If you have questions about the chapter or if you are confused in any way, you are allowed to ask me. Thank you.

Chapter 2

Definitions

1. Census Moment: The zero hour (12.00) of the census night is called the census moment. The Zero hour (12.00) of the night of 22nd January will be considered as census moment.

2. Census Night: The time from census moment i.e., 12.00 hour to 5.00 am is called census night. In the census night the census moment exists. In the up-coming night of 22nd January the time from 12.00 to 5:00 am will be considered as census night. In this night all the floating population will be enumerated.

3. Reference Period: The time fixed and used to collect any data is called reference period. To collect census data there is a fixed reference period. The fowling three reference period will be used in this census. [Table omitted]

4. Census Period: The period (days) fixed for enumeration of population in the census is called census period. In this census the days from 23 to 27th January, 2001 which are Tuesday through Saturday will be considered as census period.

5. De-facto System of Enumeration: The person is enumerated where he/she stays the census night is called the De-facto system of enumeration. According to this system persons stayed with the same household on the census night and took food from same kitchen of the household will be enumerated as member of the same household. If any permanent member of the household stayed outside the household on the census night he/she will be enumerated in the place or household where he stayed the census night. If anybody died before he census moment will not be enumerated to the census.

6. Floating: People who stayed the census night at railway station, bus station, majar, mosque, boat station, launch station, terminal, hat-bazar, under staircase, footpath, open space temporarily will be considered as floating. Floating people will be enumerated in the census night only.

7. Household: Generally one or more than one person live together in a house or houses and take their food from the common kitchen they all together form a household. Persons who stayed the census night in a house and took food from the same kitchen will be considered the members of the household. Irrespective of taking food any where persons who spent the census night in the household he/she will be enumerated as a member of that household. One or more than one household may live in a house. These households must be enumerated separately. Households have been divided into three categories;

a) General Household: Person or persons live together for dwelling purposes sake food from same kitchen will be considered as general household.

b) Institutional Household: Household live in hostel, hospital, clinic. Jail, barrack, orphanage etc. or persons spent the census night in those places of institutions will be considered as institutional household.

Officers and staff members of the institutions who spent the census night in the institutions will be enumerated in his quarter (if any) as a member of dwelling household. Similarly hostel super, prisoner, employee of jail will be enumerated in his usual quarter as a member of the dwelling household. But students of the hostels/nurse, patients of hospitals will be enumerated as a member of intuitional household.

c) Other Household: Households other than dwelling and institutional will be considered as other household, Persons staying in offices, residential hotels, religious, educational, business, industrial units will be considered as member of other household.

8. Slum Household (Question 5): Housing structures and sheds made by cheapest materials built in an unplanned way on the government vacant land within the municipal area, by the side of rail road, roads, embankment, government acquired vacant land etc. are called slums. Slum houses are made by the low cost materials temporarily in an unhygienic environment. A group of five or more households live in such a structure or structures will be considered as slum and households live in slum will be considered as slum households.

9. Tribal Household (Question 6): According to the local government parishad Act-1989 the people of Chakma, Marma, Khushis, Uchai, Chak, Tonchoimga, Lushai, Pankhu and Khyang community live permanently in Rangamati, Bandarban and Khagrachari hill Districts are known as Tribes. They are the aboriginal of mongolian. People of some aboriginals live in other parts of the country will not be considered as Tribals.

10. House: Room or rooms combined under one roof or shade will be considered a house. A house may be one roomed or combination of several rooms. Similarly a house may be one storied or multistoried.

11. Who and Where to be Enumerated, Verify it:

a) A student spent the census night in hostel will not be enumerated in his dwelling household, he will be enumerated in the hostel (institutional household).

b) A prisoner will be enumerated in the census night in prison not in his dwelling household (institutional household).

c) A married girl with her children spent the census night in his father's house will be enumerated in the house of her father not in her husband's house (dwelling household).

d) A newly married bride arrived at the house of father in law in the census night will be enumerated at father in law's house not in her father's house. Similarly bridegroom went to visit father in law's house and spent census night there will be enumerated at father-in-law's house not in his father's house (dwelling household).

e) A patient in a hospital spent census night will be enumerated in the hospital not in his/her own house (institutional household). Doctor or nurse on duty in the hospital in the census night will be enumerated in his/her own house not in the hospital (dwelling household).

f) In the census night the temporary boarders staying in the residential hotels will be enumerated in the hotels. Employees and workers of the hotel spent census night at the hotel will be enumerated in the hotel (other household).

g) A person working in the city or town and living in a mess, and his family live in village, he will be enumerated in the mess (other household) and his family will be enumerated in the village (dwelling household).

h) A person live temporarily abroad either employed or not employed and in the census night not available in the country will not be enumerated. He/she will be excluded from census.

i) A root less beggar or vagabond found in the census night will be enumerated as floating population in the E.A where he/she is found (Floating).

j) Chowkidars and security guards engaged in government or private buildings, took food there will be considered as resident of those buildings and enumerated there (other household). But chowkidars and guards come back to his household after finishing his/her duties will be enumerated in his/her household (dwelling households).

Discussions:
I hope you all have been able to receive a clear conception on this second chapter. Now, I shall ask some of you to check it.
a) What is the difference between census night and census moment?
b) In this census how many reference periods will be used?
c) What do you understand about the de-facto system?
d) How many types of households are there and what are they?
e) What is the difference between tribal households and aboriginals?

Here is the end of the discussion session on the second chapter. If you have any question, you may ask now. (Answer the questions, explain in very easy language and discuss those subjects in a nutshell).

Chapter 3
Procedure for Filling out the Questionnaire

a) Household Module
Start enumeration work from the North-West corner of your Enumeration Area. Then complete the enumeration work of all the households following a serpentine method moving toward the right. Take special care that no household is left out and no household is enumerated twice in the census.

Question 1: Is it a part of previous household?
In one questionnaire arrangement has been made to enumerate ten households. Therefore, if the household members are more than ten of a household fill out the oval against is it a part of previous household and in this case go to second questionnaire skip the household module and straight fill out question 17 to 28 in the individual module.

Question 2: Address of Household
Enter short address of the household in this space. While writing address, enter the house number on the first line, road number on the second line, and enter the name of the village, mahalla or mauza on the last line. In the case of a member of the floating population, enter the name of place only. For example Kamlapur Railway Station, Highcourt Mazar, Sadarghat Terminal, Gabtali Bus Terminal, by the side of Sughandhi Cenema Hall, etc.

Question 3: Serial Number of Household
To identify all the household in your enumeration area enter household number in three digits to every household. Enter 001 against the household number for the household located at the North-West corner of your enumeration area and then write the same number on the main gate of main house of the household with the lumber chalk supplied to you. In this way moving toward the right and following a serpentine method, enter the household serial number 002, 003 etc. to complete enumeration work of your E.A. and fill out the same on the questionnaire for the first line of the oval hundred for the second line decennial and for the bottom line single individual with the pencil supplied to you. For example, Household number '012' enter in this way.

[Image omitted]

If there live more than one household in a building write continuous household serial number to the main gate of the building with lumber chalk. For example, there live five households in a building whose serial numbers are 045, 046, 047, 048 and 049. Write on the main gate 045 to 049.

Question 4: Floating Population
If there live any floating population in your enumeration area, enumerate them starting at 12.00 o'clock and complete by 5.00 am on the night of 22nd January. For enumeration of floating population, fill out the "Yes" oval of is it floating under the space of address. Enter the name of the place in the space of address. For members of the floating population, skip the household module of the questionnaire and go directly to the individual module, filling out questions 17 to 28 to collect their information.

Question 5: Is it a Slum Household?
If the household is in a slum fill out "Yes" oval, if not no need to fill out this oval.

Question 6: Is it Tribal Household?
Ask the respondent is it a tribal household. If the answer is yes, fill out the "Yes" oval box. No need to fill out the box for non-tribes.

Question 7: Type of Household
Without asking the question to the respondent you yourself fill out the appropriate oval box in the questionnaire. If the household is a dwelling one fill out the oval box 1, if a hostel, orphanage, barrack, clinic, hospital, etc. fill oval box 2 as institutional household, or fill 3 for the other household.

Question 8: Number of Structures
A household may live in one or more than one structure or building. On the other hand one or more than one households may live in one structure or building. Therefore, look yourself that how may house/structures are occupied the household before filling out this box. If the household lives in a part of a house or building or a multistoried building fill out the 0 oval box. Keep it in mind that in a big or multistoried building more than one household may live. Only for the last household fill out 9 oval box. Only for the last household, fill out oval box and for all others fill out 9 oval box in the questionnaire. For example in a building there live four households. In this case for the first household fill out the oval box. Similarly for the second and third households fill out the same 0 oval box and for the reaming last household (i.e fourth household) fill out 0 oval box.

Question 9: Type of the Main House of the Household
Generally the head of the household lives in the main house of the household. In this case, ask the respondent to get the correct answer about the main house of the household. If not, possibly consider the most valuable one as the main house of the household. Look yourself and fill out the appropriate oval box. If the main house is jhupri fill out 1 oval box, for kutcha 2, for semi-pucca 3 and for pucca fill out 4 oval box in the questionnaire.

Question 10: Tenancy of the House
Ask the respondent whether the household owns the house own the house or not. If the answer is yes, fill out 1 oval box for owned. If the answer is no, then again ask whether the house is rented or rent free. For rented fill out 2 oval box, and for rent free fill out 3 oval box in the questionnaire.

Question 11: Source of Drinking Water
Ask the respondent what is the source of collecting drinking water of the household? If the answer is tap (i.e., supply water) fill out 1 oval box, for tubewell fill 2 oval box, for deep tubewell fill 3, for pond or lake fill 4, and for others fill out 5 oval box in the questionnaire.

Question 12: Toilet Facilities
Ask the respondent whether they have a sanitary toilet a not. If the respondent doesn't understand sanitary, explain to him that the waste of the toilet goes under a deep bunker or has a sewage connection by which the waste travels a distance through drains which do not pollute the environment and are disconnected from the touch of mankind and wild beats. This type of toilet is considered as sanitary toilet.

If the answer is yes, fill out 1 oval box and again ask whether the household has any other type of toilet. If the answer is yes fill out the oval box 2, and fill out oval box 3 for having no toilet facilities in the household.

Question 13: Electricity Connection
While you yourself will find that there is no electricity in the house or in the locality fill out the appropriate box "No" oval, but if there is electricity in the locality and you are unable to understand whether the household has an electricity connection or not, then ask the respondent.

Question 14: Ownership of Agricultural land
Ask the respondent whether the members of the household own any agriculture land except the homestead. Fill out oval box 1 if they own agricultural land, and 2 for not owning. If any guest member stays with the household during enumeration and owns agricultural land, do not consider his ownership of agricultural land with this household.

Question 15: Disabled Persons
A person who, by birth or after birth, due to malfunction of different organs, could not lead normal life is called a disabled person. Ask the respondent whether any member of this household is disabled. If the answer is yes, then again ask whether the disabled person is blind or night blind. If the answer is yes, then ask the number of blind people, and fill out the appropriate oval box. If the disabled person is deaf and dumb, fill out the appropriate oval box on the right side of question. Continue in this way, if there is any mentally retarded person in this household, fill out the appropriate oval box on the right side of the question. If the disabled person is other than these categories, fill out according to number of the appropriate oval box on the right side of the question. If the number of disabled persons are more than three, fill out oval box 3 of the categories. If the household does not have any disabled person, then skip this question and go to question 16.

Question 16: Main Source of Household Income
The main source of income of the household is organized into 15 categories. The household may have more than one source of household income from members of the household. Considering the regularity of the income and the source from where maximum income of the household is earned, fill out that oval box for the household. Ask the respondent the source from where maximum income earned for the household? If the respondent answers more than one source, then again ask him/her to specify from which source the maximum income is earned? Fill out the appropriate oval box for answer of this question.

(1) Agriculture/Forest/Livestock: Maximum income of the household earned from owned or leased land cultivation, from acquiring forest resource like collecting honey, bamboo, cane, candle or goalpata (one kind of leaves), or from agricultural nurseries or from raising livestock or poultry birds.

(2) Fishing/Hatchery: Maximum income of the household earned from catching and selling fish or from commercial hatchery or from fish farm.

(3) Agricultural Labor: Maximum income earned selling labor in agricultural work or day labor in agriculture.

(4) Non Agricultural Labor: Maximum income of the household earned from selling labor in non-agricultural activities,

(5) Handloom: Maximum income of the household earned from owned handloom or from handloom industries;

(6) Industry/Factory: Maximum income of the household earned from cottage industries, medium industries or from large industry or factories.

(7) Business: Maximum income of the household earned from shops, trade and commerce.

(8) Hawker: Do not own any permanent shop; maximum income of the household earned from hawking of different goods.

(9) Transportation: Maximum income of the household earned from mechanized or non-mechanized transport like rickshaw, bullock cart, boat, push cart, rickshaw van, bus, truck, minibus, scooter, launch/steamer, trailer, etc.

(10) Construction: Maximum income of the household earned from construction of roads, houses, culverts, bridge, industries and factories or from contracting works in this sector.

(11) Religious Works: Maximum income of the household earned from religious works.

(12) Employment: Maximum income of the household earned from employment in the government, semi government or private sectors.

(13) Rent: Maximum income of the household earned from rented out of houses, shops, farms, factories etc.

(14) Remittances: Maximum income of the household earned from remittances of money from abroad.

(15) Others: Maximum income of the household earned from other than the above 14 sectors.

Discussions:
You might have observed that so far we have discussed 16 questions: Number of houses, type of main house of the household, ownership of house relating to housing, and relating to household is it part of previous household, address of household, serial number, slum household, tribal household, type of household, source of drinking water, toilet facility, electricity connection, ownership of agricultural land, number of disabled in the household and the source of main income of the household in the individual module.

Here is the end of verbatim training on household module. Ask questions addressing someone.
a) Which questions you will ask for enumerating floating population?

b) Which oval box in which line you will fill out if the household number is 103?

c) Who will be enumerated as tribal household?

d) Who will be enumerated as slum household?

e) Suppose in a household the head of the household earn Tk. 6000 per annum from handloom and his second son earn Tk. 8000 from rickshaw pulling for the same one year. What is the main source of household income for this household?

f) A household lives in a rented multistoried house with three rooms. How you will fill out his questions for number of houses? (Explain the answer).

b) Individual Module

Question 17: Name of household member and serial number: Enter the names of all members of the household who spent the census night in this household in short in English block letters. In each page of the questionnaire, information for ten persons from question 17 to 28 will be collected. For each individual, serial number from 1 to 9 is printed. Enter 1 on the left side of zero while household member will be ten. In this way serial number will be entered. Enter first the name of the head of household, then the name of spouse, then the names of children from younger to elder, and at the end the name of others. If the household head has more than one wife, enter the name of the elder one and her children. Then enter the names of younger wife and her children. At the last, then enter the names others relatives and non-relatives.

Always be careful that nobody is left from the census and no one is counted twice. Enter 1 on the left side of zero while household member will be ten and serial number will be ten. Fill out the "Yes" oval box on the next page question number 1 for "is it part of previous household?" Then enter 1 on the left side of printed serial number 1. In this way enter 1 for 12 and 1 for 19 while members will be twelve and nineteen. Enter 2 while household member will be twenty or more.

Question 18: Age
Always be aware to enter actual age of individual in complete years.

a) Enter the actual age in completed years in the right side square box and then fill out the oval box accordingly.

b) If the age of an individual is seven years then fill out the 0 oval box on the upper line and 7 oval box in the next line.

c) If the age is more than one year but less than two years fill out 01 and 00 for less than one year.

d) If the respondent could not say the actual age, give the reference of important events as annexed in annex A and ask how many years before or after the event the person was born? Someone could say the date of birth in the Bengali month. In this case, use the conversion table calendar to convert from Bengali to English as annexed in annex B. Remember that in any case do not enter age data on assumption. Verify that you have the correct age, whether you have been able to collect the actual information or not, with the help of the following information.
(i) The difference in age between a mother and child will not be less than 15 years and for father not less than 18.

(ii) Difference in age between two children (except twins) of a mother will not be less than one year. If the actual age is different from the age mentioned in the educational certificate enter the actual age.

(iii) Enter the actual age in the specified field for age and fill out 9 in the upper line and 9 in the next line for person aged 100 years and over. Finally, verify the age data of all members of the household doing the calculations of adding and subtracting when actual age of a person will find out.

After entering the information for name, serial number and age, continue to collect the other information for head of household and all other members.

Question 19: Relationship to the head of household
Fill out oval box 1 if the first name in the list is head of household. For all other members of the household, ask the relationship to the head of household. If the relation is wife or husband, then fill out oval box (2) for them. If the answer is son or daughter, fill out oval box (3) for them, and fill out oval box (4) for others. Fill out oval box (4) for father, mother, brother-sister, uncle, aunt, servant of the household head.

Question 20: Sex
Ask the respondent whether the reported person is male a female. Fill out oval box (1) for male or neutral [Hizra] and oval box (2) for female member.

Question 21: Marital Status
Ask whether the reported person is unmarried or married or having no wife. Fill out the actual oval box for valid information. Fill out oval box (1) for unmarried, oval box (2) for married, oval box (3) for not having wife, and oval box (4) for divorced or separated.

Question 22: Religion
Ask about religion and fill out the appropriate oval box. Fill out oval box (1) for Islam, oval box (2) for Hindu, oval box (3) for Christian and oval box (4) for Buddhist. Fill out oval box (5) if the religion is other than the above four items.

Questions 23 to 28 are applicable for persons aged 5 years and above.

Question 23: Highest Class Passed: Fill out the appropriate oval box as the person passed the highest class. If the highest class is class (V) fill out 5 oval box, for SSC fill out 10 oval box, for class (VIII) fill out 8 oval box, for kamel fill out 16 oval box. The number of years required to pass the highest class as per govt. rule accordingly fill out the oval box. Follow the same rule for person got degree from Hindu or Buddhist College. Fill out 0 oval box for no class passed.

Question 24: Field of Education: The field of education has divided into three categories on the basis of degree obtained:

i) General: Obtained general degree from school, college, Universities class I to IX/SSC/HSC/BA/BSC/B.com/BSS/MA/MSc/M.com/MSS etc. fill out 1 oval box.

ii) Technical or Vocational: Engineer, doctor, agriculturalist diploma in Engineering, computer diploma, certificate from vocational or Technical Institute will include in this category. Those who passed trade course from this institute will also include in this category. Fill out 2 oval box for them.

iii) Religious: Those who are educated in religious education such as pandit, padry/prist, Acharia etc. will include in the category and fill out 3 oval box for them.

Question 25: Whether Student? Ask all persons aged 5-29 years of age whether he/she is a student or not or do you study in school, college or university? If the answer is yes fill out 1 oval box. For no don't fill out the oval box.

Question 26: Able to write Letter? Ask whether the person is able to write letter. Fill out 1 oval box for "Yes" and 2 oval box for no.

Question 27: Field of Main Activity: Some body may have multiple field of activity. In this case ask the respondent which one he likes as field of main activity. For the convenience of collecting information consider maximum time of engagement for the last week as follows:

i. Do not work: Those who are not yet grown up for doing work i.e. minor aged, old, student, unable to work and not willing to work.
ii. Looking for work: Those who do not work but looking for work.
iii. Household work: Those who do the household work and take care of children.
iv. Agriculture: Engaged in agriculture, forest, poultry, livestock raising, bee keeping, raising of worm, nursery and hatchery.
v. Industry: Engaged in industry and factory.
vi. Water/Electricity/Gas: Engaged in water/electricity and gas works.
vii. Construction: Engaged in construction of roads, buildings, bridges, culverts, factories etc.
viii. Transport/Communication: Engaged in mechanized or non-mechanized vehicles, transport and communication. Such as bus, truck, launch boat, rickshaw, airplane, etc.
ix. Hotel/Restaurant: Engaged in hotel or restaurant work.
x. Business: Engaged in wholesale or retail business.
xi. Service: Engaged in work like barber, washerman, advocate, doctor (self employed) house tutor etc. Persons engaged in works like commission agent will include in this categories.
xii. Others: Engaged in works other than the above categories.

Question 28 Working Status: This question is not applicable for person who do not work or looking for work as identified in question 27 and filled oval code 1 and 2. Fill out the following oval codes for persons economically active.

1. Employer: A person who worked as an employer for the last week.
2. Family Helper: A person who worked as a family helper without remuneration.
3. Other Self Employed: Person who is self employed i.e not employed by others.
4. Day Labour: Person who works on daily wage basis.
5. House Servant: Person who is engaged as house servant/maid servant/security workers on the basis of salary.
6. Others: Person engaged in works except category 1 to 5.

Here is the end of our most important chapter. Now I will ask you some questions on this chapter. You please say (addressing someone):

a) Is it possible for mother's age 50 while child is 40.
b) What age will you enter for a person who will be aged 40 tomorrow?
c) Which oval box you will fill out for a person who is a student in BA class?
d) Which one you will consider as main occupation for a person who is engaged in multiple occupations.
e) A member of a household employed abroad. Where you will enumerate that person?

Chapter-IV

Procedure for filling out Tally sheet

First step: Please see the tally sheet at the first page of census Book. The tally sheet has four parts:

In the upper part the identification of the Enumeration Area. Enter the name of the Zila in the blank space for Zila name and the geo-code from the first page of census Book. According to geo-code enter the decennial digit in the upper line and single digit in the second line. Similarly, enter the name of the thana and its geo-code in the specific box. In the next line enter the union name for rural area and ward number for municipal area and then enter the geo-codes from census packet and fill out the appropriate oval boxes. Similarly, in the next line enter the mauza name for rural area and mahallah name for municipal area and geo codes from census packet and fill out the appropriate oval boxes. At last, fill out 1 oval box for rural, 2 oval box for urban, 3 oval box for other urban, and 4 oval box for SMA area.

In the middle part enter the total number of household for the enumeration area in the household part. If the last household number is 112 enter 112 and fill out the appropriate oval boxes. Then count 1 oval box of the question number 7 for dwelling households and enter the total member in three digits and fill out the appropriate boxes. Similarly, count the 2 oval boxes for institutional households and 3 oval boxes for other households and enter the total number of institutional households and other households and fill out the appropriate oval boxes for them. On the other hand subtracting the dwelling household from total household these figures may be obtained. Now, in the other part of the tally sheet count all the household members of the question 17 including floating population for the enumeration area and enter the number in appropriate place and then fill out the oval boxes accordingly. Then count the filled in 2 oval boxes of every page of the census book to obtain total number of male population and 2 oval boxes for obtaining the number of female population from question 20 and enter the figure in the appropriate place and fill out the oval boxes for them. At last verify the total population figure adding those two figures male and female.

Now in the lower part enter the name of enumerator, sign and enter date of submission to the supervisor in the appropriate places.

The supervisors will enter his name in the space name of supervise and sign in the appropriate place. Then enter the date of submission of the census books to the zonal officer and after completing the formalities submit the census books to the zonal officer.

The zonal officer will collect all the census books from the supervisors worked under his supervising and enter his name and sign in the appropriate place for it and enter the date of submission of the census books to the Upazila coordinator.

On the right side don't enter anything for the date of inventory, date of editing and date of data capture. Keep those spaces blank.

Each census book is having two tally sheets. Fill out the first tally sheet then copy the second tally sheet from the first one.

The class training from my part is ended here. If you have any confusion please ask without hesitation (Reply the answer of all question in easy and local language).

Annex A: Table of Events and year of occurrence, to determine age:

1. The Second World War Started: 1939
2. The Second world war Ended: 1945
3. The Crisis of Bengal: 1943-1944
4. Separation of India 14th August: 1744
5. Martyrs Day/International Mother Language Day: 21st February, 1952
6. Election of United Front: 1954
7. Proclamation of Marshal Law by Ayub Khan: October, 1958
8. The Second Population Census of Pakistan: January, 12-31 1961
9. Drastic Cyclone: 12th November, 1970
10. Historical Address of Bagabandhu: 7th March, 1971
11. The Start of Brutal Killing by Pak Army: 25th March, 1971
12. The Victory Day: 16th December, 1971
13. The Independence Day: 26th March, 1971
14. Departure of Bangabandhu to the Homeland: 10th January, 1972
15. The First Election of Soverign Bangladesh: March, 1973
16. The First Population Census of Bangladesh: 10-28th February, 1974
17. The sacrifice (Shahadot) Day of the Father of the Nation: 15th August, 1975
18. The Second Population Census of Bangladesh: 6-8th March, 1981
19. The Third Population Census of Bangladesh: 12-15th Match, 1991
20. The Day of Death of President Ziaur Rahman: 30th May, 1981
21. The First Destructive Flood: September, 1988
22. The Second Destructive Flood: August-September, 1998

Convention from Bengali Month to English Month
Boishak: April 15 to May15
Zaishtha: May 16 to June 15
Ashar: June16 to July 16
Srabon: July 17 to August 16
Bhadra: August 17 to September 16
Asshin: September 17 to October 16
Kartik: October 17 to November 15
Agrahyon: November 16 to December 15
Oush: December 16 to January 14
Magh: January 15 to February 13
Falgun: February 14 to March 15
Choitra: March 16 to April 14

Conversion from English Month to Bengali Month

January: Oush 17 to Magh 17
February: Magh 18 to Falgun 15
March: Falgun 16 to Choitra 16
April: Chitra 17 to Boishakh 16
May: Boishakh 17 to Joistha 16
June: Joistha 17 to Asharr 15
July: Asharr 16 to Srabon 15
August: Srabon 16 to Bhadra 15
September: Bhadra 16 to Asshin 14
October: Asshin 15 to Kartik 15
November: Kartik 16 to Agrahyon 15
December: Agrahyon 16 to Poush 16