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Enumerator's Guide
Austrian Republic
National Census on 15 May 2001

Enumerator's Guide population census, building and housing census, local unit of employment census, large enumeration 2001

[No reproduction of the enumeration form was translated into English]

[Pages 1-18 were not translated into English.]

[p. 19]

7.2 What is a building?
Buildings are free-standing or -- if built in connection with other structures -- clearly delimited (possibly with firewalls) structures, whose constructed area amounts to at least 20 sq.m.. In larger apartment complexes or larger apartment buildings each staircase is considered a separate building regardless of if the individual staircases are conjoined or not.

For each building, deliver the preaddressed building data form to the building owner or the representative authorized by him (family member, etc.) -- at larger building complexes to the responsible business management.

If a building owner must fill out building data forms for several buildings at a time, please pay attention to or point out to him, that the information is completed on the appropriate (pre-addressed) building data form. Please pay attention to the different building titles (e.g. "dwelling", "place of work") at several buildings with the same address.

For each building, the address was pre-printed on the object envelope and the building data form. If, in the course of distributing the documents, you come across a building for which you do not have a pre-printed building data form or object envelope, please immediately set up an object envelope for each building and give the building owner an unprinted building data form.

If you should --despite several tries -- not come across an authorized representative at a building (weekend houses, vacation homes, etc.), try to answer as many questions as possible using your own perceptions (see chapter 9.3); report this case to the census institution (municipality) and note this on the object envelope.

For additions, an individual object envelope or individual building data form applies if the old building and addition are separated by a firewall and therefore constitute individual buildings.

Building frames should be included in the survey if they are already inhabited or are otherwise used according to their purpose.

In the case of demolition complexes, this should be clearly noted on the object envelope. The building data form should not be filled out.

A building data form is not to be delivered for the following complexes and structures:

1. Ships, trailers and mobile homes (also on solid ground), tents and other makeshift shelters. If people without other residence live there, however, they are to be surveyed with the yellow census lists and personal data forms.

2. Kiosks (under 20 sq.m.) and show booths. The local units of employment housed within are to be surveyed with a local unit of employment form (moving market stalls at the living address of the owner).

3. Agricultural or forestry farm buildings, as long as they do not also serve dwelling purposes. (e.g. For occasionally inhabited alpine huts or hunting lodges, a building data form and, when appropriate, a housing unit data form should be filled out.)

4. Buildings for public or operational purposes with a constructed foundation of less than 20 sq.m. (e.g. bus shelters).

5. Private garages, tool sheds, etc. even if they exceed 20 sq.m.. (Those serving operational purposes or commercial garages starting at a building area of 20 sq.m. are to be recorded.)
6. Open stops and platform overpasses without enclosed rooms.

7. Buildings that serve predominantly military purposes. The housing units situated within are to be surveyed with housing unit data forms, yellow census lists and personal data forms.

Should a pre-addressed building data form exist in the aforementioned cases, it will not be filled out and the reason the form is not filled out will be clearly marked on the object envelope; the number of buildings on the object envelope will be corrected from "1" to "0", and the box "PS" in the lower left corner of the building data form will be checked.

[p. 20]

Explanation: Explanations on the specific questions are on the building data form.

Obligation to provide information
Due to a regulation of the federal ministry of economics and labor, the owner of a building or his authorized representative (e.g. the building management) is obligated to provide information and fill out the building data form.

7.3 What is a housing unit?
A housing unit is defined as a room or several rooms with adjoining spaces which form a self-contained unit and are equipped with at least a kitchen or kitchenette. Kitchenette is to be understood as a kitchen block with water connection.

For each housing unit, give the unit owner (family member) a housing unit data form.

Attention: A housing unit data form must also be filled out for vacant housing units. This also applies for vacation apartments in private homes, even if they are only used a small fraction of the year.

For single family homes, a housing unit data form should be filled out in addition to the building data form.

A housing unit is to be counted as such, if it could be completed in a short time. If important use components are missing, whose procurement and implementation would take a longer time (finished rooms only, neither kitchen, bath/shower nor toilet constructed), it should not be counted.

Should you not come across anyone obligated to provide information in a housing unit, the housing data form should be given to the building owner (building management). If this is also not possible (e.g. weekend house), report this circumstance to your census institution (municipality) and note this on the object envelope (substitute completion through the enumerator, see also chapter 9.3).

Special cases of housing units:

1. Housing units in a home for nurses or for other (single) employed persons, that are equipped with a kitchenette.
2. Living spaces or studio apartments in retiree or other homes that are equipped with a kitchen or kitchenette, even if meals can be taken in a common dining hall.
3. Apartments in apartment buildings, which are equipped with a kitchenette, even if a restaurant is located in the building and the cooking facilities are rarely used. (Apartments in the tourist industry business are, however, not housing units even if they have a kitchen or Kitchenette at their disposal.)
4. The housing unit of the owner of a tourist industry business (hotel, inn, guest house) even if no private kitchen is present owing to the use of the company kitchen.
5. "Housing units," that are used entirely as local units of employment (medical practice, office, etc.) are to be recorded as a housing unit as well as a local unit of employment.

A housing unit form should not be handed out in the following cases, according to the instructions:

1. Single rooms without a kitchen or kitchenette (e.g. accommodations at the place of work in a hotel or an overnight stay building of a large company)
2. Guest rooms, apartments and personal rooms in a tourist industry business
3. Single rooms in homes and institutions (e.g. nursing homes, apprentice homes, boarding schools)

If a yellow census list would be filled out in the cases named under points 1 and 2 (this is the case with persons that live here as main or secondary residence), please set up a housing unit form, on which you entirely fill out the address box and mark the "other accommodation" box.

Please note: concerning persons that live in a community residence, please follow the directions established for these cases (see chapter 7.5 and chapter 12.4.3).

Explanation: Explanations for the specific questions are on the housing unit data form.

Obligation to provide information
Due to a regulation of the federal ministry of economics and labor, the owner of a housing unit is [p. 21] obligated to fill out the housing unit data form. In case a housing unit owner is not reachable or the housing unit is vacant, the obligation of providing information and filling out the form passes on to the building owner (building management).

7.4 Who does a yellow census list apply to?

A yellow census list is to be filled out by persons that form a household together, independent of if these persons live in private housing units, private rooms or in community residences (exceptions see chapter 12.4.3).

What is a household?

A household is comprised of all persons that live with one another and keep a common home economy together. (Household personnel also belong to the household if they are provided room and board.) A household can also consist of one person living alone.

Other occupants (e.g. subtenants) that manage their own home economy can fill out their own census lists.

If a household lives divided across several housing units, all household members are nevertheless recorded in one single census list.

Please note: All persons are to be assigned to one of these housing units (no matter which one, e.g. the larger). This housing unit data form should be inserted in the census list. The housing unit data form of the other housing unit follows, followed by the census list (see "order of the documents" on the object envelope).

A yellow census list is to be delivered to each household, even households whose members have only a secondary residence at the housing unit in question.

Each person should fill out a line of the census list. The information serves the complete census of all people and the establishment of the main residence.

Explanation: Explanations are imprinted on the list itself.

Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 3 paragraph 3 of the National Census Act of 1980 as amended, all persons that have a residence in the community are obligated to provide information.

7.5 When does a pink cover jacket apply?
A pink cover jacket should be used by community residences.

What is a community residence?
A community residence is a facility that provides, as a rule, long-term accommodation and care to a group of persons. In substance, it involves boarding schools, student homes, retirement and nursing homes, convents, barracks, penal institutions, refugee camps and similar facilities.

Explanation: Explanations are imprinted on the cover jacket itself.

Obligation to provide information
The responsible management of the home, facility, etc. is obligated to fill out the pink cover jacket.

[p. 22]

7.6 Who should be entered in the list of names?
In this list, the names of all persons that live in the community residence are to be recorded. In place of the form, a self-completed name list (e.g. by means of PC) can be applied.

Obligation to provide information
The responsible management of the home, facility, etc. is obligated to fill out the pink cover jacket.

7.7 Who fills out a personal data form?
Every person fills out a personal data form. For every person in all of Austrian, a personal data form may be filled out once at their main place of residence. That means the place where in the yellow census list the column "3a) your main residence" is marked or in the name list the mark A was entered.

Explanation: Please also distribute one orange instruction form per household.

Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 3 paragraph 3 of the National Census Act of 1980 as amended, all persons are obligated to provide information and fill out the personal data form in the municipality where they have their main residence. In accordance with § 3 paragraph 2, other household members can also be called on to provide information instead of absent persons or those unable to provide information. In further succession, also housing unit owners, landlords or the home owners.

The § 3 paragraph 3 obliges the persons required to provide information to answer the questions completely and to the best of their knowledge.

7.8 Who fills out a declaration of residence?
Every person that has a secondary residence must fill out a declaration of residence, as far as this is required by the municipality.

Further, the declaration of residence is to be demanded of every person that is added to the residence control list or by those whose residence type has changed (see chapter 4).

7.9 What is a local unit of employment?
Every owner or manager (in his absence the representative) of a local unit of employment receives a local unit of employment data form together with a purple-colored instruction sheet.

What is considered a local unit of employment?
A local unit of employment is a survey unit, for which the following requirements must apply:

1. The local unit of employment must have a name and address at their disposal.
If the local unit of employment is divided amongst several buildings, nevertheless only one local unit of employment data form should be filled out. If the company includes several addresses, each address counts as its own local unit of employment, and one local unit of employment data form should be filled out for each address. For self-employed employees that follow their work to varying places (e.g. goods presenters, self-employed taxi drivers, self-employed sales representatives, artists or the like) the housing unit is considered the local unit of employment in the case that no office, studio etc... is available.

2. The local unit of employment must be permanently furnished. Mobile stalls, constructions sites or the like are therefore not to be counted as local units of employment.

3. In the local unit of employment at least one person must, as a rule, be gainfully employed. In case the local unit of employment is temporarily closed on census day, (e.g. closed for vacation or seasonally) it should be surveyed nevertheless.

[p. 23]

What is not considered a local unit of employment?
The following units are not to be recorded as local units of employment:

agricultural and forestry local units of employment,

extraterritorial local units of employment, like embassies, consulates, international organizations and the like,

private households with employees (e.g. house personnel, nannies, etc.),

housing units of janitors.

For each local unit of employment that is entered in the company register of Statistics Austria, the name, address, legal form and company register number was pre-printed on the local unit of employment data form.

Please make sure that you deliver pre-addressed local unit of employment data forms to the appropriate local unit of employment.

There are areas for which there can not be printed forms, because these local units of employment were not yet entered in company register until now (e.g. rectories, nannies).

Because the local units of employment of the public administration could only be partially recorded, here you are also going to continually run into local units of employment for which there is no pre-printed form.

In these cases, have the companies fill out an unprinted local unit of employment data form. You should detach and destroy the form for the classification statement (see chapter 7.11) beforehand.

What to pay attention to?
In the assessment and survey of local units of employment for which there is no document with pre-printed address, you should be especially reliant on your own observations.

Company signs on the exterior wall of buildings, at the house or housing unit entrances or in staircases can additionally point to the existence of local units of employment.

Note that the local units of employment are also often only accessible by inner courtyards or are situated in sheds or adjoining buildings.

If several companies are situated in the same rooms (for financial reasons or because of different ownerships (e.g. "Meier general partnership" and "Meier company with limited liability"), each firm should fill out their own local unit of employment data form.

Please further make sure that local units of employment outside of developed areas (e.g. factories, gas stations, mountain inns) as well as local units of employment without a building (e.g. yards, gravel pits, waste water treatment plants, as long as at least one person there is gainfully employed) are recorded.

Pay attention to local units of employment of self-employed workers in housing units, for example: medical practice, workshop of a master tailor, office of a self-employed computer programmer.

Especially easily overlooked are local units of employment of self-employed workers, who practice their job at varying locations, for example: self-employed sales representatives, self-employed taxi drivers, and goods presenters. For these persons, the local unit of employment is considered the home address (=principal office).

Please further make sure that local units of employment that temporarily closed during the census period (see also chapter 7.10) are surveyed.

Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 4 of the Local unit of employment Census Act as amended, the owner or the responsible manager of the local unit of employment is obligated to provide information.

[The rest of the page and pages 24-27 and the top of page 28 were not translated into English.]

[p. 28]

7.10 Local unit of employment data form could not be filled out
If the local unit of employment data form was not filled out by the owner or manager (representative) of the local unit of employment, the enumerator is to give the reason for that on the second page of the questionnaire at the bottom under the point "to be filled out by the municipality." The following reasons are conceivable:

Owner or manager (representative) of the local unit of employment was not encountered in the survey period because it is closed, for example, because of vacation or seasonal closure.

The local unit of employment data form (original) was passed on to the top management. In this case, a new local unit of employment data form should be filled out as a substitute (as a place holder). On this form, only the address box and question 2 should be answered.

The local unit of employment (company) is has moved.

The local unit of employment no longer exists.

[p. 29]

7.11 Classification statement
The classification statement deals with an attachment to the local unit of employment data form that is not a component of the local unit of employment census.

This statement was attached to the local unit of employment data form entirely out of reasons of administrative simplification (because it is the same in the case of change requests of the person obliged to provide information).

This sheet should be detached from the local unit of employment data form (remains at the local unit of employment) and should not be recollected with the other census documents (for more precise instructions, see the classification statement itself or the explanation sheet).

Should you get questions regarding this, please refer to the information service of Statistics Austria (telephone number) on the first page of the classification statement and mentioned below: (01) 71128/7000

[Pages 30 - 44 were not translated into English]

[p. 45]

12 Instructions and guidelines on specific questions
The following section contains complete instructions on the specific questions of the distributed survey documents. Additionally, you will find supplementary "enumerator guidelines" as well as information about the "purpose of the question" that should ease your advising activities.

12.1 Building data form
Address:
The address box on the building data forms will be pre-printed by Statistics Austria. If several buildings are located at one address, a "building key" (e.g. "residential house", "warehouse"; "staircase 1") for the exact determination of these buildings will be imprinted.

Please make sure that you distribute the pre-addressed building data form for the appropriate building and - for several buildings at one address - that these are also filled out according to the building key.

If building data forms are dirty or damaged, they must be newly set up. Please make sure that the complete address box -- also house number and stairs -- is transferred. It is especially important in this case, that the pre-printed address number is transferred to the field intended for that in the area "Please do not mark this space."

[p. 46]

1. Owners:
Explanation: If several private persons are owners of the building (e.g. joint ownership by spouses, buildings with condominiums), the corresponding box should be marked.

If private and non-private (=other) persons share ownership in the building, mark the item that reflects who owns a majority share in the building. If the shares are equal, the owner who makes most of the decisions related to the building should be marked.

Other legal entities under public law are, for example, the Chambers or social security institutes.

Make sure that in questions 1.1 and 1.2 only one checkmark is made

Foreign building associations with headquarters in foreign countries must be entered as "other business" and in question 1.3 "other EU country" or "other country."

Private foundations belong to "other enterprise," only non-profit foundations belong to "other owners".

Which owner groups do the buildings in the individual municipalities belong to? The buildings of the different owner groups are compared with one another with respect to building use.

How high are the shares of EU citizens and those of citizens from other countries?

In which municipalities in Austria is the share of foreign building proprietors higher than average?

2. Number of Housing Units in the Building:
Explanation: For the number of housing units in the building, the original allocation applies. For example, if an entire apartment was converted into an office, it is to be counted both as a housing unit and as a local unit of employment.

The question about condominiums is to be answered only for buildings containing more than two housing units: all condominiums as defined in the Condominium Act are to be indicated here; condominiums that are rented out are also to be counted here.

Involving a control question: With the help of this data, you should be able to verify if all housing unit data forms are present at the end.

[p. 47]

Also for one family homes or duplexes, the number of housing units present (one or two respectively) in this building is to be recorded and the appropriate number of housing unit data forms should be filled out.

This question serves completeness control. The final determination of the number of housing units in a building conforms to the number of housing unit data forms submitted, which is why the delivery of housing unit data forms for vacant housing units is also of great importance.

With the question about the number of condominiums, the legal situation should be surveyed.

Condominiums need not be occupied by the owner; rather the owner can also rent them out. The number of rented condominiums, that is of an important housing political size, can be obtained in connection with the data on the housing unit data form.

3. Main use of building:
Explanation: If the building serves mixed uses, the main use should be indicated. "Residential buildings" primarily serve housing purposes.

"Residences for senior citizens, students, pupils and workers' hostels" are examples of community residences. This box should also be marked for buildings of a similar nature not mentioned here or buildings primarily inhabited by certain groups of people.

The item "Hotels or similar buildings" also includes holiday and rest homes.

"Office building" should also be marked for a government administration building, bank, conference center or similar type of building.

"Commercial building, department store, or the like" designates buildings primarily used for wholesale and retail trade.

"Train station, airport, broadcasting station, parking garage" are examples of buildings used by the transport and communications sector.

[p. 48]

"Workshops, industrial building or warehouse" also comprises factories, refrigerated warehouses and other special storage facilities.

"Theater, museum, school, hospital, sports facility and the like" are examples of buildings that serve cultural and recreational purposes or the educational and health care systems.

For buildings not assignable to any of the purposes mentioned here, e.g. church, fire department, etc. mark the last item in this question ("Other building").

Please make sure that in this question only one mark is made. With ambiguities please support the person filling out the form with the help of the list "building with unclear use" on the following pages.

The main use of a building conforms to the usage type that shows the largest amount of area. Residential buildings from which an agricultural business is conducted present an exception to this general allocation rule: in this case "residential building" is marked for the building in which the living rooms are located, even if the living spaces do not predominate.

Currently standing, not in use -- but still usable -- buildings should be allocated by their original purpose.

For buildings that are no longer usable, "other building" is to be marked.

The use of a building is a basic characteristic:

Which use, aside from the residential buildings, prevails in a municipality? How are buildings of a certain usage type heated?

How many housing units of a municipality are located in buildings that primarily serve another purpose? (An element of "blending" is beneficial, not necessarily living in work shop buildings.)

[The rest of page 48 and pages 49-52 were not translated into English.]

[p. 53]

4. Central heating for the building:
Explanation:
For 4.1 and 4.2: Centrally heated applies not only to buildings with an in-house central heating system but also to buildings connected to a district heating system and to those heated by a nearby biomass heating plant or a block heating plant (local heating plants).

If a building is completely fitted with direct electrical floor, ceiling or wall heating, "Central heating system for building" should be marked.

For 4.3: The word "primary" in connection with fuel means the type of fuel used during the last main heating period (last winter). "Alternative systems for providing heat" or fuels are to be marked only if they are the predominant means of heating the building.

Please make sure that in each section of this question only one mark is made.

"Central heating" is an important quality characteristic of a building. This question also provides important information for energy planning. The results are the foundation for planning for measures for advancement of heating types that burden the environment and energy balance less.

[p. 54]

5. Subsequent structural measures undertaken:
Explanation: This question refers only to subsequently undertaken structural measures.

"Other thermal protection measures" should be marked, for example, in the installation of ceiling insulation.

The item "installation of 'alternative' heating systems" should be marked if a heat pump was installed or a solar collector was set up in addition to the existing heating system (as a supplement to it) or for the provision of hot water.

However, if a new central heating system containing a heat pump was installed to replace a heating boiler, the box "Installation of new central heating system" should be marked.

In this question, exclusively subsequent measures are to be checked, not those that happened in the course of construction of the building.

Which structural measures were put in by the different owner groups in the last ten years? How is the relation between new construction activity and renovation of old stock?

Information about maintenance and improvement of buildings also points to the demand for future development means.

[p. 55]

12.2 Housing unit data form:
Address:
Please make sure that the address -- including staircase and door number- was completely entered.

1. Location and facilities of the housing unit:
Explanation: If the rooms of a given housing unit are arranged one above the other on two or more floors, the floor on which the main entry door to the housing unit is located should be indicated.

A habitable attic is defined as all stories with (partially) inclined ceilings throughout (even those with semi-high exterior walls) regardless of whether the interior work was done when the building was initially built or subsequently.

In this question important rooms and other facilities of the housing unit should be indicated.

A kitchenette is part of another room.

[p. 56]

You should mark WC inside the housing unit even if it is located in the bathroom.

Inhabitable rooms are defined as living rooms, bedrooms, nurseries and "guest rooms" (for relatives, acquaintances). Not included in inhabitable rooms are: storage rooms, pantries, walk- in closets, verandas, etc.

Rooms used for commercial purposes and rooms rented out to tourists that are never used by the household for living purposes should not to be included here. Rooms that are rented to boarders only seasonally and used by the household the rest of the year should be included in this count.

Because the answer to the third section of this question affirms the housing unit category -- a very important statement about the housing unit -- the question is double verified by a "no" box row.

If central heating is present in a housing unit, but an individual stove (e.g. tiled stove) is used as the primary heating type (see question 3), "Central heating" should be marked in question 1.3. (In question 3 then, the actual primarily used type of heating will be specified.)

How many persons live in high rises or upper floors?

If an elevator is present in the building in a municipal area, housing quality increases with ascending height. If, on the other hand, no elevator is present, the housing quality strongly decreases with increasing number of stories - especially the higher the occupant's age. (With older buildings the presence of an elevator is saved from the 1991 census, or it comes from question 5 of the building data form, if an elevator was installed in the last 10 years.)

The question about the amenities, serves the basic classification of the housing units in Austria (Categories of the Tenancy Law).

Despite all modernization efforts, some older housing units still do not conform to present quality requirements. A renovation with the goal of providing as many sections of the population with good and affordable housing units, therefore, remains an important task of the federation, states and municipalities.

The number of rooms is, next to the usable floor space, the most important information on housing unit size. The presence of a room per person (e.g. separate nursery) is often considered desirable.

2. Usable floor space in housing unit:
Explanation: Please enter only whole numbers for the square meters in the data field and no decimal points or dashes.

The usable floor space of the housing unit is the sum of all inhabitable rooms, kitchens, and adjoining rooms. For all single family homes, the floor space of hallways, stairways, etc. should be included here. Open balconies and terraces as well as cellars and attics should not be included in the count unless they are equipped for living purposes.

Rooms that are rented out to tourists only seasonally should be included, but not commercially used rooms and rooms rented out to tourists that are never lived in by the household.

Some occupants are not going to know (exactly) the usable floor space of their housing unit. In such cases, the entry of a (rough) estimate is still better than no entry.

[p. 57]

The living space per person in Austria increased from an average of 28 sq.m. to 33 sq.m. between 1981 and 1991. How large is the difference between 1991 and 2001 going to be? Are the differences between individual states or other regions going to increase or is an equalization going to take place? What about differences in the living space by different population groups?

Other results become convincing in connection with this question (e.g. the number of residents).

3. Primary type of heating:
Explanation: The primary type of heating refers to the type used in the majority of rooms during the main heating season (last winter). "District heating or block heating" should be marked not only if the heat is provided by a district heating plant but also if a block heating plant supplies heat to several buildings within a housing complex.

If a single family home is centrally heated and if the questions on heating were already answered in the building data form (question 4), only the item "Central heating system for building" should be marked on the housing unit data form; the question regarding fuel does not need to be answered on the housing unit data form.

Electric heating (permanently attached radiators) should also be marked, for example, if there is a system for direct electric heating of floors, walls or ceilings.

The primary fuel used should only be marked if the housing unit has its own central heating or individual stove(s) heating system.

Please make sure that in the first part of the question only one mark is made ("primary type of heating").

If a housing unit is primarily heated, for example only by means of a tiled stove, during the main heating season, then "individual stove" is to be marked in question 3, even if there is also central heating in the housing unit. This should be indicated in question 1.3.

Because wood chip heating systems or the like are more likely used for house central heating than for housing unit central heating, no separate marking option is provided for this on the housing unit data form. In recurring individual cases "other fuel" should be marked.

This question concerns an important quality characteristic of every housing unit and also has macroeconomic meaning:

Which energy sources are used? In considering the average energy use and heating costs, calculations about the financial burden of certain household groups can be employed.
[p. 58]

The energy sources used have very different consequential costs in the field of environmental protection. With the advancement of environmentally friendly heating types, the taxpayers are ultimately relieved.

4. Local unit of employment in the housing unit:
Explanation: The question regarding the local unit of employment in the housing unit is also used to determine the local units of employment of the self-employed, who use (in part) their housing unit as a local unit of employment (e.g. the medical practice of a physician, the law practice of a lawyer, a tailor's workshop).

The housing unit (=principal office) counts as a local unit of employment even for the self-employed who follow their work to varying places (e.g. self-employed taxi drivers, self-employed sales representatives).

Neither the renting of private rooms nor work done at home (not even teleworking) in the housing unit constitutes a local unit of employment.

Where applicable, please prompt the filling out of a local unit of employment data form (see also chapter 9.5 on "local unit of employment data forms").

Attention: A check mark by "the entire housing unit is used as a local unit of employment" means, that this housing unit is not used for housing purposes. This check mark is important both for the local unit of employment census as well as the housing unit census.

This question serves the complete census of all local units of employment, including those of self-employed that are only ascertainable via their home address.

Housing units that are entirely used as local units of employment, can become occupied at a later time. For this reason, they constitute a type of housing reserve.

5. Legal basis for the use of a housing unit:

[p. 59]

Explanation: Principal tenant can be based both on the Tenancy Law and on the Act for Non-Profit Building Associations. Principal tenant should be marked for apartments in city-owned public housing, cooperative apartments (under lease or contract of use), and rented condominiums as well as for rent-to-own housing units whose purchase is not possible until a later date.

Under use of housing unit by building owner falls:
Housing units in single family homes and duplexes that are occupied by the building owner and
apartments of the building owner in a tenant-occupied house even if they are treated as rental units in the accounts.

Condominiums (owner used) should be marked if the owner co-owns the property and has the exclusive right of use to a housing unit. A contract on the basis of the Condominium Dwellings Act between the co-owners must be present regardless of whether or not it has already been entered in the Land Register; this item should also be marked if such an apartment ownership contract is pending.

Company-owned apartment and an apartment provided in kind: A company-owned apartment is a fringe benefit in addition to compensation; for an apartment provided in kind, the use is part of the compensation (e.g. in farming).

"Other legal relationship": This includes, for example, housing units rented as "Second apartments for recreational purposes", apartments provided to retired farmers by their children as a part of the farm transfer, and apartments in senior citizen residential complexes that are inhabited with "right of residence for life" but not on the basis of the Tenancy Law.

Temporary primary tenant is entitled only to use for the length of the rental contract.

For condominium ownership, "use of housing unit by house owner" is to be marked in the sense of building co-owner. For former rental housing units, where ownership was acquired after appraisal and division of the building into smaller units, "condominium (owner used)" should be marked.

Housing units owned by employers are only a "company-owned apartment" for the employee if its relinquishment presents a fringe benefit to the salary. The use is complimentary or the payable charge lies significantly below a comparable "Rent."

Sporadically occurring lease contracts (most likely in single family home area) are to be recorded as "Other legal relationship."

For housing units, in which on the day of the census absolutely no persons are reported, the designated legal relationship is to be indicated.

This question serves the basic assessment of the living situation of the population, concrete for many housing and social policy decisions, like measures of ownership assistance or for the support of certain population groups.

Austria has a high rate of home and housing unit ownership. In all states -- excluding Vienna --the portion of house and housing unit ownership at the main residence housing unit was over 50% in 1991.

Since 1994, the main rental contract can also be closed in a fixed term. The intent of the lawmakers was, through the introduction of time limitations, to make it possible for home or housing unit owners, who at that time do not need their housing unit, to rent the house or housing unit for a limited time. Thus, housing unit hunters should be able to find a housing unit more easily, but the owner can, after the expiration of the time limit, again control the apartment.

What actual effect does this measure have? How many persons now live in time-limited rental relationships and are, thus, actually only temporarily provided with a housing unit? Are these time limitations mainly found by persons that only temporarily need a housing unit?

[p. 60]

12.3 Census list for a household:
Who does a yellow census list apply to?
Private housing unit: A yellow census list should be filled out by persons that together form a household. As a rule, one list per housing unit suffices. Other occupants or subtenants can fill out a separate census list if they wish.

Note: If a yellow census list (or several) is filled out for this dwelling, a housing unit data form must also be filled out. If it involves no housing unit in the sense of the building and housing unit census (GWZ), "other dwelling" should be marked on the housing unit data form (see chapter 7.3).

Community residence: A yellow census list should be filled out by persons that live in housing units inside the facility or also by persons that wish to fill out a list (e.g. students in dormitories), for further information see chapter 12.4.3.

Explanation:
What is a household?
A household is comprised of all persons that live with one another and together keep a common home economy. (Household personnel, for example, also belong to the household if they are provided room and board.) A household can also consist of one person living alone.

Other occupants (e.g. subtenants) that manage their own home economy can fill out their own census lists.

As a first step, we ask you to consider who is to be included in the census list (column 1).

Who should be included in the census list?
Persons for whom this housing unit is a main or a secondary place of residence. (This also applies if they are temporarily absent on the day of the census.) The reference time for determining inclusion in the census list is 1:00 a.m. on May 15, 2001. All individuals are to be entered by family, with parents listed first followed by child(ren).

[p. 61]

Who should not be included?
Persons who died prior to 1:00 a.m. on May 15, 2001 or who were born after this point in time.
Persons staying only temporarily at this housing unit (e.g. who are visiting or are on vacation).
Exterritorial persons (foreign citizens employed at authorities representing foreign states and international organizations) and their family members.

Column 1 and 2: last name, first name and birth date:
The name is only required in the survey phase, in order to ensure a complete survey of all persons. For the subsequent statistical analysis the name of a person is irrelevant. Before further manipulation, the nameless personal data forms are separated from the census lists. The EDV-processing takes place anonymously.

The birth date in the census list is an identification characteristic, in order to be able to check for which of the entered persons a personal data form was submitted.

Column 3: Where is the main residence?
The essential purpose of a census is to record every person living in Austria while avoiding counting anyone twice. To this end, the National Census Act of 1980 as amended provides that every person make a corresponding entry in the statistical forms at his/her main place of residence and submit a Personal Data Form.

[p. 62]

We request that you next check to determine who in your household is living there as his/her main place of residence and who is living there as his/her secondary place residence (column 3).

How is the main residence determined?
§ 1 (6) of the Registration Act defines a place of residence as follows:

"A person's place of residence is established at the accommodation where they have settled with the verifiable intention -- or with intention arising from circumstances -- of having the place serve, until further notice, as a point of reference for their vital relationships."

If a person has just one place of residence, this place is deemed to be their main place of residence.

If a person has several places of residence, § 1 (7) of the Registration Act (nearly conforming with Article 6 paragraph 3 of the Federal constitutional statute) defines their main place of residence as follows:

"A person's main place of residence is established at the accommodation where they have settled with the verifiable intention -- or with intention arising from circumstances -- of making this place the center of their vital relationships; if upon taking into overall consideration the professional, economic and social relations of a person's life, this objective requirement applies to several places of residence, the person must designate the place of residence to which they have a primarily closer relationship, as their main place of residence."

The Registration Act offers the following supplementary information:
The "center of vital relationships" is determined primarily on the basis of specific criteria; i.e. length of stay, location of work, education/training venue, starting point from which the person goes to work or to their education/training center, place of residence of the other family members, particularly minors in the family, and the place at which other members are gainfully employed, undergoing training or attending school or pre-school, positions held in public and private corporate bodies."

For each person entered in the census list it must be determined whether this household is the person's main place of residence or a secondary place of residence, applying the above definitions and explanations.

If the household is the person's main place of residence, box "3a" is to be marked and a personal data form must be filled out.

If the household is a person's secondary place of residence, box "3b" is to be marked.
A person may have another residence (or several residences) in addition to their main place of residence. For the sake of simplicity, this residence is referred to in this questionnaire as a "secondary place of residence."

Residents of homes: If you come across households where a member is accommodated in a home (nursing home, senior citizen home, home for the handicapped or correctional home), pay attention that this person is not counted twice.

Weekend home owners: Owners of weekend or vacation homes should only be entered in the census list if they have at least a secondary residence there. Mere ownership of a housing unit does not establish a place of residence.

The main residence is the basis for the determination of the "number of citizens" (=Austrian nationals with main residence). This number is needed to ascertain the number of representatives in the electoral districts for the National Assembly election (Article 26 Constitution) as well as the number of members sent to the Federal Assembly (Article 34 Constitution) from the different states.

Further, the resident population (=persons with main residence) is the basis for the calculation of the allocation formula, according to which a portion of the tax revenue of the federal government is distributed to the states and municipalities (=fiscal equalization scheme).

Apart from this, it is important that the declared structure results for the individual municipalities come from the persons residing there with main residence.

[p. 63]

Column 4: Citizenship:
Only the information in the census list (not that of the personal data form) may be gathered for verification and correction of the registration system.

Signature:
Explanation: To distinguish whether the information is provided by a member of the household or by another person (according to the National Census Act, apartment or building owners can also be surveyed if all members of the household are absent), please mark the appropriate box. By signing, you confirm that you have provided this information to the best of your knowledge.

Please make sure that the census list was signed by a household member or another person obligated to provide information.

[p. 64]

12.4 Cover jacket for a community residence:
Explanation:
What is a community residence?
A community residence is a facility that provides, as a rule, long-term accommodation and care to a group of persons. In substance it involves boarding schools, student homes, retirement and nursing homes, convents, barracks, penal institutions, refugee camps and similar facilities.

12.4.1 Cover jacked (pink):
The responsible management (or authorized representative) of the facility should fill out the front page. If the facility stretches across several buildings, a cover jacket should be filled out for each building because the persons accommodated in one building are considered a separate community residence.

[p. 65]

Further details on the specific facilities:
Facilities for pupils
Examples belonging to this category: boarding school, school boarding house, house of studies (also theological). Only occupants that are officially registered this facility as their main or secondary residence should be entered in the name list.

Facilities for Students
Examples belonging to this category: student dormitories, colleges (also theological), seminary. All occupants should be entered in the name list. In such facilities, the occupants are going to fill out the census documents (yellow census list, if need be a personal data form, if need be a housing data form) themselves, as a rule.

Facilities for employed persons in training
Examples belonging to this category: nursing school dormitory, constabulary school. All occupants should be entered in the name list; constabulary and police students only if they are officially registered at this facility.

Facilities for those in need of care and the sick
Examples belonging to this category: sanitarium, convalescent home, hospital, mental institution, infirmary, nursing home, hospice, rehabilitation center, private facility for those in need of care. All occupants should be entered in the name list.

Exceptions: hospital patients, spa guests and the like that are only temporarily accommodated here. They are only to be entered in the name list, if they have given up their private main residence.

Facilities for senior citizens and retirees
Examples belonging to this category: retirement home, nursing home, almshouse, old men's asylum, or home for the aged, pension, residence, hotel or private facility for elderly care.

[p. 66]

All occupants should be entered in the name list. Occupants of such facilities are going to, as a rule, have their main residence there. If occupants are accommodated in housing units (according to the definition in the instructions for the housing data form), yellow census lists and housing unit data forms should also be filled out.

Facilities for handicapped
Examples belonging to this category: handicapped home, asylum for the blind, vital help residential group, patronized work shops, career preparatory home. All occupants should be entered in the name list. The occupants of such facilities are going to have their main residence there, as a rule. If occupants are accommodated in housing units (by the definition in the instructions for the housing data form), yellow census lists and housing unit data forms should also be filled out.

Facilities for children and youth that are not subject to the upbringing power of the parents (even temporarily). Included here are social-pedagogical facilities (e.g. approved school or care home) without parents. Included here are for example: orphanage, children's village. All children and youth should be entered in the name list.

Children's village families: for each family, a yellow census list should be applied. In question 7 of the personal data form, the children's village mother marks "head of household," the children "daughter, son."

Facilities for those in social need or homeless
Examples belonging to this category: care home, mother-child home, women's shelter, municipal hostel, social welfare home, homeless shelter, hostel, probation aid. All occupants should be entered in the name list. Homeless persons without a set residence should be counted where they primarily stay. The municipality is responsible for the census of homeless persons that do not ordinarily stay in a lodging. "Place of residence" is considered the place where the survey was conducted (e.g. the town hall).

Facilities for members of religious orders
Examples belonging to this category: monastery, congregation, mission house, clerical nursing staff, convent, novitiate, and province. All occupants should be entered in the name list. If the monastery, etc. is affiliated with another facility, such as a nursing home, the occupants of this other facility should fill out their own cover jacket with the appropriate name list.

Guidelines on the personal data form: members of religious orders with a secular profession (e.g. caregiver or teacher) answer questions 12 to 15 for this profession. Otherwise, indication of the spiritual profession (e.g. nun, monk) should be made.

Barracks
Only the members of the Austrian armed forces (e.g. active duty military draftees) that have given up their previous accommodation and thus have their main residence at the barracks, should be entered in the name list. All persons that have their main residence outside of the barracks should not be entered.

[p. 67]

Facilities for prisoners
Belonging to this category: prison, penal institution, special institution, jail. Only those persons whose main residence is the institution should be entered in the name list. All persons that have their main residence outside of the institution should not be entered.

Facilities for refugees
This category of persons encompasses:
1. Aliens, cared for by the state, that are accommodated in a facility of a regional administrative body and thus in accordance with § 32 paragraph 2 to 5 of the Registration Act of 1991 as amended, are exempted from obligation to register.
2. All refugees that have already registered a main residence.

Refugee camp, refugee home
Only persons that live in the camp or home should be entered in the name list. For each person, a personal data form should also be filled out.

Refugees in private quarters (hotels and the like)
All persons should be entered in the name list. For each family, an individual yellow census list should be handed out and for each person a personal data form should be handed out.

Question 7 is to be answered as follows:

Families: one parent marks "head of household," the other "wife or husband of the head of household," the children, "daughter, son."
Married couples/consensual union: One partner marks, "head of household," the other "wife or husband of the head of household," respectively "significant other of the head of household."
Persons that have no blood relationship to each other mark "not related."

Other institutions
Examples belonging to this category: youth residence, young worker village, youth dormitory, professional retraining home, social institution without care and maintenance. All occupants should be entered in the name list.

[p. 68]

Formation of the total numbers:
Lastly, the following sum numbers should be calculated and entered in the field on the first page of the cover jacket.

1. Total number of persons with main residence. That includes all persons next to which the letter "A" was entered in the name list. This number must agree with the number of filled out personal data forms.
2. Total number of persons with secondary residence. That includes all persons next to which the letter "B" was entered on the name list.
3. Number of housing unit data forms within the facility.

[p. 69]

12.4.2 Name list (pink)
Explanation: Persons belonging to a community residence should be entered here. A computer printout can be substituted for the name list.

Who is entered in the name list? Persons for whom this housing unit is a main or a secondary place of residence. (This applies even if they are temporarily absent on the day of the census.)

Attention: You will find exceptions to this rule in the details on the specific facilities. If you should be unsure regarding the entry of persons (e.g. by ambiguities in the register situation), please communicate with your municipality (Census institution).

The reference time for determining inclusion in the name list is 1:00 a.m. on May 15, 2001.

Who should not be entered in the name list?

1. Persons that are only temporarily accommodated in the facility and are neither registered here as a main residence nor secondary residence (e.g.: patients in hospitals, spa visitors, active duty military draftees).
2. Persons who died prior to 1:00 a.m. on May 15, 2001 or who were born after this point in time.
3. Care personnel do not belong to the community residence, rather form individual private households (with yellow census lists).

[p. 70]

Which persons are to be entered in the name list, should be taken from the explanations (see "further details on the specific facilities" on page 65). As a rule, all persons that have their main or secondary residence at the concerned accommodation (therefore are not only temporarily accommodated) should be entered in the name list.

Explanation:
Declaration of the main residence
The essential purpose of a census is to record every person living in Austria while avoiding counting anyone twice. To this end, the National Census Act of 1980 as amended provides that every person make a corresponding entry in the statistical forms at his/her main place of residence and submit a personal data form.

How is the main residence determined?
§ 1 (6) of the Registration Act defines a place of residence as follows:

"A person's place of residence is established at the accommodation where they have settled with the verifiable intention - or with intention arising from circumstances - of having the place serve, until further notice, as a point of reference for their vital relationships."

If a person has just one place of residence, this place is deemed to be their main place of residence.

If a person has several places of residence, § 1 (7) of the Registration Act (nearly conforming with Article 6 paragraph 3 of the Federal constitutional statute) defines their main place of residence as follows:

"A person's main place of residence is established at the accommodation where they have settled with the verifiable intention - or with intention arising from circumstances - of making this place the center of their vital relationships; if upon taking into overall consideration the professional, economic and social relations of a person's life, this objective requirement applies to several places of residence, the person must designate the place of residence to which they have a primarily closer relationship, as their main place of residence."

The Registration Act offers the following supplementary information:
The "center of vital relationships" is determined primarily on the basis of specific criteria; i.e. length of stay, location of work, education/training venue, starting point from which the person goes to work or to their education/training center, place of residence of the other family members, particularly minors in the family, and the place at which other members are gainfully employed, undergoing training or attending school or pre-school, positions held in public and private corporate bodies."

For each person entered in the census list it must be determined whether this household is the person's main place of residence or a secondary place of residence, applying the above definitions and explanations.

If the household is the person's main place of residence, box "3a" is to be marked and personal data form must be filled out.

If the household is a person's secondary place of residence, box "3b" is to be marked. A person may have another residence (or several residences) in addition to their main place of residence. For the sake of simplicity, this residence is referred to in this questionnaire as a "secondary place of residence."

The main residence is the basis for the determination of the "number of citizens" (=Austrian nationals with main residence). This number is needed to ascertain the number of representatives in the electoral districts for the National Assembly election (Article 26 Constitution) as well as for the number of members sent to the Federal Assembly (Article 34 Constitution) from the different states.

Further, the resident population (=persons with main residence) is the basis for the calculation of the allocation formula, according to which a portion of the tax revenue of the federal government is distributed to the states and municipalities (=fiscal equalization scheme).
[p. 71]
Apart from this, it is important that the declared structure results for the individual municipalities come from the persons residing there with main residence.

What should be declared in the name list?
Last name, first name, date of birth and citizenship should be included. Under "residence quality" one of the following letters is to be entered:
A: for persons with a main residence in the facility
B: for persons with a secondary residence in the facility

12.4.3 Which forms should be filled out by the occupant?
Housing unit data form:
If there are housing units (in the sense of the GWZ definition) in the community residence, each housing unit should fill out a housing unit data form.

Deviating from the rule that when filling out a yellow census list for the accommodation a housing unit data form should also be applied (see chapter 12.3, page 60), in a community residence only housing units that meet the GWZ definition should fill out a housing unit data form.

What is a housing unit in the sense of the GWZ?
A housing unit is defined as a room or several rooms with adjoining spaces that form a self-contained unit and are equipped with at least a kitchen or kitchenette.

Attention: Housing unit data forms should also be filled out for vacant housing units that belong to the facility.

Personal data form:
This form should be filled out for each person that has their man residence in this facility (see also "who should be entered in the name list," page 69).

General instructions on the personal data form
Question 7 is to be answered as follows:
Families: one parent marks "head of household," the other "wife or husband of the head of household," the children, "daughter, son."
Married couples/consensual union: One partner marks, "head of household," the other "wife or husband of the head of household," respectively "significant other of the head of household."
Persons that have no blood relationship to each other mark "not related."

Yellow census list for a household:
These can be distributed if the person obligated to provide information would like to give the information about the residence personally (e.g. in a student dormitory). In facilities where the persons belonging to the community residence live in housing units (in the sense of the GWZ definition), yellow census lists must also be filled out in these housing units (e.g. senior citizen homes). The accompanying personal data forms and housing unit data forms should be inserted in the appropriate census lists.

[p. 72]

Handing in the census documents
The census documents should be ordered as follows:
The building data form should be placed before the cover jacket. Order within the cover jacket:
1. Name list
2. Personal data forms without yellow census list
3. Yellow census lists with accompanying personal data forms, and if necessary, housing unit data forms enclosed
4. Housing unit data forms for vacant housing units within the community residence if necessary

Yellow census lists for personnel (attention: personnel should not be entered in the name list) may not be inserted in the pink cover jacket, rather they should be attached outside the cover jacket.

Please make sure that in collecting the documents the above described sequence of forms is adhered to exactly. Housing unit data forms for vacant housing units that belong to the facility should be ordered in the sequence of forms at the end of the documents within the cover jacket.
Housing unit data forms for vacant housing units outside of the facility should be ordered outside of the cover jacket after the census lists of the personnel, where applicable.

[p. 73]

12.5 Personal data form
General information:
Questions 1 through 8 and 11 should be filled out by every person. The remaining questions conform to certain categories of persons. Persons exempt from answering particular questions are written in the question texts and the explanations. Question 11 contains guidelines on which further questions should be answered by the individual groups of persons.

Questions 4 through 10 should be answered for the situation on May 15, 2001. Questions 11 through 15 refer to the last weeks before census day and only in cases of doubt (e.g. company change) on May 15.

1. Date of birth:
The date of birth will automatically be converted to complete age on the day of the census.

Many regulations and public measures (compulsory school attendance, legal age and the like) are directed at different age groups.

The age structure of the population is used as a frame of reference for numerous statistical measures. Gender and age are requirements for the calculation of life expectancy and for population projections. The development of the age structure for the pupils, employed and retired persons will have more meaning in the coming decades than changes in the population in itself.

2. Gender:
Almost all charts with census results are segmented by gender. Numerous statutes and living conditions are different for men and women (e.g. retirement age, courses of education and career conditions).

3. Marital status:
Explanation: Enter whatever your legal marital status is.
"Married" should be marked for persons living in wedlock (not divorced) even if they live separately from their spouse.
"Divorced" should be marked for persons who are not remarried, regardless of whether their former spouse is still living or not.
"Widowed" should be marked for persons whose marriage ended with the death of the spouse and who are not remarried.

[p. 74]

"Single" should be marked for all persons that have never been married.

Persons living in a consensual union mark the marital status that they legally belong to. "Married" should only be marked, if the marriage with the separate living spouse is still legal (not divorced).

The marital status structure was subjected to severe changes through the decrease in marriages and increase in divorces.

Marital status is also important for the projection of the population development (e.g. how many widowed pensioners will accrue in the future).

The year of marriage is gathered as an aid characteristic for family development (married couples).

Unmarried consensual unions are also accounted for in the results, however, indirectly derived from question 7.

4.Country of birth:
Explanation: Please mark the country in which your place of birth is located today.

This question serves the assessment of long-term migrations to Austria. Further, information is gained about the integration of foreigners and naturalized persons in Austria.

5. Citizenship:
Explanation: Persons with unclear citizenship should enter "not clarified" in the text field "other countries."

[p. 75]

Anyone who has another citizenship in addition to Austrian citizenship, marks the box "Austria" as well as the box of the other citizenship or indicates this in the text field.

Citizenship is a requirement for the determination of the so-called "number of citizens." Based on this the mandates per electoral district is calculated. Further, citizenship serves the determination of the number and structure of the foreigners living in Austria, who differ significantly from nationals in demographic, social and economic respects, as well as the assessment of the many foreigner questions.

6. Colloquial language:
Explanation: Please indicate the language (or languages) you usually speak in private (among family, relatives, friends, etc.).

Competence in foreign languages should not be indicated here.

For persons that can not (yet) speak, the language normally spoken in their family should be indicated.

With the help of this question it can be determined how the long-established language groups develop in all of Austria as well as in the individual parts of the country.

This question also makes it possible to observe the development of the newer language minorities, namely the guest workers and refugees that have settled down in Austria, in order to be able to directly plan integration assistance measures on the one hand, and preserve unique cultural characteristics on the other hand.

7. Position in household:
Explanation: In order to show the relationship of household members to families, please mark the relationship the person has to the "head of household." Usually, the person contributing the most to the household income is to be designated as the head of household. If income is more or less equal, it is up to the household to designate the person who is to be marked as head of household.

In households consisting solely of unrelated persons, it is irrelevant to family and household statistics who is marked as the head of household.

For children who were brought into the marriage or consensual union, "daughter/son" should be marked, [p. 76] even if the latter are blood children of the husband or wife only.

The term "head of household" is felt to be disagreeable by some persons. Because of that, other expressions were sought in preceding pilot surveys. The results were, however, not encouraging: the understanding of the question and the usefulness of the answers were insufficient. For question-technical reasons, it had to be reverted back to the archaic (but understood by all) term "head of household."

With this information the families living in a household are statistically delimited and their relation to the remaining household members is depicted. Data about the different family types (full families, single parent families, etc.) is important for the planning of family and socio-political measures, for example: level of the family subsidy, scaling of the child tax credit, fare reductions for families on public transportation.

8. Religious affiliation:
Explanation: Please indicate the church or religious denomination that you belong to. If you are not certain whether one of the items corresponds to your religious affiliation, please enter your religious affiliation in the text line.

The legal membership in a church or religious domination should be indicated - anyone who is unsure if their religion is one of the religions to be marked may enter their religion on the text line.

This question has been asked for more than 100 years on the population census questionnaire. Also, religion is a socio-cultural characteristic that becomes significant in different ways of life (different career emphases, family establishment patterns and number of children). The recognized religious denominations have especially placed value on the inclusion of this question in the population census.

The information on religion is - as with all other characteristics - only published in tabular form. For the church tax, the religious denominations receive the information from the registration office, not from the population census.

9. Number of children born living:
Explanation: Step, adopted and foster children should not be counted in this question.

For women under 16 years of age (as well as for men) this question is not applicable.

[p. 77]

The total number of children of a woman can only be compiled with a specific question and allows analyses about how the number of children of a woman correlates with other characteristics: with occupation, with the profession of the husband, with the educational background etc. The results should clarify birth and family statistical correlations and facilitate the projection of Austria's population. As such, the low birth rate in recent years is an essential factor for the future demographic development.

[p. 78]

10. School attendance/education completed:

[p. 79]

Explanation: Please mark all schools that you are either currently attending (10.1) or have already completed (10.2). For private schools mark the comparable school type.

Re 10.1 "School currently attended": Persons currently being educated mark the appropriate type of school in the first column. The technical field or major subject should not be entered.

Apprentices should mark "apprenticeship training (including compulsory vocational training school)" even if they have already completed compulsory vocational training school itself. (Attention: apprentices are considered gainfully employed and should also answer questions 11 through 15 for this profession).

Nursing trainees should mark "Intermediate upper and upper secondary technical and vocational school." (Attention: these persons are considered gainfully employed and should answer questions 11 through 15 for this profession).

Re 10.2 "Education completed": All levels of education that have been completed should be marked in the second column, and as necessary, the field of education/study should be entered. Commonly understood abbreviations are possible (e.g. "LA" for "teacher training").

Persons who have completed several similar types of training should indicate only the field of training which was most important for their future career.

Apprenticeship training: This is only to be marked as completed if the final apprenticeship examination has been passed. If compulsory vocational training school was completed but no final apprenticeship examination has been passed, this column should not be marked.

The question is so designed that the school currently attended (10.1) as well as the already completed course of education (10.2) is included.

On the following pages you will find - in the order in which the school types are mentioned on the personal data form - guidelines for filling out the form and a list of schools that belong to this school type. Following, the schools are once again listed in alphabetical order.

General information:
If with the completion of an intermediate or higher upper secondary technical and vocational school a final apprenticeship examination for a teaching profession is also acquired, the field or subject of the appropriate school should be indicated and the teaching profession should not be entered in "apprenticeship training."

The attendance and completion of foreman schools, master classes and other courses at intermediate upper secondary technical and vocational schools should be entered in "Other formal training and education."

"Completed education" (10.2) should only be marked if all required final examinations relevant for the course of education were already passed before May 15, 2001 or the diploma was already issued.

Older persons that completed a civic school should mark "General secondary school (Hauptschule)."

Regarding polytechnic studies, polytechnic schools:
The completion of polytechnic studies should only be marked if it was actually attended. If the 9th school year was passed at another school (e.g. the first year of a 3-year intermediate upper secondary technical and vocational school) only the previously attended compulsory school should be indicated.

Regarding Apprenticeship training:
Apprenticeship training is connected to attendance at a vocational school (earlier names: winter school, continuing education school). In the text field, the occupation learned (that concurrently describes the field of study of the vocational school) should be entered.

[p. 80]

For women that obligatorily attended the vocational school for home economics: In individual states (e.g. Vorarlberg, Kärnten) attendance at a vocational school for home economics was obligatory for women if they did not learn an occupation or attended no further school. This completion should be indicated in "Other formal training and education" and not in "Apprenticeship training" or "Intermediate upper secondary technical and vocational school."

Constabulary and police students: The attendance or completion of a constabulary or police academy is to be indicated in "Apprenticeship training." It involves practical, professional training similar to apprenticeship training. (Attention: constabulary and police students are considered gainfully employed and should answer questions 11 through 15 for this profession.)

Regarding Intermediate upper secondary technical and vocational school:
The duration of training amounts to 1 to 4 years (exception: Fashion school of the city of Vienna 5-years) and does not lead to a school leaving certificate qualifying for university entrance (school leaving examination).

[Page 80-81 lists are translated into English.]

[p. 81]

Regarding Academic secondary school - upper stage:
This box should be marked if a general educational school that led to a school leaving certificate qualifying for university entrance (school leaving examination), was completed. Entering a field of study is not provided for.

[Page 81-82 lists were not translated into English.]

[p. 82]

Regarding colleges, post-secondary courses (2-3 years) to reach a technical or vocational education:
Colleges (previously: post-secondary courses) mediate the educational goal of the 5-year higher vocational schools in a 2 to 3 year education. For attendance at a college, a school leaving certificate qualifying for university entrance (school leaving examination) is a prerequisite.

[Page 82 lists were not translated into English.]

Regarding higher upper secondary technical and vocational school:
Education that mediates vocational training and leads to a school leaving examination (new: school leaving and diploma examination) is indicated here. The duration of education amounts to 5 years. Also falling into this category is continuing education at higher upper secondary vocational schools that can be passed subsequent to an intermediate upper secondary technical and vocational school. The duration of education amounts to 2 to 4 years and the education is completed also with the school leaving and diploma examination.

[Page 82-83 lists were not translated into English.]

[p. 83]

Regarding academy, college, university:
Here all education (excluding colleges and post-secondary courses) that require a school leaving certificate qualifying for university entrance (school leaving examination) is indicated. Because around 160 different fields of study are distinguished, the university type (e.g. University of technology, University of business, University of natural resources) as well as the field of study (major field) should be cited as precisely as possible.

[Page 83-84 lists were not translated into English.]

[p. 84]

Regarding other formal training and education:
The possibility of entering further --important for the career path -- education, that does not fall into the previous categories of question 10 exists here. This should also prevent wrong entries from happening in the previous layers of question 10.

[The rest of page 84, pages 85 - 88, and the top of page 89 were not translated into English.]

[p. 89]

School currently attended: The type of school is used to depict the pupil commuter flows, in order to be able to foster inferences on the accessibility of places of education. While an elementary school is mostly located in an easily accessible neighborhood, one finds a college frequently only in the region's main city and a university only in a few cities. The information is gathered for the location and traffic planning in combination with the time expenditure und transportation.

Completed education: From this information charts are created that show the number of persons that have completed the different levels of education. These results are also segmented by fields of study as well as by age, profession and other characteristics.

This data is of meaning above all else for the educational planning but also for the regional job markets that are partly very different.

The information on occupation learned and occupation practiced (especially for teaching apprenticeships) deliver basic information about the connections between education and profession and allow statements about the structure and scope of career changes. In addition, they can be gathered for planning of essential educational, continuing educational and retraining activities for structural changes in the job market (e.g. skilled worker shortage)

While school and secondary school statistics provides yearly the number of graduates by field of study with higher accuracy, these statistics can not portray the level of education of the population at a certain point in time, because the population changes through migration and deaths. Only a complete survey like the population census can provide the appropriate data.

[Pages 85-89 were not translated into English.]

[p. 90]

11. You are:
Explanation:
General instructions: Please mark all boxes that are applicable to you and note the references to further questions. Example: A housewife with marginal part-time employment marks both boxes. The note next to "Marginally employed part-time" indicates that the person should proceed to questions 12 through 15 and answer them.

Instructions for individual groups of persons:
Gainfully employed persons: Persons over 15 years of age who do paid work at least 1 hour per week or help in a family business without being formally paid are considered to be gainfully employed.

A person who only works voluntarily is not considered to be gainfully employed.

Whether you are employed full-time, part-time or marginally part-time depends on how many hours a week you work on average. If you work several jobs, you should add up the total number of hours worked per week and mark the appropriate box.

Answer questions 12 through 15 for this gainful employment (if several part-time positions are held, answer the questions for the job involving the most working hours.)

Exceptions: Teachers with a full-time teaching position and judges mark "gainfully employed full time" even if their work week is less than 32 hours. This is also true of workers in businesses with "short-time working" arrangements (i.e. temporarily reduced working hours).

Unemployed: Persons over 15 years of age who were previously employed and who are seeking work or an [p. 91] apprenticeship position are deemed to be unemployed regardless of whether or not they receive unemployment benefits. Seasonally unemployed persons (e.g. waiters who are without a job between the summer season and winter season) are considered unemployed unless they pursue other work in the intervening period (in the period around May 15) (e.g. helping out on the family farm).

Persons undergoing practical training, (e.g. apprentices, trainees, unpaid interns, pupils being trained for police work and nursing) are considered gainfully employed.

Persons undergoing vocational retraining mark "gainfully employed full time" if they still hold their position or if they have health insurance through the public employment services agency (AMS) but should answer questions 12 through 15 for their previous occupation (i.e. not "Public Employment Services Agency")

Persons attending vocational or professional preparatory courses should mark "pupil or university student" and answer the question 10.1 "School currently attended" as well as question 15.

Persons receiving special emergency relief assistance are not considered to be unemployed and should mark "Other means of livelihood."

Question 11 must be answered by every person. Double markings are possible.

The situation in the last weeks before the census is to be considered, in cases of doubt, the situation on May 15, 2001.

Who is gainfully employed?
Anyone who works at least 1 hour per week on average is gainfully employed and answers questions 12 through 15 for this employment.

The following groups of persons are considered gainfully employed, although they often do not identify themselves as such:

Helpers in a family business (especially housewives)
Retirees with a secondary occupation
Working students
Farmers
Wives of farmers with at least 1 hour per week of yard or field work
Apprentices
Nursing students
Contractors for work and services
Freelance employees
Freelancers
Tradesman
Members of a religious order (e.g. nuns): Questions 12 through 15 should be answered for the secular profession (e.g. Kindergarten teacher, nurse). If no secular profession is available, "Nun" or "monk" is entered for the job title in question 13.
Persons in disabled local units of employment: Questions 12 through 15 are answered for the job that is performed in this local unit of employment.

Below you will find further instructions on the specific characteristics:
Working for the home or family: This box should be marked by persons that devote their work to their own household. If these persons are also gainfully employed, they should mark the appropriate box and answer questions 12 through 15 for this occupation.

Seeking gainful employment for the first time: This box should be marked by persons that have not previously been gainfully employed and are now searching for work or an apprenticeship.

On parental or maternity leave: Questions 12 through 15 should be answered for the occupation practiced before entering parental or maternity leave.

Retirement pension from own gainful employment: This box should be marked by persons that receive their own pension.

[p. 92]

Widow or widower's pension: Persons that receive a widow or widower's pension should mark this box.

Pupil or university student: Persons that currently attend a school, university, etc. should mark this box.

Other means of livelihood: Persons that live on an orphan pension or accident benefits should also mark this box.

With this questions it is determined, who, and to what extent, is "gainfully employed" (and accordingly who must answer the further questions). The structural data about gainfully employed and commuters are among the most important results of the population census.

The numbers about gainfully employed are needed for calculating general and specific labor force participation rates and find application as a basis for different predictions.

Information about participation in working life is important for labor market analyses and international comparisons. Especially of interest are the type and scope of the gainful employment of older employees, women, youth and foreigners. Data about the extent of gainful employment in connection with information about gender, age and marital status gain increasing weight in the face of growing importance of part time work, especially for family policy and regional levels.

This question further makes it possible to divide the not gainfully employed population into the predominant source of livelihood. This differentiation is of central importance for many economic and socio-political questions, for example: the dependent children and homemakers of gainfully employed persons, the occupation of women in terms of age as well as the numerical proportion of gainfully employed and retired persons.

Questions 12 through 15:
Explanation: Persons who marked one of the three "gainfully employed" boxes in question 11 must answer questions 12 to 15 in any case for this gainful employment regardless of the referrals to other questions. If you hold several jobs, please answer questions 12 to 15 for the occupation involving the most working hours. If you are switching jobs at the time of the census, please answer questions 12 to 15 for your situation on 15 May 2001.

The population census results by occupational and economic characteristics are of great importance for the planning administration, the economy, research and the representation of interests, because they present a cross section of the total of all gainfully employed persons. Other surveys (like e.g. local unit of employment census) or the social insurance institutes also provide information in this field, but not with the diversity, objectivity, and regional structural and combination possibilities of the population census.

12. Professional position:
Explanation: "Self-employed" (also freelancers) are individuals who pursue their profession on their own behalf and are therefore not in an employment relationship as an employee.

[p. 93]

Persons "helping in a family business" are gainfully employed persons who are working in a business owned by a family member without receiving formal remuneration for their work.
Persons "under contract for works and services, freelance employees" are persons who perform their work on their own behalf, similar to the self-employed.

The "professional position" portrays the legal status or the collectively agreed classification that a person has in a company. Different analyses about the occupational distribution and economic structure are only meaningful in combination with the professional position (e.g. the demand for freelance and employed doctors).

13. Exact designation of occupation:
Explanation: Please select the designation (job title) that best describes your work (where possible, also the degree of responsibility you have within the business or operation).

Examples of precise work designations: Accounts clerk, Men's shirts packing machinist, Glass cutter, Foreman at dipping paint plant, Manager of retail shop, High voltage line installer, Planing machine operator, Scientific researcher in environmental protection.

This information should be classified into around 400 different occupational categories. For that reason, please make sure that the information is as precise as possible. For a generally held entry (e.g. office worker), an exact classification is not possible because one does not know if the person as should be entered as an authorized officer, bookkeeper, shorthand typist, paper sorter etc. The entries for this question should be coded with automation-support - with the help of systematic directories.

With this question the field of activity that a person in a company supervises is depicted.

The population census is one of the most important, comprehensive data sources for analyses of occupational distribution. It makes possible the depiction of occupations in combination with other characteristics, for example: education, place of residence and place of work of the gainfully employed.

The occupation practiced in comparison with the education completed is of importance for the predictions of the "replacement demand" or for the guidance of youth educational paths. Need calculations for individual occupational groups and occupations are also among the analyses, which make activities for labor market advancement and directed occupational counseling possible. In addition, information about career change is gained, due to the connection between learned and practiced occupation.

[p. 94]

Regarding questions 14 and 15:
Among the goals of the population census are: the determination of the affiliation of the population in the different branches of the economy (industry, services, etc) as well as the depiction of the traffic flows from housing units to the companies, office, schools etc.

The prerequisites for this analysis are composed of the information on name, address, economic sector and company (office, etc.) telephone number. The telephone number corresponds to a critical importance in as much as it, with your help, - number statements are easier to process in the EDV than text - should be possible to relatively quick and inexpensively ascertain the company and its economic sector or exact location in the company registers of Statistics Austria. If that - for example, because of a missing telephone number - is not possible, this information must be gained relatively expensively and time consuming, from the text statements (address, economic sector).

The telephone number will, under no circumstances, be used for further inquiry at the company in question - this is impossible, because the data sets for persons are saved without names in the EDV.

14. Place of work:
Please indicate as precisely as possible the name of the business/establishment at which you work for in item 14.1, its industry (branch of economic activity) for item 14.2.

Please write in 14.1 the complete company name (e.g. Robert Miller GmbH). If you own a business without a formal company name (e.g. farmer), enter your own name in question 14.1.

Persons with several employers enter the company where they work the most amount of time and answer the remaining questions for this company.

Attendants in public service should indicate the name of their agency as precisely as possible in 14.1, yet in 14.2 give an indication of the public service. For example:

14.1 Tax office Bregenz, 14.2 federal administration
14.1 Constabulary post Lienz, 14.2 public security
14.1 Registration office Hallein, 14.2 municipality administration
14.1 Austrian insurance fund for civil or public servants Graz, 14.2 social insurance
[p. 95]

The entries for this question should - provided that automation-support with the telephone number was not possible - be automation-supported coded with the help of systematic listings. For a generally held entry (e.g. "metal industry"), one can not discern if a steel mill or a motor factory, a blacksmith or a hardware store is concerned. Information as precise as possible is requested.

The name of the company serves - together with the address and telephone number in question 15.4 - as aid characteristic for the assignment of gainfully employed persons in economic branches and as the goal of the path to work.

The economic segmentation of the gainfully employed forms, with the characteristics of age and gender, the basis for structural analyses and the projection of the development possibilities of regional and national labor markets. In connection with the economic sector, the industry dependence of individual occupations can be made transparent. Further, the portion of the entire population that is affected by a shrinking or rising economic sector, can be indicated. The population census provides (with the help of commuter statistics) information about the economic structure of individual location areas, beyond an individual survey, as well as residence-oriented data about the branches in which the employees are active also, for example the dependence of certain regions on the outlying firms.

15. Way of getting to place of work or school/university (traffic flows):
The information from questions 15.1 to 15.6 on going to work or school everyday can be used to determine traffic flows. If you go to both school and to work, you should answer the questions for going to work.

Re 15.1:

[p. 96]

Explanation: Persons commuting once a week enter the address of their accommodations at their place of work/school. If you depart both from your main place of residence and other accommodations, please indicate the place from which you depart more frequently. If in doubt, the situation on the day of the census applies.

For many persons, the place of work or school is so far away that they can not return home daily. If these persons go to work or school from their accommodation at the place of work/school (e.g. boarding school) more frequently than from their main residence, "from other accommodation" should be marked and the address entered (for addresses abroad the country abbreviation should be given before the zip code, e.g. "D" for Germany).

Re 15.2:
Explanation: Gainfully employed persons with telework positions who visit their company at least once a week should include commuter data for these trips to the company.

Anyone who works in their home or on the same property (e.g. janitor, farmers, businessmen with business and housing unit in the same house, home workers) or lives in the school building, marks "yes"; for these persons the following questions are not applicable.

The provisions for teleworkers that do not work exclusively at home were adopted because they -- like the marginally employed also -- contribute to the traffic volume on the days that they visit their company.

Re 15.3:
This question serves to set the course for the following questions: Persons with varying places of work (they have marked "no" in this question) need only indicate in question 15.4 the address of the place of work from which they receive their work assignment.

[p. 97]

Re 15.4:
Explanation: Gainfully employed persons enter the address of their place of work where they start work everyday. In other words, it is not the address of the company management that is to be entered rather for example: for sales staff the address of the branch and for teachers the address of the school (base school) at which they teach.

Persons with varying places of work (e.g. traveling salesmen) are asked to enter the address of the place of work where they receive their work assignment if required.

Persons with varying places of work (e.g. service technicians, construction workers, traveling salesmen) enter the address for the place of work from which they receive their work assignments, customer lists, and the like.

Students enter the address of the university building in which they attend the most lectures or lessons.

Persons drafted into compulsory military service enter the address of the barrack, civil servants enter the address of the office where they perform their civil service.

If the place of work or school is located abroad, the country abbreviation should be given before the zip code (e.g. "CH" for Switzerland).

Re 15.5:
Explanation: Persons who switch the mode of transportation they use day to day should indicate the one used most frequently. If in doubt, the situation on the day of the census should be entered. Car pools with alternating drivers should indicate the situation on the day of the census.

[p. 98]

Re 15.6:
If precise statements can not be made in this question, estimated values are better than none at all.

Re question 15:

The depiction of the relationship between residence and place of work/school takes place in the frame of the commuter statistics. Only a complete survey like the population census can present the small-scale traffic flows. Also the simultaneous presentation of the educational, occupational and economic structure of the gainfully employed by residence and place of work forms a unique basis for regional economic analysis.

The information on means of transportation and transit time are used in the depiction of traffic flows and have become indispensable components of commuter statistics. The data are needed for the depiction of the job market integration between the municipalities and regions as well as for planning in public sector und in the economy (housing unit construction, company establishment, time table planning).

This information is particularly significant for traffic planning. Large amounts were and are invested, in order to provide the necessary infrastructure (highways, public transportation). Dependable information on the assessment of the current and future need is essential because of ever decreasing financial margins of the public authorities, but also because of the environmental burden.

The frequent use of the commuter data of the population census appears in the statistics request of the ISIS-data base of Statistics Austria. The commuter flow chart is among the most requested population census data.

[p. 99]

12.6 Local unit of employment data form
General information: A local unit of employment is every permanently established entity with name (or sign) and address, in which at least one person is gainfully employed.

For each local unit of employment that is entered in the company register of Statistics Austria, the name, address, legal form, company register number and local unit of employment classification number (excepting telephone number) was pre-printed on the local unit of employment data form. Missing information should be completed.

For pre-printed local unit of employment data forms, an 8 digit local unit of employment classification number is printed in a framed box in the lower left hand corner of the first page.

If pre-printed local unit of employment data forms need to be rewritten because they are damaged or dirty, the classification number in the field on the bottom of the first page should be transferred.

The local unit of employment classification number is used for the identification of the local unit and is needed for the completion control of the preparation at Statistics Austria.

Name and address of the local unit of employment:
Explanation: If you receive a local unit of employment data form without pre-printed address, please fill out the address box as completely as possible.

For the legal form please only use definite abbreviations (e.g. LLC, Inc, Ltd, Corp).

The information on the legal form is not applicable for local units of legal entities under public law, for example: public corporations, institutes, funds.

Please make sure that the pre-addressed local unit of employment data forms are distributed to the appropriate local unit. If the address box is not pre-printed, the complete name or sign of the local unit, the exact address and the telephone number should be indicated.

[p. 100]

The telephone number is not pre-printed. Please make sure that the number of the local unit of employment (not the number of the company headquarters if there is one) is entered.

The legal form and the company register number should only be indicated if the company is composed solely of this local unit of employment or if it involves the company headquarters. Further, the company register number can only be filled out by companies that are entered in the company register. All companies that are organized as a corporation or cooperative as well as individual recorded companies are affected by this.

If local unit of employment data forms are dirty or damaged, they must be set up again. In this case, the complete address box must be transferred.

If information in the pre-addressed data box is incorrect, please cross this out and write the correct entry next to it.

Name and address are needed for the completion control of the local unit of employment. Further, the local unit of employment census provides not only local unit data but also company data. To this end, the local units of employment must be identifiable with the local unit of employment classification number or name and address, in order to be able to combine the local units of employment that belong to a company.

The information on the legal form makes information about the frequency of the individual legal forms possible (e.g. also sector-based).

The telephone number is also identification characteristic and is also important for further inquiry regarding ambiguities by telephone.

The company register number is a further identification characteristic.

1. Designation of the local unit:
Explanation: Please indicate the exact designation of the local unit of employment, for example: hairstylist, grocery store, gas station, dentist, lawyer, town hall, train station, inn, hotel, indoor swimming pool, auto shop.

This information is required, along with question 4 "activity and main activities of the local unit," so that local unit of employment data can be structured by sector.

[p. 101]

2. Structure of enterprise (company structure):
Explanation: If the company is composed only of individual local units of employment, "a" should be marked in 2.1.

If the company includes several (at least 2) local units of employment, Then "b" should be marked in 2.1 and additionally: either "c" should be marked if the local unit is also the company headquarters or "d" should be marked if this local unit is a subsidiary (branch establishment). If "d" is marked, the name and address of the company headquarters should also be indicated in 2.2. If "d" is marked for a local unit of a legal entity under public law, the designation and address of those local units should be cited, from where this agency is managed. Information on legal form is not applicable.

If "d" is marked for a local unit of a legal entity under public law (e.g. public corporations, institutes, funds), the designation and address of those local units should be cited, from where this agency is managed. Information on legal form is not applicable.

The goal of the local unit of employment census is not only to provide data about each local unit, rather if several local units form a company, to be able to provide data about this company also.

The following questions are frequently asked: How many companies are there in a certain size class of employed persons in Austria? How many companies are active in a certain sector? In order to be able to answer these and similar questions it is essential to get exact information about the structure of the company.

[p. 102]

3. Persons employed in the local units:
Explanation: all persons that belong to the local unit of employment on census day May 15, 2001 are considered gainfully employed, without consideration if they are active inside or outside the local unit (e.g. at a construction site, assembly or personnel active as sales representatives as well as home workers). Short-term absent personnel (because of sickness, vacation and the like) should also be indicated. Part-time employees, temporary employees and seasonal workers employed on the day of the census also count toward the gainfully employed like the marginally-employed (starting at 1 hour of work per week). If shifts are worked in the local unit, the number of gainfully employed in all shifts should be indicated.

Not to be counted are: active duty military draftees and civil service employees that are on maternity leave as well as persons that consume an otherwise long-term (unpaid) vacation and employees that are active as contractors of other local units (companies) in the notifying local unit.

Also not to be counted are persons that are active for this local unit based on a contract for services.

If a local unit of employment is temporarily closed on census day due to a seasonal closure and no person in this local unit is gainfully employed, "0" employees should be entered in the total line.

Guidelines on the individual employee groups:
Self-employed are persons that possess a capital asset of a company and practice a relevant activity for this company. To be indicated here are lessees and active associates.

Unpaid family workers are persons that belong to the family of the owner (co-owners or lessees) and regularly work in the company, yet are not liable for social insurance as dependent employees.

White-collar workers and civil servants are persons that are managed as employees (civil servants) and are insured as such.

Blue-collar workers are persons that are insured by the workers pension insurance agency or as a worker at other insurance agencies.

[103]

Apprentices are persons that are apprentices and are finishing a trade education or are learning a white-collar occupation.

Home workers are persons that are regularly employed by the local unit and in general: are paid a piece wage, practice their occupation in their own home and have their wages contained in the wage bill.

Foreign dependent employees are white-collar workers, workers, apprentices or home workers that do not possess Austrian citizenship.

Please make sure that in the total line, the number of male as well as female employees is entered. Pay attention that, where applicable, foreign dependent employees are contained in the total line.

Part-time employees are counted as full-time employees if they regularly work 35 hours per week or less and are insured. The question should not be understood as, for example, two part-time employees should be entered or counted as one full-time employee.

Employee numbers (regional distribution of employees, distribution of employees by sector, etc.) are among the most often requested data of the local unit of employment census.

The subdivision of employees by the labor law position is the basis for analyses of the employment structure.

The statement of foreign workers is important for determining the proportion of guest workers as a part of the total number of employees.

[p. 104]

4. Activity and main economic activities of the local unit:
If several activities are practiced in the local unit (multiple statements in 4.1) note that the main activity is marked in question 4.2.

This information is, together with the entry in question 1 "description of the local unit," needed so that local unit data can be structured by sector.

For many intended purposes local unit numbers without economic classification are insufficient. Local unit data by economic sector (branches) is needed for ascertaining if a region is well or less well provided for with local units of a certain economic sector, or if a new establishment of certain sectors makes sense or not.

[The rest of the document was not translated into English]