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Enumerator's Guide
Combined census 1991
Building and housing unit census,
Population census
Local unit of employment census
[Austria]

[Pages 1 - 12 were not translated into English]

[p. 13]
6. Survey documents

For all censuses

Survey document: Address lists
Short description: assistance lists that the census institution (municipality) makes available to you to support your survey activities.
Person obligated to provide information (addressee): enumerator

Survey document: Object envelope
Short description: White object envelope; in the end it will contain all documents for a building. The inner sides serve as a place for your notes about the distribution and collection of the forms.
Person obligated to provide information (addressee): enumerator

Survey document: Translation assistance
Short description: In addition to the translation book which was given to you along with the instructions, loose translation forms are included following the individual censuses. If you need such documents, please contact your census office.
Person obligated to provide information (addressee): For households that need or would like this translation assistance

For the building and housing unit census

Survey document: Building questionnaire
Short description: Green scannable document with yellow label. One document should be filled out per building.
Person obligated to provide information (addressee): Building owner or building management

Survey document: Housing unit questionnaire
Short description: Blue scannable document with red label. One document should be filled out per housing unit.
Person obligated to provide information (addressee): Housing unit occupant, if they are not available: building owner (building management)

Survey document: Instructions for the building questionnaire
Short description: Green, double-sided form, which should be distributed with the building questionnaire.
Person obligated to provide information: Addressee as with the building questionnaire

Survey document: Instructions for the housing unit questionnaire
Short description: Blue, double-sided form, which should be distributed with the housing unit questionnaire.
Person obligated to provide information: Addressee as with the housing unit questionnaire

Survey document: Translation assistance
Short description: There is translation assistance for the building questionnaire and the instructions for the building questionnaire in English, Croatian, Slovenian, Czech and Hungarian languages. For the housing unit questionnaire and the instructions for the housing unit questionnaire translation assistance is additionally available in Polish, Romanian, Serbo-Croatian and Turkish languages.
Person obligated to provide information: For members of the Austrian ethnic groups or households of foreigners.

[p. 14]

For the population census

Survey document: Census list for a private household
Short description: Yellow cover jacket in which all persons living in the household should be entered.
Person obligated to provide information: household member (housing unit occupant)

Survey document: Person questionnaire
Short description: Green scannable document with orange label. One document should be filled out for each person who has their official residence in the concerned housing unit (community residence).
Person obligated to provide information: person with official residence (household member)

Survey document: Instructions for the person questionnaire
Short description: Orange, double-sided form which should be distributed with the census list for private household (at community residences with the person questionnaires).
Person obligated to provide information: every household (community residence: every person)

Survey document: Census list for a community residence
Short description: Pink cover jacket with insert page in which all occupants of a community residence should be entered.
Person obligated to provide information: If institution: home management, if another community residence: enumerator

Survey document: Residence sheet for persons outside of private households
Short description: Pink cover jacket. For each person that is entered in a census list for a community residence a residence sheet should be filled out.
Person obligated to provide information: Residents of a community residence (home manager)

Survey document: Supplementary questionnaire
Short description: Gray, double-sided form. Serves the assessment of the official residence and should be filled out for each person in the corresponding housing unit or community residence that has only one further residence (and for that reason does not hand in a person questionnaire).
Person obligated to provide information: Persons with further residence (household member or housing unit occupant)

Survey document: Translation assistance
Short description: There is translation assistance for the census list, the person questionnaire and the instruction in English, Croatian, Polish, Romanian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Czech, Turkish and Hungarian languages. The supplementary questionnaire is available in English, Croatian, Slovenian, Czech and Hungarian languages.
Person obligated to provide information: For members of Austrian ethnic groups or households of foreigners.

[p. 15]

For the local unit of employment census

Survey document: Local unit of employment questionnaire
Short description: Green scannable document with purple label. Every local unit of employment should fill out one document.
Person obligated to provide information: Manager (owner) of the local unit

Survey document: Local unit of employment supplementary questionnaire
Short description: Green scannable document with purple label. To be used if the enumerator does not receive a local unit of employment questionnaire from the manager of the local unit of employment. Every local unit of employment should fill out one document.
Person obligated to provide information: enumerator

Survey document: Instructions for the local unit of employment questionnaire
Short description: Purple-colored, double-sided form, which should be distributed with each local unit of employment questionnaire.
Person obligated to provide information:

Survey document: Translation assistance
Short description: There is translation assistance for the local unit of employment questionnaire and the instructions for the local unit of employment questionnaire in English, Croatian, Slovenian, Czech and Hungarian languages.
Person obligated to provide information: For members of Austrian ethnic groups or households of foreigners.
[Pages 16 - 18 were not translated into English]

[p. 19]

7.2 What is a building?

Buildings are free-standing or - if built in connection with other structures - clearly delimited (possibly with firewalls) structures, whose constructed area comprises at least 20 sq.m. In apartment complexes or larger apartment buildings each entrance is considered a separate building regardless of if the individual staircases are conjoined or not.

For each building, deliver a building questionnaire together with the green instruction sheet to the building owner or the representative authorized by him (family member, etc.) - at larger apartment complexes the responsible business management.

If you should -despite several tries - not come across an authorized representative at a building (weekend houses, vacation homes, etc.), try to answer as many questions as possible using your own perceptions (see point 9.3); report this case to the census institution (municipality) and note this on the object envelope.

Building frames should be included in the survey if they are already inhabited or are otherwise used according to their purpose.

For additions, an individual object envelope or individual building questionnaire applies if the old building and addition are separated by a firewall and therefore constitute individual buildings.

A building questionnaire should not be delivered for the following complexes and structures:
1. Ships, trailers and mobile homes (also on solid ground), tents and other makeshift shelters. If people without other residence live there, however, they should be surveyed with census lists and person questionnaires.
2. Kiosks (under 20 sq.m.) and show booths. The local units of employment housed within should be surveyed with a local unit of employment questionnaire (moving market stalls at the living address of the owner).
3. Agricultural or forestry farm buildings, as long as they do not also serve dwelling purposes. (e.g. For occasionally inhabited alpine huts or hunting lodges, a building questionnaire should be filled out.)
4. Non agricultural or forestry buildings for public or operational purposes with a constructed foundation of less than 20 sq.m. (e.g. transformer houses, bus shelters).
5. Private garages, tool sheds, etc...even if they exceed 20 sq.m. (Garages serving operational purposes or commercial garages starting at a building area of 20 sq.m. should be recorded).
6. Open stops and platform overpasses without enclosed rooms.
7. Buildings that predominantly serve military purposes. The housing units situated within and their occupants should be surveyed with housing unit questionnaires, census lists and person questionnaires.

Obligation to provide information
Due to a regulation of the Federal Ministry of Agricultural Affairs, the owner of a building or his authorized representative (e.g. the building management) is obligated to provide information and fill out the building questionnaire.

[p. 20]

7.3 What is a housing unit?

A housing unit is defined as a room or several rooms with adjoining spaces which form a self-contained unit and are equipped with at least a kitchen or kitchenette. Kitchenette should be understood as a kitchen block with water connection.

Attention: A housing unit questionnaire must also be filled out for vacant housing units. This also applies for vacation apartments in private homes, even if they are only used a small fraction of the year.

For every housing unit, give the occupant (family member) a housing unit questionnaire along with the blue instruction sheet.

At buildings with more than two housing units, please always immediately fill out the corresponding line on the inside of your object envelope.

Should you not encounter anyone obligated to provide information in a housing unit, the housing questionnaire should be given to the building owner (building management). This is required in accordance with § 3 paragraph 2 of the regulation on "substitute completion" of the housing unit questionnaire. If that is also not possible (e.g. weekend home), you must report (note on the object envelope; see also point 9.3) this case to your census institution (municipality).

Special cases of housing units:
1. Housing units in a home for nurses or for other (single) employed persons, that are equipped with a kitchenette.
2. Living spaces or studio apartments in retirement homes which are equipped with a kitchen or kitchenette, even if meals can be taken in a common dining hall.
3. Apartments in apartment buildings that are equipped with a kitchenette, even if a restaurant is located in the building and the cooking facilities are rarely used. (Apartments in the tourist industry business are, however, not housing units even if they have a kitchen or kitchenette at their disposal.)
4. The housing unit of the owner of a tourist industry business (hotel, inn, guest house) even if no private kitchen is present owing to the use of the company kitchen.

[p. 21]

A housing unit questionnaire should not be handed out in the following cases:

1. Single rooms without a kitchen or kitchenette (e.g. accommodations at the place of work in a hotel or an overnight stay building of a large company);
2. Guest rooms, apartments and personal rooms in a tourist industry business;
3. Community residences in homes and in institutions (e.g. retirement homes, nursing homes, apprentice dormitories, student or nurse dormitories, boarding schools, sanatoriums).
4. Also "housing units" that are entirely used as work places (medical practice, office, etc.) should not be recorded as housing units rather as work places.

Obligation to provide information
Due to a regulation of the Federal Ministry of Agricultural Affairs, the owner of a housing unit is obligated to fill out the housing unit questionnaire. In case a housing unit owner is not reachable or the housing unit is vacant, the obligation to provide information and fill out the form is passed on to the building owner (building management).

7.4 What is a private household?

A household is comprised of all persons that live with one another and together keep a common home economy.

There can also be several households within a housing unit. A household can also consist of a single person.

The decision whether a family is formed with those parents or parents-in-law living in the same housing unit, must be left up to these persons. Communal meal times, common housekeeping money or the use of the same living spaces can be seen as an indication of "communal housekeeping."

Household personnel and commercial or agricultural employees also belong to the household if they are provided room and board.

If a household lives divided across several housing units, all household members are nevertheless recorded in a single census list.

A census list for a private household should be delivered to each household, even households who do not permanently live in the housing unit in question.

Instructions
The instructions for filling out the census list for a private household and official residence are printed on the list itself.

Special cases of households:
-Children's villages are treated as private households by family.
-Personnel in hospitality business belong to the household of the business owner if they live with them in the same household, i.e. they use the same living spaces with them. If, however, the personnel live in their own rooms, individual households are formed, mostly single person households.
-Mass accommodations (e.g. for guest workers) constitute a community residence and are surveyed with the "census list for a community residence."

[p. 22]

Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 3 paragraph 1 of the National Census Act (Federal Law Gazette number 199/1980 in the version of the Federal Law Gazette number 149/1990), all persons that have their official or further residence in the community are obligated to provide information and fill out the census list.

7.5 What is a community residence?

A community residence is composed of persons that do not live in housing units in the sense of the building and housing unit census - i.e. without kitchen or kitchenette - however, are housed in the same building or at least belong to the same institution. There are community residences in the following homes and institutions: pupil and student dormitory, convict, apprentice dormitory, nurse dormitory, sanitarium, convalescent home, nursing home, hospital, retirement home, homeless shelter, asylum for the blind, children's home, approved school, monastery, congregation, seminary, barracks, prison, penal institution, jail, refugee camp.

Occupants of company accommodations, inns, boarding homes, guest worker quarters and the like are counted with the pink "census list for a community residence."

If different categories of persons (e.g. nursing staff and persons in need of care) live in a residence, an individual census list (along with insert pages) should be filled out for each category. For example, in a retirement home the personnel, in so far as they live in the home (but not in housing units) should be entered in one census list; however, the occupants should be entered in another census list. For that reason, there can be several census lists for occupants or several census lists for the staff in an institution depending on the situation.

The census list for a community residence is an individually fitted special form for use in community residences (homes etc). It consists of an object envelope and insert page.

Instructions
The instructions for filling out the census list for a community residence are printed on the list itself.

Obligation to provide information
The responsible management of the home or institution is obligated to fill out the "census list for a community residence."

If it involves another community residence, please only distribute the residence sheet (potentially also an insert page). In this case, the object envelope should be filled out by the enumerator.

7.6 Who fills out a residence sheet?

Persons that live in community residences (homes and the like) fill out a "residence sheet for persons outside private households." The residence sheet has the same function as a person row in the census list for a private household.

Such a sheet should be filled out for every person entered in a census list for a community residence. The information in the residence sheet serves the complete census and ascertainment of the official residence of persons that live in community residences (homes and the like).

[p. 23]

Instructions
The instructions are printed on the inside of the sheet.

Obligation to provide information
The person encountered is obligated to fill out the residence sheet. For persons that are not capable of filling out the sheet (e.g. because of frailty), the residences sheet should be filled out by the responsible management of the institution, home, etc.

7.7 Who fills out a Person questionnaire?

Every person fills out a person questionnaire. For every person in all of Austria, a person questionnaire may be filled out once at their main place of residence. That means the place where in the census list the column "3a) in this housing unit (accommodation)" is marked.

Persons with a single residence:
Give the encountered household one person questionnaire for every person that only has one residence in Austria.

Employed foreigners (guest workers) and their family members should be counted with their official residence in their Austrian municipality of residence according to the instructions for official residence almost without exception. It is also assumed that new arrivals want to work in Austria for several years. Only those with a work permit as a seasonal worker for a few months should be disregarded. This does not constitute an official residence in Austria in the sense of the National Census Act. This rule should be employed analogously on foreign students.

Instructions for the person questionnaire
You must distribute at least one such orange instruction sheet per household.

In community residences, please hand out an instruction sheet along with every person questionnaire.

Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 3 paragraph 3 of the National Census Act, all persons are obligated to provide information and fill out the person questionnaire in the municipality where they have their official residence. As mentioned, each person may fill out a person questionnaire in one municipality.

In accordance with § 3 paragraph 2, other household members can also be called on to provide information instead of absent persons or those unable to provide information. In further succession, also housing unit owners, landlords or the home owners.

The § 3 paragraph 3 obliges the persons required to provide information to answer the questions completely and to the best of their knowledge.

7.8 Who fills out a supplementary questionnaire?

You can require the completion of a "supplementary questionnaire" from each person with several residences that marked "3b) in another housing unit (residence)." Please comply with the instructions of your municipality, in which cases you must require a supplementary questionnaire. If several persons in a census list appear with the mark in column "3b) in another housing unit," an individual supplementary questionnaire should be filled out for each of these persons.
Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 3 paragraph 3 of the National Census Act, all persons that have a residence in a municipality that is not the official residence, are obligated to answer the questions of the supplementary questionnaire.

The § 3 paragraph 3 obliges the persons required to provide information to answer the questions completely and to the best of their knowledge.

[p. 24]

7.9 What is a local unit of employment?

Every owner or manager (in his absence the representative) of a local unit of employment receives a local unit of employment questionnaire together with a purple-colored instruction sheet.

A local unit of employment is a survey unit, for which the following requirements must be fulfilled:

1. The local unit must have a name and address:
Even if the local unit consists of several buildings with only one address, only one local unit questionnaire should be filled out. If the company is distributed across several addresses, every address counts as its own local unit and a local unit questionnaire must be filled out for each one. For self-employed persons that carry out their work in constantly changing places (e.g. self-employed taxi drivers, self-employed representatives, etc.), the housing unit is considered the local unit of employment.

2. The local unit must be a permanent installation.
For that reason, building sites, mobile sales stands or similar installations are not counted as a local unit.

3. As a rule, at least one person must be employed at the local unit.
If the local unit is temporarily closed on the census day (e.g. closed for vacation or for the season), a local unit questionnaire must nevertheless be filled out.

A local unit questionnaire must also be filled out for local units in the area of agriculture and forestry (e.g. commercial horticulture, commercial animal husbandry, threshing, timber industry, etc.).

What is not considered a local unit?
The following units should not be considered local units (and for that reason do not fill out a local unit questionnaire): agricultural and forestry local units (legal representation of interests only by the Agricultural chamber), extraterritorial local units (embassies, consulates, international organizations, etc), private households with employees (e.g. maids), apartments of caretakers (janitors).

What should attention be paid to?
In the assessment of local units you should be especially reliant on your own observations.

Company signs on the exterior of buildings, at the house entrances and in staircases can give clues to the existence of local units of employment.

Also note local units that are situated behind buildings that are visible from the street, e.g. in a shed.

If several companies are situated in the same spaces (for financial reasons or because of different ownerships (e.g. "Meier general partnership" and "Meier company with limited liability"), each firm should fill out their own local unit questionnaire.

Please further make sure that local units of employment outside of developed areas (e.g. factories, gas stations, mountain inns) as well as local units without a building (e.g. yards, gravel pits, in so far as at least one person there is employed) are recorded.

Pay attention to local units of self-employed persons in housing units, for example: medical practice, workshop of a master tailor, office of a self-employed computer programmer.

Local units of self-employed workers, who practice their job at varying locations, are especially easily overlooked, for example: self-employed sales representatives, self-employed taxi drivers. For these persons, the local unit is counted at the home address (= principal office).

[p. 25]

Please further note that local units that are temporarily closed during the census period (see also point 7.10 local unit supplementary questionnaire) should be surveyed.

Obligation to provide information
In accordance with § 4 of the federal law from February 14, 1973, the owner or the responsible manager of the local unit of employment is obligated to provide information.
[Rest of p. 25 and pages 26-29 were not translated into English.]

[p. 30]

7.10 When is a local unit of employment supplementary questionnaire filled out?

A local unit supplementary questionnaire should be filled out by the enumerator if no local unity questionnaire is filled out by the owner or manager (representative) of the local unit for the following reasons:
-Owner or manager (representative) of the local unit is not encountered in the survey period because it is closed (e.g. vacation or seasonal closure)
-The local unit of employment questionnaire was passed on to the enterprise management to be filled out.
-The local unit questionnaire was not filled out for other reasons (e.g. non-compliance)
[Pages 31 - 44 were not translated into English]

[p. 45]

11 Instructions and guidelines for the individual questions

The following text contains complete instructions on the specific questions of the distributed survey documents. Additionally, you will find supplementary "enumerator guidelines" as well as information about the "purpose of the question" (both highlighted with color) that should ease your advising activities.

11.1 Building questionnaire

1, Postal code:
Purpose of the question: With the help of this information, results are combined regionally. Statistical analyses are done according to different regional aspects, by political areas, on the municipal level or also by zip code areas.

2, Number of housing units in the building:
The number of housing units in the building does not depend on the original purpose, rather the use actual use at the time of the census. If, for example, a housing unit was completely converted into an office, it should not be counted as a housing unit, rather as a work place.

Enumerator guideline:
This involves a control question: you should be able to verify if all housing unit questionnaires are present.

Purpose of the question:
This question serves completeness control. The final determination of the number of housing units in a building depends on the number of housing unit questionnaires submitted, which is why handing in housing unit questionnaires for vacant housing units is also of great importance.

3, Building owner:
If several private persons are owners of the building (e.g. joint ownership by spouses, buildings with condominiums), the corresponding box should be marked. If some of the shares of the property are owned by private individuals and others by other entities, the box should be marked according to the majority of ownership shares. In the case of equal ownership, the box should be marked for the owner who makes most of the decisions for the building.
Other public bodies are, for example, chambers or social insurance institutions. For buildings belonging to parishes, dioceses, religious communities or institutions, the box, "legally recognized church, legal religious association" should be marked.

Enumerator guideline:
Please note that only one mark should be made in this question.

Purpose of the question:
Which owner groups do the buildings in the individual municipalities belong to? Further, buildings of the different owner groups are compared with one another, for example, with regard to property size, building use or the housing unit cost at main rental apartments.

[p. 46]

4, Nationality:
Purpose of the question:
In which areas of Austria is the portion of foreign building owners higher than average?

What does the initial situation look like, if Austria becomes a part of the European economic area in the coming decade?

5, Property area:
The property area consists of the built area and the other area that is directly connected with the use of the building/s, e.g. square, courtyard, (house) garden.
If there are several buildings on the same property, the total area of the property must be divided up among the buildings to be counted. In cases where exact division is not possible (e.g. factory sites with several buildings and storage places between them), the area should be roughly estimated.
For farm houses, only the space directly belonging to the residential and farm buildings should be stated.

Enumerator guideline:
If the statement of the property area is missing, ask about this when collecting the documents and add this in the building questionnaire.

If several buildings stand on one property, please pay attention that the property area is approximately divided up among the buildings to be counted and is not cited multiple times.
The area entry is especially difficult for the properties of large companies, builder's yards and the areas of train stations. For train stations, the entire area between entrance and exit signals should be divided among the buildings to be counted. (If not possible any other way: divide the property area by the number of buildings to be counted)

In the number reading fields, only whole square meters may be entered. The reading device does not understand decimal places entered or also tries to read a "square meters" written afterwards as a number. (e.g. 2832 could be read as 283,2 as well as 283 square meters.)

Purpose of the question:
What environment are buildings located in, rather than destroyed or in built areas?

In joint analysis with question 6 (building area) the building density in enclosed, built areas can be calculated.

The results are important base data for decisions of local politics and spatial planning.

[p. 47]

6, Built area:
The built area is the area surrounded by the external walls and measured at ground floor level. Please do not forget to state any additions, provided they are not separate buildings.

The areas of niches, balconies, passages and ambulatories should be included. Terraces should only be included if there are rooms used for living, garages, basements or other rooms underneath or if the terrace has been provided for on stilts.

The areas of additional buildings or agricultural buildings, courtyards and yards as well as canopies and doorsteps should not be included. For farms in which the residential and agricultural parts are found under one roof, only the area of the living section of a building should be stated.

Enumerator guideline:
Please make sure that only the built area of the building is entered here and not the sum of the areas of all floors.
Also for single family homes "built area" and "usable floor space" of the housing unit (housing unit questionnaire question 5) are, as a rule, not the same.

If the statement of the built area is missing, ask about this when collecting the documents and complete this in the building questionnaire. (if not possible any other way: please estimate.)

In the number reading fields, only whole square meters may be entered. The reading device does not understand decimal places entered or also tries to read a "square meters" written afterwards as a number. (e.g. 252 could be read as 25,2 as well as 25 square meters.)

Purpose of the question:
This question provides basic information about the building size and is needed for the calculation of the building density like question 5.

With the help of these statements - the number of floors and the usable floor space of housing units - the portion of the housing area as a part of the entire area of the building is calculated for residential buildings. This portion serves, together with question 7 (main use of the building) to characterize the building.

7, Main use of the building:
Residential buildings are (almost) exclusively used for residential purposes. For residential buildings with other additional use (stores, offices, work shops, etc.) the residential purpose prevails. Commercial and office buildings are primarily used as work places. Buildings which accommodate offices as well as workshops or warehouses should be classified according to their main use.
As a rule, gas stations should be entered as workshop building or warehouse.

[p. 48]

If a building used as hotel, restaurant or boarding house also accommodates private housing units or offices, the building should be classified according to the main use.
Public buildings are buildings that serve public purposes or the general public, in particular if they are the property of a local authority or of another public entity (e.g. school, train station, church, municipal office, armory of the local fire department, museum, hospital).
The box other use should only be marked if none of the other usage forms apply, e.g. in the case of a changing room at a sports arena or a community refrigerator unit.

Enumerator guideline:
Please note that in this question only one mark should be made.
If another use mentioned in question 7 plays an important roll in a residential building, then it should be classified as "residential building with additional other use."
Conducting an agricultural business does not change the predominant use of the building as a residential building. For that reason, "residential building" should nevertheless be marked in these cases. Conducting an agricultural business should be indicated in question 8.

Currently standing, not in use (anymore) buildings should be classified according to their original purpose.

Only if the building can no longer be used according to its original purpose, should the building be classified in the remaining category, "other use." As few buildings as possible should be left to this remaining category. Please take from the following alphabetical list, how buildings should be classified:

[List on pages 48 - 49 was not translated into English.]

[p. 49]

Purpose of the question:
The use of a building is a basic characteristic:
Which use predominates in a municipality? How are the buildings of a certain usage type fitted, for example, what heating or sewage disposal pertains?

How many housing units of a municipality are located in buildings that primarily serve another purpose? An element of "blending" is beneficial, not necessarily living in work shop buildings.

8, Conducting an agricultural business:
Enumerator guideline:
If an agricultural business is actually conducted from this building, then "yes" should be marked. If this building was only previously the place of agricultural business, which is for example currently leased, then "no" should be marked.

[p. 50]

Please add the mark in the "no" box, only in case you have forgotten the answer (e.g. in municipal area).

Purpose of the question:
Previously some "farm houses" were less well equipped than other single family homes.
How much has this changed in the last ten years? In which regions are there still places with predominantly "rural" character?

9, Work places outside of agriculture and forestry:
This question refers to workplaces outside of agriculture and forestry. Prerequisite for such a non-agricultural or forestry work place is that, as a rule, at least one person is employed. For this reason - in addition to all commercial workplaces (factories, workshops, stores, offices, etc.) - medical offices, offices of lawyers, tax consultants and other self-employed persons, offices of public authorities, etc. also have to be included. The employment of housekeeping personnel (maids, housekeepers, etc.) does, however, not constitute a workplace.
If a workplace is distributed across several buildings, the local unit of employment questionnaire should be attached to only one building questionnaire (as a rule, to the building where largest part of the local unit is found). For all buildings that contain parts of the local unit, however, question 9 must be answered with "yes."

Enumerator guideline:
In case of existing work places, please prompt the completion of the corresponding number of local unit questionnaires.

Purpose of the question:
This question is crucial for the connection to the local unit of employment questionnaire (completion control); however, it also serves the protection of the information on building use.

10, Completion year (period):
As the completion year (period), the point in time (period) at which the largest part of the building was usable should be marked. This is also the same for additions or buildings finished in stages.

Purpose of the question:
The completion period characterizes a building and is - in connection with other questions (building use, owners, housing unit equipment, heating) - a basic element of all studies on urban renewal in old city centers or historic preservation.

11, Construction with housing subsidies (for buildings completed after 1945):
Subsidies for the sole purpose of the improvement of buildings (e.g. renewal of facades or windows) and housing units should not be indicated here.

Enumerator guideline:
If applicable, please point out that no disclosure of individual data may be made, so that no one needs to be concerned that "their subsidy" should be checked.

Purpose of the question:
The results of this question are going to give information about the entire state of publicly subsidized constructions and general information for future subsidy policies.

12, Buildings with a basement:
Purpose of the question:
Basements as storage rooms and garages are considered among the most important adjoining rooms and also have meaning for civil defense. Additionally, the basement forms a basic quality characteristic of a building (dry rooms, and for that reason there is less danger of mold formation, etc.).

[Page 51 was not translated into English.]

[p. 52]

13, Attics with habitable rooms:
Finished attics are considered all floors with (partly) inclined ceilings (also those with semi-high exterior walls), regardless of whether the rooms were finished at the same time as the building or were completed later.

Enumerator guideline:
Finished attics are built into the roof and at least partly at roof level. Not do be understood under this are restored floors or penthouses, which appear more frequently in modern residential buildings. Consequently, such floors should not be marked as finished attics, rather should be counted with the number of floors (question 15).

If it involves a finished room in the highest floor of a building, in case of doubt it should be clarified with the help of the sketches on the previous page.

Purpose of the question:
This question is of great importance for urban renewal in old city centers:
In the city center, where ground floors are often used completely for retail space and the following upper floors are often used as offices, the possibility for addition of the attic in revitalization projects is important.
Also in rural areas, an unfinished attic indicates a potential addition.

14, Construction of the external walls:
For buildings with different constructions of floors, several boxes should be marked in this question: if, for example, the ground floor is made of bricks and one of the upper floors of wood, both boxes should be marked.
"Built with normal bricks etc." should be marked if bricks with little heat-insulating properties were used.
"Built with hollow tiles etc." should be marked if material with good heat-insulating properties was used, such as porous concrete blocks (Ytong), expanding clay (Leca) or insulating stone (Duristol).

Enumerator guideline:
Because this question should mainly serve the separation of buildings with little heat loss or those with greater heat loss, the different construction materials must be collected according to this viewpoint.
Decisive for this are the so-called "insulations": If, for example, heat-insulating insulation plates are poured out with concrete, this building, regardless of the use of concrete, should be classified in the second category ("built with hollow tiles, ..., insulation plates"). If, however, the insulation is made out of concrete, then it should be classified the first category ("built with normal bricks, concrete bricks,...")

Purpose of the question:
With the help of this question, calculations on heat insulation are performed.
Further, it enables the characterization of building construction in different regions: where do wood constructions in new construction appear or in which areas is the use of prefabricated concrete components making advances?

15, Number of floors:
The first floor of a building is considered the ground floor. The floor directly above the ground floor is considered the second floor. Local designations (e.g. mezzanine, half floor) or numbering of floors are inconsequential.
Basements and attics should not be included, even if they have furnished rooms.
For buildings situated on a hillside that have different number of floors on the hill side and valley side, the number of floors on the valley side should be stated.

Enumerator guideline:
The number is only precisely compiled if the counting is subjected to a uniform rule. For that reason, the ground floor is considered the first floor and is noted with the mark "one, at ground level" in the document. The further floors are simply enumerated, regardless of local designations such as "mezzanine, etc".

[Examples were not translated into English]

[p. 53]

For hillside houses the number of floors on the valley side counts. Basements are, however, not included. For houses with displaced floor construction (half floors) the side with the higher number of floors counts.

Purpose of the question:
The number of floors is a size characteristic and essential for the settlement description, especially in connection with other questions (e.g. main use, construction period).

16, Passenger elevator present:
Freight elevators are also considered passenger elevators if they are approved for passenger transport.

Purpose of the question:
The presences of a passenger elevator pertains to buildings with a certain number of floors for the assessment of the "external" housing unit facilities.

17, Chimney access:
This question refers to the chimney access of housing units rather than of individual rooms. For buildings without housing units, "no" should be marked.

Enumerator guideline:
If more than half to the housing units in a building have chimney access, "yes" should be marked.
It is unimportant if the chimney access in the housing units are accessible. Only chimneys that were filled in from above are no longer considered as such. In this case, "no" should be marked.

Purpose of the question:
Chimney access offers fall back options in the heating area. Are developing areas are endangered with few fall back options if power supply shortages occur?

18, Central heating of the building:
A building can also be considered centrally heated, if it is connected to a distance heating system or if several buildings of a residential apartment complex are supplied with heat from a heating plant. If the whole building is equipped with electrical units permanently installed in the wall, ceiling or floor, "yes, with house central heating" should be marked.

Purpose of the question:
Central heating is an important quality characteristic of a building. This question also delivers important information for energy planning.

19, Fuel of the house central heating:
This question should only be answered if "yes, with house central heating" was marked in question 18. "Primarily used" refers to the fuel that was used in the main heating period (last winter).
Other fuel should be marked if, for example, straw, a heat pump or solar collectors are used, but only in cases in which this is the main heating source for the building.

[p. 54]

Enumerator guideline:
Please note that in each part of this question only one mark should be made. If "fuel oil" was marked, then in the second part the capacity of the oil tank should be marked.

Purpose of the question:
The results enable lobbying for promotion of types of heating that burden the environment and energy balance less.
The question on the capacity of the oil tank should give a summary of decentralized storage capacities.

20, Water supply:
Other water supply is, for example, the predominant supply of a building by a tank car.

Purpose of the question:
This question enables important statements on funding needs, because connections to the public water supply network are supported through cheap credits.
Further, this question is of environmental importance: for areas with water supply through house wells, great susceptibility to groundwater contamination exists.

21, Sewage disposal:
A cesspool is a watertight, drainless facility in which sewage is collected and disposed of on a regular basis.
Sewage purification plants in buildings use mechanical, chemical and biological processes to purify the sewage.
Other methods of sewage disposal include sewage seeping (septic tank) or the direct disposal of sewage into a body of water without prior purification.

Purpose of the question:
Besides important statements on infrastructure, this question enables evaluations of questions of environmental protection:

How many buildings are connected to the channel system in a region?
At which buildings is there certain environmental relief through sewage purification plants?
At cesspools there must be run out from a high portion of leaky facilities, therefore, these numbers are of interest because of feared environmental pollution.
Also, "other sewage disposal" reveals problem areas.

22, Garage and parking spaces:
Indicate those garage or parking spaces (outdoors) for private cars that are reserved for the residents or users of the building (e.g. reserved parking spaces within a residential complex, a parking space in the backyard of a single family home, but also reserved hotel parking spaces or parking spaces for people working in office buildings).
Do not indicate commercially used garages and "parking spots" on public streets.

Enumerator guideline:
At large firms and the company buildings of the Austrian Federal Railway, the marked parking spaces for company members should be divided up among the company buildings. The marked parking spaces for customers (e.g. Austrian Federal Railway "Park-and-ride" spaces on railway property) should be entered on the building questionnaires of the station buildings.

At single family homes, the number of parking spaces (on the individual property) which are routinely used should be indicated, not the "theoretical possibilities" (e.g. at a family celebration).

Purpose of the question:
In urban areas the need for parking spaces and its consequences require urgent measures that must proceed from current numbers.
In rural areas the question is of importance, especially at large work places (factories, office buildings, shopping centers).

23, Structural measures:
Enumerator guideline:
In this question complete subsequent measures should be entered, but not those that happened in the course of construction of the building.
Especially important is the clarification for buildings erected in the last 10 years:
If, for example, a passenger elevator was built during the construction of a building this should not be marked in question 23 (but "yes" in question 16).
In larger building, the renewal of risers should already be entered as "renewal of the electrical mains in the whole building."

[p. 55]

Purpose of the question:
Which structural measures were put in by the different owner groups in the last ten years?
Information about maintenance and improvement of buildings also points to the future demand for development means.
In connection with the following question, the impacts of these measures on the housing costs can be determined.

24, House rent increase:
This question should be answered with "yes," if at least one housing unit in the building is rented out and the rent at the time of the census is increased based on § 18 of the Rent Act or in § 14 section 2 of the Cooperative Association Law for Apartments because of necessary repairs to the building.

Purpose of the question:
Because the housing unit census is the only complete census of house rent in Austria (otherwise only samples, e.g. micro census), it is necessary to differentiate the special cases of temporarily increased house rent from the rest. In connection with question 23, the impacts of improvement measures on the housing costs can also be collected.

11.2 Housing unit questionnaire

1, Number of households:
A household consists of all persons that live together in the same housing unit and together keep a common home economy. Also included in the household are domestic personnel as well as commercial and agricultural workers provided they receive room and board.
Within a housing unit there can also be several households. A household can also be comprised of a single person.

Enumerator guideline:
This question is a check question. It should give information about whether the housing unit is ever occupied - in this case a census list of the population census should also be filled out. Further, it points to the possibility of a further household in the housing unit (e.g. subleaser).

Purpose of the question:
With the help of this question occupied and not currently occupied housing units can be differentiated between or housing units with several households can be determined.

2, Location of the housing unit:
If the rooms of a given housing unit are arranged one above the other on two or more floors, the floor on which the main entry door to the housing unit is located should be indicated.
A habitable attic is defined as all stories with (partially) inclined ceiling throughout (even those with semi-high exterior walls) regardless of whether the interior work was done when the building was initially built or subsequently.

Purpose of the question:
How many persons live in high rises or upper floors?
If an elevator is present in the building in a municipal area (building questionnaire question 16), housing quality increases with ascending height. If, on the other hand, no elevator is present, the housing quality strongly decreases with increasing number of stories - especially the higher the occupant's age.

3, Equipment and size of the housing unit:
In points a) through e) of this question all present rooms and other equipment characteristics of the housing unit should be marked: a kitchenette or a shower stall are parts of another room, kitchen or bath room are individual rooms.
Flush toilets within the housing unit should also be marked if the toilet is found in the bathroom.
In point f) the number of living rooms should be entered. Considered as such are: living room, bedroom, child's room, guest room (for relatives, acquaintances) provided their floor space amounts to at least sq.m.
Not considered living rooms are: kitchens, combined kitchen/living rooms and other adjoining rooms (lobby, hallway, bathroom, storage room, pantry, closet, terrace, etc.).
Commercially used rooms and guest rooms that are never used for living purposes by the owner should not be included; however, rooms that are only used seasonally as guest rooms and for the rest of the year are used by the household should be included.

[p. 56]

Use of a house garden should only be indicated if the possibility to use a garden belonging directly to the house exists.
Garage space for private cars should be marked if a private car of the household is parked in an individual or community garage of the building or the residential complex.
Parking space for private cars should be marked if a parking space (outdoors) is reserved for this housing unit or if, in the case of single or two family homes, the property has a parking space. "Parking spaces" on public roads should not be included.

Enumerator guideline:
The subdivision in blocks serves the clarity: first adjoining rooms, then sanitary facilities and "external" quality characteristics. It is started with the adjoining rooms, so that these -because they were already entered - are not counted with the living rooms. Please pay attention to this and prompt a correction if necessary.

Purpose of the question:
The number and type of rooms is, next to the usable floor space, the most important information on housing unit size; this question together with the question on type of heating serves as the basic classification of housing units in Austria (categories of the Rent Act).
Despite all modernization efforts, some older housing units still do not conform to present quality requirements. A modernization with the goal of improving the providing of the population with good and affordable housing units, therefore, remains an important task of the federation, states and municipalities.

4, Work place in the housing unit:
The question regarding the work place in the housing unit is also used to determine the local units of employment of the self-employed, whose housing unit is also their work place: e.g. the medical practice of a physician, the law practice of a lawyer, a tailor's workshop.
The housing unit (=principal office) should also be considered a work place for those self-employed persons that practice their jobs in constantly changing places (e.g. self-employed taxi drivers, self-employed sales representatives).
Neither the renting out of private rooms nor the executing of home work within the housing unit constitutes a work place.

Enumerator guideline:
Where applicable, please prompt the filling out of a local unit of employment questionnaire.

Purpose of the question:
This question serves the complete survey of all local units of employment, including those of self-employed persons that are only ascertainable via their home address.

5, Usable floor space:
The usable floor space of the housing unit is the sum of the area of all living rooms, kitchens and adjoining rooms.
For all residential buildings with only one housing unit hallway space, stairways, etc. should be included. Open balconies and terraces as well as basements and attics should not be included in the usable floor space unless they are equipped for living purposes.

Rooms that are rented out to tourists only seasonally should be included, not however, commercially used rooms and rooms rented out to tourists that are never used for individual living purposes.

Enumerator guideline:
Some occupants are not going to know the usable floor space of their housing unit. In such cases, the entry of an estimate is still better than no entry.

Purpose of the question:
The living space per person in Austria increased from an average of 22 sq.m. to 28 sq.m. between 1971 and 1981. How large will the increase between 1981 and 1991 be? Are the differences between individual states or other regions going to increase or is equalization going to take place?

[p. 57]

What about differences in the living space by different population groups?

Other results become convincing in connection with this question: e.g. the number of residents, housing costs for rental housing units.

6, Vacation home:
"Possessor" of a vacation home can be the owner as well as the long-term renter. Conversely, "renting" constitutes the short-term lease to another person against payment.

Enumerator guideline:
A guide for filling out part b) of the question results from the person that should fill out the housing unit questionnaire for a vacation home:
If the actual user of the vacation home also fills out the housing unit questionnaire, it involves the "use by the owner." If the questionnaire is not filled out by the user (e.g. changing vacation guests), rather by the renter, then "primarily for rent" should be marked.

Purpose of the question:
Vacation homes, if they are mainly used for renting, serve tourism and through that increase the economic potential of a region. If they are mainly used by the owner, they should be understood as an indication of the increased standard of living.
Because vacation homes do not serve the constant accommodation of households and with that also do not serve the basic supply of the population with living space, they must be isolated from the assessment of the housing supply from the remaining housing units.

7, Primary type of heating:
The primary type of heating is that was used to heat the majority of rooms during the main heating period (last winter). "Distance heating should be marked not only in the case of heat supplied by a distance heating system but also if a block heating plant supplies several buildings of a building complex with heat.
If a single family home is centrally heated, and the question on heating was already answered on the building questionnaire (building questionnaire questions 18, 19), only "house central heating" should be marked on the housing unit questionnaire; the question on fuel must not be answered on the housing unit questionnaire.
Electric heating (permanently connected heaters) should also be marked e.g. in the case of electric wall, ceiling or floor heating.

Enumerator guideline:
Please note that in the first part of the question only one mark should be made. If "house central heating (heating serving one floor)" or "individual stove" was marked, then in the second part the primarily used fuel should be marked.

Because wood chip heating systems are more likely used for building central heating than for housing unit central heating, no separate marking option is provided for this on the housing unit questionnaire. In individual cases "other fuel" should be marked.

Purpose of the question:
This question concerns an important quality characteristic of every housing unit and also has macroeconomic meaning:
1. Which energy sources are used? In considering the average energy use and heating costs, calculations about the financial burden of certain household groups can be pursued.
2. The energy sources used have very different consequential costs in the field of environmental protection. With the advancement of environmentally friendly heating types, the taxpayers are ultimately relieved.

8, Tenancy status for the use of the housing unit:
House proprietor's own use includes:

a) dwellings in single family homes and two family homes as well as farm houses used by the owner themselves or his household members;
[p. 85]
b) dwellings used by the house owner and situated in a residential building, even if they have tenancy status for bookkeeping purposes.

Apartment owner's own use (owner-occupied apartment) should be marked if a person holds a joint title to the property and has the exclusive right to use a dwelling. There must be a contract (e.g. with the building association or the cooperative) based on the Act for Owner-Occupied Housing - regardless of whether there is an entry in the real estate register or not; if such an apartment ownership contract is pending the box should also be marked.

According to the Rent Act, main rent means that rent based on certain apartment category, an adequate rent or a rent based on the regulations of the Housing Promotion acts is present. Community residences, for example, are considered to be rented. Also included here are tenancies with freely agreed rents that are nevertheless subject to the Rent Act (e.g. rental dwellings in single family or two family homes).
Main rent subject to the Act for Non-Profit Building Associations is present if a dwelling is leased from a non-profit building association (cooperative) based on a rental or license contract.

Official residence or residence as an income in kind: an official residence is a supplementary benefit not included in the salary, while the use of a residence as an income in kind is part of the salary (e.g. in farming).

Other legal relationship: counted there are for example, dwellings rented for a limited period of time (up to 6 months), secondary dwellings rented for recreational purposes and dwellings for retired farmers.

Enumerator guideline:
A main rental dwelling should always be entered as a "main rent according to the Rent Act" in cases of doubt. Also main tenants whose rent is freely agreed upon, mostly pay an adequate rent according to the Rent Act.
Only the cases explicitly named to be handled differently in the housing unit questionnaire or in the instructions (see above) should be entered differently. e.g. rent according to the Non-Profit Building Association Act, subleasers, etc.

Housing units in possession of an employer are only an "official residence" for the employee if their lease represents a supplementary benefit not included in the salary. The use is free or the fee paid lies considerably below a comparable "rent."

Purpose of the question:
This question serves the basic assessment of the living situation of the population, concrete for many housing and social policy decisions, like ownership assistance measures or for the support of certain population groups.

Austria has a high rate of home and housing unit ownership. In all states - excluding Vienna -the portion of house and housing unit ownership at the main residence housing unit was over 50% in 1981. (This is connected with the low residence mobility in Austria.)

9, Rental expense:
The last monthly rental expense (including value added tax) should only be entered for those housing hints for which "main rent" was indicated in question 8.
If possible, only the rent and operating costs should be stated. (operating costs are understood as the costs borne jointly by all occupants of a house and they include, for example, house insurance, sewage charges, janitor's wages).
Other costs resulting from the special use by the individual tenant, as for example, heating costs, hot water, parking space rental should be subtracted before entering the total sum. If this is not possible, at least the appropriate boxes should be marked. If a housing subsidy is received, it should not be subtracted.
If parts of the housing unit are used as a workplace, the total rent for the living quarters and the work place should be entered. In the case of irregular payments, please calculate the annual expenses and divide this by 12.

Enumerator guideline:
This question should only be filled out for a main rental dwelling, because the monthly costs of owner-occupied housing units are above all connected with the types of loan repayment and are hardly comparable.
In order to achieve comparable entries of the rental expenses and with that be able to differentiate regions with high and those with less high rental expenses from one another, the entries must be equalized as much as possible. For that reason, the occupants are asked to subtract the potential included costs for heat, warm water, parking space rental, etc. from the monthly amount paid and to enter only the pure rent along with operating costs.
In the case that it is not possible for the occupation to subtract these additional included costs, then they are asked, [p. 59] at least through marking, to indicate which additional costs are included in the amount entered. In the processing an estimated amount for these additional payments are subtracted.

Purpose of the question:
Only in the context of the housing and dwelling census does a total census of rent in Austria take place. The results are used as information for housing assistance and for comparisons of rental expenses according to facility types, regions, household size, occupational class, etc.

11.3 Census list for a private household

What is a household?
A household is comprised of all persons that live with one another and together keep a common home economy. Household personnel and commercial or agricultural employees also belong to the household if they are provided room and board.

There can also be several households within a housing unit. A household can also consist of a single person.

Who should be entered in the census list?

1. All persons living in this household should be entered in the census list even if they are temporarily absent on the census day.
2. Sub-leasers should only be entered in the census list if they predominantly participate in the household of the renter. Otherwise, sub-leasers should fill out a separate census list.
3. Persons who are only temporarily staying in this housing unit (e.g. visiting or on vacation) should not be entered in the census list.
4. The decisive point of time for entry in the census list is 1am on the night of May 15, 1991. Persons deceased before this time or born after this time should not be entered in the census list.

Enumerator guideline:
Weekend home owner's
Owners of weekend or vacation homes should only be included in the census list in this vacation home, if they at least have a "further residence" there. It should be noted however, that merely owning a home does not establish a residence, the home must be occupied regularly during the year, not only during vacation.

For a residence the current relationships are decisive, that is not the intention of wanting to live in a certain housing unit in the future and also not the relationships in the past, that means previously (but not now) having lived in a certain housing unit.

[p. 60]

Order of the persons to be entered:
The order of persons entered in the list serves statistical purposes regarding family and household.

Please list as the head of the household, the household member who as a rule contributes most towards the household income. If the income is fairly equal it is left to the household to decide which person is listed in the first space. Next spouse or life partner, children, other relatives and any other household members should be entered.

In the case of households consisting only of members not related to each other, it is irrelevant for the purposes of the family and household statistics that is entered in the first space.

Column 1, Last name, first name:
The name is only required in the survey phase, in order to ensure a complete survey of all persons. For the subsequent statistical analysis the name of a person is irrelevant. Before further processing, the nameless person questionnaires are separated from the census lists.

Column 2, Birthday:
The birth date in the census list is identification characteristic, in order to be able to check for which of the entered persons a person questionnaire was submitted.

Column 3, Where is the official place of residence?
Possible answers:
3a) "In this housing unit" or;
3b) "in another housing unit", that is: (exact address information of this housing unit)

Instructions on the official place of residence:
The purpose of the population census is to survey all persons residing in Austria, making absolutely sure that no person is counted twice. For this reason, the National Census Act of 1980 stipulates for this purpose that every person appropriately declare his official place of residence and submit a person questionnaire.

The entry in the census list or the information in the person questionnaire may only be submitted at a single place, even if several places of residence exist. Therefore, every person must make sure that only one person questionnaire is submitted for them (to be arranged with household members living in another place of residence, etc.)

Where is your official place of residence?
The National Census Act of 1980 defines the official place of residence as follows:
"The official place of residence is established in the place where the person to be surveyed has settled with the verifiable intent or with intention arising from the circumstances to make this place the center of their life interests. In this regard it is irrelevant if the intention was to say in this place forever. If a person has settled in more than one place, then the center of his life interests is the place where there is a predominantly closer connection with their occupational, economic and social activities."

[p. 61]

Persons with only one place of residence:
These persons mark "3a) in this housing unit" in column 3 of the census list at their residence and fill out a person questionnaire.

Persons with several places of residence:
These persons should use the following guidelines to determine their official place of residence. At this official place of residence they mark "3a) in this housing unit" in the census list and submit a person questionnaire. At all other places of residence box "3b) in another housing unit" should be marked in the census list, the official place of residence should be entered (where the person questionnaire was submitted), and a corresponding "supplementary questionnaire" should be filled out.

The following instructions apply only to persons with several places of residence. To determine the official place of residence, only factual - that is, current - circumstances should be taken into consideration. With this, the following guidelines should be kept in mind:

  • The "official place of residence" in the sense of the National Census Act of 1980 can only be - independently of the number of places at which a person is registered - one place, where a person actually lives on a regular basis. Merely owning a housing unit is not sufficient for this.
  • The use of a housing unit only on weekends or for vacations does not suffice to make it an "official place of residence".
  • The present circumstances are decisive. Neither the intention to live in a housing unit in the future nor the economic, professional or social activities in the past (if they presently no longer exist) determine an official place of residence.

For persons with several residences the following guidelines apply:

1. General: Members of one family usually have a common place of residence (family residence). A family is defined as persons or parents who are married or in a consensual union or single parents living with their children who are minors (not yet 19 years of age).

2. Families with two places of residence: If these family members alternatively live together in two places of residence, the official place of residence is as a rule that place from where the family members go to work or school (also Kindergarten) during the majority of the year.

3. Working persons who are married or in a consensual union who have one place of residence with their family and another at their place of work are considered to have their official residence with their family, provided they regularly return to the place of residence of their family.

4. Employed persons who are minors: who live separately from their parents at their place of work, but regularly return to the place of residence of their parents, as a rule will have their official residence with their parents.

5. Unmarried working persons of legal age: as a rule, these persons will have their official place of residence at the place from where they journey to work the majority of the year.

Only in exceptional cases can the official place of residence also be in a different place. This requires that intensive social activities exist there. What is meant by this is that the person regularly returns to their parents and stays there for a period of several days, or active cultural, athletic, social or political activities which require presence at the place of these activities.

6. Working persons of legal age living alone (widowed, divorced, married and permanently separated): these persons will, as a rule, have their official place of residence at the place from where they journey to work the majority of the year.

7. Pupils, students and apprentices who are minors: as a rule, the official place of residence of pupils, students or apprentices who are minors is with their parents or legal guardians.

8. Pupils, students and apprentices of legal age: in determining the official place of residence, the center of life interests is crucial. This is determined by the length of stay during a year, the occupational activity or training in the respective place of residence as well as by the social activities in these places.

Social activities include regularly returning to the parents with stays of a period of several days as well as active cultural, athletic, social or political activities which require that the person is present at the place of activity.
[p. 62]
Also to be taken into consideration is the kind of accommodation as well as the place from where the journey to school or to the place of training starts during the majority of the year (if this is not already the place of schooling or training).

The official place of residence cannot be deduced from the economic dependence upon the parents.

For pupils, students and apprentices with families of their own, please see point 3.

9. Pensioners: Pensioners and other persons who are not employed (and to whom the previous guidelines do not apply) will, as a rule, have their official place of residence at that place where they spend the majority of the year.

10. Persons in military service or performing community service: have their official place of residence at the housing unit from which they entered into military or other service. If they have given up this dwelling, the barracks are considered their official place of residence.

11. Convicts: point 10 applies by analogy for convicts.

12. Patients in hospitals: persons temporarily in the hospital, rest homes, rehabilitation centers or similar homes, who are expected to return to their previous dwelling after their discharge, have their official place of residence in that dwelling.

13. Occupants of homes: Persons in retirement homes, nursing homes, homes for singles or other similar homes who are expected to stay in the institution indefinitely are going to have their official place of residence in the institution.

For persons living in boarding schools or in dormitories for students, apprentices or nurses, the terms stipulated in points 4 through 8 apply.

14. Working foreigners or foreign students: As a rule, foreigners working in Austria or foreigners studying in Austria have their official place of residence at their residence in Austria.

15. Persons working or studying abroad: Persons temporarily working or studying abroad have their official place of residence at their residence in Austria.

Enumerator guideline:
In the instructions, the official residence is defined as the "center of life interests" according to the wording in the National Census Act. For persons that only have one residence, this definition fully suffices.

Persons with several residences
Persons with several residents must - with the help of the residence instructions - identify which residence is their official residence according to § 2 paragraph 4 of the National Census Act.

In the instructions, rules for where the official place of residence is commonly found for special categories of persons are cited. These rules are important because the persons concerned are often not personally reachable at both residences. Often absent employed or studying sons and daughters are entered in the census list with the parents. In such cases, you should make sure that the family members make contact with one another in order to avoid counting twice or not at all. If no rules were stated in the instructions, the information of the parents at one residence and the children at another residence would contradict one another.

Families with a housing unit in the city and another in the surrounding region are sometimes unsure with regard to their official residence. In such cases, point out that the mark of the official residence must take place according to the definition of the National Census Act truthful in the area of authority of the citizens. Because the information may only be used for statistical purposes, none of the participating municipalities may draw any conclusions from the marks made in the population census.

It is important that persons that marked column "3b) in another housing unit," indicate the exact address of the housing unit in which they have their official place of residence.

Purpose of the question:
The official place of residence is the basis for the determination of the "number of citizens." This number is needed to ascertain the number of representatives in the electoral districts for the National Assembly election (Article 26 Constitution) as well as the number of members sent to the Federal Assembly (Article 34 Constitution) from the different states (See § 2 paragraph 3 of the National Census Act).

Further, the resident population (=persons with official place of residence) is the basis for the calculation of the allocation formula, according to which a portion of the tax revenue is distributed to the states and municipalities.

Apart from this, it is important that the declared structure results for the individual municipalities come from the persons residing there with official place of residence.

[p. 63]

Column 4, Position in household:
In this column the kinship to the head of the household listed in the first space (e.g. wife, husband, life partner, daughter, son-in-law, grandchild, niece, etc.) should be indicated.

Because the census list is not processed by computer, the position in the household (kinship to the head of the household) should be copied to question 5 on the corresponding person questionnaire.

Enumerator guideline:
Please make sure that the information is copied to the corresponding person questionnaire.

Purpose of the question:
The position in household (kinship) forms the basis for the household and family statistics which are needed for the purpose of planning and assessment of administrative measures, like for example, for the projection of the housing supply or if additional places in kindergartens are needed in a region.

11.4 Census list for a community residence

What is a community residence?
A community residence is composed of persons that do not live in housing units in the sense of the building and housing unit census - i.e. without kitchen or kitchenette - however, are housed in the same building or at least belong to the same institution.
Community residences are found in the homes and institutions cited on the front side (type of accommodation) of this list. Occupants of company housing, inns, boarding homes, guest worker quarters and the like are counted with the pink "census list for a community residence."

If different categories of persons live in a residence, an individual census list (along with insert pages) should be filled out for each category. For example, in a retirement home the personnel, in so far as they live in the home (but not in housing units) should be entered in one census list; however, the occupants should be entered in another census list. For that reason, there can be several census lists for occupants or several census lists for the staff in an institution depending on the situation.

Which survey documents should be filled out?
You received the following survey documents from the municipality:

Census list for a community residence (pink): This sheet serves as the cover jacket and contains questions on the category of person, type of accommodation and the total numbers for the community residence.

Insert page for the census list (pink): List of names of all persons that belong to the community residence.

Residence sheet (pink): should be filled out by each person that is entered in the insert page.

Person questionnaire (scan friendly document in orange): should be filled out by every person that marked "3a) in this residence" on the residence sheet.

Supplementary questionnaire (gray): should be filled out by persons that marked "3b) in another residence" on the residence sheet.

Census list for a private household (yellow): for private households on the institutional site (see point 3 below).

The residence sheets, person questionnaires and supplementary questionnaires should first and foremost be filled out by the person concerned. Only if the persons obligated to complete the forms are not in condition for that (e.g. because of sickness), the management of the institution is obligated to fill out to the forms. Please also don't forget to distribute the instructions for the person questionnaire with the person questionnaires to the occupants.

Who should be entered in the census list?

1. All persons who have a residence in this residence should be entered in the " Insert page for the census list," even if they are temporarily absent on the day of the census.
2. In homes and similar facilities, separate census lists (including insert pages) should be filled out for personnel and occupants.
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3. The following persons should not be entered in the census list for a community residence:
a) possessors of an official residence (e.g. porter with his family): these persons form a private household and for that reason fill out a "census list for a private household" by housing unit (yellow).
b) Persons that are only temporarily accommodated in the residence (e.g. spa patients or patients in hospitals).
c) Institution personnel that only live outside the institution.
4. The decisive point of time for entry in the census list is 1am on the night of May 15, 1991. Persons deceased before this time or born after this time should not be entered in the census list.

Enumerator guideline:
Which persons should be entered in the census list for a community residence should be taken from the instructions (see further below under "further details on specific facilities"). As a rule, all persons that live in the community residence concerned (that is, are not only temporarily accommodated) should be entered in the census list.

Please note that the personnel should only be entered in the census list for a community residence, if they are accommodated jointly in the institution. Persons that live outside the institution or live in an official residence in the institution, fill out (yellow) census lists for private households by household.

Guidelines on the residence sheet
For every person cited in the insert page for the "census list" a residence sheet should also be applied.

The sheets should be labeled with the name and address of the community residence (stamp) as well as the ongoing number from the insert page.

The residence sheet should be filled out by the concerned person themselves. The concerned person can most likely state if they will already be reached at a further residence and if a person questionnaire will be handed in there. For persons that are not capable of filling out the forms, the residence sheets should be filled out by the responsible management of this residence or by the institution management, if possible by use of oral statements of the concerned persons.

Regarding column 3: Where is your official place of residence?

For persons who only have one place of residence, column "3a) in this residence" should be marked.

For persons with several places of residence the column "3a) in this residence" or the column "3b) in another residence" should be marked, according to which of these residences is the official place of residence.

The "instructions for the official place of residence" (on the inside of the residence sheet) should be called upon to determine the "official place of residence" in the sense of the National Census Act.

For persons with a mark in column "3b) in another residence," supplementary questionnaires should be filled out - in so far as the municipality did not assert otherwise.

Further details on the specific residences:

Residences for pupils: Boarding school, school boarding house, house of studies: Pupils under 19 years of age have, as a rule, their official place of residence with their parents. Nevertheless, they should be entered in the census list. Especially points 7 and 8 of the instructions for the official place of residence should be considered.

Hospitals, cure facilities: As a rule, patients have not established a residence in the institution. Only those persons that do not have a residence outside the institution (compare point 12 of the instructions for the official place of residence) should be entered in the census list.

Nursing, retirement and orphan homes: Occupants of such homes have their official place of residence at the home, as a rule. Please make sure that double counting does not occur with the household of a close relative (or the municipality in which the private housing unit is found) (compare point 13 of the instructions for the official place of residence).

Monasteries: As a rule, members of religious orders their official place of residence in the monastery, in so far a s they live there.

Barracks: As a rule, Military draftees have their official place of residence at the housing unit in which they are going to return to after the military service. Only the military draftees that have given up their private housing unit should be indicated in the census list (compare point 10 of the instructions for the official place of residence).

Professional soldiers should only be entered in the census list if they normally live in the barracks.
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Professional soldiers that live together with their family in the barracks, are, however, considered private households and have to fill out the "Census list for a private household."

Prisons: All inmates should be entered in the census list. Those that have given up their private housing unit have their official place of residence in this institution (compare point 11 of the instructions for the official place of residence).

Refugee camps: Refugees have their official place of residence in Austria. Only those refugees that are also accommodated in the camp should be entered in the census list of the camp. Groups should (e.g. in hotels) fill out their own census list. The camp management is asked to point out the obligation to fill out the forms to the groups or refugees in hotels and so forth.

Institution personnel: Personnel that normally live in the institution should be entered in their own census list, except for persons in official residences which are considered private households. Points three through 6 of the instructions for the official place of residence especially apply to the official place of residence.

Company accommodations: All residents of a company accommodations should be entered d in the census list - regardless of whether or not they have their official place of residence in this accommodation. Points three through 6 of the instructions for the official place of residence especially apply to the official place of residence.

Guest worker quarters: All residents of a residence should be entered in the census list. As a rule, foreigners employed in Austria have their official place of residence here (see point 14 of the instructions for the official place of residence).

Guidelines for the person questionnaire
Every person that marked column "3a) in this residence" in the residence sheet, must also fill out a person questionnaire.

Together with the persona questionnaire, the supplementary sheet with the "Instructions for the person questionnaire" should be handed out.

Regarding question 5, position in household:
Persons in community residences mark "not related" in this question on the person questionnaire.

Formation of the total numbers:
Lastly, the following sum numbers should be calculated and entered in the field on the first page of the census list should be confirmed through a signature by the person responsible for the residence or the institution management:

1. Number of persons in the insert page for this community residence,
2. Number of persons marked in column 3a or
3. Number of persons marked in column 3b,
4. Number of filled out residence sheets (this number must agree with point 1),
5. Number of filled out person questionnaires (must agree with point 2),
6. Number of filled out supplementary questionnaires.

[p. 66]

11.5 Residence sheet for persons outside of private households

General
Enumerator guideline:
The residence sheet has the same purpose and function as the line for a person in the census list for a private household and is adjusted for use in the community residence.

The question regarding further residence and the exact address of this residence is additionally asked of residents that have their official place of residence in the community residence, i.e. marked box "3a) in this residence."

Experience with past censuses showed that residents of homes and the like occasionally leads to double counting; in order to be able to spot check this, the address of a possible private residence is needed.

Column 1, Last name, first name and Column 2, Date of birth:
Purpose of the question:
For further guidelines on this, see section "census list for a private household."

Column 3, Where is the official place of residence?
3a) In this residence or;
3b) in another residence, that is: (exact address information of this residence)

Enumerator guideline:
There are detailed instructions for answering column 3 in the inside of the residence sheet. These instructions are essentially identical with those in the census list for a private household.

For persons that have their official place of residence in the community residence (home and the like), column "3a) in this residence" should be marked.

For every person with mark 3a) a person questionnaire should also be filled out.

Persons that do not have their official residence in the community residence (home and the like) mark column "3b) in another residence" and enter the address of this housing unit.

For persons that marked 3b) a supplementary questionnaire should be demanded from the home management or the person concerned themselves as required (through a municipal directive).

11.6 Person questionnaire

General:
Questions 1 to 3 and 5 to 7 should be filled out by every person. The remaining questions apply only to certain groups of persons. The text of the questions and the instructions indicate which persons are excepted from answering The individual boxes to be marked in question 10 indicate which questions should be answered by the individual groups of persons.

Questions 3 to 9 should be answered for the situation on May 15, 1991. Questions 10 to 16 refer to the last weeks prior to the census day only in cases of doubt (e.g. change of employer) to May 15, 1991.

1, Sex:
Almost all charts with census results are subdivided by gender because numerous statutes and living conditions (e.g. retirement age, courses of education and career conditions) lead to different results for men and women.

[p. 67]

2, Date of birth:
Three writing fields (2-digit) for day, month, year. Please make sure notations are computer-readable.

many legislative provisions and public measures are based upon different age groups (compulsory education, legal age and the like).

The age structure of the population is used as a frame of reference for numerous statistically measured values. Gender and age are the prerequisites for the calculation of life expectancy and for populations projections. The development of the age structure (pupils, employed persons, retired persons) has more meaning than the change of the total population itself in the coming decades.

3, Marital status:
Possible answers: "single," "married," "divorced," "widowed"
For married persons: three writing fields (2-digit) for the date of marriage (day, month, year).

Your legal marital status should be marked.

Single should be marked by all persons who have never been married.

Married should be marked by persons who are living in valid (not divorced) marriage, even if they are separated from their spouse.

Divorced should be marked by those persons who have not remarried, regardless of whether the former spouse is still alive or not.

Widowed should be marked if the marriage was ended due to the death of a spouse.

Persons living in a consensual union should mark "single," "widowed," or "divorced" depending on what their marital status is. "Married" should only be marked if the marriage with the separately living spouse is still valid (not yet divorced).

Purpose of the question:
Marital status is, next to gender and age, a further basic characteristic of the population that is needed for a differentiation of the results (e.g. employed wives, married students) and for projections. The marital status breakdown was subjected to severe changes through the decrease in marriages and increase in divorces.

The date of marriage enables the break down and updating of existing marriages according to duration of marriage. From the comparison of length of marriage and number of children, certain regularities can be derived which make it easier to pre assess the development of the number of births.

4, How many children have you given birth to:
Selection boxes for the number of children born (none, 1 through 10 and more).

The total number of all children born living should be marked, even if they are now living somewhere else or are already deceased. Stepchildren, adopted children or foster children are not to be including in this question.
Women under 16 years of age (and men) are not required to answer this question.

Purpose of the question:
The total number of children of a woman can only be compiled with special questions and allows analyses of how the number of children of a woman is correlated with other characteristics: with the age at marriage, with the individual occupation, with the occupation of the husband with the educational status, etc.

[p. 68]

The results should help clarify birth and family statistical relations and ease the projection of the population of Austria. The large decrease in births in the last twenty years is the primary factor for the future demographic development.

5, Position in household (Relationship to the head of household):
Possible answers: "head of household," "wife/husband," "life partner," "daughter/son," "daughter-in-law/son-in-law," "granddaughter/son," "mother/father (also parents-in-law, grandparents and step parents)," "other relative, not related."

Please mark the box which corresponds to your entry in column 4 of the census list.
Step, adopted or foster children of the head of household mark the box "daughter," "son."
Life partners of a child of the "head of household" mark "daughter-in-law/son-in-law."
Persons in community residences mark "not related."

Purpose of the question:
With this information the families living in a household are statistically delimited and their relation to the remaining household members is determined. Data about the different family types (full families, single parent families, etc.) is important for the planning of family and socio-political measures, for example: level of the family subsidy, scaling of the child tax credit, fare reductions for families on public transportation.

6, Citizenship:
Possible answers: "Austrian," "German," "Italian," "Yugoslavian," "Swiss," "Turkish," "stateless," "other, please specify."
If you have Austrian and another citizenship, then please mark the box "Austrian" as well as the box of the other citizenship. If there is not individual box present for this citizenship, then please mark "other" and indicate this other citizenship in the text line. Persons with unclear citizenship mark "other" and enter "unclear."

Enumerator guideline:
Dual citizenships are also surveyed in the population census. For that reason it is especially important that Austrians who also possess a foreign citizenship indicate both.

Purpose of the question:
Citizenship is a requirement for the determination of the so-called "number of citizens." Based on this the mandates per electoral district is calculated. Further, citizenship serves the determination of the number and structure of the foreigners living in Austria, who differ significantly from nationals in demographic, social and economic respects, as well as the assessment of the many foreigner questions.

7, Colloquial language:
Also several languages
Possible answers: "German," "Croatian," "Slovenian," "Czech," "Hungarian," "Serbo-Croatian," "Turkish," "other, please specify."

Please state the language (also several languages) that you normally speak in the private sphere (family, relatives, friends, etc.)

Knowledge of foreign languages should not be indicated here.

For children who can not yet speak or for mute persons, the colloquial language that is spoken in their family should be cited.

Purpose of the question:
With the help of this question it can be determined how the long-established language groups develop in all of Austria as well as in the individual parts of the country.

[p. 69]

This question also makes it possible to observe the development of the new language minorities, namely the guest workers and refugees that have settled down in Austria, in order to be able to directly plan integration assistance measures on the one hand, and preserve unique cultural characteristics on the other hand.

8, Where did you live 5 years ago on May 15, 1986:
Possible answers: "in this house," "in another house in this municipality (Vienna: this district)," "in another municipality (Vienna: other district)."

If you were living elsewhere 5 years ago and the city in which you were living at the time was Vienna, please also state which municipal district in Vienna you were living in.

If your place of residence at that time was abroad, please also enter which country
Children born after May 15, 1986 are not required to answer this question.

Purpose of the question:
This question should - in the absence of ongoing migration statistics - give important information about the migration movements (change of residence) within the population census intervals. With your help, information about the number and structure of the migrants within Austria and about the immigrants is gained. The population census is the only source from which the migration correlations between the municipalities, districts and states are seen. This data is called upon for regional population prognoses and with that form a basic foundation for the development planning at the federal, state and community level.

9, Education:
Possible answers: (a) compulsory education, (b) apprenticeship, (c) technical school, (d) AHS Matura (general higher school with secondary education diploma), (e) BHS Matura (vocational higher school with diploma of secondary education), (f) university, academy

If two professions were learned or two different college degrees were obtained, it is sufficient to state the most important learned occupation or college degree (the one which is the most closely connected to the occupation practiced).

Part C of the question: Courses should only be entered if they substitute the attendance and completion of a technical school and lasted at least half a year.

Persons under 15 years of age are not required to answer this question.

Enumerator guideline:
All persons 15 years of age or older must answer this question. This questions is designed so that the entire course of education is collected.

Completed education should only be marked if all required final examinations for the relevant course of education have already been passed before May 15, 1991 or the diploma has already been issued.

Not completed can (does not have to be) be marked if an education was started but not completed or has not yet been completed.

[p. 70]

Regarding question 9a compulsory education:
Part A of the questions should be understood as the completion of the compulsory school age and should be answered with "completed" by all persons 15 years of age.

[List was not translated into English.]

Regarding question 9b apprenticeship:
Part b of the question refers to the practical apprenticeship training. The attendance at a vocational school (winter school, continuing education school and so forth) connected with that is included here and may not additionally be cited in part c of the question. "Completed" is marked by those who have passed the trade test or assistant test, for example.

In the state of Vorarlberg, girls must - according to the general compulsory education - attend the vocational school for home economics if they do not attend any other further education.

[List was not translated into English.]

Regarding 9c technical school:
In part c of the question the attendance at technical schools (examples see person questionnaire) should be entered. These are schools that can be attended after the compulsory education or instead of the polytechnic course of studies. They do not lead to a Matura (secondary education diploma). Length of education: 1 to 4 years. The completion certificate of a 3 to 4 year technical school usually substitutes for a training certificate. In the analysis, courses are only considered if they substitute for the attendance and certification of a technical school. In cases of doubt, it is nevertheless better to state the school visited. As already mentioned above, the vocational schools, continuing education and so forth that accompany the practical occupational training should not be entered in part c of the question.

[List was not translated into English.]

[p. 71]

Regarding question 9 d and e Matura (secondary education diploma) of an upper school:
In part d and e of the question educations that lead to Matura (school leaving examination) should be entered. You should also differentiate if a general higher school (AHS; part d of the question) or a vocational higher school (BHS; part e of the question) was completed. Persons with AHS and BHS Matura (secondary education diploma), for example, the graduates of a college, mark both parts of the question.

[List was not translated into English.]

Regarding question 9f university, academy:
All other educations that require Matura (secondary education diploma), like the academy for social work or the pedagogical academy, should be indicated in part fo of the question. University studies should also be indicated in part f of the question. Because around 150 different subject areas must be differentiated, the subject must be indicated as precisely as possible. For that reason the type of university (department) as well as the major is asked for.

[List was not translated into English.]

Purpose of the question:
From these statements, charts are created that show the number of persons that completed the different levels of education. These results are subdivided by skilled trade groups and fields of study as well as by age, profession and other characteristics.

This data is of meaning above all else for the educational planning but also for the regional job markets that are partially very different.

[p. 72]

The information on occupation learned and occupation practiced (especially for teaching apprenticeships) deliver basic information about the connections between education and profession and allow statements about the structure and scope of career changes. In addition, they can be called upon for planning essential educational, continuing educational and retraining activities for structural changes in the job market (e.g. skilled worker shortage).

While ongoing school and university statistics provides yearly the number of graduates by subject area with higher accuracy, these statistics can not give any information about the subsequent live paths of these persons. The educational background of the population - which changes through migrations and deaths - can only be determined with a population census. Due to partly only small quantities (e.g. academics) a random sample survey is not satisfactory. Only a complete census like the population can provide the corresponding data. This also goes for the regional qualification structure of the employed persons according to the location of work.

10, Are you:
Possible answers:
a employed: full time (33 hours or more per week), part time (12 to 32 hours per work)
b not employed, rather: unemployed, parental or maternity leave, military draftee in the armed forces or civil servant, pension from own employment, widow pension, homemaker, pupil or student, child without current school attendance, other livelihood.

This question refers to the situation in last weeks prior to the census day only in cases of doubt (e.g. change of employer) to May 15, 1991.

Employed: Persons over the age of 15 that work 12 hours or more per week are considered "employed." This also includes those persons who are self-employed or who are unpaid workers in a family business.

Full-time or part-time: Employed persons mark whether they are employed full-time or part-time. The 33 hour limit for the full employment should be understood as a benchmark: so that teachers mark "full employment" if they have a full teaching commitment. Other professional groups such as freelancers, judges, etc. also mark "full-time employment" even if their weekly working hours are less than 33. This also applies to employees in businesses with "short time work." If several part-time jobs are performed, "full employment" should be marked, provided that the sum of these activities amounts to 33 hours or more per week.

Unemployed: Persons over the age of 15 years are considered unemployed if they are not in an employment relationship and are seeking work or an apprenticeship, regardless of whether they receive unemployment or relief benefits.

Persons who were never employed and are presently seeking work or an apprenticeship also mark "unemployed" and enter "no profession yet" for question 12 (exact description of occupation). Answering questions 11 and 13 is not required for these persons.

Pensioners: are persons that receive their won retirement benefits and/or survivors' pension benefits and are not employed with an average minimum working time of 12 hours per week.

Homemakers: this box should be marked by persons who hare occupied with work in their own household and are supported by their spouse (partner).

[p. 73]

Pupils, students: persons who are not employed (at least 12 working hours per week) and are currently attending a school, university, etc. mark this box and answer questions 14 to 16 for this school attendance.

Persons currently in practical vocational training, such as persons being trained as teachers, interns, unpaid trainees, police school students, nursing school students, etc. are considered in "full-time employment" and answer questions 11 to 16 with regard to this vocational training.

Persons undergoing professional retraining, provided that their employment is maintained or they receive health insurance through the labor administration, mark the box "full-time employment" and give statements regarding their previous profession (not "employment agency") in questions 11 to 16.

Persons attending vocational preparatory courses: if this is a full-time course, these persons mark "pupils, students." If this is an evening course, the box "other livelihood" should be marked.

Persons receiving "special relief benefits" are not considered unemployed and mark "other livelihood."

Other livelihood is marked for example: rent, support by relatives, receipt of alimony, social aid, other support, special supplementary retirement payment, etc.

Enumerator guideline:
Question 10 must be answered by all persons. However, only on single answer may be made - except for retired persons (individual and widow pension).

Who is employed?
For workers in a family business, especially housewives that assist in the business of their husband, retired persons with secondary job and working students, it can often be difficult to decide if they are employed. In such cases, an average weekly minimum working time of 12 hours is given in the instructions as a decision aid. Those who work at least 12 hours weekly on average are considered "employed," and those who work less are considered "unemployed."

Farmers are considered employed in so far as they spend at least 12 hours weekly for the regulation of the business.

Wives of farmers were entered differently in the last population census. In any case, please go according to if the wife of the farmer works in the stall and in the field (=employed) or only performs house work (=housewife). In cases of doubt, please pay attention to the 12 hour per week benchmark.

Members of a religious order (e.g. nuns) are considered employed. The further questions (11 to 16) are answered for their spiritual or secular profession (e.g. Kindergarten teacher, nurse).

Persons in disabled places of employment are considered employed and answer the further questions on the person questionnaire about the job that they practice in this work place.

Persons who only practice a job voluntarily are not considered employed.

"Setting the course" with question 10
Which questions of the person questionnaire must still be answered is decided with the answer to question 10.

Employed (full and part time): All questions of the right half of the questionnaire should be answered.

Unemployed: Questions 11 to 13 should be answered for the last job practiced. Persons who have not yet been employed and are now searching for a job or apprenticeship are excepted. These persons answer question 12 with "no profession yet."

Parental leave, maternity leave: Questions 11 to 13 should be answered for the last job practiced.

Military draftees in the Austrian Armed Forces and civil servants: Questions 15 and 16 should be answered for the route to the barracks or to the place of service.

Retirement pension from own employment: Questions 11 and 12 should be answered for the last job practiced.

Only widow or widower's pension: No further questions should be answered.

Homemakers: No further questions should be answered.

Pupils, students: Questions 14 to 16 should be answered for the current school attendance.

Child without current school attendance: No further questions should be answered.

Other livelihood: No further questions should be answered.

[p. 74]

Purpose of the question:
With this question it is determined who is "employed" (and therefore must answer further occupational questions). The structural data about employed persons and commuters are among the most important results of the population census.

The numbers about employed persons are further needed for calculating general and specific labor force participation rates and are used as a basis for different predictions.

Information about participation in working life is important for labor market analyses and international comparisons. Especially of interest are the type and scope of the employment of older employees, women, youth and foreigners. Data about full and part time employment in connection with information about gender, age and marital status gain increasing weight in the face of growing importance of part time work, especially for family policy and at regional levels.

The question regarding the predominant livelihood of the non employed population makes it possible to subdivide these persons according to the predominant source of livelihood. This differentiation is of central importance for many economic and socio-political questions, for example: the dependent children and homemakers of employed persons, the employment of in the course of age as well as the numerical proportion of employed and retired persons.

11 to 16, occupational questions:
If several employment relationships exist, please answer question 11 to 16 for the profession with the most working hours.

If you are changing employment relationships at the time of the population census, please answer questions 11 to 16 for the situation on May 15, 1991.

Persons who are employed as well as attending a school, answer questions 11 to 16 depending on if they designated themselves as "employed" or "student, pupil" in question 10.

Purpose of the question:
The results of the populations census in occupational and economic areas are of great importance for the planning administration, the economy, research and the representation of interests, because they present a cross section of the total of all employed persons. Other surveys (like e.g. local unit of employment census or the social insurance institutes) also provide data in this area, but not with the diversity, objectivity, and regional subdivision and combination possibilities of the population census.

11, Occupational status:
Possible answers: "skilled worker," "semi-skilled worker," "unskilled worker," "apprenticeship," "employee/civil servant," "self-employed with or without employees," "workers in a family business."

Workers mark "skilled worker, "semi-skilled worker, or "unskilled worker" depending on how they are classified by collective agreement in their company.
A person is self-employed if they are not an employee in an employment relationship, rather practice a profession on their own behalf. With/without employees: depends on if persons receiving wages or salaries are employed in the business or not. Self-employed persons who only employee family members without formal pay mark "without employees."

[p. 75]

Unpaid workers in a family business are working in the business of a family member without formal pay.

Purpose of the question:
The "occupational status" describes the legal status or the collectively agreed classification that a person has in a company. The data do not only give information on the degree of responsibility in the company, rather also serves as an element for subdivision of the population and employed persons according to socioeconomic status. Different analyses about the occupational structure are only meaningful in combination with the occupational status (e.g. the demand for freelance and employed doctors).

12, Exact description of occupation:
e.g.: "bookkeeper" or "shoe salesman" not "commercial employee," "Mounting of video devices on assembly line" not "unskilled worker."
Public servants enter their assignment: e.g. "contractual employee in social support service," "home carpenter," "street cleaner."

Your statements should be categorized into one of 300 different occupational groups, and we therefore ask you to be as precise as possible in describing your occupational activities.

Examples of precise description of occupation include: gas welder for steel construction parts, operator of data processing machines, men's shirt adjuster, glass cuter, operator of plastic processing machines, foreman of a dip-varnishing business, electrician for high-tension transmission lines, scientific researcher in the field of environmental protection.

Enumerator guideline:
The entries in this question are looked up in a dictionary-like directory, in order to be able to correctly code you for the processing with the computer. For a generally held entry such as "office worker" the processor does not know if the person should be classified as an authorized officer, bookkeeper, shorthand typist, paper sorter etc. Statements as precise as possible are asked for.

Purpose of the question:
With this question the field of activity that a person in a company supervises is depicted.

The population census is one of the most important, comprehensive data sources for analyses of occupational structure. It enables the depiction of occupations according to the place of residence as well as according to the place of work of the employed persons and reveals the locations of infrequent occupations.

The occupation practiced in comparison with the education completed is of importance for the predictions of the "replacement demand" or for the guidance of youth educational paths. Also analyzed are need calculations for individual occupational groups and occupations, with which measures for labor market advancement and directed occupational counseling are made possible. In addition, information about career change is gained, due to the connection between learned and practiced occupation.

The survey of the previous occupation of retired persons serves primarily to be able to classify the growing number of retired persons in the charts according to their previous job.

13, Economic sector:
Please give a precise description:
e.g. "weaving mill," underwear factory," "fabric wholesaler," - not "textile company."
e.g. "dispatcher," "main workshop," "power station of the Austrian National Railway" - not "National Railway."

The economic activity indicates which sector the business for which you work belongs to. Public servants enter "federal administration," state administration" or "municipal administration," depending on which government unit they are employed with.

Enumerator guideline:
The entries in this question are looked up in a dictionary-like directory, in order to be able to correctly code you for the processing with the computer. For a generally held entry such as "metal branch" the processor can not differentiate if it involves a rolling mill, an automobile factory, an artistic metal-working shop or a hardware store. Statements as precise as possible are asked for.

Purpose of the question:
The economic subdivision of employed persons forms, with the characteristics of age and gender, the basis for structural analyses and the projection of the development possibilities of [p. 76] regional and national labor markets. In connection with the economic sector, the industry dependence of individual occupations can be made transparent. In connection with the position in the household, housewives and children can be assigned to the economic class of the provider. With that the portion of the entire population that is affected by a shrinking or rising economic sector, can be indicated. The population census provides (with the help of commuter statistics) information about the economic structure of individual location areas, beyond the only survey, as well as residence-oriented data about the branches in which the employees are active also, for example the dependence of certain regions on the outlying firms.

[Questions 14 - 16 were asked of students currently attending school and people who were working]

14, Name of the company:
Self-employed persons enter "own business".

Persons with several employers (e.g. custodians) enter "several employers."

Enumerator guideline:
For public services agencies the economic sector is derived from the designation of the agency. Public servants should also indicate their agency as precisely as possible.

Purpose of the question:
The name of the company is an aid characteristic and is not saved. It is only needed in order to definitively determine the assignment of employed persons to economic sectors and the commuter flows. Further guidelines are found in questions 13, 15 and 16.

14, Type of school currently attended:
Enumerator guideline:
Here the exact school type should be indicated, e.g. "technical college for electrical engineering," "institution of technical higher education for electrical engineering," academy of fine arts." All children required to attend school must have an entry here.

Purpose of the question:
The type of school is used for the differentiation of pupil commuter flows, in order to be able to draw conclusions about the accessibility of places of education. While an elementary school is usually located within an easily reachable distance, one often only finds a college in the main city of the district, a university only in a few cities. The information, together with the time spent and the means of transportation, is called upon for site and traffic planning.

15, Address of your work place or school:
Possible answers: "place of work (school) in this house", "other address, namely:"

Questions 15 and 16: Address and route to workplace or school: These questions serve the ascertainment of your route from the housing unit to place of work or school. Therefore, teachers enter the school where they teach (main school) not the state education authority.
Persons who work in their house or on the same property (e.g. janitors, farmers, home workers) or who live in the school building, mark the box "this house" for question 15; these persons are not required to answer question 16.

If the place of work (school) is located abroad, the country should also be stated.

Persons with changing work places (e.g. custodians, construction workers) answer questions 15 and 16 according to the situation on May 15, 1991.

Enumerator guideline:
For employed persons the place of work where they report daily should be entered. Because the address of the place of work is compiled for the commuter statistics, it is not the address of the company management that is meant, rather for construction workers the construction site or gathering place from which they are brought to the construction site, for police the guard room, for sales representatives their own housing unit if they start their journeys from there, etc.

[p. 77]

Employed persons that have a different place of work daily, answer the questions according to the situation on May 15, 1991.

Military draftees enter the address of the barracks, civil servants enter the agency where they perform their civil service.

Pupils enter the address of the school they currently attend. Students enter the address of the university building in which they attend most of their lectures or trainings.

Purpose of the question:
For an industrial society it is significant that the location of work and residence for many employed persons and most pupils are separated.

The depiction of the relationship between residence and location of work (school) takes place in the frame of the commuter statistics. Only a complete survey like the population census can present the commuter flows down to the municipal level. The population census is - apart from occasional analyses from other sources (marital status records, voter lists of the official representation of employees) - the only data source of commuter flows. One possibility that only the population census offers was already referred to: the simultaneous presentation of the educational, occupational and economic structure of employed persons by residence and place of work; with this it forms a unique source for regional economic investigations.

The frequent use of the commuter data of the population census appears in the statistics request of the ISIS-data base of Statistics Austria. The commuter flow chart is among the most requested population census data. Around 10% of all inquiries of population census data concern this chart.

16, Route to the place of work or school:
Possible answers:
a) return to this housing unit: "daily", "not daily" (e.g. weekly)

b) Predominantly used means of transportation (for the furthers distance covered) for the daily journey to the place of work (school): "no transportation, walk," "car, motorcycle, moped," "train," "tram, subway," "bus, trolley," "bicycle," "other - boat, taxi, etc."

c) Time spent for your daily journey to the place of work (school) in minutes: "up to 15," "15-30," "31-45," "46-60," "more than 60."

Persons with changing places of work (e.g. custodians, construction workers) answer questions 15 and 16 according to the situation on May 15, 1991.

For persons that mark "not daily" in question 16a), answering parts b) and c) is not required.

Enumerator guideline:
This question must be answered by employed persons as well as military draftees, civil servants, pupils and students that marked the box "other address" in question 15.

Purpose of the question:
The statements in these questions are used for the description of commuter flows. The transit time and the means of transportation have since become an indispensable component of the commuter statistics. The data are needed for the depiction of the job market integration between the municipalities and regions as well as for many areas of planning in public sector und in the economy (housing unit construction, company establishment, time table planning, etc.). Next to the occupational commuter traffic data of the population census, the school commuter data are also of great importance.

Multi-billion amounts were and are invested, in order to provide the necessary infrastructure (highways, public transportation). Dependable information on the assessment of current and future need is essential because of ever decreasing financial margins of the public authorities, but also because of the environmental burden.
[p. 78]

11.7 Supplementary questionnaire

Questions regarding the person:
Last name, first name
Date of birth: (day, month, year)
Marital status: "single," "married," "widowed," "divorced"
You are: "employed," "unemployed," "housekeeper," "retired," "child not attending school," "pupil/student," "apprentice," "military conscript/civil servant," "other."

Purpose of the questions:
The questions regarding the person at the beginning of the questionnaire serve the identification of the concerned person, in case their municipality wants to carry out a complaint procedure (see point 4.3) with respect to the official place of residence. The name will, however, not be processed with a computer, as with the entire content of this survey form.

Questions 1 to 9:
Enumerator guideline:
Questions 1 to 9 serve the determination of the official place of residence of the concerned person and should be answered for both residences.

On the left side of the supplementary questionnaire, the questions should be answered for the housing unit in that municipality in which the supplementary questionnaire is filled out. That is the housing unit for which the box "3b in another housing unit" was marked in column 3 of the census list.

On the right side of the supplementary questionnaire, the questions should be answered for the situation in the municipality of the official place of residence. That is the housing unit whose address is stated in column 3 of the census list and where the concerned person hands in the person questionnaire.

The juxtaposition of the situation at both locations should ease the entry of compatible statements.

Purpose of the question:
Question 1:
The exact address of both residences are needed in the case of the procedure through the municipality, in order to be able to carry out the prescribed "hearing of the municipality" according to §6a paragraph 3 of the National Census Act.

Questions 2 to 9:
The statements are used as liability criteria in complaint and hearing procedures.

1, Address:
Possible answer: "addresses of the residences, please specify zip code, municipality, street or locality, house number, door number"

Enumerator guideline:
Please make sure that both addresses were completely stated.

2, What kind of accommodation do you live in here:
Regardless of whether owner, renter or roommate.

Possible answers: "rented/owned housing unit," "sublease, "official company residence," "dormitory (students, apprentices, nurses, etc.)" "vacation home, weekend house," "communal company accommodations (rooms for overnight stays)" "other, specify."

Enumerator guideline:
Roommates, such as family members, mark "rented/owned housing unit," "sublease," or "official company residence" according to the legal basis under which the whole family uses the housing unit.

[p. 79]

3, Duration of stay:
When do you use this accommodation, as a rule?

Possible answers:
3.1 Extent of actual stay: "year round," "large part of the year," "small part of the year," "rarely, occasionally," "never."
3.2 Period of use: "a) all week," "b) on weekdays: often, always, only occasionally" "on the weekend: often, always, only occasionally."

Each with a check box for: "summer half year," "winter half year," "school year, work year," "vacation," "other time period."

Enumerator guideline:
This question is composed of two parts, the extent and the time period of the actual stay, so that all persons can satisfactorily describe the different situations of their living conditions.
Please point out that in a truthful answer to this question, the statements in the left and right sides must match.
Persons who marked "rarely" or "never" in 3.1 do not need to answer 3.2.

4, Roommates:
Do family members (including life partners) live with you in this accommodation?
Possible answers: "yes," "no"
-> If yes, please specify kinship, year of birth, if the person questionnaire was handed in (in this municipality)

Purpose of the question:
Because the family residence is decisive for the official place of residence of a person in many cases, with this question the official place of residence of the remaining family members is compiled. For that reason, where the individual family members handed in the person questionnaire should be indicated.

5, Route to work, route to school:
Do you start your route to the place of work or education at this accommodation?

Possible answers: "yes: on most work/school days, on some work/school days," "no"

6, location of work or school:
Which municipality is your place of work (apprenticeship) or education (school, university, etc.) located in:

Possible answers: "please specify zip code, municipality"

Enumerator guideline:
The question is designed so because in some cases the place of work or school is located neither in the one (left side) nor the other (right side) municipality.

7, Is a further occupation present?
Considered as a second employment are, for example: conducting an agricultural business with livestock, the regular assistance in parental business, summer jobs, etc.

Possible answers: "yes, please specify type of job, location (zip code, municipality)," "no"

Enumerator guideline:
Regularly practiced jobs that imply a frequent or long duration absence in this municipality (e.g. management of an [p. 80] agricultural business with livestock, regular assistance in parental business, and the like) should be indicated as secondary employment.

Purpose of the question:
Practicing a second job can confirm the presence of an official place of residence in some cases.

8, Location of the kindergarten or school of your children:
If you have one or several minor children that live with you in the same household and attend a kindergarten or school, please indicate where the kindergarten, school, etc. is located.

Possible answers: "kindergarten," "elementary school," "(hauptschule) extended elementary school," "intermediate and higher secondary school," "university and the like"

Enumerator guideline:
This questions should only be answered by persons that have children themselves and live with these children in the same household.

Purpose of the question:
The location where children living in the same household attend kindergarten or school can be an important cue for the existence of a family residence.

9, Active community participation in this municipality:
How intensive are your social activities in this municipality? Please consider your cultural, sports, social and political activities that require your stay in this municipality.

Possible answers: "very intensive," "less intensive," "hardly present," "no social activities."

Enumerator guideline:
In the National Census Act, the official place of residence is defined as the center of occupational, economic and social activities. The occupational and economic activities are adequately compiled with the preceding questions. The family associations social activities should be gathered with this question. Collecting the diversity of all possible social activities with individual questions is practically not feasible. Therefore, this simple question should offer the concerned persons the possibility to state the intensity of their cultural, sports, social and political activities for both residences. However, only such activities that require the stay in the concerned community (also: surrounding area) should be considered.

11.8 Local unit of employment questionnaire

General information: A local unit of employment is every permanently established entity with name (or designation) and address, in which at least one person is employed.

1, Name and address of the local unit of employment:
Enumerator guideline:
Please make sure that the complete name or designation of the local unit of employment, the exact address and the telephone number of the local unit of employment are indicated.

Purpose of the question:
Name and address are needed for the completion control of the local unit of employment. Further, the local unit of employment census provides not only local unit of employment data but also enterprise data. To this end, the local units of employment must be identifiable with the name and address, in order to be able to aggregate the local units of employment that belong to a enterprise.

Telephone number: important for further inquiry regarding ambiguities by telephone.

[p. 81]

2, Code number of the Austrian Central Statistical Office:
Enumerator guideline:
The major part of the local units of employment with legal representation of interests "chamber of industry" (that is around 2/3 of all local units o employment) recently received their code number from the Central Statistical Office through written information. If the code number of a local unit of employment was not entered with the representation of interests, please ask if the code number was delivered and simply forgotten on the entry. If this is the case, please allow the code number to be added.

Purpose of the question:
The entry of the code number by the manager of the local unit of employment shortens the duration of the processing of the local unit of employment census in the Central Statistical Office.

3, Designation of the local unit of employment:
Please indicate the type of the local unit of employment precisely, e.g. building joiner, automobile retailer, company consultant, travel agency, tourist hotel, chair lift, dentist, notary, train station, municipal agency

Purpose of the question:
This statement is, together with the statement in question 4 "main activity of this local unit of employment," necessary so that local units of employment can be subdivided according to branch.

4, Main activities of this local unit of employment:
Enumerator guideline:
If several main activities are performed (multiple statements in 4a through 4f) in the local unit of employment, please make sure that the emphasis of the economic activity in question 4g is marked.

Purpose of the question:
Theses statements are, together with the entry in question 3 "designation of the local unit of employment" necessary so that local units of employment can be subdivided according to branch.

For many purposes, local unit of employment numbers without economic classification are insufficient. Local unit of employment data by economic sectors (branches) is needed for determining if a region is well or less well provided for with local units of employment of a certain economic sector, or if a new establishment of certain sector makes sense or not.

5, Persons employed in this local unit of employment on May 15, 1991:
All persons who are part of the local unit of employment on the census day are considered employed, regardless of whether they work directly at the local unit of employment or outside the local unit of employment (e.g. at a construction site, persons away on the job or field representatives; also home workers). Persons temporarily absent due to illness or persons on vacation (e.g. paid vacation, special leave of absence) should also be indicated. Part-time employees and short-time workers (employees) as well as any seasonal workers employed on the census day should be counted as employees. If shift work is worked in this local unit of employment, the number of persons employed in all shifts should be indicated.
Not to be included are military draftees or community servants, employees on maternity leave (in accordance with the Parent Maternity Leave Act), as well as persons who are on some other long-term (unpaid) vacation or persons who are working at the local unit of employment (enterprise) for which the questionnaire is being filled out as a representative of some other local unit of employment.

[p. 82]

If the local unit of employment is temporarily closed for the season on the census day and no one is employed in this local unit of employment on the census day, enter 0 employees for question 5g.
Special circumstances (e.g. seasonal closure, joint personnel for several local units of employment or companies) should be stated on the back side under "remarks."

5a. Working proprietors are persons who own part of the enterprises assets and are engaged in activity that is relevant to this enterprise. Also to be indicated here are lessees as well as company shareholders actively working in the company.

5b. Unpaid workers in a family business are persons that belong to the family of the owner (joint proprietor or leaseholders) and regularly work in the enterprise; however as dependent employees are not obliged to pay health insurance contributions.

5c. Employees, civil servants are persons who are listed as employees (civil servants) and are insured as such. Also to be counted here are persons receiving practical professional training (with the exception of apprentices) and insured as employees.

5d. Workers are persons who are insured with the Workers' Pension Insurance Association or who are insured as workers with other insurance associations. Also to be counted in this category is persons receiving practical professional training (with the exception of apprentices) and insured as workers.

5e. Apprentices are persons who are in an apprentice relationship and are completing a training program as skilled workers or are learning an office profession.

5f. Home workers are persons who are regularly employed by the local unit of employment, are generally paid at piece rates, perform their occupation in their own homes and whose wages are included in the sum total of wage.

5h Foreign dependent employees are persons listed under 5c to 5f who do not possess Austrian citizenship (foreign citizens, stateless persons, persons with unclear citizenship). The duration of stay in Austria is not of importance.

Enumerator guideline:
Please make sure that in question 5g the sum of male as well as female employees is entered.

Please also make sure that foreign dependent employees (question 5h) are included in the total line where applicable.

Part time employees are counted as full-time employees if they work on average at least 12 hours per week. The question should not be understood that, for example, two part-time employees should be entered or counted as one full-time employee.

So-called "temporary workers" and other persons that wok an average of less than 12 hours per week should not be counted as employed.

If no one is employed at the local unit of employment on the census day and in question 5g "sum" 0 employed persons are entered, the reason should be listed on the back side under "remarks": e.g. seasonal closure, personal union with company X or similar.

Purpose of the question:
Employee numbers (regional distribution of employees, distribution of employees by sector, etc.) are among the most often requested data of the local unit of employment census.

The subdivision of employees by the labor law position (5a through 5f) is [p. 83] the basis for analyses of the employment structure.

The information on foreign dependent employees is important for determining the proportion of guest workers as a part of the total number of employees.

6, Enterprise structure (company structure):
If the enterprise (company) is composed only of one single local unit of employment the mark "a" should be made.

If the enterprise (company) consists of several (at least 2) local units of employment then "b" should be marked and additionally: either "c" should be marked and question 12 on the back side of the questionnaire should be answered if this local unit of employment is also the headquarters of the enterprise, or "d" should be marked if this local unit of employment is a subsidiary (branch office). If "d" was marked, the name and address of the headquarters of the enterprise (company headquarters) should also be stated.

If "d" was marked for a local unit of employment of a legal entity under public law (e.g. public enterprise, institution, fund), the name and address of the local unit from which this office is conducted should be listed.

Enumerator guideline:
If "c" is marked in question 6, the subsidiaries must be entered on the backside in question 12.

Purpose of the question:
The goal of the local unit of employment census is not only to provide data about the local units of employment, but also about the enterprise.

The following questions are asked frequently: How many enterprises are there in a certain size class of employed persons in Austria? How many companies are active in a certain sector?

In order to be able to answer these and similar questions it is essential to obtain precise statements about the structure of the enterprise.

7, Legal form of the enterprise (the company):
For local units of employment of legal entities under public law, like e.g. public corporations, institutions, funds, answering this question is not required.

Enumerator guideline:
This question should always be answered if "a" or "c" was marked in question 6.

Purpose of the question:
This information enables statements about the frequency of individual legal forms (e.g. also branch-related).

8, Legal representation of interests or legal entity of this local unit of employment:
Further legal representation of interests is e.g. Engineering Association, Association for Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural Chamber, Notary Chamber, Pharmacists Association, Dentistry Association, Bar Association.

If no legal representation of interests is responsible for this local unit of employment, please indicate the legal entity of the local unit of employment: e.g. Federal Government, trade union, church (religious association), Red Cross, etc.

Enumerator guideline:
If the local unit of employment is a member of the chamber of industry, it should be pointed out that in this question, the trade association, the guild or the board of the chamber of industry is entered. It is not sufficient only to answer this question with "chamber of industry," "chamber of commerce" or the like.

If a local unit of employment is a member of several trade associations, guilds, etc. then the mainly performed activity of the corresponding membership (should agree with the statement in question 4) should be used.

Purpose of the question:
If no clear allocation into an economic activity is possible through the statement in question 4, the entry in question 8 can helpful for coding the economic activity.

Because the chamber subdivision (institutional subdivision) is still important in Austria, local unit of employment data (e.g. by trade association subdivisions of the chamber of industry) are requested.

"Setting the course" for further filling out
If this local unit of employment is a part of a housing unit, please only sign the [p. 84] questionnaire and consider question 12 on the back side.
In all other cases, proceed to question 9.

9, Area of the local unit of employment:
If the local unit is spread over several buildings or several stories, then the areas of the individual buildings and stories should be added together and the sum should be entered as the area of the local unit of employment.
Outdoor areas (courtyard, storage area, etc.) should not be counted.

Enumerator guideline:
In the digit reading field, only whole sq.m. can be entered.

Purpose of the question:
This statement is of great interest for the calculation of the average local unit of employment area allocated to an employee as well as for the formation of sums in the most different subdivisions (regional, by economic classification).

10, Legal basis for the use of the local unit of employment:
"For the house owner's own use" also includes the free use by members of the owner's household. If a local unit of employment is situated partly in rooms of the local unit of employment owner and partly in rented rooms, only "for the house owner's own use" should be marked.
Ownership of a housing unit should only be stated if a contract based on the Apartment Ownership Law (e.g. company for housing construction) exists, regardless of whether it is already entered in the Official Real Estate Register or not; this also applies if such an apartment ownership contract is pending.
In the case of rent or lease, the cooperative use should also be entered. This applies if the owner of the local unit of employment is a member of the cooperative to which the building belongs.
Other legal relationships include, e.g. local units of employment used on the basis of leasing contracts.

Purpose of the question:
Breakdown of local units of employment in such, those in ownership properties and such, those that are situated in rental properties; ascertainment of the number of local units of employment in "other legal relationships," increase due to the leasing properties? Are there regional differences in the frequency of individual legal bases in comparison to the local unit of employment census of 1981?

11, Last monthly rental expense or lease or usage fee:
The last monthly rental expense (including value added tax) should only be entered for those local units of employment where "rent or lease (including cooperative use" was stated in question 10. The monthly sum of the rent, lease or usage fees as well as operation costs and public taxes should be entered as expense. Payment for heat and garage use should not be included in the expenses. In the case of irregular payments, please calculate the annual expenses and divide by 12.

Enumerator guideline:
Preferably the pure rental expense (rent complete with operation costs) should be entered here without potential simultaneously billed heating and hot water costs.

[p. 85]

Purpose of the question:
By gathering the rental costs for housing units and local units of employment on the same census day, comparisons at the different regional levels are possible.

12, Further local units of employment of the enterprise (company) in different locations:
This question should be answered by enterprises with several local units of employment, if this local unit of employment is also the headquarters of the enterprise.

Enumerator guideline:
If an enterprise (company) is composed of several local units of employment and "c" was marked in question 6, then complete subsidiaries or branches of this company should be entered on the back of the questionnaire. Employees entered here may not be included in the total line in question 5.

If the existing space for the entry of the subsidiaries is not sufficient, please use a supplementary sheet and attach it to the questionnaire.

Purpose of the question:
The local unit of employment census also provides data about enterprises (e.g. subdivided by branch or size class of employed persons). The information in this question is a requirement for the calculation of all enterprise data.

11.9 Local unit of employment supplementary questionnaire

General information:
In the case that no local unit of employment questionnaire was filled out by the owner or manager of the local unit of employment, this supplementary questionnaire should be answered by the enumerator or the municipality.

1, Explanation:
Enumerator guideline:
In the case that the local unit of employment questionnaire was passed on to the enterprise management for filling out (question 1b marked), please enter their address.

If the supplementary questionnaire is being filled out for other reasons (question 1c marked), please list this reason (e.g. non-compliance).

Purpose of the question:
The explanation for filling out a supplementary questionnaire provides important information for processing this local unit of employment in the Central Statistical Office.

The address information of the enterprise management is necessary for the assignment of this local unit of employment to the concerned enterprise (company) as well as for the completion control of the local units of employment belonging to this enterprise.

2, Name, address and type of local unit of employment:
Enumerator guideline:
Try to state the company name or designation of the local unit of employment as completely as possible (e.g. inscription on the name plate) and try to answer the question on the type of the local unit of employment through a simple description of the local unit of employment (e.g. hotel, medical office, grocery store).

Purpose of the question:
This information provides the basic information for identification as well as further processing of this local unit of employment in the Central Statistical Office.

[The rest of the document was not translated into English]