Census of Scotland, 1871
Prepared under the direction of one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, pursuant to the Act of 33 and 34 Vict. c. 108.
The following compartments are to be filled up by the Enumerator.
City, town, village, or hamlet ________
Street, square, etc., or road ________
Name or number of house ________
Number of rooms with one or more windows ________
Name of occupier ________
You are requested to insert the particulars specified on the other side, in compliance with an Act which passed the House of Commons, and the House of Lords, in the last Session of Parliament, and received the assent of Her Majesty, the Queen, on the 10th of August, 1870.
This Paper will be called for on Monday, April 3rd, by the appointed Enumerator, and it is desirable that you should have the answers written in the proper columns by the morning of that day, in order that his progress may not be delayed. It will be his duty, under the Act, to complete the return if it be defective, and to correct it if erroneous. Any person authorized by you may write in the particulars if you are yourself unable to do so.
Persons who refuse to give correct information, or who willfully give false information, are liable to a Penalty of Five Pounds; besides the inconvenience and annoyance of appearing before two Justices of the Peace, and being convicted of having made a willful misstatement of age, or of any of the other particulars.
The Return is required to enable the Secretary of State to complete the Eighth Census; which is to show the exact numbers, ages, and condition of the people-their arrangement by families in different ranks, professions, and trades-their distribution over the country in villages, towns, and cities-their increase and progress in the last ten years. The facts will be published in General Abstracts only, and strict care will be taken that the returns are not used for the gratification of curiosity.
W. Pitt Dundas,
H. A. Bruce,
Home Office, Whitehall, 15th December, 1870.
This Paper, except the compartments under the Royal Arms, to be filled up by the occupier or Person in charge of the dwelling. If the house is let or sub-let to separate Families or Lodgers, each Occupier or Lodger must make a return for his portion of the house upon a separate paper.
A person following more distinct occupations than one, should insert them in the order of their importance.
1. The Superior Titles of peers and the other Persons of Rank to be inserted, as well as any important office which they may hold.
2. Members of Parliament, Magistrates, Councilors and other important public officers to state their profession or occupations, in any, after their official rank or title.
3. All persons serving in the Army and Navy to state their rank and branch of the service to which they belong Officers to state whether on the Active or Retired List; Chelsea, Greenwich, and other Pensioners, to be so designated
4. All persons in the Civil Service to state their rank, and the department or branch to which they belong; those retired or superannuated to be distinguished.
5. Ministers of Religion- Clergy of the Church of Scotland to return themselves as "Minister of ____ Parish," "Assistant Minister of _____ Parish," or "Minister of Establish Church (no charge)." Episcopalian Clergymen, Roman Catholic Priests, and Minister of Foreign Churches, to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel in which they officiate. Dissenting Ministers to return themselves as "Minister of ____ Free Church," "Minister of ____ United Presbyterian Chapel," "Minister of ____ Independent Chapel," etc. Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupations; but may add "Local Methodist preacher,"etc., etc.
6. Legal profession- Advocates, to state whether or not they are in actual practice. Advocates in Aberdeen will add the words "in Aberdeen" to the description "Advocate." The designation "Writer to the Signet," or "Solicitor" to be confined to those whose names are actually upon the Roll. Other persons practicing the law to designate themselves as "Writer," Procurator," etc., according to circumstances. Advocatesâ clerks are so to return themselves. Clerks in lawyersâ offices should state whether they are managing, apprenticed, or general clerk.
7. Members of the Medical profession to state whether they practice as physician, surgeon, dentist, oculist, general practitioner, assistant, etc., or are "not practicing". They must also state the University or other Society of which they are Graduates, Fellows, or Licentiates.
8. Professors, Teachers, Public writers, Authors, and Scientific men -- to state the particular branch of Science or Literature which they follow; Artists, the art which they cultivate. Graduates should their degrees in this column.
9. Students of Theology, Law, Medicine, or Arts, of any University to be so returned.
10. Scholars- Children or young person attending a school, or receiving regular instruction at home, to be returned as "Scholars."
11. Landowners- Proprietors of land in Scotland, being agricultural land pasturage, moor, or woodland, in addition to their rank or occupation, to state that they are landowners. But no person to be so described in respect of land attached to a house or houses, and not exceeding one acre in extent.
12. Farmers- This term is to be applied only to the occupier of land, who are to state the number of acres occupied, and the number of men, women, and boys employed on the farm on April 3rd. Examples: "Farmer of 317 acres (of which 105 arable), employing 8 laborers and 3 boys." Sons or daughters employed at home or on the farm, may be returned- "Farmer's son," "Farmer's daughter." Men employed on the farm and sleeping in the farmerâs house must be described in the schedule as farm servants.
13. Agricultural labourers, shepherds, and others employed on farms, but not living in the famerâs house, must be desribed as agricultural labourers, shepherds, etc.
14. Persons engaged in commerce, as Merchants, Brokers, Agents, etc., to state in all cases the particular branch of Commerce in which they are engaged, or the staple in which they chiefly deal. Examples: "East India Merchant," "Members of the ____ Stock Exchange," "Cotton Broker." Commercial Clerk, Commercial Traveller, Shopman- always add what branch of business.
15. In Trades, manufactures, or other business masters must, in all cases, be distinguished; Example: "Carpenter-Master, employing 6 men and 2 boys;" inserting always the number of persons of the trade in his employ, if any, on April 3rd. In the case of Firms, the number of persons employed should be returned by the senior or someone partner only.
16. Workers in mines or manufactures, and generally in the Mechanical Arts, should distinctly state the particular branch of work, and the material, if they are not implied in the names, as in coal-miner, brass-founder, silk-throwster. where the trade is much subdivided, both trade and branch are to be returned thus: "watchmaker-finisher;" "printer-compositor".
17. Engineers- Civil Engineers to be so described. Workmen employed in works or factories are to be distinctly described. Example: "Engine Smith at Factory," "Engine Fitter at Works." Engine Drivers, Stokers, and Firemen, to be described in connection with the manufactory, railway, steam- vessel, etc. in which they are employed. Examples: "Railway Engine Driver," "Stoker in Cotton Factory." "Engineer" alone is not to be used.
18. Artisans and mechanics should invariable state their particular branch of mechanical art or business in which they are employed.
19. Weaver- "Silk," "Wool," "Worsted," "Cotton," etc., should always be written before this general term, so as to express distinctly the material he weaves, thus: "Silk- Weaver."
20. Domestic servants should be described according to the nature of their service, adding in all cases "Domestic Servant." Examples: "Coachman- Domestic Servant;" "Gardner- Domestic Servant."
21. Messengers, porters, laborers, to be described according to the nature of their employment on the day of the Census. Examples: "Railway Porter," "Bricklayerâs Laborer," "Laborer in Iron Works."
22. Persons ordinarily engaged in some industry, but out of employment on April 3rd, should be so described, as "Coalminer, unemployed," "Printer, unemployed."
23. Persons following no profession, trade, or Calling and holding no public office, but deriving their incomes chiefly from houses, dividends, interest of money, annuities, etc., may describe themselves accordingly. The indefinite terms Gentleman, squire, are not to be used. Persons who have retired from business may be entered thus: "Retired Farmer," "Retired Grocer."
24. Women and children- The occupations of those who are regularly employed from home, or who follow any business at home, is to be distinctly recorded. See also instruction number 10.
List the members of this family, of visitors, and of servants, who slept or abode in this dwelling on the night of Sunday, April 2nd, 1871.
1. Name and surname
No person absent on the night of Sunday, April 2nd to be entered here; except those who may be rravelling or out at work during that night, and who return home on Monday, April 3rd.
Write after the name of the head of the family the names of his wife, children, and other relatives; then visitors, etc., and servants.
[Table with "Males" and "Females" columns omitted.]
[See: Instructions for filling up the column headed "Rank, profession or occupation."]
6. Where born
Opposite the names of those born in England, write the county, and town, or parish.
If born in England, Ireland, the British colonies, or the East Indies, state the country or colony.
If born in foreign parts, write the particular state or country; and if also a British subject add "British Subject," or "Naturalized British Subject," as the case may be.
8. Number of children from 5 to 13 attending school or being educated at home
Only children between 5 and 13 in regular attendance at school, or being educated at home under a tutor or governess, are to be taken into account. All children entered in column 4 as 5 years of age are to be embraced, but all entered as 13 and upwards are to be excluded.