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[p. 1]

1981 Census of Population and Housing:
Portugal Questionnaires

Building Questionnaire - 1981

Location

____ Street name
____ Door number
____ Place
____ Parish
____ Municipality
_ _ _ Section number/urban block
_ _ _ Building Questionnaire number
[] 8 Isolated

1. Type of building and period of construction:

Building, constructed or reconstructed:
[] 1 Before 1919
[] 2 From 1919 to 1945
[] 3 From 1946 to 1960
[] 4 From 1961 to 1970
[] 5 From 1971 to 1975
[] 6 From 1976 to 1979
[] 7 From 1980 or 1981
[] 8 Other case

2. Number of living quarters: _ _

(Indicate the total number of living quarters registered in column 1 of the list of living quarters in the building)

If you checked option 8 in question 1, end this questionnaire and proceed to the living quarters questionnaire.

[Questions 3-7 were asked only in case when enumerator is dealing with a building, per question 1]

3. Type of utilization:

[] Mainly for residential purposes (the entire or most of the area of the building is devoted for habitation purposes)
[] 1 Exclusively residential building
[] 3 Mostly residential building
[] 5 Mainly for non-residential purposes (most of the area of the building is devoted to non-residential purposes)

4. Number of floors: _ _

Main structural materials used:

5. Structure elements

[] 2 Structural concrete
[] 4 Mortared masonry walls without concrete slabs (brick masonry, blocks from concrete or other blocks)
[] 6 Timber
[] 8 Others (metallic structure or other materials)

6. Main material used in external wall covering:

[] 1 Mortared masonry walls without concrete slabs
[] 3 Mortared masonry walls with concrete slabs
[] 5 Timber
[] 7 Other (stone, clay, etc.)

7. Type of roof

[] 2 Terrace [flat roof]
[] Inclined roof:
[] 4 Covered with tiles
[] 6 Covered with other materials (wood, stone, etc.)
[] 8 Mixed (partially flat, partially inclined)

[p. 2]

[Number of dwellings in the building form was not translated into English]

[p. 3]

[Complementary Building Questionnaire form was not translated into English]

[p. 4]

[Instructions for completing the questionnaire were not translated into English]

[p. 5]

Living Quarter (Dwelling) Questionnaire - 1981

[First page of the Living Quarter Questionnaire was not translated into English]

[p. 6]

To be filled by the enumerator

Dwelling number _ _

A. Type of living quarter

If options 11, 49 or 58 were selected, end the questionnaire here.[skip questions B, 1-13]

[] 11 On board population and diplomatic personnel

[] Housing unit:
[] 22 Conventional dwelling (house, apartment, country house, and similar)
[] 33 Shack (tin neighborhood style)
[] 34 Rudimentary wooden house
[] 35 Mobile housing unit (roullote, tent, boat, RV, etc.)
[] 36 In a permanent building not designed for habitation (granaries, garages, shops, offices, etc.)
[] 37 Other place not intended for inhabitation (cave, staircase, bridge, etc.)
[] Collective living quarter
[] 49 Hotel, boarding house, or similar (tourism complex, camping parks, etc.)
[] Camps or Institutions
[] 51 Social support (asylum, orphanage, etc.)
[] 52 Education (school, religious seminar, dormitories, boarding school, etc.)
[] 53 Military (barracks or military base)
[] 54 Prison (jail or similar)
[] 55 Religious (convent, monastery, etc.)
[] 56 Health (hospital, recovery home, etc.)
[] 57 Work (personnel dormitory, camp, etc.)
[] 58 Other type

If you selected 11 or [a value] between 49 and 58, end the filling of the questionnaire.

B. Occupancy status

[Question B was asked in case of housing units and collective living quarters, except hotels or similar and institutions of "other type", per question A]

If options 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7 in question B [is] selected, end the questionnaire here.
If option 2 [is] selected and there is no dwelling, end this questionnaire likewise.

[] Occupied
[] 1 Usual residence
[] 2 Seasonal use
[] 3 Absent occupant (emigrant, etc.)
[] Vacant
[] 4 For sale
[] 5 For rent
[] 6 For demolition
[] 7 In ruins or other cases

Begin here the enumeration

Don't forget you must choose only one answer for each question.

[Questions 1-13 were asked in cases of a housing unit or a collective living quarter, except hotels or similar and institutions of "other type" -- that is occupied as a usual residence or for seasonal use, per questions A, B]

1. Number of occupants

Total number of persons _ _ _

2. Electricity

Does the housing unit have electricity?

[] 1 Yes
[] 3 No

3. Water (Water supply system)

[] Piped water available in the housing unit:
[] 1 From a public network
[] 2 From a private source
[] 3 Piped water available within the building but outside the housing unit
[] No piped water available inside the dwelling or the building, but the main source of water is:
[] 4 Public drinking fountain
[] 5 Private well or hole
[] 6 Public well with pump
[] 7 Public well without pump or surface water fountain

4. Toilet facilities

Indicate if the housing unit has:

[] 1 No toilet available
[] 3 Has toilet with flush device
[] 5 Has toilet without flush device

5. Bath or shower facilities

By bath or shower facilities we mean any facility that is permanently connected to the a sewer and draining system that allows for the evacuation of black waters outside the dwelling.

Does the housing unit have a fixed system of bath or shower?

[] 1 Yes
[] 3 No

6. Sewage disposal system:

[] 2 Housing unit without sewage disposal system
[] Housing unit with sewage disposal system:
[] 4 Connected to a public sewage disposal plant
[] 6 Connected to a private sewage disposal plant (septic tank, etc.)
[] 8 Other sewage arrangements (open pit, ditches, brook, etc.)

If your dwelling is a tent, rudimentary timber house, mobile home, temporary or improvised home, end this questionnaire. [skip questions 7-13]

[Questions 7-13 were asked in cases of a housing unit or a collective living quarter (except hotels or similar and institutions of "other type"), that is occupied as a usual residence or for seasonal use, and is not a tent, rudimentary timber house, mobile home, temporary or improvised home, per questions A, B.]

7. Kitchen

Indicate if the housing unit:

[] 1 Does not have kitchen
[] 2 Does not have a kitchen, but has a kitchenette or a small space destined and prepared to cook
[] 3 Has kitchen

8. Rooms: Indicate the number of rooms in the dwelling _ _

The following should not be considered as rooms: kitchen (even when used for other purposes as well), corridors, halls, bathrooms, verandas, store, room, or any other room exclusively used for a professional activity.

If you are not an owner or co-owner of the dwelling, skip to question 11.[skip questions 9-10]

[Questions 9-10 were asked of persons who own or co-own this housing unit or collective living quarter (except hotels or similar and institutions of "other type"), and occupy it as a usual residence or seasonally, and the dwelling is not a tent, rudimentary timber house, mobile home, temporary or improvised home, per questions A, B.]

9. Ownership

If you chose 3 [below], end the questionnaire [skip questions 10-13].

If you are the owner or co-owner of the dwelling, indicate if you had to finance the purchase of this house:

[] 1 Yes
[] 3 No

10. Monthly mortgage payment

[Question 10 was asked of persons who have mortgage, per question 9]

If you answered question 10, please end questionnaire [skip questions 11-13].

If you bought a dwelling and pay a mortgage, it is possible that the payment is not monthly. If this is the case, to answer correctly, you will have to divide the payment (principal plus interest) by the number of months in that period and the, indicate the size to which corresponds the monthly mortgage charge:

[] 1 Less than $2,000
[] 2 From $2,000 to less than $4,000
[] 3 From $4,000 to less than $6,000
[] 4 From $6,000 to less than $8,000
[] 5 From $8,000 to less than $10,000
[] 6 $10,000 or more

[Questions 11-13 were asked of tenants of this housing unit or collective living quarter (except hotels or similar and institutions of "other type"), who occupy it as a usual residence or seasonally (and the dwelling is not a tent, rudimentary timber house, mobile home, temporary or improvised home, per questions A, B.]

11. If you are a tenant, please indicate the form of lease:

[] Rented and leased:
[] 2 Not furnished by the owner
[] 4 Furnished by the owner
[] 6 Sub-leased housing unit
[] 8 Other situation (building superintendent, security guard, granted, etc.)

12. Rent:

(Do not consider the responsibility for purchase of own house)

If you pay rent, please indicate the size to which corresponds the monthly amount:

[] 1 Less than $500
[] 2 From $500 to less than $1,000
[] 3 From $1,000 to less than $3,000
[] 4 From $3,000 to less than $5,000
[] 5 From $5,000 to less than $7,000
[] 6 From $7,000 to less than $9,000
[] 7 From $9,000 to less than $12,000
[] 8 From $12,000 to less than $15,000
[] 9 $15,000 or more

13. Housing unit ownership:

The dwelling is owned by:

[] 1 Private owner or private company
[] 2 Public companies
[] 3 State, public corporations
[] 4 Social security or other non-profit institutions
[] 5 Housing associations, housing cooperatives

End of this questionnaire. However, do not forget to fill the individual questionnaires. Thank you.

[p. 7]

Private Household (Family) - 1981

To be completed by the enumerator

____ Place
____ Parish
_ _ _ Section number
_ _ _ Building number
_ _ Dwelling number

A. This section is destined to residents of the autonomous region of Azores (Islands of Graciosa, S. Jorge and Terceira.)

Is the family homeless due to the earthquake of January 1st, 1980?

By homeless, we understand a family that does not reside in a dwelling that used before the earthquake, due to it

[] 1 Yes
[] 3 No

B. From the list, this is the [space for the number] family within the dwelling: ____

Write "unique", when there is only one family; 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc, when there are more than one families.

[The following questions are organized into a table. Each question appears in a column, in the order depicted below from left to right, and there 15 rows for each person's answer.]

Reference Number [pre-printed two digit number, 01 through 15]

Reference person's complete name: ____
First and last name to all other persons.
Example: Maria Fernanda Silva
Relationship to household's reference person ____
Family relationship with the head of the household: (you should mention, in the column right next to the name, what is the relationship with the head of the household according to the following list):

[] Representative of the family [Head of the household; pre-filled for person 01]
[] Husband
[] Wife
[] Single son/daughter
[] Non-single son/daughter
[] Daughter-in-law
[] Son-in-law
[] Father
[] Mother
[] Grandchild
[] Great-grandchild
[] Other Relative
[] Not related
Indicate the spouse/partner's reference number: _ _
For married people who live together in the same dwelling
Indicate the reference number of [your parents]:
For single people who live in the same dwelling as parents, father or mother.

_ _ Father
_ _ Mother

[p. 8]

Individual Questionnaire - 1981

To be filled by the enumerator

Section number _ _ _
Building number _ _ _
Dwelling number _ _

Family number _ _

Individual number _ _

Reserved for I.N.E [omitted]

Begin here the enumeration

1. Name and address

____ Name
____ Place
____ Parish

Please carefully read the Instructions. In each questions, choose only one option.

2. Sex

[] 1 Male
[] 2 Female

3. Citizenship

One citizenship:
[] 99 Portuguese only
[] Foreign. Specify from which country: ____
[] 98 More than one citizenship
[] 97 Stateless

4. Where is your usual residence?

What was your situation on 16 April 1981, at 00:00 hours:

[] 2 Resident and present in the housing unit
[] 4 Resident and absent of the housing unit
[] 6 Is not a resident in the housing unit but is temporary present here

If you chose option 6 in question 4, end the questionnaire here

[Questions 5-27 were asked of residents of the housing unit, per question 4]

5. Place of birth

[] If you were born in the country, please write in the municipality: ____
[] If you were born abroad, please write in which country: ____

6. Date of birth

Day _ _
Month ____
Year 1 _ _ _

7. Marital status

[] 1 Single
[] 2 Married
[] 3 Widowed
[] 4 Separated
[] 5 Divorced

8. Literacy

[] 1 Able to read and write
[] 3 Not able to read and write

9. [Literacy, continued]

[] 2 Are you attending school?
[] 4 Have you ever attended school?
[] 6 No, never attended

[Questions 10-11 were asked of persons who are attending or ever attended school, per question 9]

10. Level of education

Indicate the level of education that you are attending or the highest that you attended (even if didn't complete):

[] 1 Basic - Elementary school ([1st degree] 4 years)
[] 2 Basic - Preparatory school ([2nd degree] 2 years, direct of distance preparatory cycle, former 1st cycle of school, former preparatory cycle in technical schools, etc.)
[] 3 Unified secondary ([1st degree] unified course, general courses - academic, commercial, industrial, visual arts, and agricultural, former 5th year in school or equivalent)
[] 4 Complementary secondary ([2nd degree] 11th grade, 2nd complementary year -academic, commercial, industrial, visual arts, and agricultural - former 7th year of school, former preparatory sections in commercial and industrial courses and equivalent)
[] 5 Preparation year for university or 12th grade
[] 6 Professional courses
[] 7 Post-secondary courses (teaching school for preschool or primary)
[] 8 Tertiary courses

11. Did you complete the education level indicated in the previous question?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

12. If you completed a professional, post-secondary or tertiary degree, please write in the name of the course: ________

[Question 12 was asked of persons who completed a professional, post-secondary or tertiary degree, per questions 10, 11]

13. Residence on December 31st, 1979

If you were born, please indicate what your usual place of residence was on December 31, 1979:

[] 1 In the municipality where you live
In other municipality, please specify: ____
[] 2 Macau
[] 3 Angola, Mozambique, Guiné-Bissau, Cape Verde, S. Tomé and Principe or Timor
[] 5 France
[] 6 Germany
[] 7 In other country of Europe
[] 8 United States of America and Canada
[] 9 Any other country in the world

Continues on the back [of the form]

[p. 9]

14. Residence on December 31st, 1973

If you were born, please indicate where was your usual place of residence on December 31, 1973:

[] 0 In the municipality where you live
[] In other municipality, please specify: ____
[] 1 Macau
[] 2 Angola
[] 3 Mozambique
[] 4 Guiné-Bissau, Cape Verde, S. Tomé and Principe or Timor
[] 5 France
[] 6 Germany
[] 7 In other country of Europe
[] 8 United States of America and Canada
[] 9 Any other country in the world

15. Place of work or study

Indicate if the place of work or study is situated:

[] 9999 In the municipality where you live
[] In other municipality, please specify: ____

In each question, choose only one answer

16. Main mode of transportation

Indicate what is the main mode of transport you daily use, for the most of the itinerary, to travel to your place of work or study

[] 1 Bus, light train or underground
[] 2 Train
[] 3 Particular car or van
[] 4 Motorcycle or bicycle
[] 5 Company or School collective transport
[] 6 Other modes of transport (example: taxi, boat, animal traction, etc.)
[] 7 None (exclusively walking)

If you are less than 12 years old, end questionnaire here [skip questions 17-27].

[Questions 17-27 were asked of persons age 12+]

17. Source of livelihood

Indicate main source of livelihood:

[] 1 Work
[] 2 Temporary benefits - Unemployment
[] 3 Temporary benefits - Sickness, accident, etc.
[] 4 Temporary benefits - Others Sickness, accident, etc.
[] 5 Household support
[] 6 Pensions of any kind (reform, pension, handicap, social, etc.) [-- go to question 18]
[] 7 Social support
[] 8 Property or entrepreneurial income
[] 9 Other situation

18. If your main source of livelihood is through Pensions, please indicate of which type:

[Question 18 was asked of persons who's main source of livelihood is pension, per question 17]

[] 5 Retirement pension (by age)
[] 6 Reserve pension
[] 7 Pension for live due to working accident or professional illness
[] 8 Incapacity pension
[] 9 Other type of pension (social pension, survival pension or other)

19. Religion (answer is optional)

[] 1 Catholic
[] 2 Orthodox
[] 3 Protestant
[] 4 Other Christian
[] 5 Jewish
[] 6 Muslim
[] 7 Other non-Christian
[] 8 Without religion

20. Condition towards work

Indicate if in the week of 8-14 of March 1981 you:

[] 1 Worked with a specific profession
[] 3 Did not work with a specific profession, or being a contributing family worker, not paid, worked for less than 15 hours

21. If you chose option 3 in the previous question [20], indicate the reason [why you did not work]:

[Question 21 was asked of persons age 12+ who did not work last week with a specific profession, or was a contributing family worker, not paid, or worked for less than 15 hours, per question 20]

[] 1 Occupied with home chores
[] 2 Student
[] 3 Retired
[] 4 Compulsory military service
[] 5 Permanently incapacitated for working
[] 6 Unemployed looking for first job
[] 7 Unemployed looking for new job
[] 8 Other reason

22. If in the indicated week you did work with a specific profession, please state if [you worked]:

[Question 22 was asked of persons age 12+ who worked with a specific profession last week, per question 20]

[] 2 Less than 15 hours
[] 4 From 15 to 35 hours
[] 6 From 35 to 45 hours
[] 8 45 hours or more

23. Main occupation: ________

Indicate your main profession. If you are unemployed looking for a new job or doing compulsory military service, please indicate the last profession you had.

Be precise. For example: civil construction painter, primary school teacher, third rank officer at the Ministry of Labor, agricultural employee, etc.

24. Professional situation

The profession you indicated as your main occupation was performed as:

[] 1 Employer (with one or more employees)
[] 2 Own-account worker
[] 3 Contributing family worker
[] 4 Employee
[] 5 Member of a production cooperative
[] 6 Other situation

25. Branch of economic activity: ________

Indicate your activity of that of the firm, establishment, service office, etc. where you work or worked (in the case of being unemployed looking for a new job or doing compulsory military service)

If you are of male gender the questionnaire is over.

[Questions 26-27 were asked of females age 12+]

26. Matrimony

If you are married or if you were, please indicate month and year of your wedding (Women that have been married more than once, please indicate the date of the first marriage):

Month: ____
Year: 1 _ _ _

27. Fertility

If you had live born children, indicate how many you had: _ _

End the questionnaire. Thank you.

Instructions for Individual Questionnaire

General Instructions

A questionnaire must be used for:

  • Each of the persons who resided in the dwelling at midnight of March 16, 1981 (don't forget children and those temporarily absent).
  • Each of the people temporarily present in the dwelling at the same time.

Who answers the questionnaire?

  • All the Portuguese [citizens] and foreigners who reside in Portugal, even those who at the census time (midnight of March 16, 1981) are absent from their residences or even from the country.
  • All the Portuguese [citizens] and foreigners who [usually] reside abroad, but who at the census time are in Portugal

Who should not answer the questionnaire?

  • Foreigners who are members of a diplomatic mission and their families, since they reside in their embassies, and foreign military personnel and their families, since they reside in military bases located in the national territory.

Who fills out the questionnaire?

  • The respondent, a family member, a friend, etc.
  • In case of impossibility, request the enumerator for help with the filling out of the questionnaire or [ask her] to fill it out [for you].

How to fill out the questionnaire?

  • The questions with boxes, write an "X" in the situation or case that applies.
  • In each question, mark only one box, that is, you can only provide one answer.
  • If you think you could have more than one answer to the same question, choose the one you consider more relevant.
  • In questions 1, 3, 5, 6, 12, 13, 14, 15, 23, 25, and 26, which have lines, you should write one or more words corresponding to your answer.

Important: Boxes with stippled interior ([example provided]) are to be filled by the I.N.E.. Please do not mark them.

Special Instructions

Question 3 - Citizenship

  • If you have more than one citizenship, even one of them is Portuguese, mark option 98.
  • If you have an ongoing naturalization process, indicate the citizenship that you currently have and not the one you intend to obtain.

Question 4 - Usual residence situation

  • Resides and is present - every person who resides in the dwelling and is present (at midnight of March 16, 1981) or those who will return before noon of that day.
  • Resides but is absent - every person who resides in the dwelling, but is not present there (at midnight of March 16, 1981) and those who will not be back by noon of that day.

Special cases of absent residents who usually reside with their families:

Student who leaves away from her family and is not engaged in a paid economic activity
Person who lives away from the family dwelling due to work, but keeps his family dwelling [here]. Include absent shipmates.
Person enrolled in the compulsory military service.
Persons who are hospitalized or institutionalized in rehabilitation institutions.
Incarcerated persons.
Travelers at the time of the census.
People who emigrated abroad less than a year ago.
  • Is not a resident, but is present: all persons who do not usually reside in the dwelling but are present (at midnight of March 16, 1981).

Special cases of non-residents present in a dwelling [that is not their home]:

All persons referred as absent residents, that is: students, travelers, etc.
Foreign diplomats and their family in mission in Portugal, as long as they live outside the embassy.
Foreigners who have been in Portugal less than a year.
Portuguese citizens who reside abroad, and are in Portugal for a short period of time.

Question 5 - Place of birth

  • In case you were born in Macau, write this word in the line destined for "municipality".
  • In case you were born in a territory which is currently independent, but was under Portuguese administration when you were born, write the name of the territory in the line for "foreign country"

Question 6 - Date of birth

  • If you were born, for example, on March 8, 1940, write:
  • (Day) _ 8
  • (Month) March
  • (Year) 1 9 4 0

Question 7 - Marital Status

  • Married: refers to the person who is legally married or living in an equivalent situation. The married condition (legal or de facto) dominates over any other prior status.
  • Separated: is every person who, after having been married, separated herself from her spouse, even when the separation has not been legally recognized.

Question 10 - Level of education

  • Professional courses. For example, courses for: Secretary, Manager's Assistant, Correspondent, Foreign Languages and Translator-Interpreter, Education Agent, General Accounting, Special Painting Activities, etc.
  • If you are enrolled in more than one course, indicate the one that is most closely related to your professional activities. If you are unemployed, chose the course with which you feel more vocation.

Question 15 - Place of work or study

Answer this question only if you are a resident who is present [at the time of the census].
This question should not be answered in the questionnaire of a person who is an absent resident.

Question 17 - Source of livelihood

Important: since you can only mark one answer, you will have to choose, among the "Source of livelihood" options, the one that mostly contributes to satisfy your living necessities.

  • Work: includes persons who mainly live from their work, whether she gets paid or not. People in the compulsory military service should mark this option.
  • Household support: includes persons supported by their family (homemaker who only works at home, students, children, etc.)
  • Pensions of any kind: includes persons who receive a pension, as long as the amount received exceeds that of any other source of livelihood they could have.
  • Social support: includes persons whose main means of survival is assistance provided within a institution or not, by the State, by private non-profit organizations, or by individuals.
  • Property income: includes persons whose subsistence is mainly financed by rent collected from property, interests, profits, dividends, royalties, etc.

Question 20 - Condition towards work

  • Worked with a specific profession: consider in this category persons who, in the reference week:
  • Worked with pay, regardless of the number of hours worked;
  • Worked without pay for fifteen or more hours in a family economic activity;
  • Did not work for temporary reasons, such as sickness, maternity leave, holidays, work-related accidents, work conflicts, etc. Persons in these conditions should indicate the number of hours they usually work in a week in Question 22.
  • Did not work with a specific profession: this option includes persons who:
  • Did not work in an economic activity (homemaker, student, retiree, etc.);
  • Works in an family economic activity, however, for less than 15 hours per week and without pay. If you marked option 3 in question 20, do not fill question 22.

Question 21

  • Permanently incapacitated for working: mark this option if the person who is incapacitated for working has not reached retirement age, otherwise, chose option 3.

Question 23 - Main occupation

  • Main occupation: in case of having more than one occupations, indicate the one where you work more time.

Question 24 - Professional situation

  • Own-account worker: refers to the individual who works on his own and usually does not have paid workers, although he can receive help from family member whom he does not pay.
  • Contributing family worker: refers to the individual who works at least 15 hours per week in a family economic activity, without receiving payment.
  • Employee: refers to the individual who works for another person, firm, or organization in exchange for a wage. Workers in production cooperatives choose this option.
  • Member of a production cooperative: refers to the member of a production cooperative, where he works. This option includes, also, workers of self-managed firms.

Question 25 - Branch of economic activity

  • If you work on your own account, indicate the type of activity performed. For example: agriculture, civil construction, retail sale of fruits, etc.
  • If you work as an employee, indicate the activity of the firm, organization, or establishment, etc. where you work. Examples: road transportation company, water shipping company, painting office, hotel, light weapons and ammunition factory, automobile assembly plant, financial management, school of _____, museum of _____, chamber of commerce, primary school, etc. If you work for a firm that does multiple activities, indicate the activity performed in the store or establishment were you work and not that of the general firm. Example: suppose you work in a shoe store (retail) which belongs to a firm whose main activity is wholesale of shoes, you should say "retail sale of shoes", and not "wholesale sale of shoes."

Question 26 - Matrimony

  • By matrimony, we understand any situation, whether legal or defacto

Question 26 - Fertility

  • You should indicate the number of children born alive, regardless of whether they are alive or not.

[The Individuals in a Collective Dwelling Questionnaire was not translate into English]