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Republic of Nicaragua
National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC)
VIII Census of Population and IV Census of Dwelling, 2005

Section I. Geographic location of the dwelling

1. Department / autonomous region ____ _ _

2. Municipality ____ _ _

3. Neighborhood / district ____ _ _ _

4. Community ____ _ _

5. Location ____ _ _

6. Supervision area _ _

7. Section _ _ _

8. Block _ _ _

9. Dwelling _ _ _ . _ _

10. Household number within the dwelling _ _

11. Exact address ____

Section II. Information about the dwelling

1. Type of dwelling (through observation)

Private dwelling
[] 01 House
[] 02 Quinta (house on a plot of land, e.g. villa or country house)
[] 03 Apartment
[] 04 Room in a tenement
[] 05 Hut or shack
[] 06 Improvised dwelling
[] 07 Premise used as a dwelling
Collective dwelling
[] 08 Hotel
[] 09 Boarding house / motel / hostel
[] 10 Guest house
[] 11 Hospital / clinic / sanitarium
[] 12 Rehabilitation center
[] 13 Asylum / shelter
[] 14 Orphanage
[] 15 Religious institution / boarding school
[] 16 Jail or juvenile detention center
[] 17 Military base or installation
[] 18 Other
[] 19 Homeless area
(If choices 08-10 selected, continue to question 3)
(If choices 11-19 selected, continue to Section VI-B)

2. Dwelling occupancy status (through observation)

Occupied dwelling
[] 01 With inhabitants present
[] 02 With inhabitants absent
Unoccupied dwelling
[] 03 For sale or rent
[] 04 For temporary / seasonal use
[] 05 Under construction
[] 06 Undergoing repairs
[] 07 Temporarily unoccupied
[] 08 Abandoned
[] 09 In ruins or destroyed
(If choices "03"-"09" selected, continue to another dwelling)

3. What is the predominant construction material of the exterior walls?

[] 01 Cement or concrete blocks
[] 02 Quarried stone
[] 03 Reinforced concrete
[] 04 Concrete slab
[] 05 Panels of Covintec [wire mesh over expanded foam covered with plaster]
[] 06 Drywall
[] 07 Plycem / Nicalit sheeting [sheeting of wood or other fiber]
[] 08 Concrete and wood (mini-skirted)
[] 09 Concrete and other materials
[] 10 Brick or clay blocks
[] 11 Adobe or taquezal [where wooden columns and beams provide structural support for the adobe]
[] 12 Wood
[] 13 Zinc
[] 14 Bamboo / barul / cane / palm
[] 15 Concrete waste or discarded materials
[] 16 Other

4. What is the predominant construction material of the roof?

[] 1 Zinc
[] 2 Plycem / Nicalit sheeting [sheeting of wood or other fiber]
[] 3 Clay or cement tiles
[] 4 Reinforced concrete panels
[] 5 Straw, palm and similar materials
[] 6 Rubble or discarded materials
[] 7 Other

5. What is the predominant construction material of the floor?

[] 1 Cement block or stone / mosaic / ceramic tile
[] 2 Concrete tile
[] 3 Clay block
[] 4 Wood (wood planks)
[] 5 Dirt
[] 6 Other

6. The type of lighting for this dwelling is:

[] 01 Electrical lighting
[] 02 Electrical motor or generator
[] 03 Solar panel
[] 04 Automobile battery
[] 05 Kerosene gas (lamp)
[] 06 Candle
[] 07 Ocote [oil-rich local wood species]
[] 08 Other
[] 09 Doesn't have

7. This dwelling receives its water supply via:

[] 01 Pipes inside the dwelling
[] 02 Pipes outside the dwelling but on the property
[] 03 Public faucet
[] 04 Private well
[] 05 Public well
[] 06 Natural spring or falls
[] 07 River / stream / creek
[] 08 Truck / cart / tanks
[] 09 From another dwelling / neighbor / business
[] 10 Other

8. This dwelling that is occupied is:

[] 1 Rented
[] 2 Allotted or lent for free
[] 3 Being paid in installments or mortgaged
[] 4 Borrowed
[] 5 Owned without legal contract
[] 6 Owned with legal contract
[] 7 Other

9. From this dwelling to the nearest health center or clinic:

What is the distance?
Kilometers _ _
Meters _ _ _
Blocks _ _
Varas _ _ _ [Unit of measure that varies but measures approximately one meter]

What method of transportation do the inhabitants use to get there?
[] 1 On foot
[] 2 Animal
[] 3 Motorboat
[] 4 Canoe / rowboat
[] 5 Motor vehicle
[] 6 Other

How long does it take to get there?
Days _ _
Hours _ _
Minutes _ _

10. Are there persons or groups of persons who prepare their food separately in this dwelling?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

11. Sir/Madam, bearing in mind that a household is composed of a person or group of persons, related or not, who live under one roof and prepare their food together (common pot), tell me: How many households are there in this dwelling? Total: _ _

[page 2]

Section III. Characteristics of the household

1. The type of toilet facility used in this household is:

[] 1 Outhouse or latrine
Toilet that drains into:
[] 2 Sewage drains
[] 3 Septic field or tank
[] 4 River / ditch
[] 5 None (continue to question 3)

2. Are the toilet facilities for the exclusive use of this household?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

3. How many rooms does this household have that are used only for sleeping? (Do not include kitchens, bathrooms, hallways, or garages) Total: _ _

4. Does this household have a room that is used only for cooking?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

5. In this household, the primary fuel used for cooking is:

[] 1 Butane or propane gas (cylinder)
[] 2 Wood
[] 3 Charcoal/coal
[] 4 Kerosene gas
[] 5 Electricity
[] 6 Other
[] 7 Don't cook

6. How does this household dispose of the majority of its garbage?

[] 1 It is removed by garbage truck
[] 2 Authorized garbage collector / dumpster
[] 3 Burned
[] 4 Buried
[] 5 Thrown in an empty lot, ditch or street
[] 6 Thrown in a river, lagoon, or creek
[] 7 Pays someone to throw it away
[] 8 Organic fertilizer
[] 9 Other

7. This household owns these goods and services: (multiple answers)

Radio / cassette / CD player [boom box]
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Stereo equipment
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Radio only
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Stove (butane, electric)
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Television
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Refrigerator
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Fan
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Sewing machine
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Electric iron
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Land-line telephone
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Cell phone
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Washing machine
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Air conditioning
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Cable TV service
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Computer
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Internet
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

8. This household has a vehicle for exclusive private use, such as: (multiple answers)

Car / station wagon / jeep
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Motorcycle / scooter / ATV
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Bicycle
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Animal [for transport use]
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Canoe / rowboat
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Motor boat
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Yacht
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

9. Does any member of this household carry out any economic activity inside the dwelling, such as: (multiple answers [accepted])

Make any product or article to sell, such as: tortillas, bread, clothing, shoes, furniture, hammocks, artisanal goods, others
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Sell any product or article that they do not manufacture, produce or make, such as: basic grains, carbonated beverages, clothing, shoes, others
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Provide any service, such as: renting rooms, radio, television, or refrigerator repair, medical services, beauty parlor, others
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

10. Does any member of this household carry out any agricultural activity outside the dwelling as an employer or self-employed owner, such as: farming, nursery production, animal breeding, etc.?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

11. In this household, are there one or more persons: (multiple answers [accepted])

Who are deaf, or mute, or blind?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Who have permanent difficulty walking, bathing or dressing themselves?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Who have permanent difficulty learning or understanding, have mental problems, or have difficulty relating to others?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

12. Did this household receive remittances from anyone outside the country during the past twelve months,?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (continue to section IV)

13. How often was money received and how much was received in dollars? (multiple answers [accepted])

[] 1 Weekly, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 2 Bi-weekly, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 3 Monthly, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 4 Bi-monthly, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 5 Tri-monthly, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 6 Every four months, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 7 Bi-annually, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 8 Annually, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 9 Other, US$_ _ _ _ _
[] 10 Does not know / does not respond

[page 3]

Section IV. International emigration in the household

1. Does any person who was a member of this household currently live in another country?

[] 1 Yes
How many? _ _
[] 2 No (continue to section V)
Begin the list with the last person who left Nicaragua

Name ____

2. Is [the person] male or female?

[] 1 Male
[] 2 Female

3. In what year did [the person] leave Nicaragua? _ _

4. In what country does [the person] currently live? _ _ _ (country code)

5. How old was [the person] when s/he left Nicaragua? _ _

6. What was the highest grade or education level successfully completed by [the person] when s/he left Nicaragua?

[] 0 None _
[] 1 Elementary _
[] 2 Secondary _
[] 3 University _
Section V. Deaths in the household

1. From January 1, 2004 until now, did any member of this household die? Do not forget to note the deaths of any newborns or elderly persons.

[] 1 Yes
How many? _ _
56[] 2 No (continue to section VI-A)

Name ____

2. On what date did [the person] die? (day / month / year) _ _ / _ _ / _ _

3. How old was [the person] when s/he died? _ _ _

If the person was younger than 1 year, write "000"

4. Was [the person] male or female?

[] 1 Man
[] 2 Woman

5. Did the household obtain a death certificate from MINSA for [the person]?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

6. Was the death recorded in the Civil Registry?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

[Question 7 was asked only of women who died between 12 and 54 years old]
7. She died during:

[] 1 a pregnancy
[] 2 a delivery
[] 3 within 40 days of giving birth
[] 4 any other moment
[page 4]

Section VI-A. List of persons who are members of the household

Sir/Madam, bearing in mind that a habitual resident is a person who has habitually lived in the household for six months or more, or, that having lived in the household for less time, has the intention of living in the household, tell me:

1. How many persons habitually live in this household, including newborns and elderly persons?
Total _ _
Men _ _
Women _ _

2. Beginning with the head of household, what are the first and last names of each of the persons in this household?

Request that the informant give you the names of each of the members, respecting the following order as much as possible:

a) Head of household
b) Spouse or partner
c) Unmarried sons/daughters
d) Married sons/daughters and their spouses and children
e) Mother/father
f) Mother/father-in-law
g) Other relative
h) Unrelated persons

Person no. _
Name ____

[] 1 Male
[] 2 Female

3. Have you forgotten to mention any newborns, elderly persons, or another person who may be in a hospital, clinic or other place?

1 [] Yes (complete the list, correct the total of persons, and continue to section VII)
2 [] No (continue to section VII)
Section VI-B. Total number of persons in collective dwellings and homeless areas
Total _ _
Men _ _
Women _ _
[page 5]

Section VII. Characteristics of the persons

Person no. _ _
Name of the person ____

[Questions 1-10 were asked of all persons]

1. What is [the person]'s relationship with the head of household?

[] 01 Head of household
[] 02 Spouse or companion
[] 03 Son / daughter
[] 04 Stepson / stepdaughter
[] 05 Son / daughter-in-law
[] 06 Grandson / granddaughter
[] 07 Great-grandson / great-granddaughter
[] 08 Mother / father
[] 09 Grandmother / grandfather
[] 10 Mother / father-in-law
[] 11 Brother / sister
[] 12 Other relative
[] 13 Not related
[] 14 Domestic employee
[] 15 Person in a collective dwelling
[] 16 Homeless person

2. Is [the person] male or female?

[] 1 Male
[] 2 Female

3. How old is [the person]? (years) _ _ _

If younger than 1 year, write "000"

4. On what date was [the person] born? (day / month / year) _ _ / _ _ / _ _ _ _

5. [The person] is currently:

[] 1 Under 12 years old
[] 2 Cohabiting/partnered
[] 3 Married
[] 4 Separated
[] 5 Divorced
[] 6 Widowed
[] 7 Single

6. Does [the person] consider him or herself a member of an indigenous people or an ethnic community?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (continue with question 9)

7. To which of the following indigenous peoples or ethnic communities does [the person] belong?

[] 01 Rama
[] 02 Garifuna
[] 03 Mayangna-Sumu
[] 04 Miskitu
[] 05 Ulwa
[] 06 Creole (Kriol)
[] 07 Mestizo from the Caribbean Coast
[] 08 Xui-Sutiava
[] 09 Nahoa-Nicarao
[] 10 Chorotega-Nahua-Mange
[] 11 Cacaopera-Matagalpa
[] 12 Other
[] 13 Does not know
If choices 08-13 selected, continue to question 9.

8. Does [the person] speak the dialect or language of the indigenous people or ethnic community to which s/he belongs?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

9. When [the person] was born, in which municipality was [the person]'s mother living in?

[] 1 Here, in this municipality
[] 2 Other municipality
Which municipality? ____
In which department? ____
[] 3 In another country: ____
In what year did [the person] arrive in Nicaragua? ___ (continue to question 11)

10. This place was a:

[] 1 Farm / village / comarca [traditional administrative region]
[] 2 City

[Questions 11-18 were asked of persons age 5 or older]

11. Five years ago, during this month in 2000, in which municipality did [the person] live in?

[] 1 Here, in this municipality
[] 2 Other municipality
Which municipality? ____
In which department? ____
[] 3 In another country: ____
In what year did [the person] arrive in Nicaragua? ___ (continue to question 13)

12. This place was a:

[] 1 Farm / village / comarca [traditional administrative region]
[] 2 City

13. What is [the person]'s religion?

[] 01 None
[] 02 Catholic
[] 03 Evangelical
[] 04 Moravian
[] 05 Jehovah's Witnesses
[] 06 Jewish
[] 07 Muslim
[] 08 Other

14. [The person]:

[] 1 Knows how to read and write
[] 2 Only knows how to read
[] 3 Cannot read or write

15. Does [the person] currently attend a pre-school, primary, secondary or technical school or a university?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

16. What is the highest grade or school year that [the person] passed?

[] 0 None; Grade or year _
[] 1 Pre-school; Grade or year _
[] 2 Primary; Grade or year _
[] 3 Secondary; Grade or year _
[] 4 Basic technical; Grade or year _
[] 5 Middle technical; Grade or year _
[] 6 Advanced technical; Grade or year _
[] 7 University; Grade or year _

If choices "0"-"3" selected, continue to question 19

17. Did [the person] complete technical or university studies?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

18. What is the name of the technical career or university major field? ____

Code: _ _ _

[page 6]

[Questions 19-31 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

19. Did [the person] work during the last week?

[] 1 Yes (continue to question 26)
[] 2 No

20. Even though [the person] did not work, does s/he have any job from which s/he was absent because of vacation, leave, benefit pay or illness? (Include situations like lack of raw materials, damaged machinery, strikes, other impediment, etc.)

[] 1 Yes (continue to question 26)
[] 2 No

21. Did [the person] look for work in the past two weeks?

[] 1 Yes (continue to question 24)
[] 2 No

22. [The person] did not look for work because:

[] 1 S/he expects to continue with agricultural work/fishing activities (continue to question 26)
[] 2 Already found work (continue to question 24)
[] 3 Is waiting for an answer from an employer (continue to question 24)
[] 4 Tired of looking for work
[] 5 Does not know where to look for employment
[] 6 There is no work
[] 7 Other

23. If [the person] does not work, and did not look for work, what does [the person] do?

[] 1 Only studies
[] 2 Housework
[] 3 Is pensioned/retired/collects rent or investment income
[] 4 Is permanently disabled
[] 5 Is elderly
[] 6 Other

Continue to question 25

24. Has [the person] ever worked?

[] 1 Yes (continue to question 28)
[] 2 No

25. Even though [the person] did not work last week, did he/she perform any activity, such as:

[] 1 Sell at a fixed or mobile stand
[] 2 Wash, iron, sew for other persons, or similar
[] 3 Make and sell bread, tortillas, candy, artisanal goods, or similar
[] 4 Helper or apprentice
[] 5 Field work, farming and harvesting the land, breed animals, milk cows or other similar activities
[] 6 Other paid activity
[] 7 No paid activity

If choice 7 selected:
If this is a woman who is age 13 or older, continue to question 32
If this is a woman who is younger than 13, continue to the next person
If this is a man, continue to the next person

26. [The person]'s workplace is located in:

[] 1 Here, in this municipality
[] 2 Other municipality
Which municipality? ____
In which department? ____
[] 3 Several municipalities
[] 4 Another country: ____
Code: _ _ _ _

27. The work that [the person] performs is:

[] 1 Temporary
[] 2 Permanent

28. What work did [the person] do/used to do in his/her principal job? ____

Code: _ _ _ _

29. In this job, [the person] works/worked as:

[] 1 Employee / worker
[] 2 Day laborer / farmhand
[] 3 Unpaid worker
[] 4 Employer / business owner
[] 5 Self-employed
[] 6 Member of a cooperative
[] 7 Other

30. What is the primary activity of the place or establishment where [the person] works/worked? ____

Code: _ _ _ _

31. How many hours did [the person] work during the past week or the last week in which s/he worked? _ _

[Questions 32-38 were asked of women age 13 or older]

32. Has [the woman] had live-born children?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (continue to the next person)

33. How many live-born children has [the woman] had in total?

Total _ _
Male _ _
Female _ _

34. How many of [the woman]'s children are still alive?

Total _ _
Male _ _
Female _ _

35. What was the date of birth of [the woman]'s last live-born child?
(day / month / year) _ _ / _ _ / _ _ _ _

36. Where was the last live-born child delivered?

[] 1 In a health-care facility
[] 2 In a private home
[] 3 In another place

37. Was a birth certificate from MINSA received for this last live-born child?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

38. Was this child registered in the Civil Registry?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No