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1990 Housing Census - Mauritius

I. Location

____ C01 Geographical district
____ C02 Municipal/village council area/outside M/V.C.A
____ C03 Enumeration area
____ C04 Urban/semi-urban/rural
____ C05 Census district
____ C06 Locality
____ C07 Block no.
____ C08 Building enumeration no.
____ C09 No. of housing units in building

C10. II. Type of building

[] 01 Under construction and not inhabited [skip to section V]

Wholly residential

[] 02 Building used wholly as one housing unit

Building containing more than one housing unit
[] 03 Block of flats, semi-detached houses, etc.
[] 04 Building intended to be used as one housing unit but crudely subdivided into smaller housing units
[] 05 Other: specify ____
[] 06 Detached room intended for use by part of a household
[] 07 Building or structure occupied as improvised housing unit (e.g. longère, garage, tent)
Partly residential
[] 08 Building used partly for residential and partly for other purposes (e.g. shop dwelling)
Hotels and institutions
[] 09 Hotel or boarding house with 9 or more rooms [skip to section V]
[] 10 Hotel or boarding house with less than 9 rooms [skip to section V]
[] 11 Institution (e.g. convent, infirmary, hospital, barracks) [skip to section V]
[] 12 Public building [stop here]
[] 13 Commercial [skip to section VI]
[] 14 Industrial [skip to section VI]
[] 15 Commercial and industrial [skip to section VI]
[] 16 Warehouse [skip to section VI]
[] 17 Other: specify ____ [skip to section VI]

III. Characteristics of buildings coded 02-08 in Section II

C11. Storeys above ground floor
No. of storeys above ground floor (if none, write 0; if 9, write 9) ____

C12. Year of completion

[] 1 Before 1960
[] 2 1960-74
[] 3 1975-79
[] 4 1980-84
[] 5 1985-89
[] 6 1990
[] 7 Not known
[] 8 Not completed but inhabited

Principal material of construction used

C13. Roof

[] 1 Concrete slab
[] 2 Iron or tin sheets
[] 3 Shingles
[] 4 Other: specify ____

C14. Walls

[] 1 Stone, concrete, concrete blocks, bricks
[] 2 Iron or tin sheets
[] 3 Wood
[] 4 Other: specify ____

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IV. For all housing units
(i.e. codes 02-05, 07, 08 of section II)

C15. Serial no. of housing unit _ _

HU1. Ownership

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Public

HU2. Occupancy

[] 1 Principal residence
[] 2 Secondary residence
[] 3 For rent
[] 4 For sale
[] 5 Provided by employer
[] 6 Under repairs
[] 7 Other: specify ____

HU3. Water supply

Piped water
[] 1 Inside housing unit
[] 2 Outside, on premises
[] 3 Outside, public fountain
[] 4 Tank-wagon (camion-citerne)
[] 5 Well/River
[] 6 Other: specify ____

HU4. Availability of electricity

[] 1 Available
[] 2 Not available

HU5. Toilet facilities

Flush toilet connected to sewerage system
[] 1 Not shared
[] 2 Shared
Flush toilet connected to absorption pit or septic tank
[] 3 Not shared
[] 4 Shared
Pit latrine - water seal
[] 5 Not shared
[] 6 Shared
Pit latrine - other
[] 7 Not shared
[] 8 Shared
[] 9 Not shared
[] 0 Not shared

HU6. Bathing facilities

Bathroom inside with running water
[] 1 Not shared
[] 2 Shared
Bathroom inside without running water
[] 3 Not shared
[] 4 Shared
Bathroom outside with running water
[] 5 Not shared
[] 6 Shared
Bathroom outside without running water
[] 7 Not shared
[] 8 Shared
[] 0 Not shared

HU7. Availability of Kitchen

Kitchen inside housing unit
[] 1 Not shared
[] 2 Shared
Kitchen outside housing unit
[] 3 Not shared
[] 4 Shared
[] 0 Not shared

HU8. Refuse Disposal

[] 1 Receptacle with cover
[] 2 Receptacle without cover
[] 3 Enclosure made of bricks/stones
[] 4 Ash pit
[] 5 Dumped on the roadside
[] 6 Dumped in backyard
[] 7 Other: specify ____

V. Households

Household number_

Household type [Insert appropriate numerical code]

[] 1 Single
[] 2 Combined
[] 3 Part of household
[] 4 Institutional
[] 5 Hotel population

Not applicable:
[] 6 Vacant
[] 7 Under construction

Name and address of head of household
Insert in following order (in block letters)

First line (a): Title (e.g. Mr, Mrs, Ww, Dr, Hon, etc.), name surname
Second line (b): No. and street/road/lane
Third line (c): Locality/town/district
(a): ____
(b): ____
(c): ____

No. of persons

____ Total
____ Males
____ Females

Tenure [insert appropriate numerical code] _

[] 1 Owner
[] 2 Tenant
[] 3 Sub-tenant
[] 4 Free
[] 5 Other: specify ____

Number of rooms

____ For living purposes
____ For business or profession

Monthly rent (Rs)____

Principal fuel used for cooking [insert appropriate numerical code] _

[] 1 Wood
[] 2 Charcoal
[] 3 Kerosene
[] 4 Electricity
[] 5 Gas
[] 6 Other: specify ____

VI. Commercial and industrial establishments, hotels, and boarding houses
(To be filled in for every non-agricultural private establishment, including those relating to small crafts)

A. Name of establishment or working proprietor/manager (in block letters): ____

B. Address:

No. and street/road/lane ____
Locality/town/district ____

C. Main activity in which the establishment is engaged: ____

D. No. of persons engaged at the time of enumeration

(Include also persons usually employed full time by the establishment, but who are temporarily absent from work because of sickness, accident, holiday or strike)

[] 1 Less than 10
[] 2 10 or more

In strict confidence
Ministry of Economic Planning and Development
Central Statistical Office

Population Census

Night of 1-2 July 1990

G D _
M/VCA _ _
E A _ _
U/S/R _
C D _ _
Locality _ _
Block No. _ _
Building No. _ _ _
H U No. _ _
H No. _
H T _
F N _
Name ____
Address ____


1. Persons by whom the return is to be made
In the case of:

(i) households: the Head of the household or person for the time being acting as head;
The head of a household is any adult member, whether male or female, who is acknowledged as head by the other members. A household is either (i) a person living on his own or (ii) a group of two or more persons who may or may not be related, but who live together and make common provision for food and other essentials for living. Two families living in one house constitute one household if they have common housekeeping arrangements, but should be considered as separate households if they have separate housekeeping arrangements and should then be entered on two separate census forms.
(ii) hotels, clubs, boarding houses: the Manager or other person for the time being in charge of the premises;
(iii) hospitals, infirmaries, asylums, prisons or any other residential institution: the Chief Resident Officer or other person for the time being in charge of the institution;
(iv) Naval Forces, Air Forces, the Special Mobile Force or the Police Training School: the Commanding Officer or the officer presently in charge;
(v) ships, barges or other vessels in any port or harbor in Mauritius: the Captain, master or other person for the time being in charge of the vessel;
(vi) persons arriving after midnight on the night 1-2 July 1990 and who have not been enumerated elsewhere: the person specified above by whom the return is to be made with respect to the persons present at midnight on 1 July 1990 in any of the premises mentioned above;
(vii) persons not included in any of the above-mentioned categories: the person in respect of whom the return is to be made.

2. Persons in respect of whom the return is to be made

(i) All persons who spend census night 1-2 July 1990 on the premises whether they are members of the household, visitors, guests, boarders or servants;
(ii) all persons who arrive on the premises and join the household on Monday July 2 1990 without having been enumerated elsewhere; and
(iii) all temporarily absent members of the household, i.e. all persons who usually live in the household, but who are away on census night, for example, on a business trip, on vacation, in hospital or studying abroad; include them even if you know that they are being enumerated elsewhere.

3. Legal provisions

(i) The Census is taken by the Central Statistical Office under the Statistics Act. Every person is required by law to give to the person responsible for making the return such information as may be necessary to enable the return to be made. No use may however be made of such information by the person to whom it is given except for the purpose of making the return.
(ii) Any person who refuses or neglects to fill in the form or to supply the particulars required therein or who knowingly makes in this form any statement which is untrue in any material particular shall commit an offence under the Statistics Act, and shall, on conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year and to a fine not exceeding Rs. 1,000.
(iii) All information obtained in the course of the Census is treated as confidential. No information about named individuals is ever passed on by the central Statistical Office to any other Government Department or to any other Authority or person. All enumerators and other officers engaged in the taking of the Census are under oath and are liable to prosecution if they improperly disclose any information which has come to their knowledge while performing their duties.

4. Completion of the form

The form should be completely filled in by the person designated in section 1 above. If any difficulty is experienced, particularly with columns 24 to 37, guidance should be sought from the Enumerator when he calls to collect the form. If the answers are incomplete or inaccurate, the enumerator will ask any questions necessary to enable him to complete or correct the form.
The information should be entered in the space provided using ink or a ball-point pen. Nothing should be written in the boxes which are reserved for codes.

5. Collection of the form

The form will be collected on 2 or 3 July 1990 by the appointed enumerator.

Before completing the census form, please consult the guide which is in both English and French.

I declare that the information in this return is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Signature or mark of the person making the return: ____
Signature of authorized officer: ____

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Please do not write anything in the boxes
Complete a line for every person present on Census night (1-2 July 1990) and also for every person who usually lives in the household but was absent on Census night.
See instructions in section 2 on front page.

1 Person number _ _

2 Surname and other names ____

Enter the name (surname first) of every person in the following order:
Head of household
Spouse of head
Unmarried children of head (from eldest to youngest)
Married children of head and their families
Other relatives of head (father, mother, nephew, niece, mother-in-law, etc.)
Other persons (visitor, lodger, servant, etc.)
Babies must be included.
For a baby who has not yet been given a name, write 'Baby' and surname.

3 Relationship to head ____

State if:

[] Head
[] Spouse
[] Son
[] Daughter
[] Son-in-law
[] Daughter-in-law
[] Grand-child
[] Mother
[] Father, etc.
[] Lodger
[] Visitor
[] Servant, etc.

4 Sex _

[] M - for male
[] F - for female

5 Age ____

Give age in completed years. For children who have not attained 1 year, write '0 years'.

6 Month and year of birth ____

Write the month and year of birth of the person.

7 Whereabouts on Census night ____

If person was here on Census night or was out on night work, write 'here'
If person was elsewhere, indicate whether he was 'Elsewhere in Mauritius' or 'Outside Mauritius'

8 Usual address ____ _ _ _ _

If person usually lives here, write 'here'.
If not write the person's usual address.
For persons on visit to Mauritius, write the country of residence.

9 Citizenship ____ _ _ _ _

If of Mauritian nationality, write:
[] MB -- Mauritian born
[] MR -- Mauritian by registration
[] MN -- Mauritian by naturalization
If not Mauritian, specify the country of which person is a citizen.
[Stop here for non-Mauritians usually residing outside Mauritius]

10 Usual address 5 years ago ____

Was the person's address 5 years ago (on 1.7.85) the same as that shown in column 8?
If yes, write 'yes'.
If no, write the person's usual address on 1.7.85.
For a child under 5 years, write 'not born'.

11 Disability ____

Does the person have any long-term disabilities or handicaps which limit his/her participation in individual and/or social activities which are considered normal for a person of his/her age?
Write 'yes' or 'no'.
If 'yes', insert as many disabilities as applicable as follows:
[] LF - Incomplete use of legs/feet
[] AF - Incomplete use of arms/fingers
[] EYE - Partial or total loss of sight even with glasses
[] EAR - Partial or total loss of hearing
[] SPCH - Partial or total loss of speech
[] SLOW - Slow development/learning difficulties
[] BEH - Behaviour problems/mental disability
[] CFB - Loss of consciousness, fits, blackouts
[] OTHER - Other disabilities (specify)

12 Marital status ____

[] W - widowed (not remarried)
[] D - divorced (not remarried)
[] SEP - separated, whether legally or not
[] MRC - married religiously and civilly
[] MR - married religiously only
[] MC - married civilly only
[] C - in a union but not married religiously or civilly
[] S - single
[] UM - other

For persons not single in column 12:

13 Age at first marriage ____

Give the age in completed years at which the person married for the first time.

14 Whether married more than once ____

Has the person married more than once?
Answer 'yes' or 'no'.

[] Yes
[] No

15 Number of children ever born

For women not single in column 12, state the number of children ever born (excluding still births).
Count all live born children whether they are now alive or dead, whether they are living with her or not.

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16 Religion ____

Insert the person's religion.

17 Linguistic group ____

State the language spoken by the person's forefathers.
Consider creole and bhojpuri as languages.

18 Languages usually spoken ____

State the language usually or most often spoken by the person in his/her home.
For children not yet able to speak, insert the language spoken by the mother.
Consider creole and bhojpuri as languages.
[Stop here for children under 2 years]

For persons aged 2 years and over:

19 Languages read and written ____

In which language(s) can the person, with understanding, both read and write a simple statement in his everyday life?
Consider creole and bhojpuri as languages.
Write 'none' for persons (including children) who cannot both read and write any language.

20 School attendance ____

If now attending school (including pre-primary), college or university full-time, write 'now'.
If has attended school in the past, write 'past'.
If never attended school, write 'never'.

21 Primary and secondary education ____

If now attending pre-primary, primary, or secondary school, write standard or form being attended.
If attended primary or secondary school in the past, write highest standard or form completed or highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.
If never attended school, write 'nil'.
Please report tertiary education in col. 22.
[Stop here for persons under 12 years]

For persons aged 12 years and over:

22 Tertiary education

(a) Duration of schooling ____
How many months of schooling or training has the person completed in universities or similar post-secondary institutions?
Write as appropriate:
Less than 1 month
1 month
36 months, etc.
Please report vocational and technical training in col. 23.

(b) Highest qualification ____
Insert the highest post-secondary degree, certificate or diploma received by the person and the major field of study.
Write 'none' if person does not have a post-secondary degree, certificate or diploma.

23 Vocational/technical training

(a) Duration of training ____
How many months of training has the person ever completed outside the regular primary, secondary, and tertiary institutions, i.e., in private or public vocational and technical schools, secretarial and business colleges, institutes of technology, etc?
Also include trade, craft, industrial, and home economics courses as well as in-service or pre-service courses.
Write as appropriate:
Less than 1 month
1 month, etc.

(b) Highest certificate ____
Insert the highest degree, certificate, or diploma received and the major field of vocational or technical training.
Write 'none' if person has no degree, certificate or diploma in vocational or technical training.

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24 Type of activity ____

How many hours in all did the person work for pay, profit or family gain during the past week from Monday 25 June to Sunday 1 July 1990?
Include self-employment with or without employees; work without pay in a family enterprise or farm, but exclude housework in your own home.
If worked for less than 1 hour during the whole week, enter 00 and continue with col. 25.
Otherwise, enter number of hours (to the nearest hour) and go to col. 29.

25 Type of activity ____

Was there a job, business, family enterprise or agricultural holding or farm, at which the person did not work because of illness, injury, holiday, industrial dispute, off-season inactivity, temporary disorganization, etc.?
If there was a job, business, enterprise or farm from which the person was temporarily absent, write 'yes' and go to col. 29.
If the person did not hold a job, write 'no' and continue with col. 26.

26 Type of activity ____

Did the person take any active steps to look for work anytime during the past 8 weeks?
For example, did he/she check with employers or at private homes, factories, and worksites; place or answer advertisements; seek assistance and advice to set up own enterprise; maintain registration with an Employment Exchange, etc.
Write 'yes' or 'no' as appropriate.

27 Type of activity ____

Was the person available for work during the past week?
Write 'yes' or 'no'.

If 'no', give reason as follows:
[] HH - household duties
[] ST - studies
[] DIS - illness, injury, or disability
[] WR - wholly retired
[] Other, specify ____

28 When last worked ____

How many months ago did the person work for the last time, even for a few days?
If person never worked, write 'never' and stop here.

[Questions 29 to 34 refer to the person's job or business during the past week. If person had no job last week, answer for his/her last job. If person had more than one job last week, answer for the job at which he/she worked the most hours.]

29 Name and type of establishment ____

Give the name of the establishment, factory, firm, government ministry, municipal or district council, parastatal body, co-operative enterprise, etc., for which the person worked, including details of branch, division, department, etc.
If there is no name, give name of employer.
If self-employed, give name of business shop, agency, etc., or write the person's own name.
If employed by a private household as cook, driver, watchman, gardener, household worker, maidservant, etc., write 'private household'.

30 Kind of business, industry or service ____

Describe fully the kind of business, industry or service activities carried on at the person's place of work.
Do not use vague terms such as agriculture, repairs, factory, school, shop, etc.
Use precise terms such as sugar cane cultivation, tea cultivation, car repairing, bicycle repairing, sugar factory, pullover knitting mill, manufacture of knitted gloves, cutting and sewing underwears, primary school, household furniture and appliances shop, groceries retailer, victualler, etc.
If there were more than one activity, describe the industry, business or service in which the person's main occupation was performed.

31 Place of work ____

Write the full address of the person's place of work, specifying the village council area or municipal ward and/or locality.
If worked at home, write 'at home'.
If person had no usual place of work, then give the address of the depot, garage, bus or taxi stand, firm, etc., where the person reported for work.
For street vendors, give the address of the place where they work the most.

32. Occupation ____

Describe clearly the work which the person was doing.
Do not use vague terms such as clerk, driver, factory worker, supervisor, repair engineer, teacher, etc.
Use precise terms such as school clerk, filing clerk, accounts clerk, bus driver, bus conductor, taxicar driver, lorry driver, cabinet maker, car mechanic, telephone operator, primary school teacher, etc.
Do not hesitate to use creole terms if necessary.

33 Employment status ____

Insert as appropriate:
[] SEE - self-employed with employees
[] SEW - self-employed without employees
[] FW - working without pay for spouse or other relative in his/her farm or business
[] A - apprentice with or without pay
[] EM - employee paid by day, week, fortnight, job
[] PC - member of producer's cooperative
[] Other, specify ____

34 Length of service with employer ____

How long has the person worked for his/her present or most recent employer?
Give number of completed years.
If less than a year, give number of complete months.
If less than a month, write 'less than a month'.
Please note that length of service with employer is required and not at your job. Thus for persons in public service give total length of service and not time spent in their present grade.
For self-employed persons give the time during which they have been self-employed.

35 Main activity status of person from January to December 1989 ____

Insert as appropriate:
[] EA - had a job and/or was looking for a job
[] H - homemaker
[] S - student
[] D - permanently disabled
[] R - retired
[] Other, specify ____

36 Main activity status of person from January to December 1989 ____

In 1989, how many weeks did the person work for pay, profit or family gain, counting casual, intermittent and continuous employment?

37 Main activity status of person from January to December 1989 ____

In 1989, how many weeks was the person available and looking for work, counting all periods of unemployment?