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VI Population Census and V Dwelling Census
2001

Republic of Ecuador
INEC National Institute of Statistics and Census

National Census of Population and Dwelling 2001

The information solicited is strictly confidential.
Article 21 of the Law of Statistics establishes the Law of Statistical Secrecy.

I. Geographic location

1. Province ____ _ _
2. County ____ _ _
3. County seat or rural parish ____ _ _
4. Zone or community, locality divided by blocks ____ _ _
5. Sector; name of disperse section ____ _ _ _
6. Census area _ _
7. Block number _ _
8. Community, population center, locality, neighborhood, etc. ____ _ _
9. Number of the dwelling (order of the visit) ____ _ _ _
10. Dwelling address:
Avenue, street and number, block, department, etc. ____
Other identification: Road, highway, path, etc. ____

II. Information about the dwelling

1. Type of dwelling

Private
[ ] 1 House or villa
[ ] 2 Apartment
[ ] 3 Room in rental house
[ ] 4 Basic housing, zinc roof
[ ] 5 Rural house
[ ] 6 Shack
[ ] 7 Hut
[ ] 8 Other (specify) ____
Collective
[ ] 11 Hotel, pension, residence hall, hostel
[ ] 12 Military or Police quarters
[ ] 13 Prison
[ ] 14 Hospital, clinic, etc.
[ ] 15 Convent or religious institution
[ ] 16 Other (specify) ____

If the dwelling is collective, continue with Chapter V (identification of the persons of the household).

2. Occupation condition of the dwelling:

[ ] 1 Occupied present
[ ] 2 Occupied with persons absent (end of interview)
[ ] 3 Unoccupied (end of interview)
[ ] 4 Under construction (end of interview)

3. Predominant construction materials of the dwelling:

A. Roof or covering
[ ] 1 Reinforced concrete
[ ] 2 Asbestos or similar (example: Eternit brand of roofing sheets)
[ ] 3 Zinc
[ ] 4 Clay tiles
[ ] 5 Straw or similar
[ ] 6 Other materials

B. External walls
[ ] 1 Reinforced concrete, brick, or cement block
[ ] 2 Adobe wall or adobe brick wall
[ ] 3 Wood
[ ] 4 Cane with mud covering
[ ] 5 Cane without mud covering
[ ] 6 Other materials

C. Floors
[ ] 1 Wood or parquet
[ ] 2 Tile or vinyl
[ ] 3 Brick or cement
[ ] 4 Cane
[ ] 5 Dirt
[ ] 6 Other materials

D. Frame or structure
[ ] 1 Reinforced cement
[ ] 2 Steel
[ ] 3 Stone
[ ] 4 Wood
[ ] 5 Other (specify) ____

4. Water service to the dwelling:

A. How does the household acquire water for the dwelling?
[ ] 1 Piped water inside the dwelling
[ ] 2 Piped water outside the dwelling but inside the building, plot, or land
[ ] 3 Piped water outside the dwelling
[ ] 4 No piped water, acquires water through other methods.

B. Where does the water provided to the household come from?
[ ] 1 From a public network
[ ] 2 From a well
[ ] 3 From a river, fall, ditch, or channel
[ ] 4 From a delivery truck
[ ] 5 Other (specify) (example: rain water) ____

5. How does the household remove the sewage or wastewater from the dwelling?

[ ] 1 Through a public drain or sewer
[ ] 2 Black well
[ ] 3 Septic Tank
[ ] 4 Other form (specify) ____

6. Doe the dwelling have electricity?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No

7. Does the dwelling have telephone service?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No

8. How does the household dispose of trash?

[ ] 1 Trash collecting vehicle
[ ] 2 Empty lot or ditch
[ ] 3 Burning or burying
[ ] 4 Other form (specify) ____

9. Without counting the bathroom, how many rooms are in the dwelling?

Number _ _

10. Are there persons or groups that prepare their food separately, but sleep in this dwelling?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No

11. How many groups of persons (households) cook their food separately and sleep in this dwelling?

Number _ _

Summary of household population

Remember to complete this summary as soon as you finish the interview.

_ _ Men
_ _ Women
_ _ Total

For the dwelling where you are interviewing more than one household, use a form for each household, and repeat chapter 1 (location).


III. Information about the household

Number of the household that you are interviewing _ of _

1. Without counting the kitchen or bathroom, how many rooms are occupied by this household?

Number _ _

2. In this household, how many rooms are used only for sleeping?

Number _ _

3. Does this household have a room, building, or space exclusively for cooking?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No

4. What is the principal combustible or energy used for cooking?

[ ] 1 Natural gas
[ ] 2 Electricity
[ ] 3 Gasoline
[ ] 4 Kerex (kerosene) or diesel fuel
[ ] 5 Wood or charcoal
[ ] 6 Other (specify) ____
[ ] 7 None (they do not cook)

5. The sanitary service available to this household is:

[ ] 1 Bathroom for the exclusive use of the household
[ ] 2 Bathroom shared by various households
[ ] 3 Latrine
[ ] 4 None

6. The bathing system (shower) available to this household is:

[ ] 1 For the exclusive use of the household
[ ] 2 Shared by various households
[ ] 3 None

7. In this household, is part of the dwelling used for an economic activity?

[ ] 1 Yes; what is the principal activity of the establishment? Specify: ____
[ ] 2 No

8. The dwelling occupied by this household is:

[ ] 1 Owned by occupants
[ ] 2 Rented
[ ] 3 Loan-backed habitation contract (anticresis, defined: occupants have use of property in payment of a debt, until the debt is paid)
[ ] 4 Free
[ ] 5 In payment of services
[ ] 6 Other (specify) ____


IV. Information about emigrants to other countries

1. Has one or more persons who were members of this household traveled to another country since November 1996 (during the past five years) and not returned?

[ ] 1 Yes; continue with question 2.
[ ] 2 No; continue with Chapter 5 (identification of the persons in the household)

How many members of this household traveled?

Number _

[There are rows to complete the information about persons numbered 1 through 6].

1. Number, in order (numbers 1-6)
2. Sex
[ ] 1 Man
[ ] 2 Woman
3. Age (at the time the person left the country) ____
4. Year of departure ____
5. Motive of the trip (code) ____
6. Name of the destination country (code) ____


V. Identification of the persons in the household.

1. What are the names and last names of each of the persons that spent the night from the 24th to the 25th of November in this household? Begin with the head of household and continue with the rest of the members of the family (do not forget newborns and the elderly).

Mr. Census taker: Write the names and last names of each person in the following order:

1. Head of household (male or female)
2. Spouse or partner
3. Son or daughter (unmarried children, married children, from eldest to youngest)
4. Son-in-law or daughter-in-law
5. Grandson or granddaughter
6. Parents or parents-in-law
7. Other relatives
8. Other non-relatives
9. Domestic servants
10. Member of the collective household

[There are lines for seven persons]

1. Number of the person ____
2. Names and last names ________
3. Relationship to the head of household ____
4. Sex
[] 1 Man
[] 2 Woman

Total ____

Important: Do not forget to transcribe the number and the names and last names of each of the persons in the initial table of the Chapter IV interviews (information about the population), before you begin to ask the questions.

Mr. Census taker: if the number of persons is more than 7, use an additional form

[One line of instructions at the end of the page is cut off.]


VI. Information about the population

Questionnaire only for the head of household (male or female).

Person Number _ _ _ _
Names and last names ____


A. General characteristics

1. Head of household (male or female) [ ]

2. Is man or woman?

[ ] 1 Man
[ ] 2 Woman

3. How many years have you completed? Write the age at the last birthday.

Years completed _ _

4. Does the person have any permanent physical, sensorial, or mental disability? (Incapacity)

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 1 To see (blindness, only shadows)
[ ] 2 To move or use his/her body (paralysis, amputations)
[ ] 3 Is deaf or uses hearing aids? (deaf, deaf/mute)
[ ] 4 Mental retardation
[ ] 5 Psychiatric Illness (craziness)
[ ] 6 Multiple (two or more of the above)
[ ] 7 Other (disfigurations, internal organs)
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

5. What is the language or dialect that he/she speaks?

[ ] 1 Only Spanish
[ ] 2 Only native language
What native language? ____
[ ] 3 Only foreign language
[ ] 4 Spanish and native language
What native language? ____
[ ] 5 Other (specify) ____

6. How does he/she consider himself/herself: Indigenous, Black (Afro-Ecuadorian), Mestizo, Mulato, White, or other?

[ ] 1 Indigenous
What indigenous nationality or group does he/she belong to? ____
[ ] 2 Black (Afro-Ecuadorian)
[ ] 3 Mestizo
[ ] 4 Mulato
[ ] 5 White
[ ] 6 Other

7. Where was he/she born?

[ ] 1 In this rural parish or county seat
In another part of the country
____ Rural parish or county seat
____ County
____ Province
____ In another country (specify)
_ _ _ _ Year of arrival in Ecuador
[ ] 9 Don't know

8. Where does he/she usually live?

[ ] 1 In this rural parish or county seat
In another part of the country
___ Rural parish or county seat
___ County
___ Province
___ In another country (specify)
[ ] 9 Don't know

9. How long have you lived in the place indicated in the previous question? If less than one year, write "00".

[ ] 98 Always
_ _ Number of years
_ _ Number of months
[ ] 99 Don't know

10. Five years ago (in November 1996), in what rural parish or county seat did you usually live?

[ ] 1 In this rural parish or county seat
In another part of the country
___ Rural parish or county seat
___ County
___ Province
___ In another country (specify)
[ ] 9 Don't know


B. Educational characteristics

11. Does he/she know how to read and write? If he/she can only read or only write, mark the "no" box.

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

12. Does he/she currently attend a regular educational center? (Literacy center, elementary, secondary, basic school, middle school, post-high school, university, post-graduate).

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

13. What is the highest level of education that he/she attends or attended?

[ ] 1 Literacy center
[ ] 2 Elementary
[ ] 3 Secondary
[ ] 4 Basic school
[ ] 5 Middle school
[ ] 6 Post-high school
[ ] 7 University
[ ] 8 Post-graduate
[ ] 9 Don't know

14. What is the last grade or highest year that he/she completed in the indicated level?

[ ] 00
[ ] 01
[ ] 02
[ ] 03
[ ] 04
[ ] 05
[ ] 06
[ ] 07
[ ] 08
[ ] 09
[ ] 10
[ ] 99 Don't know

15. Does he/she have a university degree?

Only for persons who have completed their higher education studies.

[ ] 1 Yes
What degree does he/she have? ____
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know


C. Economic characteristics

16. Is he/she affiliated with Social Security?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

Does he/she currently contribute?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

17. Is he/she member of a rural [campesina] organization?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

18. What did he/she do last week?

Read the possible answers in the indicated order: Worked (at least one hour), has a job but did not work (because of illness, vacation, strike, etc), looked for work having worked before (unemployed), looked for work for the first time, etc. When you receive an answer, mark the corresponding box and move on to the next question. This question only allows one answer.

[ ] 01 Worked (at least one hour); continue with question 20
[ ] 02 Has a job but did not work; continue with question 20
[ ] 03 Looked for work having worked before (unemployed); continue with question 19
[ ] 04 Looked for work for the first time; continue with question 19
[ ] 05 Only did housework; continue with question 19
[ ] 06 Only student; continue with question 19
[ ] 07 Only retired; continue with question 19
[ ] 08 Only pensioner; continue with question 19
[ ] 09 Handicapped, cannot work; continue with question 19
[ ] 10 Other, specify___; continue with question 19
[ ] 99 Don't know; continue with question 19

19. Did he/she do or help do any activity, even if it was not for payment?

For example: planted, harvested, raised animals to sell, washed, ironed, or sewed clothes for someone else; caught fish to sell; helped serve the public in any business; sold food, artisan products, fruit, newspapers, clothing or other articles; cared for or watched children or elderly, cured persons who were ill, helped with childbirth for women who are not part of their household, or carried out any similar activity.

[ ] 1 Yes, continue with question 20
[ ] 2 No
Unemployed, continue with question 20
Women, continue with question 24
Men, continue with question 28

20. What was the principal activity or work that you carried out during the past week or the last time you worked before you became unemployed? _____

Examples: elementary school teacher, construction laborer, agricultural day-laborer, food vendor, laundress, install steering wheel covers, hairdresser, dressmaker, domestic servant, etc.

21. How many hours did you work at this activity last week or the last week you worked before you became unemployed?

Number of hours _ _ _

22. What is the main activity or main product of the business or establishment where you worked at the above activity? ____

Example: Elementary education, industrial textile production, traveling sales, cattle, fishing industry, mechanic's shop, tailoring, beauty shop, etc.

For the head of household (male or female):

23. What was the position or job category of the work indicated?

Read the possible answers in order and when you receive and answer, mark the corresponding box.

[ ] 1 Owner or active partner
[ ] 2 Self-employed
Employee or salaried worker:
[ ] 3 Of the municipality or provincial council
[ ] 4 Of the State
[ ] 5 Of the private sector
[ ] 6 Unpaid family worker
[ ] 9 Don't know

D. Fertility and mortality

Only for female heads of household:

24. What is the total number of live children you have given birth to?

[ ] 98 None; continue with question 28
Number _ _
[ ] 99 Don't know

25. How many of these children that were born alive are still living?

[ ] 98 None
Number _ _
[ ] 99 Don't know

26. On what date was the last son or daughter born alive?

Date:
_ _ Month
_ _ Year

27. Is the last son or daughter that was born alive still living?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

For the head of household (male or female):


E. Civil or married status

28. Currently, are you: in a consensual union, single, married, divorced, widowed, or separated? Mark only one box.

[ ] 1 In a consensual union
[ ] 2 Single
[ ] 3 Married
[ ] 4 Divorced
[ ] 5 Widowed
[ ] 6 Separated
[ ] 9 Don't know

For all persons except the heads of household:


VI. Population data

Questionnaire for the rest of the people in the household.

Person number _ _ _ Names and last names ____


A. General characteristics

1. What is your relationship to the head of household?

[ ] 1 Spouse or partner
[ ] 2 Son or daughter
[ ] 3 Son-in-law or daughter-in-law
[ ] 4 Grandson or granddaughter
[ ] 5 Parents or parents-in-law
[ ] 6 Other relatives
[ ] 7 Other non-relatives
[ ] 8 Domestic servants
[ ] 9 Member of a collective household

2. Is man or woman?

[ ] 1 Man
[ ] 2 Woman

3. How many years have you completed? Write the age at the last birthday. For persons less than one year old, write 00.

Years completed _ _

4. Does the person have any permanent physical, sensorial, or mental disability? (incapacity)

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 1 To see (blindness, only shadows)
[ ] 2 To move or use his/her body (paralysis, amputations)
[ ] 3 Is deaf or uses hearing aids? (deaf, deaf/mute)
[ ] 4 Mental retardation
[ ] 5 Psychiatric illness (craziness)
[ ] 6 Multiple (two or more of the above)
[ ] 7 Other (disfigurations, internal organs)
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

5. What is the language or dialect that he/she speaks? Note to Census taker: For children less than one year old, leave this question blank.

[ ] 1 Only Spanish
[ ] 2 Only native language
What native language? ____
[ ] 3 Only foreign language
[ ] 4 Spanish and native language
What native language? ____
[ ] 5 Other (specify) ____

6. How does he/she consider himself/herself: Indigenous, Black (Afro-Ecuadorian), Mestizo, Mulato, White, or other?

[ ] 1 Indigenous
What indigenous nationality or group does he/she belong to? ____
[ ] 2 Black (Afro-Ecuadorian)
[ ] 3 Mestizo
[ ] 4 Mulato
[ ] 5 White
[ ] 6 Other

7. Where was he/she born?

[ ] 1 In this rural parish or county seat
In another part of the country
____ Rural parish or county seat
____ County
____ Province
____ In another country (specify)
_ _ _ _ Year of arrival in Ecuador
[ ] 9 Don't know

8. Where does he/she usually live?

[ ] 1 In this rural parish or county seat
In another part of the country
___ Rural parish or county seat
___ County
___ Province
___ In another country (specify)
[ ] 9 Don't know

9. How long have you lived in the place indicated in the previous question? If less than one year, write "00".

[ ] 98 Always
Number of years _ _
Number of months _ _
[ ] 99 Don't know

For children less than five years old, finish the interview here and continue with the next person.

10. Five years ago (in November 1996), in what rural parish or county seat did you usually live?

[ ] 1 In this rural parish or county seat
In another part of the country
___ Rural Parish or county seat
___ County
___ Province
___ In another country (specify)
[ ] 9 Don't know


B. Educational characteristics

11. Does he/she know how to read and write? If he/she can only read or only write, mark the "no" box.

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

12. Does he/she currently attend a regular educational center? (Literacy center, elementary, secondary, basic school, middle school, post-high school, university, post-graduate).

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

13. What is the highest level of education that he/she attends or attended?

[ ] 1 Literacy center
[ ] 2 Elementary
[ ] 3 Secondary
[ ] 4 Basic school
[ ] 5 Middle school
[ ] 6 Post-high school
[ ] 7 University
[ ] 8 Post-graduate
[ ] 9 Don't know

14. What is the last grade or highest year he/she completed in the indicated level?

[ ] 00
[ ] 01
[ ] 02
[ ] 03
[ ] 04
[ ] 05
[ ] 06
[ ] 07
[ ] 08
[ ] 09
[ ] 10
[ ] 99 Don't know

15. Does he/she have a university degree?

Only for persons who have completed their higher education studies.

[ ] 1 Yes
What degree does he/she have? ____
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know.

C. Economic characteristics

16. Is he/she affiliated with Social Security?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

Does he/she currently contribute?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

17. Is he/she member of a rural [campesina] organization?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

18. What did he/she do last week?

Read the possible answers in the indicated order: Worked (at least one hour), has a job but did not work (Because of illness, vacation, strike, etc.), looked for work having worked before (unemployed), looked for work for the first time, etc. When you receive an answer, mark the corresponding box and move on to the next question. This question only allows one answer.

[ ] 01 Worked (at least one hour); continue with question 20
[ ] 02 Has a job but did not work; continue with question 20
[ ] 03 Looked for work having worked before (unemployed); continue with question 19
[ ] 04 Looked for work for the first time; continue with question 19
[ ] 05 Only did housework; continue with question 19
[ ] 06 Only student; continue with question 19
[ ] 07 Only retired; continue with question 19
[ ] 08 Only pensioner; continue with question 19
[ ] 09 Handicapped, cannot work; continue with question 19
[ ] 10 Other, specify___; continue with question 19
[ ] 99 Don't know; continue with question 19

19. Did he/she do or help do any activity, even if it was not for payment?

For example: planted, harvested, raised animals to sell, washed, ironed, or sewed clothes for someone else; caught fish to sell; helped serve the public in any business; sold food, artisan products, fruit, newspapers, clothing or other articles; cared for or watched children or elderly, cured persons who were ill, helped with childbirth for women who are not part of their household, or carried out any similar activity.

[ ] 1 Yes, continue with question 20
[ ] 2 No
Unemployed, continue with question 20
Women, continue with question 24
Men, continue with question 28

20. What was the principal activity or work that you carried out during the past week or the last time you worked before you became unemployed? _____

Examples: elementary school teacher, construction laborer, agricultural day-laborer, food vendor, laundress, install steering wheel covers, hairdresser, dressmaker, domestic servant, etc.

21. How many hours did you work at this activity last week or the last week you worked before you became unemployed?

Number of hours _ _ _

22. What is the main activity or main product of the business or establishment where you worked at the above activity? ____

Example: Elementary education, industrial textile production, traveling sales, cattle, fishing industry, mechanic's shop, tailoring, beauty shop, etc.

For the head of household (male or female):

23. What was the position or job category of the work indicated?

Read the possible answers in order and when you receive and answer, mark the corresponding box.

[ ] 1 Owner or active partner
[ ] 2 Self-employed
Employee or salaried worker:
[ ] 3 Of the municipality or provincial council
[ ] 4 Of the State
[ ] 5 Of the private sector
[ ] 6 Unpaid family worker
[ ] 9 Don't know

D. Fertility and mortality

Only for females over the age of twelve, except female heads of household:

24. What is the total number of live children you have given birth to?

[ ] 98 None; continue with question 28
Number _ _
[ ] 99 Don't know

25. How many of these children that were born alive are still living?

[ ] 98 None
Number _ _
[ ] 99 Don't know

26. On what date was the last son or daughter born alive?

Date:
_ _ Month
_ _ Year

27. Is the last son or daughter that was born alive still living?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know

For all persons over twelve years old, except the head of household (male or female):


E. Civil or married status

28. Currently, are you: in a consensual union, single, married, divorced, widowed, or separated? Mark only one box.

[ ] 1 In a consensual union
[ ] 2 Single
[ ] 3 Married
[ ] 4 Divorced
[ ] 5 Widowed
[ ] 6 Separated
[ ] 9 Don't know