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Ecuador 1990 Census Questionnaire

V Census of Population and IV of Housing

The information solicited is strictly confidential.
Article 21 of the Statistical Law established statistical secrecy.

I. Geographic location

____ 1. Province
____ 2. Canton
____ 3. City or parish head
____ 4. Rural parish
____ 5. Locality
_ _ _ 6. Zone number
_ _ _ 7. Sector number
_ _ 8. Block number
_ _ 9. Enumeration area number

II. Dwelling

1. Dwelling type

Private
[] 01 House or villa
[] 02 Apartment
[] 03 Room(s) in a tenement
[] 04 Mediagua (small unit with sloped roof)
[] 05 Rancho (poor construction possibly with cane or straw roof)
[] 06 Shack (Covacha)
[] 07 Rustic cabin (Choza)
[] 08 Others ____ (specify)
Collective
[] 11 Hotel, inn or boarding house
[] 12 Military or police barracks
[] 13 Jail
[] 14 Hospital, clinic, etc.
[] 15 Convent, religious institution
[] 16 Other

If a collective dwelling, skip to chapter V, population.

2. Occupancy of the dwelling

[] 1 Occupied, with people present
[] 2 Occupied, with people absent
[] 3 Unoccupied

3. Predominant materials in the dwelling

A. Roof or covering
[] 1 Reinforced cement
[] 2 Asbestos or similar (Ex: Eternit)
[] 3 Zinc
[] 4 Tile
[] 5 Straw or similar
[] 6 Other materials

B. Exterior walls
[] 1 Reinforced cement, brick or block
[] 2 Adobe or mud wall (tapia)
[] 3 Wood
[] 4 Covered cane or cane with earth (bahareque)
[] 5 Uncovered cane
[] 6 Other materials

C. Floor
[] 1 Wood
[] 2 Parquet, floor tile or vinyl
[] 3 Brick or cement
[] 4 Cane
[] 5 Earth
[] 6 Other materials

4. Water supply in the dwelling

A. What is the supply system?
[] 1 By pipe inside the dwelling
[] 2 By pipe outside the dwelling but inside the building, lot or grounds
[] 3 By pipe outside of the building, lot or grounds
[] 4 Does not get water via pipe
B. What is the normal means of supply?
[] 1 Public system
[] 2 Well
[] 3 River, spring, stream or canal
[] 4 Delivery truck
[] 5 Other

5. What is the wastewater elimination system for this dwelling?

[] 1 Connected to public sewer system
[] 2 Septic tank
[] 3 Other means ____ (specify)
[] 4 None

6. Is there electrical service?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

7. Is there telephone service?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

8. What is the system of garbage removal for the dwelling?

[] 1 Truck collection
[] 2 In vacant lot or stream
[] 3 Incineration or burial
[] 4 Other system ____ (specify)

9. How many rooms does the dwelling have?

(Not including kitchen or bathroom) ____

10. If "household" is taken to mean a person or group of people who eat communally and sleep in the same dwelling, how many households does this dwelling contain?

Total households ____

Before continuing, read the note labeled "important."

Important:
Use one form per household. When there is only one household in the dwelling fill in all the chapters of this form. If there is more than one household in the dwelling, proceed in the following manner:

a) For the first of them, fill in all the chapters of the form.
b) For the rest of the households repeat chapter I (geographic location), do not repeat chapter II (dwelling) and fill in the rest of the chapters.

III. Household identification

Household order number within the dwelling:

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4 or higher

Name and surname of the head of household ____

Are any of the members of the household present?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

IV. Household information

1. In this household, how many rooms are used exclusively for sleeping?

Number ____

2. Does this household have a room exclusively used for cooking?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

3. What is the principal fuel or energy source used in this household for cooking?

[] 1 Gas
[] 2 Wood or charcoal
[] 3 Kérex
[] 4 Gasoline
[] 5 Electricity
[] 6 Other
[] 7 None (no cooking)

4. What toilet facilities are available in this household?

[] 1 Toilet for exclusive use of the household
[] 2 Toilet shared by various households
[] 3 Latrine
[] 4 None

5. What shower facilities does the household have?

[] 1 Exclusive for this household
[] 2 Shared use by various households
[] 3 None

6. In this household, is part of the dwelling used for any economic activity?

[] 1 Yes
Principal activity ____ (specify)
[] 2 No

[A 3-digit blank box appears in the corner of this item]

7. In what state of tenure does this household occupy the dwelling?

[] 1 Owned
[] 2 Rented
[] 3 Free
[] 4 For services
[] 5 Other (for example, sharecropping) ____

8. What language do the members of this household habitually speak among themselves?

[] 1 Indigenous language ____ (specify)
[] 2 Spanish
[] 3 Foreign language ____ (specify)

From question 2 on, take down the information in vertical fashion.

V. Population

[The following is a table with space for the responses of three people. Except for question 2, the response options for all people are the same.]

A. General characteristics

For all individuals
[Applies to questions 1-8]

1. What is the name and surname of each of the persons who spent the night of the 13th to the 14th of November in this household? Do not forget to note as well infants and the elderly.

____ Name
____ Surname

2. What is your relationship to the head of the household? Mark the appropriate box.

Person 1:
[] 0 Head [explicitly male or female]
Persons 2 and 3:
[] 1 Spouse, partner
[] 2 Son/daughter
[] 3 Son- or daughter-in-law
[] 4 Grandchild
[] 5 Parents or parents-in-law
[] 6 Other relatives
[] 7 Other non-relatives
[] 8 Domestic employee [explicitly female]

3. Are you male or female? Mark the appropriate box.

[] 1 Male
[] 2 Female

4. How old are you?

Write the age at last birthday. For those under one year write "00".

Years completed ____

5. Where were you born?

If born in the rural parish or city where enumerated, mark the box "here;" otherwise if living in another part of the country write the name of the rural parish or city and province. If born abroad, write the name of that country.

[] 00 Here
In another part of the country
____ Rural parish or city
____ Province
In a foreign country
____ Name of the country
[] 99 Unknown

6. Where do you habitually live?

If the place of habitual residence is the rural parish or city where enumerated, mark the box "here;" otherwise, if living in another part of the country, write the name of the rural parish or city and province. If living abroad, write just the name of that country.

[] 00 Here
In another part of the country
____ Rural parish or city
____ Province
In a foreign country
____ Name of the country
[] 99 Unknown

7. In what rural parish or city did you habitually live 5 years ago (in November of 1985)?

If the place of habitual residence 5 years ago is the rural parish or city where enumerated, mark the box "here;" otherwise, if living in another part of the country, write the rural parish or city and province. If living abroad, write the name of that country.

[] 00 Here
In another part of the country
____ Rural parish or city
____ Province
In a foreign country
____ Name of the country
[] 99 Unknown

8. Is your mother still alive? Mark the appropriate box.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 9 Unknown

B. Educational characteristics.

For all individuals 6 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 9-12.]

9. Do you know how to read and write? If only able to read or only able to write mark the box "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

10. Do you currently attend any institution of regular schooling? (Literacy center, primary, secondary, post-secondary (superior), or post-graduate)

[] 1 Yes, attending
[] 2 Not attending
[] 9 Unknown

11. What is the highest level attending or attended? Mark the appropriate box.

[] 0 None
[] 1 Literacy center
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Secondary
[] 4 Post-secondary (superior)
[] 5 Post-graduate
[] 9 Unknown

12. What is the highest grade, class or year completed in that level? Mark the appropriate box.

[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9 Unknown

C. Economic characteristics.

For all individuals 8 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 13-18.]

13. What did you do last week?

Read the response options in the order indicated: Worked (at least one hour), had a job but did not work (due to illness, vacation, strike, etc.), looked for work having worked before (unemployed), looked for work for the first time, etc. Upon receiving an answer, mark the appropriate box and go on the next question as indicated.

[] 0 Worked (at least one hour)
[] 1 Had a job but did not work
[] 2 Looked for a job having worked before (unemployed)
For any of these responses, skip to question 15
[] 3 Looked for work for the first time
[] 4 Household duties only
[] 5 Student only
[] 6 Retired only
[] 7 Pensioner only
[] 8 Disabled for purposes of work
[] 9 Unknown
For any of these responses, continue with question 14

14. Perhaps, during the last week, you did or helped to do some activity, even if not for pay? For example, sowed or harvested, took care of animals for sale, made textiles for sale, washed, ironed, or sewed clothing for someone outside your household, helped in the work of some business, sold food, crafts, newspapers, clothing or other articles. Cared for or tended to children or elderly people, or did other similar activities.

[] 1 Yes - Go on to question 15
[] 2 No - Women skip to question 19, men skip to question 23

For those who answered 0, 1 or 2 in question 13 and 1 in question 14:
[Applies to questions 15-18.]

15. What was the principal occupation or work during the last week, or your last job if you are unemployed?

[A 3-character blank box also appears in the corner of this item.] ____

16. How many hours did you work last week in the occupation indicated?

Number of hours ____

17. What does the place, establishment or business where you perform the occupation indicated above principally do or produce? For example: Primary education, textile production, street vending, livestock production, etc.

[A 3-character blank box also appears in the corner of this item.] ____

18. What was the position or category in the occupation indicated?

Read the options in the order given and upon receiving an answer mark the appropriate box.

[] 1 Owner or active partner
[] 2 Own-account
Employee or paid worker:
[] 3 Of a municipality or provincial council
[] 4 Of the state [estado, i.e., central government]
[] 5 Of the private sector
[] 6 Unpaid family worker
[] 9 Unknown

D. Fertility and mortality characteristics:

Only for women 15 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 19-22.]

19. How many children born alive have you had during your entire life?

[] 00 None - Skip to question 23
____ Number
[] 99 Unknown

20. How many are currently alive?

[] 00 None - Skip to question 23
____ Number
[] 99 Unknown

21. What was the date of the birth of your last child born alive?

Date:
____ Month
19 _ _ Year

22. Is this last son or daughter currently alive?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 9 Unknown

E. Marital Status:

For all individuals 12 years of age and older
[Applies to question 23.]

23. Are you currently: In a consensual union, single, married, divorced, widowed or separated? Mark only one box.

[] 1 Consensual union
[] 2 Single
[] 3 Married
[] 4 Divorced
[] 5 Widowed
[] 6 Separated
[] 9 Unknown

Remember to fill in this summary once the interview is finished.

Population summary of the household

____ Number of males
____ Number of females
____ Total

Comments:

____
____ Enumerator's name
____ Date of enumeration
____ School
____ Sector head or jurisdictional head's name
____ Date of receipt