1981 Census of Canada
Confidential when completed
The information you will give will be kept confidential and used only for the production of statistics. No one will see the answers you give except for persons sworn to secrecy under the Statistics Act. These persons are subject to prosecution and legal penalties if they disclose personal census information.
To temporary residents
If all members of this household are temporary residents (i.e., persons staying here temporarily who have a usual home elsewhere in Canada), enter the total number of temporary residents in this box  and do not complete this questionnaire. Follow the return instructions indicated on the envelope which contained this questionnaire.
To foreign residents
If all members of this household are Foreign Residents (see below), mark this box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and do not complete this questionnaire. Follow the return instructions indicated on the envelope which contained this questionnaire.
(any person in the following categories):
Government representatives of another country attached to the legation, embassy or other diplomatic body of that country in Canada, and their families;
Members of the Armed Forces of another country, and their families;
Students from another country attending school in Canada, and their families;
Workers from another country in Canada on employment visas, and their families; and
Residents of another country visiting in Canada temporarily.
A message to all Canadians
Every five years Canada takes a census - a national stock-taking of its people and their housing. From the information it provides, we, as a nation, are better equipped to meet the many challenges facing us at every level, national, regional and local.
The answers you give, when compiled into statistics, are used in determining economic and social policies, planning industrial development, and estimating needs for schools, roads and many other public services.
Population figures are used to determine electoral district boundaries, and to calculate per capita grants to provinces and municipalities. For every person who does not initially respond, additional funds must be spent on follow-up procedures. The failure to count yourself in could result in the loss of revenue to your own community.
The Statistics Act, under which the census is carried out, not only defines your obligation to co-operate, but ensures that the information you provide will be kept confidential and used only for the purposes of that Act.
Your co-operation is essential. Please do your part by completing this questionnaire promptly, as of June 3, 1981, in accordance with the instructions provided.
Thank you for your co-operation.
Question 1. Refer to the instructions adjacent to Question 1 when considering whom to (or not to) include as members of your household. If you have doubts as to whether a person should be listed, enter the person's name and the reason in the space provided in question 9.
If there are more than six persons in your household and you do not have a second questionnaire, note this in the "Comments" section of your questionnaire, complete the questionnaire for six persons in your household and return as instructed. A Census Representative will contact you later with an additional questionnaire.
"Other relative" includes persons such as uncles, aunts, cousins, grandfathers, grandmothers, and so on. "Other non-relative" refers to household members who are not related to Person 1 by blood, marriage, adoption or common-law. Some examples are employee's wife, employee's daughter, room-mate's son, landlord, and so on.
The term "common-law", as used in "Common-law partner of Person l" or as may be used to describe any other such partnership in the household (for example, "Lodger's common-law partner"), should be interpreted as applying to any case of a couple living together in this type of union.
Note that stepchildren, adopted children, and children of a common-law partner should be considered as sons and daughters. Foster children, wards and guardianship children who are not related to Person l by blood, marriage, adoption or common-law should be listed as lodgers.
For census purposes, couples living in a common-law type of arrangement are considered as "Now married", regardless of their legal marital status.
Mark "Separated" if you are separated from your husband or wife due to causes such as desertion or marriage breakdown, or because you no longer want to live together, provided that no divorce has been obtained.
Mark "Divorced" if you have obtained a divorce and have not remarried.
If you are using more than one questionnaire, please answer this question on the first questionnaire only.
Question 9. If you have difficulty determining if a person should be included on your questionnaire, please refer to the "Whom to include" item in the column adjacent to Question 1.
Question 11. Special cases
Mark "Owned" if the dwelling you occupy is owned or being bought by you and/or a member of this household even if (a) it is situated on rented or leased land or (b) it is part of a condominium (whether registered or unregistered). For census purposes, a condominium is a multi-unit residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land is held in joint ownership with others.
Mark "Rented" in all other cases even if the dwelling you occupy is (a) provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, such as a clergyman's residence, a superintendent's dwelling in an apartment building, etc., or is (b) part of a co-operative. For census purposes, in a co-operative all members jointly own the co-operative and occupy their dwelling units under a lease agreement.
Single and semi-detached house
If you live in what is referred to as a "linked home" (a single house which is not attached to any other dwelling above ground, but is attached below ground), mark "Single house".
Duplex and apartment
Two dwellings, one above the other, attached to other dwellings are to be considered as apartments and not as duplexes.
Do not count as storeys floors that are used solely for parking, storage or laundry and recreation facilities.
If you are in doubt concerning the number of storeys in an apartment building, mark "Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys" if there is at least one passenger elevator in the building. If there is no passenger elevator in the building, mark "Apartment in a building that has less than five storeys".
Instructions for question 1
Order of listing of household members
To ensure that all persons in the same family group are listed together, the following order should be used when entering the names of all members of the household in Question 1:
a) Person 1:
Choose one of the following as Person 1:
Either partner in a common-law relationship;
The parent, where one parent only lives with his or her never-married son(s) or daughter(s) of any age;
If none of the above applies, choose the adult member of this household.
b) Husband or wife (or common-law partner) of Person 1;
c) Never-married children or stepchildren of Person 1;
d) Other children of Person 1, and their families;
e) Other relatives of Person 1 (whether related by blood, marriage, adoption or common-law), and their families;
(f) Persons not related to Person 1, and their families.
Whom to include
To make certain that every resident of Canada is counted in the census (and that no one is counted more than once), the following guidelines should be used when deciding who should be included on this questionnaire.
Any persons staying or visiting here who have no other usual home;
Persons who usually live here but are now in an institution (such as a hospital, correctional institution), if they have been there for less than six months;
Unmarried persons who have a home elsewhere but stay in the dwelling most of the week while working;
Infants born on or before June 2, 1981; deceased persons who were alive at midnight between June and June 3, 1981.
Infants born on or after June 3,1981;
Persons permanently away in the Armed Forces;
Post-secondary students who are financially independent and who live elsewhere;
Unmarried sons or daughters who live elsewhere most of the week while working, even if they return home on the weekend
Foreign residents (see front cover).
Households with more than six persons
If there are more than six persons in this household, enter the first six on one questionnaire and continue with the seventh person on a second questionnaire, starting in the row marked "Person 2". If you need additional questionnaires, see the guidelines for Question 1.
Given name and initial ____
Using the instructions given on the left, print below the names of all persons usually living here as of Wednesday, June 3, 1981.
 Common-law partner of Person 1
 Son or daughter of Person 1
 Father or mother of Person 1
 Brother or sister of Person 1
 Son-in-law or daughter-in-law of Person 1
 Father-in-law or mother-in-law of Person 1
 Brother-in-law or sister-in-law of Person 1
 Grandchild of Person 1
 Nephew or niece of Person 1
 Other relative of Person 1 (Print below) ____
 Lodger's husband or wife
 Lodger's son or daughter
 Other non-relative (Print below) ____
For each person in this household, mark "X" one box only to describe his or her relationship to Person 1. If you mark the box "Other relative" or "Other non-relative", print in the relationship to Person 1. Some examples of the "Other" relationships are:
For further examples and special cases, see guidelines.
 Other (specify) ____
7. Enter the name of the person (or one of the persons) who lives here, and is responsible for paying the rent, or mortgage, or taxes, or electricity, etc., for this dwelling.
Given name and initial ____
This person should answer the following questions about this dwelling.
Note: if no one is living here makes any such payments, mark here __ and answer the dwelling questions yourself.
9. Did you leave anyone out of Question 1 because you were not sure whether he or she should be listed? For example, a student, a lodger who also has another home, a new baby still in hospital, or a former occupant of this household who has become a patient in a hospital or sanatorium within the past six months.
Number of persons _ _
 Single house - a single dwelling not attached to any other building and surrounded on all sides by open space?
 Semi-detached or double house -one of two dwellings attached side by side but not attached to any other building and surrounded on all other sides by open space?
 Duplex - one of two dwellings, one above the other, not attached to any other building and surrounded on all sides by open space?
 Row house - one of three or more dwellings joined side by side but not having any other dwellings either above or below?
 Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys: for example, a dwelling unit in a high-rise apartment building?
 Apartment in a building that has less than five storeys - for example, a dwelling unit in a triplex, quadruplex or a dwelling unit in a non-residential building or in a house that has been converted?
 House attached to a non-residential building - a single dwelling attached at ground level to another building (such as a store, etc.) but separated from it by a common wall running from ground to roof?
 Mobile home (designed and constructed to be transported on its own chassis and capable of being moved on short notice)?
 Other movable dwelling (such as a tent, travel trailer, railroad car or houseboat)?
 1920 or before
 1961- 1970
 Number of complete bathrooms _ _
 Number of half bathrooms _ _
 Steam or hot water furnace
 Forced hot air furnace
 Installed electric heating system
 Heating stove, cooking stove, space heater
 Other (fireplace, etc.)
 Yes, minor repairs are needed (missing or loose floor tiles, bricks or shingles, defective steps, railing or siding, etc.)
 Yes, major repairs are needed (defective plumbing or electrical wiring, structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings, etc.)
Note: If you are a farm operator living on the farm you operate, mark here __ and go to page 6.
 _ _ _Dollars _ _ Cents per year
 _ _ _ Dollars _ _ Cents per year.
 _ _ _ Dollars _ _ Cents per year
 _ _ Dollars _ _ cents per month
 _ _ Dollars _ _ cents per year
 Prince Edward Island
 Nova Scotia
 New Brunswick
 British Colombia
 Northwest Territories
 United Kingdom
 West Germany
 East Germany
 Other (specify)
 Canada, by birth: Go to Question 26.
 Canada, by naturalization
 Same as country of birth (other than Canada): Go to Question 25.
Print year below.
If exact year is not known, please enter best estimate.
Year _ _ _ _
 Dutch (Netherlands)
 Other (specify) ____
 Status or registered Indian
 Non-status Indian
 Roman Catholic
 United Church
 Greek Orthodox
 Ukrainian Catholic
 Jehovah's Witnesses
 Salvation Army
 No religion
 Other (specify) ____
(If more than one language, which language do you speak most often?)
 Other (specify) ____
 English only
 French only
 Both English and French
 Neither English nor French
 Yes: Continue with questions 31 to 46.
 No schooling or kindergarten only
 Highest grade or year (1 to 13) of secondary or elementary school _ _
 Less than 1 year (of completed courses)
 Number of completed years _ _
 Secondary (high) school graduation certificate
 Trades certificate or diploma
 Other non-university certificate or diploma (obtained at
community college, CEGEP, institute of technology, etc.)
 University certificate or diploma below bachelor level
 Bachelor's degree(s) (e.g., B.A., B.Sc., B.A.Sc., LL.B.)
 University certificate or diploma above bachelor level
 Master's degree(s) (e.g., M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed.)
 Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry (M.D., D.D.S., D.M.D., D.V.M., O.D.)
 Earned doctorate (e.g., Ph.D., D.Sc., D.Ed.)
 Yes, full-time
 Yes, part-time, day or evening
Note: If your place of residence 5 years ago was a municipality within a large urban area, be careful not to confuse suburban municipalities with the largest city. For example, distinguish between Montreal-Nord and Montreal, Scarborough and Toronto, West Vancouver and Vancouver.
 This dwelling
 Different dwelling in this city, town, village, borough, or municipality : Go to question 37.
 Outside Canada
 Different city, town, village, borough, or municipality in Canada (specify below)
Province or territory ____
Count all children including those who may have died since birth or who may now be living elsewhere. However do not include stillbirths.)
 Number of children _ _
Working for wages, salary, tips or commission,
Working in your own business, farm or professional practice,
Working without pay in a family farm or business.
 None: Continue with questions 39b to 46.
 Hours (to the nearest hour): _ _ Go to question 41
b. Last week, were you on temporary lay-off or absent from your job or business?
 Yes, on temporary lay-off
 Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons
c. Last week, did you have definite arrangements to start a new job within the next four weeks?
d) Did you look for work during the past four weeks? For example, did you contact a Canada Employment Centre, check with employers, place or answer newspaper ads?
 No : Go to Question 40
 Yes, looked for full-time work
 Yes, looked for part-time work (less than 30 hours per week)
e. Was there any reason why you could not start work last week?
 No, could have started work
 Yes, already had a job
 Yes, temporary illness or disability
 Yes, personal or family responsibilities
 Yes, going to school
 Yes, other reasons
 In 1981: Answer questions 41 to 46
 In 1980: Answer questions 41 to 46
 Before 1980: Go to question 46
 Never worked in lifetime: Go to question 46
Department, branch, division, section or plant ____
41. b. What kind of business, industry or service was this?
42. At what address did you work? If no usual place of work, see Guide.
 Worked at home (includes living and working on the same farm)
 Worked outside Canada
 Worked at address below (please specify)
If street address is not known, give the building name, shopping centre or street intersection, etc.
Important: If you worked in a suburban municipality within a large urban area, specify that municipality, not the main city.
Province or territory ____
(b) In this work, what were your most important activities or duties? ________
 Working without pay for a relative in a family farm or business? : Go to Question 45
 Self-employed without paid help?: Continue with question 44b.
 Self-employed with paid help?: Continue with question 44b.
b. If self-employed, was your farm or business incorporated?
 None: Go to question 46.
 Weeks _ _
b. During most of those weeks, did you work full-time or part-time?
a. Total wages and salaries including commissions, bonuses, tips, etc., before any deductions