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Benin 1978 form

D -- Important Instructions

I -- General Instructions

The Population and Habitation Census of 1979 constitutes what is technically called a de facto census. This means that all persons present on the national territory regardless of their nationality (excluding diplomatic missions) must be counted at the location at which they are on the "census day."

The work must be conducted with great care; corrections and deletion must be avoided.

Do not write anything in the grid reserved for encryption.

The census agent must, himself, fill out a questionnaire "Household 'Dwelling Unit'" Document RGPH 1 for each ordinary and collective household.

In the case of an ordinary household, the census agent must first form a precise idea of the total number of household members to count. He must then immediately report their last and first names, family relations, and sex on columns (2), (3), and (4).

Once the last and first names, family relations, and sex of household members are marked down, the census agent must ask for the rest of the information in columns (5) to (15), each person at a time and always starting with the first counted person (head of household) followed by the second person, etc. according to the following:

- Fill out columns (5) to (10) for all household members.
- Fill out columns (11) and (12) for household members of 6 or more years of age.
- Fill out columns (13) to (15) for household members of 10 or more years of age.
- In the case of a collective household, the census agent must not fill out column (3) on family relations nor the four columns (13) to (16) on economic characteristics.

II -- Detailed Instructions

For section A "Localization," the census agent shall clearly inscribe, using print characters, the name of the province, district, commune, village or neighborhood, and locality (for villages). He shall mark down two capital letters representing the census district, a two-digit number for the census zone, a three-digit number for the building, and a two-digit number for the household.

For Section B "Dwelling Unit," the census agent must pay attention to the instructions contained in this rubric of the questionnaire.

For Section C "Household," the census agent must first distinguish between the two types of households: ordinary household and collective household, before moving to the individual characteristics of household members.

Demographic characteristics (for all persons).

Column (1): Order number
Attribute to each household member an order number from this column.

Column (2): Last and first names
Report last and first names. Last names must be written in capital letters and first names in lower case letters.

Column (3): Family relations
Indicate the relation that exists between each household member and the head of household. If none exists, define it in relation to the most direct relationship.

Column (4): Sex
Mark down M for males and F for females.

Column (5): Age
This is the most difficult characteristic to determine. The census agent must make efforts to obtain the maximum precision possible using the historical calendar or by comparing with other persons whose age is known with exactitude. Report the age in completed years (full years lived) followed by 'years'.

Column (6): Place of birth
Ask the question: where were you born? Then write down the name of the province and district if the person was born in the Popular Republic of Benin or the name of the country if the person was born outside of the Popular Republic of Benin.

Column (7): Duration of stay
Ask the question: "For how long have you been here?" and report the duration in passed days and months, or passed years.

Column (8): Previous domicile
Ask the question: "Where did you live before?" and report the complete name of the province and district for persons domiciled in the Popular Republic of Benin, or the country for persons domiciled outside of the Popular Republic of Benin.

Column (9): Marital status
Ask the question: "Are you single, married, widowed, or divorced?"

If the person is single, mark down C [celibataire]
If it is a married woman, mark down M
If it is a married man, mark down:
M1 for married with 1 wife
M2 for married with 2 wives
M5 for married with 5 or more wives
If the person is widowed, mark down V [veuf]
If the person is divorced or separated, mark down D

Column (10): Nationality
For Beninese, ask the question "What is your nationality?" and write down according to the case: Ditanmari, Yoruba, Adja, Dandi, Bariba, Mahli, Fin, etc.

For non-Beninese, ask the question "What is your country of origin?" and write down according to the case: Togo, Niger, Nigeria, Romania, China, France, Canada, etc.

Educational characteristics (for persons 6 or more years old)

Column (11): Last grade level attended
Ask if the person currently attends or previously attended school.

If "Yes," ask for the last grade level attended and write it down. If the interviewee currently attends school, write down the grade level attended during the school year preceding the census period. For example, CP1 [elementary school], CM2 [elementary school], 6e [middle school], 3e, Terminal year [senior year of high school], 2nd year in medical school, etc.

If "No," ask if he/she can read and write in national language and indicate, according to the case:
Literate in ____ (Fon, Goun, Mina, Ditanmari, etc.)
A dash ( - ), if he/she cannot read or write in national language.

Column (12): Degrees obtained
This situation only applies to persons who have answered the previous question in the affirmative. Ask then for the highest degree obtained by the interviewee. For example: CEPE or CFEB, BEPC, BAC, CAP, DEUS, DUEL, Masters, Doctorate in medicine, etc.

Economic characteristics (for persons of 10 or more years old)

Column (13): Type of activity
Ask the question: "What have you been doing during the last month?" and write down according to the answer: OCC [employed], CHO [unemployed], CT [seeking employment], MEN [housewife], ETU [student], RET [retired], or AUT [other] (see the header of the column). No answer that is not well explained shall be reported.

Column (14): Profession
For every employed person, ask the question: "What type of work did you do during the last month?" For an unemployed person, ask what type of work he did before becoming unemployed. Report with maximum precision and do not accept vague answers.

Column (15): Branch of economic activity
For employed and unemployed persons, ask the type of activity of the employer, the company, or the establishment where the work is done. The census agent must avoid vague and incomplete answers. Do not only report the name of an establishment if the name does not provide a complete idea of the company's branch of activity.

Column (16): Situation in the profession
This is the situation or hierarchical position of a person in regards to his/her current or previous profession. Write down according to the case: EMP [employer], IND [independent], SAL [employee], AF [familial aid], APP [apprentice], or AUT [other]. (See header)

Popular Republic of Benin
Office of the Presidency
Ministry of Statistical Planning and Foreign Aid Coordination
National Institute for Statistics and Economic Analysis
National Census Comity
Central Census Bureau
General Population and Habitation Census of 1978

Prescribed by decree number 73-174 of May 5th 1973 and is obligatory for all persons residing on the territory of the Popular Republic of Benin

Document RGPH 1

"Household - - Dwelling Unit" Questionnaire

A: Localization

____ Province
____ Rural/Urban district
____ Rural/Urban township
____ Village/Neighborhood
____ Locality

Census Sector _
Census zone _ _
Building number _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Household number _ _

B: Dwelling Unit

Dwelling type

[] Traditional (clay)
[] Modern
[] Villa or villa-level
[] Apartment building
[] Building within an establishment
[] Other (specify) ________

Characteristics of the dwelling unit

Specify the characteristics of the head of household's building by checking the appropriate box in columns (a) to (f). Indicate in the last column (g) the total number of rooms in which the household resides.

Type of roof

[] Roof tiles or sheet metal tiles
[] Concrete
[] Clay
[] Straws
[] Other

Type of walls

[] Bricks, stones
[] Concrete
[] Clay
[] Bamboo
[] Mats
[] Other

Floor presentation

[] Cement
[] Tiles
[] Clay
[] Board
[] Other

Lighting mode

[] Electricity
[] Gas
[] Oil
[] Other

Water provisioning

[] Running water
[] Piped water faucet (shared/public)
[] Well
[] Spring
[] River, creek
[] Other

Type of residency

[] Owner
[] Renter
[] Free
[] Other

Total number of rooms

_ _ Indicate the total number of rooms housing the household

Gird reserved for numbering:
[Horizontal grid containing all the numbers from the above sections in the order in which they are presented]

The individual information obtained though this questionnaire is covered by data privacy [statistical privacy is used]. Results can only be anonymously published in accordance with Article 9 of ordinance 73-72 of October 16th 1973.

Census agent
____ Last and first names
____ Date of visit
____ Observations

Team Leader
____ Last and first names
____ Date of visit
____ Observations

C: Household

Ordinary Household:
Does the household have a field that it cultivates?

[] Yes
[] No

Collective Household:
Name of the establishment____

Establishment type

[] School, middle school, or educational institution
[] Hospital or other sanitary institution
[] Monastery, convent, or other religious community
[] Barracks or other assimilated camp
[] Prison or jail house
[] Temporary construction site
[] Hotel
[] Other

Grid reserved for numbering
_ M, 24
_ _ PR, 25

Preliminary count [table]
Persons counted in the household

Age Group

_ _ 0
_ _ 1-14
_ _ 15-59
_ _ 60 or more
_ _ Total

Age group

_ _ 0
_ _ 1-14
_ _ 15-59
_ _ 60 or more
_ _ Total

Age Group

_ _ 0
_ _ 1-14
_ _ 15-59
_ _ 60 or more
_ _ Total

Demographic characteristics (for all person)

Begin with the head of household followed by every person who spent the night before the census in the household
[Columns 1-4]

(1) Order number

(2) Last and first names ____

For ordinary households only, report in the following order:

- Head of household
- Children whose mothers are no longer in the household
- First wife, then her unmarried children, then her married children, their partners, and their children, possible second wife, etc.
- Parents and grandparents
- Other persons (servant, friend, visitor)

(3) Family relationship

For ordinary households only.

[] 2 Husband, wife
[] 3 Son, daughter
[] 4 Brother, sister
[] 5 Father, mother, and parents-in-law
[] 6 Other relatives
[] 7 Servant
[] 8 Friend, visitor

(4) Sex

[] M for males
[] F for females

(5) Age_ _

Report the age in years followed by the word "years." For infants younger than 1, mark down "0 years."

(6) Place of Birth ________

Specify the province and district for persons born in the Popular Republic of Benin and the country for persons born outside of the Popular Republic of Benin.

(7) Duration of stay _ _

Write down the duration:

- in days if less than one month
- in months if less than one year
- in years if more than one year

(8) Previous domicile ________

Specify the province and district for persons domiciled in the Popular Republic of
Benin and the country for persons domiciled outside of the Popular Republic of Benin.

(9) Marital status

[] 0. C [single]
[] 1. M, M1 [married with one wife]
[] 2. M2 [married with two wives]
[] 3. M3 [married with 3 wives]
[] 4. M4 [married with 4 wives]
[] 5. M5 [married with 5 or more wives]
[] 6. V [widowed]
[] 7. D [divorced]

(10) Nationality _ _ _

Indicate nationality for Beninese. For example: Goun, Dendi, Fon, Ditanmari, Mina, Bariba...

And country for non-Beninese. For example: Togo, Nigeria, Senegal, France...

Educational Characteristics (for persons 6 or more years old)
[Questions 11-12 were asked of persons 6 years old or more]

(11) Last grade level attended ____

Write down the last grade level attended. For example:

- Literate (NL) [in national language]
- CM2 [elementary school]
- 4th grade high school
- Terminal C [last year of high school; C designates a specialization]
- 2nd year in law license degree [3 years university degree in the French
- Mark a dash (-) if the person never attended school

(12) Degree obtained ____

Report the highest degree obtained by the person. For example:

CEPE [professional degree]
BEPC [professional degree]
BAC [high school diploma]
Bridge and road engineer
Mark a dash (-) if the person does not have a degree

Economic Characteristics (for persons 10 years or older) (Only for ordinary households)
[Columns 13-16]

(13) Type of activity____

Write down:

[] OCC = employed
[] CHO = unemployed
[] CT = first time seeking employment
[] MEN = housewife
[] ETU = student
[] RET = retired
[] DP = physically disabled
[] AUT = other

(14) Profession___

Indicate the current profession (type of work) if the interviewee is employed or
the last profession if he is unemployed.

For example:
- Agricultural worker
- Dactylographer
- Driver
- Grocer
- Wood sculptor

(15) Branch of economic activity ____

Indicate what the interviewee's employer, establishment, or company does.

For example:
- Corn growing
- Administration
- Truck transport
- Retail trade
- Craft

(16) Situation within the profession ____

Write down according to the case:

[] EMP = employer
[] IND = independent
[] SAL = employee
[] AF = familial aid
[] APP = apprentice
[] AUT = other

[] For more than 10 persons, check this box then continue with another questionnaire and number the additional persons 11, 12, etc.

Fill out part A "Localization" again for each additional questionnaire and do not forget to number each one in the grid reserved for that effect (located at bottom right of the page).