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Austrian Central Statistical office
Population Census on May 15, 1991

Person Questionnaire

1. Sex

[] Male
[] Female

2. Date of birth

Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _

3. Marital status

[] Single
[] Married

Date of marriage (of the present marriage)

Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _

[] Divorced
[] Widowed

4. Women over 16 years of age: how many children have you given birth to:

[] None
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9
[] 10 or more

5. Status in household (kinship to head of household)

[] Head of household
[] Wife, husband
[] Common-law partner
[] Daughter, son
[] Daughter-in-law, son-in-law
[] Granddaughter, grandson
[] Mother, father (also: parents-in-law, grandparents, step parents)
[] Other relatives
[] Not related

6. Citizenship: (in case of dual citizenship: state all)

[] Austrian
[] German
[] Italian
[] Yugo-Slavian
[] Swiss
[] Turkish
[] Without citizenship
[] Other Specify ____

7. Colloquial language: (or several languages)

[] German
[] Croatian
[] Slovenian
[] Czech
[] Hungarian
[] Serbo-Croatian
[] Turkish
[] Other Specify ____

8. Where did you live 5 years ago, on May 15, 1986:

[] In this house
[] In another house in this municipality (Vienna: this district)
[] In another municipality (Vienna: other district)
Postal code ____
Municipality (Vienna: district) ____
[] Abroad: country ____

9. Education: (Please state entire educational background)

[] a. Compulsory education: e.g. Volksschule (elementary school), Hausptschule (extended elementary school), school for the handicapped, AHS Unterstufe (junior high school), polytechnic school

[] Completed with diploma
[] Not completed

[] b. Apprenticeship: with examination certificate for master, apprentice, assistant, Chamber of Commerce, skilled worker (vocational school)

In which occupation: ____

[] Completed with diploma
[] Not completed

[] c. Technical or trade school (= intermediate level, no diploma of secondary education)

Special field ____
(e.g. commercial school, school of hotel management, electro technical college etc.)

[] Completed with diploma
[] Not completed

[] d. AHS Matura (General higher school with diploma of secondary education) e.g. Gymnasium, realschule, wirtschaftskundi, RG

[] Completed with diploma
[] Not completed

[] e. BHS Matura (Vocational higher school with diploma of secondary education)

Which (special field): ____
(e.g. trade academy, higher technical school for mechanical engineering teaching's college. College for Fine Mechanics, etc.)

[] Completed with diploma
[] Not completed

[] f. University, Academy

Which (faculty): ____
(e.g. liberal arts, pedagogic academy, academy for social work, Agricultural University, etc.)

Main field of specialization: ____
(e.g. German philology, law, architecture, forestry and wood industry, etc.)

[] Completed with diploma
[] Not completed

10. Are you:

[] a. Employed: please answer questions 11 to 16.

[] Full-time work (33 and more hours per week)
[] Part-time work (12 to 32 hours per week)

Employers, the self-employed, farmers, as well as workers in the family business are considered to be employed if they work 12 hours a week or more.

[If you are economically active,] Please answer questions 11 to 16.

[] b. Not economically active, but:

[] Unemployed
[] On parental leave, maternity leave

[If you are unemployed or on parental leave, maternity leave], please answer questions 11 to 13 on your last occupation.

If you have never worked before and are looking for a job, answer question 12 with "no profession yet".

[This question was asked of those who were on parental or maternity leave.]

Were you unemployed at the time you entered maternity leave?:

[] Yes
[] No

[] Military service, replacement service: Please answer question 15 and 16 for your journey to the barracks or to your place of service.
[] Retirement benefits from own employment: Please answer questions 11 and 12 on your last occupation.
[] Widow's pension
[] Homemaker
[] Pupil, student: Please answer questions 14 to 16 on the school you are presently attending
[] Child presently not attending school
[] Other livelihood: e.g. rent, alimony, social aid, financial support through relatives, etc.

11. Status in employment

[] Skilled worker
[] Semi-skilled worker
[] Unskilled worker
[] In an apprenticeship
[] Employee, civil servant
[] Self-employed without employees
[] Unpaid family worker

12. Exact description of occupation: ________

e.g. "bookkeeper" or "shoe salesman" - not "commercial employee"
"Mounting of video machines on assembly line" - not "unskilled worker"
Public-sector employees enter their use
e.g. "Contractual employee in social welfare service", "home carpenter", "street cleaner"

13. Branch of economic activity of the company or office:

Please give exact description:
E.g. "weaving mill", "underwear factory", "fabric wholesaler" - not "textile company"
E.g. "crew duty", "main workshop", "power station of the Austrian National Railway" -- not "National Railway"


[Questions 14 - 16 were asked of students currently attending school and people who were working]

14. Name of company (workplace, employer) or type of school you are presently attending (e.g. primary school, college, etc.): Self-employed enter "own business" ________

15. Address of your daily workplace or school:

[] Workplace/school in this house
[] Other address, namely:

Street or locality, house number ____
Postal code ____
Municipality (Vienna: district) ____
If abroad: country ____

16. Journey to workplace (where you go to work daily) or to school:

[] a. Return to this housing unit:
[] Daily
[] Not daily (e.g. weekly)
[] b. Transportation most frequently used (for the furthest distance covered) for your daily journey to your workplace (school):
[] No transportation, on foot
[] Car, motorcycle, moped
[] Train, suburban train
[] Tram, subway
[] Bus, trolley bus
[] Bicycle
[] Other (boat, taxi, etc.)
[] c. Expenditure of your time for your daily journey to your workplace (school) in minutes:
[] Up to 15
[] 16-30
[] 31-45
[] 46-60
[] More than 60

17. Religion:

[] Roman Catholic
[] Protestant: Augsburg Confession
[] Protestant: Westminster Confession
[] Old Catholic
[] Islamic
[] Israelite
[] Other
[] No religious denomination

[This part was not tagged since the enumeration instruction includes most part of this part.]

Instructions for the person questionnaire

A. Because the person questionnaires are "read" with an electronic device, they should be handled with care. They should not be bent or folded and must -- for technical reasons-- be filled in using pencil.

All questions much be answered truthfully and completely, paying special attention to the following points:
Place a bold "X" in the appropriate box
Text parts in legible writing
Numbers in computer-legible writing in the following form
1_ 2_ 3_4 _ 5_ 6_7 _8 _9 _0 _
Estimates are better than missing statements

B. Legal basis: The population census is based on the Population Law of April 16, 1980 (BGBI. No 199/1980; amended by BGBI. No. 149/1990) and is conducted by order of the Federal Government (BGBI. No. 311/1990).

C. Questions 1 to 3, 5 to 7 and 10 are to be filled in by every person. The remaining questions only apply to certain groups of individuals. The text of the questions and the instructions indicate for which persons the questions do not apply. The individual boxes to be marked in Questions 10 indicate which questions should be answered by the individual groups of persons.

D. Questions 3 to 9 are to be answered for the situation on May 15, 1991. Questions 10 to 16 refer to the last weeks prior to census day only in cases of doubt (e.g. change of employer to May 15, 1991).

E. If you must make statements about a person who is not present at the time of the census, try to make the statements as complete as possible. If, e.g. you do not know the full date of birth, please at least state the year of birth.

Instructions for specific questions

3. Marital status: mark your legal marital status

Single: to be marked by all persons who have never been married.
Married: to be marked by persons who are living in not-dissolved marriage, even when they are separated from their spouse.
Divorced: to be marked by those persons who have not remarried, regardless of whether the former spouse is still alive or not.
Widowed: is to be marked if the marriage was ended due to the death of the spouse.
Persons living in a common-law partnership: mark "single", "widowed" or "divorced", depending on what their marital status is. "Married" is only to be marked if the marriage with the separately living spouse is still valid (yet not divorced).

4. To how many children have you given birth: mark the total number of all children you have given live birth to, even if they are now living elsewhere or are already deceased. Stepchildren, adopted children or foster children are not to be included in this question. Women under 16 years of age (and men) are not required to answer this question.

5. Position in household (kinship to head of household): Please mark that box which corresponds to your entry in column 4 of the census list.
Stepchildren, adopted children or foster children of the head of household mark the box "daughter", "son". Persons in collective accommodations mark "not related".

6. Citizenship: If you have the Austrian and another citizenship, please mark the box "Austrian" as well as the box of the other citizenship. Of the other citizenship does not have its own box, please mark "Other" and write this other citizenship on the line provided. Persons whose citizenship is not clear mark "others" and write "not clear".

7. Colloquial language: please state that language (also several languages) which you normally speak at home (family, relatives, friends, etc.)
Knowledge of foreign languages is not to be stated here.
For children who cannot yet speak or for persons who are mute, please state the colloquial language which is spoken in their family.

8. Where did you live 5 years ago, on May 15, 1986: If you were living elsewhere 5 years ago and the city in which you were living at that time was Vienna, please also state which municipal district in Vienna you were living in. If your place of residence at that time was abroad, please state which country. This question need not be answered for children born after May 15, 1986.

9. Education: If two professions were learned or two different college degrees obtained, it is sufficient to state the most important learned occupation or college degree (the one which is the most closely connected with your present occupation).

c. Technical or trade school: courses should only to be stated if they substitute the attendance and completion of a technical school and lasted at least half a year.

Persons under 15 years of age are not required to answer this question.

10. Are you: the situation in the last weeks prior to the census day applies in answering this question: in cases of doubt, the situation on May 15, 1991 applies.

Employed: Persons over the age of 15 working 12 hours or more per week are considered "employed". This also included those persons who are self-employed or who are unpaid workers in a family business.

Full-time or part-time: employed persons mark whether they are working full-time or part-time. The limit for full-time work is the 33-hour week, so that e.g. teachers mark "full-time work" if they have a full teaching commitment. Other professional groups, such as free-lancers, judges, etc. also mark "full-time work" even if their weekly working hours are less than 33. This also applies to employees in businesses with "shortened schedules". If several activities are performed in part-time, "full-time work" is to be marked, provided that the sum of these activities adds up to 33 or more working hours per week.

Unemployed: Persons over the age of 15 years are considered unemployed if they are not in employed and are seeking work or an apprenticeship, regardless whether they are receiving unemployment or relief benefits or not.
Persons who have never been employed and are presently seeking work or an apprenticeship also mark "unemployed" and put down "no profession yet" for questions 12 (exact description of occupation). These persons may also skip questions 11 and 13.

Pensioners are persons receiving their own retirement benefits and/or survivors' pension benefits and are not engaged in an occupation with a minimum average of 12 working hours per week.

Homemakers: this box is marked by persons who are occupied with work in their own household and are supported by their spouse (companion).

Pupils, students: persons who are not employed (with at least 12 working hours per week) and are presently attending a school, university, etc. mark this box and answer questions 14 to 16 on their schooling.

Persons presently receiving practical vocational training, such as persons being trained as teachers, persons in an apprenticeship, trainees, unpaid trainees, police students, nurse trainees, etc. mark "full-time work" and answer questions 11 to 16 with regard to this vocational training.

Persons being vocationally retrained, provided that their employment is maintained or they receive health insurance through the labor administration, mark the box "full-time work", and in question 11 to 16 give statements regarding your prior profession (not "employment agency").

Persons attending vocational preparatory courses: if this is a full-time course these persons mark "pupils, students", if this is an evening course, mark the box "other livelihood".

Persons receiving "Sondernotstandshilfe" are not considered unemployed and mark "other livelihood".

Other livelihood is marked in cases of e.g. rent, support through relatives, receipt of alimony, social aid, special aid, special supplementary retirement payment, etc.

11 to 16. If several employments exist, please answer questions 11 to 16 for the job with the most working time. In case of a change of employment at the time of the census, please answer questions 11 to 16 for the situation on May 15, 1991. Persons who both attend a school and have an occupation answer questions 11 to 16, depending on whether they have defined themselves as "employed" or as "pupil, student" in question 10.

11. Status in employment: workers mark "skilled worker", "semi-skilled worker" or "unskilled worker", depending on their collective labor agreement placement in the business they are employed in.
A person is self-employed if he/she is not an employee but instead has a profession in his/her own account.
With/without employee: depending whether persons receiving wages or salaries are employed in the business or not. Self-employed persons whose only employees are family members who are not being formally paid, please mark "without employees".
Unpaid workers in a family business are working in the business of a family member without being formally paid.

12. Exact description of occupation: Your statements will be categorized in one of 300 different occupational groups, and we therefore ask you to be as precise as possible in describing your occupational activity.

Examples of precise description of occupation:

Gas welder for steel construction parts
Operator of data processing machines
Adjuster of men's shirts
Plexiglas cutter
Operator of plastic processing machines
Foreman of a dip-varnishing business
Electrician for high-tension transmission lines
Scientific researcher in the field of environmental protection

13. Branch of economic activity of the company or office: the branch of economic activity states to which branch the business or which you are working belongs to. Public service employees enter "federal administration", "provincial administration" or "municipal administration" depending on which government unit they are employed with.

14. Name of company or type of school you are presently attending: persons with several employers, cleaners) enter "several employers".

15 and 16. Address and journey to workplace or school: These questions are designed to describe your journey from your housing unit to your workplace or school. Teachers therefore state the school where they are teaching (school they are based at) and not e.g. School Inspection Authority.
Persons working in their house or on the same piece of property (e.g. janitors, farmers, homeworkers) or who live in the school building, mark the box "this house" for questions 15; these persons skip question 16.
If the workplace (school) is abroad, please state which country.
Persons with changing workplace (e.g. cleaning women, constructions workers) answer question 15 and 16 in accordance with the situation on May 15, 1991.
Persons who marked "not daily" in question 16a) can skip parts b and c.

Housing Unit questionnaire

____ Address
____ Street or locality
____ House number
____ Entrance Stiege
____ Floor
____ Apt. Number
____ Municipality

1. Number of households in this housing unit

[] No household
[] One household
[] Two households
[] Three or more households

2. Location of the housing unit:

If there are several floors, mark the one with the entrance

[] In the cellar (basement)
[] On the ground l
[] On a half-floor (Hochparterre, Mezzanine)
[] On the first floor
[] On the second floor
[] On the _ _ floor
[] In a habitable attic

3. Equipment and size of the housing unit:

Please mark all that is applicable with an x.

[] Anteroom, hallway
[] Kitchen, kitchen-cum-living room
[] Kitchenette

[] Connection to piper gas system
[] Piped water within the dwelling
[] Flush toilet within the dwelling

[] Bathroom
[] Shower stand

[] Storeroom
[] Cellar, cellar section

[] Balcony, loggia: smaller than 4 m2
[] Balcony, loggia: 4 m2 or more
[] Terrace

f.. Number of rooms with a floor area of at least 4 m2 excluding the rooms marked a to e (rooms used for business and guest rooms: see remarks)

[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9
[] 10 or more

[] Use of a house garden
[] Garage space for private cars
[] Parking space for private cars (no public roads)

4. Workplace within the housing unit: (e.g. office, workshop, medical office, lawyer's office, self-employed sales representative)

[] Yes: Please fill in a local unit of employment questionnaire.
[] No

5. Floor space of the housing unit:
(rooms used for business and guest rooms: see remarks)

Full m2 _ _

6.a. Is this housing unit used for vacation, weekends or other recreational purposes?

[] Yes
[] Primarily used by the owner
[] Primarily to rent
[] No

7. Main source of heating:

[] Distance (block) heating, also community heating
[] Building central heating
[] Gas convection heaters
[] Built-in electric unit (permanently installed heater)
[] Central heating serving the dwelling (floor)
[] Individual stove

Fuel most used for heating:
Only fill in if there is a central heating serving the apartment or an individual stove. Only mark one fuel, please.

[] Wood
[] Coal, coke, briquettes
[] City gas, natural gas
[] Liquid gas
[] Fuel oil
[] Electricity (portable room heater)
[] Other fuel

8. Tenure status for the use of the housing unit:

[] Building proprietor's own use
[] Apartment proprietor's own use (owner-occupied apartment)
[] Rent (Hauptmiete)

[] Subject to the Rent Act (Mietrechtsgesetz) (or by agreement)
[] Subject to the Act for Non-Profit Building Associations -- also housing rented from co-operative
[] Official dwelling or dwelling as income in kind

[] Other tenure status (Sub-tenancy, use without payment by relatives of the owner of the house)

9. Last monthly rental expenses:

Only fill-in in the case of rent.

What do you pay for this dwelling per month? (rent and operating costs)

If this amount includes other costs (heating, hot water, garage space, etc.), these have to be subtracted. If this is impossible, please mark which costs you could not subtract.

Each month in full
Schillings ____
Groschen _ _
Included in the rent and not subtracted:
Heating costs ____
Costs for hot water ____
Costs for garage or parking spaces ____

Building questionnaire

____ Street or locality
____ Street number
____ House number/stiege (entrance)
____ Municipality

1. Please enter the postal code of your address: ____

2. Number of housing units in the building (Stiegenhaus):

If there are more than three, please indicate the correct number.

[] None
[] One
[] Two
[] Three

3. Owner of the building:

Mark only one box with an X. In case of doubt, decide on the basis of the majority of ownership shares.

[] a. Private owner

[] One person
[] Several persons

[] b. Other owner

[] State
[] Province
[] Municipality
[] Other public body (e.g. chamber)
[] Church, legal religious association
[] Non-profit building association
[] Other legal entity (e.g. company, bank)

4. Owner's citizenship:

[] Austrian
[] Foreign citizen
[] Austrians and foreigners as joint owners

5. Area of property (or the part of it) on which the building is situated:

In full m2 _ _

6. Build area (overall dimensions):

In full m2 _ _

7. Main use of the building:

Mark only one box with an X.

[] Residential building
[] Residential building with other additional use (stores, offices, workshops, etc.)
[] Commercial building, office building
[] Workshop, factory, warehouse
[] Hotel, restaurant, boarding house
[] Public building (see remarks)
[] Other use

8. Is this building seat of an agricultural holding?

[] Yes
[] No

9. Are there workplaces or parts of workplaces in this building?

[] Yes : Please fill in adequate number of Local Units of Employment Questionnaires or forward them to your local unit to be completed.
[] No

10. When was the building completed?

[] Before 1880
[] 1880-1918
[] 1919-1944
[] 1945-1960
[] 1961-1970
[] 1971-1980
[] 1981-1985
[] 1986
[] 1987
[] 1988
[] 1989
[] 1990
[] 1991

11. Was the construction or reconstruction of this building financed with housing subsidies?

Applicable for all buildings completed after 1945.

[] Yes
[] No

12. Which parts of the building have a cellar:

[] The whole building
[] Only parts of it
[] No cellar at all

13. Habitable rooms in the attic:

[] In the entire attic
[] In parts of the attic
[] No rooms in the attic

14. Construction of the external walls:

If parts of the building are of different constructions, please mark all corresponding boxes with an X (disregard the cellar).

[] Built with regular bricks, concrete bricks, concrete greenstone, natural stone
[] Built with hollow tiles, hollow blocks, aerated cement block, bloating clay, insulation plates
[] Wood
[] Prefabricated concrete parts
[] Other construction material

15. Number of floors:

If there are more than 4, please indicate number

[] One, ground floor
[] Two
[] Three
[] Four

16. Does the building have a passenger lift?

[] Yes
[] No

17. Do most of the housing units in the building have access to the chimney?

[] Yes
[] No

18. Does the building have central heating?

[] Yes, distance heating
[] Yes, house central heating
[] Yes, community heating
[] No

[Question 19 was asked about the buildings that had central heating, per question 18.]

19. Which of the following fuels does the house central heating use primarily?
(Only mark one fuel please)

[] Wood
[] Coal, coke, briquettes
[] Electricity
[] Fuel oil
[] City gas, natural gas
[] Liquid gas
[] Wood shavings
[] Other fuel

[If the house central heating uses fuel oil], what is the liter-capacity of the oil tank?
[] Up to 2000
[] 2001-4000
[] 4001-8000
[] 8001-12000
[] More than 12000

20. Water supply:

[] Public water supply net (also water company)
[] Individual water supply from a well or spring
[] Other source of water supply

21. Predominant sewage disposal:

[] Public sewer system
[] Individual sewage
[] Purification plant and connected to the public sewer system
[] Cesspool
[] Other form of waste-water disposal

22. Number of garage spaces and parking spaces that belong to the building (not including commercial garages and parking spaces on public roads):

____ Automobile garage spaces
____ Automobile parking spaces
[] No garage or parking space

23. Which of the following construction work was carried out after completion of the building during the past 10 years? (Please mark all applicable)

[] Adding of floors
[] Adding of rooms of 4 m2 or more, except private garages
[] New roof
[] Installation of passenger lift
[] Connection to pipes gas
[] Connection to public water supply net
[] Connection to public sewer system
[] Renewal of water pipes and plumbing
[] Renewal of all electrical lines in the building
[] Renewal of the facade of the building
[] Renewal of all the windows of the building
[] Thermic protection measures
[] Installation of a central heating system in the entire building
[] Connection to the long-distance heating system
[] Joining of housing units
[] Separation of housing units
[] Transformation of housing units into offices or other workplaces
[] Transformation of offices or other workplaces into housing units

24. In the case of rented housing units in the building: was the rent increased because of maintenance or improvement work?

[] Yes
[] No

[The instructions for the building questionnaire is not presented here since the enumeration form cover them.]

Census list for a private household

This data in this census list will not be computer-processed.

Family name: ____
Address of this housing unit: ____
Postal code: ____
Municipality: ____
Street or locality: ____
House number: ____
Entrance: ____
Floor: ____
Door number: ____
Telephone number (for any further inquiries) : ____

Family name, first name of all persons living in this household
If family names are the same do not repeat the name, use quotation marks instead

Date of birth:
Year _ _ _ _
Day _ _
Month _ _

Where is the official place of residence?
(Please mark corresponding box with an "x"). If you have more than one place of residence, please read "Instructions for the official place of residence" before filling out

[] 3a. In this housing unit: Please fill out person questionnaire

[] 3b. In a different housing unit, namely
Postal code: ____
Municipality: ____
Street or locality: ____
House Number/door number: ____

Please fill out supplementary questionnaire.

Position in household: ____
Please indicate the corresponding kinship to the head of the household:
e.g. wife, common-law partner, son, mother-in-law, father, niece, etc.