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[p. 1]


Austrian Statistical Central Office
People's and Housing census on 12th May 1981

Persons Sheet

Last Name ____
First Name ____

Address of Dwelling:
Street (Place) ____
House number ____
Stair ____
Floor ____
Door ____

Municipality / community ____

For explanatory notes see the household list on the last page.
Please write in pencil. Do not fold.

(1) Gender:

[] Male
[] Female

(2) Birth Date:

Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _

(3) Marital Status:

[] Single
[] Married
Date of marriage (current marriage)
Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _
[] Divorced
[] Widowed

(4) For those who are remarried, divorced, or widowed:
[Question 4 was asked only of remarried, divorced or widowed women.]

Date of first marriage
_ _ Day
_ _ Month
_ _ _ _ Year

(5) For women 16 years of age or older: How many children have you given birth to?
[Question 5 was asked only of women age 16+.]

(a) The total number of all live births also includes those children who live elsewhere or have since died:
____ Total number
[] no live births
(b) Birth dates of the first four children born to you:
1. Child
Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _
2. Child
Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _
3. Child
Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _
4. Child
Day _ _
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _

(6) Religious affiliation:

[] Roman Catholic
[] Protestant Augsburg Confession
[] Protestant Westminster Confession
[] Old Catholic
[] Muslim
[] Jewish
[] Other religious affiliation
[] No religious affiliation

(7) Colloquial Language

[] German
[] Other
If a colloquial language other than German is used, which (also list multiple languages) ____

(8) Where did you live five years ago, specifically on May 12, 1976?

[] In this house
[] In another house in this community /municipality
[] In another community /municipality

In what other community /municipality:
Zip code ____

Community, if outside of Austria: list the country/ nation
____

(9) Education: (Provide information for complete educational background)

(a) Compulsory school (for example community college, secondary school (public school), special school, lower levels of advanced schooling, or polytechnic training)
[] Completed (with diploma or certificate)
[] Unfinished/ uncompleted
(b) Apprenticeship with final examination for general, sales clerk (customer service), chamber of commerce, or skilled laborer certificate, with vocational school (continuing education or trade school)
[] Completed (with diploma or certificate)
[] Unfinished
What profession?
____
(c) Technical College (= without Matura)
[] Completed (with diploma or certificate)
[] Unfinished/ uncompleted
Which technical college? (For example trade school, school for hotel management, electrical engineering school, etc. ____
(d) High School Abitur
[Abitur is the school-leaving exam, reserved for the secondary schools that prepare students for post-secondary education at a university]

[] Completed (with diploma or certificate)
[] Unfinished/ uncompleted
Type of school (Course specialization). For example: Gymnasium, Realschule, HTL for machine construction, business academy, etc. ____
[Gymnasium is like a high school, but only selected students attend the school, although public. It prepares students for college. A Realschule is for those students who were not accepted into the Gymnasium system and is considered an intermediary-level education (like junior high school).]
(e) University, College, Academy
[] Completed (with diploma or certificate)
[] Unfinished/ uncompleted
Which (Faculty/ Department)? ____
Area of Study (Major, Concentration) ____

(10) Livelihood:
[Question 10(a) was asked only of those persons employed. Question 10(b) was asked only of those persons not working.]

(a) Employed: Please answer questions 11-17.
Wives and other dependents who work 13 or more hours per week in a family-run business are considered "employed".

[] Full time (35 or more hours a week)
[] Part-time (13 to 34 hours per week)
(b) Not working, specifically:
When they were previously employed: Ask questions 11-14 concerning the last career position they pursued.

[] Unemployed
[] Active duty servant with the National Guard, civil servant

When they were previously employed: Ask questions 11-12 concerning the last career position they pursued.

[] Medical or maternity leave
[] Retired

When they presently attend a school: Ask questions 13, 15, and 16 concerning the school in which they are enrolled.

[] Homemaker who is without a profession or pension
[] Child, school-aged or college pupil without their own income
[] Other livelihood (i.e. rent, scholarship / fellowship, support from relatives, etc.
Which other livelihood: ____

(11) Exact Job Description:

(a) (For example "paint mixer"--not "support staff"; or for example "booking/reservations machine operator"--not "office employee; or for example "civil servant in higher country-archive-work"--not "civil servant") ____

(b) Key word description of your occupational activity ________

(12) Employed as:

Self-employed:
[] With worker(s)
[] Without workers

[] Unpaid family worker
[] Employee, civil servant
[] Skilled worker
[] Semi-skilled worker
[] Unskilled worker
[] Apprentice

(13) Name of your company ____

Place of employment or employer or type of school that you now attend (i.e. community college, Hochschule, etc)
(14) Branch of industry, business of your company, specifically your place of work: ____

Please answer specifically, i.e. "weaving mill", "body wash factory", "wholesale trade of textiles"--not "textile company"; or for example "load service", "major workshop", "electrical work for the ÖBB"--not "National train"

(15) Route to your work site (where daily work takes place) or your school:

(a) Roundtrip to/ from dwelling listed on the above left-side of the form
[] Daily
[] Not daily (i.e. weekly)
(b) Time spent on daily commute to workplace (school) in minutes:
[] Up to 15 minutes
[] 16-30
[] 31-45
[] 46-60
[] More than 60
(c) Predominantly used means of transportation (of furthest distances) for the daily commute to workplace (school):
[] None (on foot)
[] Motorcycle, car, moped
[] Train, suburban train
[] Tram, subway
[] Bus, trolleybus
[] Work bus or school bus
[] Other (bicycle, etc.)

(16) Where is your work place or school?

[] In this house
[] Another address, specifically:
Zip code ____
Municipality ____
Street (Place), when foreign: country ____
House number ____

(17) Do you have a side job (13 hours a week and more)?

[] No, I do not have a side job
[] Yes, in agriculture and forest industry
[] Self-employed (assisting family members)
[] As a worker, employee, or civil servant
[] Yes, in another industry
[] Self-employed (assisting family members)
[] As a worker, employee, or civil servant
[p. 2]

Dwelling Sheet

Please: Follow the "Explanations for Dwelling Sheet" Use pencil. Do not fold. Use this style for numbers.

[Diagram with the size and shape of all digits exemplified.]

Name of resident

Last Name ____
First Name ____
Address of Dwelling:
Street / Place ____
House number ____
Stair ____
Floor ____
Door ____
Municipality / community ____

(1) Number of households in the dwelling:

[] No households
[] One household
[] Two households
[] Three or more households
(2) Location of the dwelling:
[] In the cellar/ basement
[] On street-level
[] On a floor between other floors (Hochparterre, Mezzanin)
[] First floor
[] Second floor
[] On the ____ floor
[] In a completed attic storey or loft
[] On two different floors
(3) Number of rooms (without kitchen, kitchen-cum-living room, and adjoining rooms)
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9
[] 10 or more

(4) Layout of dwelling:

Multiple responses possible

[] Kitchen-cum-living room
[] Kitchen
[] Kitchenette

[] Bathroom
[] Adjoining bath

[] Anteroom
[] Room created by partition
[] Cellar, Cellar section
[] Balcony, Loggia, Terrace

[] Connection to a working gas line
[] Waterline within the residence
[] Flushing toilet within the residence

[] Access to private garden
[] Parking garage (controlled parking lot)
[] Parking-storage area (reserved)

(5) Work area in the dwelling:

(i.e., Office, workshop, surgery, legal office, free profession, self-sufficient advocate, etc.)

[] Yes
When "yes", please fill out the "Work site record."
[] No

(6) Fireplace connection (furnace) available:

[] Yes
Used:
[] Yes
[] No
[] No

(7) Predominant type of heating:

[] Individual stove [Einzelofen]
[] Central heating serving dwelling (floor)
[] Building central heating
[] Distance (block) heating
[] Other heating

(8) Substitute / Replacement Heating:

Is it possible to acquire alternative heating source in the situation that the selected type of heating in question 7 is unavailable (i.e. addition stove [Zusatzherd], coal oven, open fireplace, tile oven)?

[] Yes
[] No

(9) Predominantly used heating source:

Only for oven heating (single oven), dwelling central heating (level heating), and house central heating in building with one or more dwellings.
Only one response please.

[] Wood
[] Coal, coke, briquette
[] Electricity
[] City or natural gas
[] Liquid gas
[] Other heating sources
[] (Fuel) oil

Is an oil tank available for the residence?
[] Yes
[] No

How many liters does the oil tank hold?
[] Up to 100
[] 101-200
[] 201-300
[] More than 300
(10) Other possible heating sources:
Only for oven heating (single oven), dwelling central heating (level heating) and house central heating in buildings with one or more dwellings.

Does the type of heating marked in question 7 also operate with other heating sources?

[] Yes
[] No

If answer is yes
(Only one response please.)
[] Wood
[] Coal, coke [Koks], briquette
[] (Fuel) oil
[] Town or natural gas
[] Liquid gas
[] Other heating sources

(11) Floor space of the dwelling:

Full m2 ____

(12) Legal justification for use of the dwelling:

[] Building proprietor's own use
[] Freehold dwelling (owner used)
[] Co-operative dwelling
Apartment:
[] With main rent according to Rent Act
[] By other legal requirements
[] By free agreement
[] Company / army/ etc. housing
[] Other legal justification

(13) Last month's dwelling expenditure:

For apartments, co-ops, or freehold flats:

The Dwelling Expenditure
Include:

Rent
Charge for use with co-ops
Overhead expenses and public giving
Administrative costs
Repayment of loans / financial debts through a residence community or co-op

Every month in (whole) Shilling: ____

Please do not write here.

Municipality: ____

Door
ZW
GEM
GE
FL
WA
[End of form]

[p. 3]
Explanations for the building sheet

Austrian Statistical Central Agency
Housing census on 12 May 1981

A. General Information

For each building, complete a separate "Building sheet". Buildings are freestanding or--with building connected building structures--demonstrate clearly separated structures, which have a built-up space of at least 20 m2. In the case of residential building sites, especially larger complexes, every staircase serves as an individual building.

Industrial buildings for agriculture and forestry (stables, barns, pasture huts, hunting huts, etc.) are not included in the inquiry. This is also true for other adjacent buildings that are not considered for residential purposes or as worksites (i.e. sheds, garages, machinery storage, etc.). For buildings smaller than 20 m2 do not fill out a "building sheet"--this is also true when you occupy a work space/ site (i.e. market stall, newspaper stand).

The "building sheet" should be filled out by the owners of the building or by his/her authorized representative (i.e. house management). All individual responses are subject to a strict secrecy according to Federal statistic laws. [All individual responses are to remain confidential in accordance with Federal Statistic laws.]

B. Instructions for question responses

Please use solely a pencil to complete the form (no fountain pens, no ink).

(1) For the number of dwellings in a building, the original dedication is not counted but the use at the time of the inquiry. If, for example, a dwelling was converted into an office, the space would not be counted as a dwelling but counted as a work space.

(2) For buildings that contain owner-occupied flats, "multiple joint-owners" should be checked.

(3) Stateless people are counted here as foreigners.

(4) If one encounters multiple buildings on the same plot, the dimensions of the land plot must be divided between these buildings. In most cases, the exact proportion of land is possible [to calculate] (i.e. front building--backward-facing building with yard space). When this is not the case (i.e. factory site with multiple buildings, with storage spaces between the buildings), the division [of land] should be roughly estimated.
With farmhouses, the farmland is included directly with the living and industry buildings [of the property] in every case.

(5) The building area [verbaute Fläche] is that which is can be measured along the outside walls of the building from the ground level.

Include: space from alcoves, loggias, passageways and arcades, and terraces are to be included when they are located below living spaces, garages, cellars or other rooms, especially when the terrace is built on pillar [supports].

Do not include: space from adjoining or industry buildings, yard and garden space, as well as canopies. On farms, if living and industry areas are located in one building, again only the area of the living space should be indicated.

(6) Every use for a relatively large part of unfinished plot dimensions should be included.

(8) Every section of a building is counted as a workspace, if in that space at least one adult person is working on a regular basis. Under is also included--along with all commercial workspaces (factories, workshops, shops, storage rooms, etc.)--doctors' surgeries, offices of attorneys, accountants and other free professions, positions as authorities, etc.

The work of household staff (home help, housekeeper, etc) does not constitute however a workspace. If a workspace is divided between several buildings, only one building can be indicated as a workspace (the rule states that the building is chosen, in which the largest portion of work takes place). Also with the aforementioned buildings, only those areas of workspace are included those were approved for question 8 of the "building sheet".

(9) Concerning all reconstructed or completely renovated buildings, the time of reconstruction or renovation should be included. Concerning additions or completion in stages of buildings, the time period should be included during which the greatest section of the building became useable.

(11) Every garage (parking lot) should be included, especially parking spaces that have been reserved by residents of the building (i.e. reserved parking spaces within a house grounds, a parking space in the garden of a single family house, but also reserved hotel parking spaces or parking spaces for workers at office buildings).

Commercial / industrial garages and parking spaces on public transportation areas should not be included.

(12) Cellar spaces are included as shelter areas with a minimum 10 m2 area, which through adequately strong walls, roofs and doors, as well as special ventilation system, provides shelter from radiation, debris /rubble, and wood or glass fragments. Included is both finished shelter areas and rooms, in which regulation doors, ventilation and other fittings are still missing.

(13) The stories of a building are to be counted from the ground level up. The usual marking or numeration of the floors (i.e. high parterre [Hochparterre], Mezzanine, partial level [Halbstock]) are as a result irrelevant. The "1st floor" that is directly above the ground floor is also the 2nd level. The cellar and attic are not included in the count--this remains true when those areas were completed as living spaces.
Concerning buildings in hillsides [Hanglagen] that have a differing number of floors on the mountain and valley sides, include the number of stories from the valley side.

(14) The style of the cellar remains unconsidered (if, for example, there is a timber construction over a built cellar level, "wood" is the response).
"Built" includes bricks, concrete, concrete blocks, or natural stone, as well as pouring building methods [Schüttbauweise], aerated concrete [Gasbeton (Ytong)] and blowing clay [Blähton (Leca)], etc.

(16) Expanded attics include also all stories with (partially) angled ceilings (also those, which have half-length outside walls.

(18) "Long-distance heating" is not only in the situation of supply from a long-distance heating plant, but also is the case when a block heating plant supplies multiple buildings of residential building site with heat.

(21) Elevators include as well the conveyance of people on registered shipping elevators.

(22) The question should be answered with "yes" when at least one residence is rented in the building and the rent has been raised the residence due to necessary repairs made in compliance with § 7 of the renter's law, § 2 of the interest stop law [Zinsstopgesetzes], or § 14 regulation 2 of the "flat-sharing use".

[p. 4]

Building sheet

Austrian Statistical Central Agency
Housing census on May 12, 1981

Please: Follow the "Explanations for the Building Sheet." Use pencil. Do not fold. Four digits use this number style. [Below the numbers 0-9 are written.]

Address of the building:

Street (Place) ____
Zip code: ____
House number: ____
Stair: ____
Municipality/ Community: ____
(1) Number of dwellings in the building
Stiegenhaus: [Refers to the section of a larger apartment complex, divided by staircase]
[] None
[] One
[] Two
[] Three
When more than three, please give the number: ____

(2) Owner(s) of the building:

[] Private owner is sole owner
[] Multiple co-owners
[] Federal Government
[] State Government
[] Community/ Municipality Government
[] Non-profit housing cooperative
[] Other legal person

(3) Citizenship of the owner:

[] National citizen
[] Foreigner
Citizens and foreigners that are co-owners: ____

(4) Area of property (property sections) upon which the building stands (in m2):

[] Up to 200
[] 251-500
[] 501-750
[] 751-1000
[] 1001-1500
[] 1501-2000
[] 2001-5000
[] 5001 and more

(5) Constructed area of the building (outer dimensions in m2):

[] Up to 20
[] 21-50
[] 51-75
[] 75-100
[] 101-125
[] 126-150
[] 151-175
[] 176-200
[] 201-250
[] 251 and more

(6) Predominant use of the open property area:

[] Garden or other green space
[] Transportation, courtyard, or business area
[] Other use

(7) Predominant use of the building:

[] Dwelling
[] Predominant dwelling but also includes shops, offices, etc.
[] Mainly commercial or office building
[] Farmhouse
[] Vacation, apartment or weekend residence
[] Factory or workshop building
[] Public building (school, train station, church, etc.)
[] Other use

[Page 4, column 2]

(8) Workspaces in the building:

[] Yes
When yes, please fill in the exact number on the "Workspace addendum", especially refer to the workspaces during [form] completion ____
[] No

(9) When was the building completed?

[] Before 1880
[] 1880-1918
[] 1919-1944
[] 1945-1950
[] 1951-1960
[] 1961-1970
[] 1971
[] 1972
[] 1973
[] 1974
[] 1975
[] 1976
[] 1977
[] 1978
[] 1979
[] 1980
[] 1981

(10) Lower level of building:

[] Full lower level
[] Partial lower level
[] No lower level

(11) Number of garages (Parking spaces), especially private parking spaces, that belong to the building:

Without commercial garages or public street areas.

[] None
[] One
[] Two
[] Three
[] Four
When more than four, please give the number: ____

(12) Shelter area in the building:

[] Yes
Area (full m2) ____
[] No

(13) Number of levels:

Without cellar and attic

[] One (ground level)
[] Two
[] Three
[] Four
When more than four, please give the number: ____

(14) Main style of the outside walls:

All levels equal:

[] Masonry wall (brick, natural stone, concrete, concrete bricks, etc.)
[] Poured concrete foundation
[] Wood
[] Other style

Please do not write anything here.

Municipality: ____

[Page 4, Column 3]

(15) Roofing (predominantly used material):

[] Roof tiles
[] Concrete roofing stones
[] Eternit
[] Solid flat roof
[] Wood
[] Other material (i.e. sheet metal)

(16) Attic-level as living space:

[] Fully finished
[] Partially finished
[] Unfinished

(17) Central heating for the whole building

[] Yes
[] No

(18) Predominant choice for energy source of central heating:

Please one selection only.

[] Wood
[] Coal, coke [Koks], briquette
[] Gas
[] Electricity
[] Distance heating (also block heating)
[] Other energy source
[] Liquid gas

How many liters does the oil tank for the building hold?
[] Up to 1,500
[] 1,501-3,000
[] 3,001- 10,000
[] 10,001- 40,000
[] More than 40,000

(19) Water supply:

[] Private water supply from a spring or well
[] Public water line (also water co-op)
[] Other water supply

(20) Predominant waste disposal:

[] Public canal system
[] House sewage system without connection to the public canal system
[] Cesspool
[] Other waste disposal

(21) Elevator available:

[] Yes
[] No

(22) At present was the rent raised as a result of house repairs (§ 7 of the Rent Law, etc.)

[] Yes
[] No

[p. 5]

Austrian Statistical Central agency
Housing census on May 12, 1981

Explanations for the dwelling sheet

A. General Information

For every dwelling, fill out an individual "Dwelling Sheet". The following are not considered a dwelling (therefore do not fill out a "Dwelling Sheet").

a) Provisional accommodation (also trailer),
b) Single room without a kitchen (kitchen-corner) and without other adjoining rooms (i.e. lodgings at work site in a hotel or an inn),
c) Cooperative accommodation (also apartments without personal kitchen or kitchenette in a retirement, student, or sisters' home).

Relevant for the completion [of the form] is the owner of the dwelling or rather his/her representative, in the situation of unoccupied dwellings of the house owner or his/her authorized advocate [proxy] (i.e. property management).

The completed "Dwelling Sheet" should be handed in [or delivered] together with the People's census records. All information should remain confidential in accordance with Federal Statistic laws. If a workspace is located in the dwelling (Question 5), a "Workspace record" should be filled out in addition (please request from census authorities or rather from the municipalities, if need be) and deliver [hand in] with census forms.

B. Instructions for question responses

Please absolutely use a pencil (no fountain pen, no ink) to fill out [the form].

(3) Living areas are: Living rooms, bedrooms, children's and guest rooms (for relatives, friends), as long as they have a minimum of 4 m2.
Livings areas are not: Kitchens, kitchen-cum-living-room, and adjoining rooms (anteroom, entrance hall, bathroom, storeroom, dining room, closet room, veranda, etc.).
Rooms (to let) (for commercial or rather private rooms for rent) are likewise not included as living areas because they are not meant for personal use.

(4) A kitchen-cum-living-room is only considered a kitchen when it also has fittings for sitting area (i.e. three-piece suite). A kitchen is a separate room (a kitchenette is only a part of a [larger] room), which is chiefly used for the preparation of food--however not as a living area.

House garden use is only noted in the case that the possibility exists to use a garden belonging directly to the house.

A parking area is then noted when a personal parking area is reserved for this residence within the house property, or rather when--with the case of one and two-family homes--a parking space is available on the lot. "Parking spaces" located on public transportation areas should not be included.

(5) Workspaces in reference to this question include, for example, a doctor's surgery, an attorney's office, a tailor's workshop, but also the workroom of a self-standing commercial representative, etc. (This profession may also take place outside of the residence, yet the residence is considered location of desk work and counts therefore as a workspace).

The leasing of private rooms does not establish a workspace but, on the other hand, the renting of rooms according to trade-authorized license (hotel, inn, etc.).

(7) The predominant type of heating is that which heats the majority of the rooms. "Long-distance heating" should not only be the response concerning supply from a "long-distance heating plant", but also in the case when a "block heating system" supplies multiple buildings of an apartment complex with heat. "Other heating" is chosen for a solar heating system, for example.

(8) The question should be answered with "yes" when at least part of the dwelling (i.e. an addition stove [Zusatzherd], open fireplace, etc.) could continue to be heated in the situation that the predominant heating type from Question 7 failed to work. Substitute heating are only allowed to be noted if they are pre-existing heating possibilities of solid burning material (i.e. wood, coal, etc.) (Oil ovens, electric heaters, etc. are not counted).

(9) This question is only to be answered by those with oven heating (single ovens), dwelling central heating (level heating) and house central heating in buildings with one or more dwelling. With regards to house central heating in a larger building and long-distance heating, it is to be supposed as a rule, namely that the dwelling occupant/ owner does not know the type of heating fuel.

(10) Here every heating fuel should be noted that--as long as it is technically possible--the chosen heating from Question 7 appears on the first line in consideration, if in the case the chosen ordinarily used heating fuel in Question 9 is not available (i.e. transposition to a coke [Koks] heating due to oil deficiency).

(11) The usable area of a residence is the sum of the area of all living spaces, kitchens, and adjoining rooms (rooms to let are not to be included in the total). All buildings with only one dwelling should add also the area from halls, stairways, etc. Public balconies and terraces, as well as cellars and attics rooms, are not in consideration with the calculation of usable area, as long as they are not equipped to be inhabited.
Rooms that have both living and business uses should be considered with the usable area of the dwelling.

(12) Personal use of the house owners:

a) Dwelling in one- and two-family houses, as well as farmhouses, in which the house owner or his/her household personnel reside.
b) Dwelling of the house owner within an apartment house--also in the case when it is treated statement-wise as a rent dwelling.

Owner's dwelling:

Dwelling ownership means joint ownership of the property, connected with the exclusive usufruct of a residence. "Owner's dwelling" should only be marked when a contract exists (i.e. with a dwelling cooperative or residential building union) according to the Dwelling ownership law of 1975 (earlier: Dwelling ownership law 1948)--regardless if it is already noted in the land register or not; also the qualification for such a dwelling ownership contract are made under it.

Please do not confuse Owner's dwelling with house ownership.

Union dwelling:

With union dwellings, the residence owner is a member of that union, which owns the building and charges a utilization fee from the union.

Apartment:

Apartments are leased:
a) With primary rent interest on the main rent [Hauptmietzins] according to the Renter's law. All apartments built before 1917 are subject to the Renter's law. Characteristic for the establishment of the rent interest is that the yearly primary rent interest totals one Schilling for every crone of the year rent rate for 1914. The rent rate can however be temporarily raised due to necessary repairs on the house (§ 7 Renter's Law).

b) According to other legal regulations. Especially those apartments that were built in the years 1917-1954 are counted [in this category]; through the interest stop law [Zinsstopgesetz] 1954 the rent rates of these dwellings were frozen as well. Likewise come those dwellings under it [this category], which are subject to the communal dwellings use law [Wohnungsgemeinützigkeitsgesetz] or the Residential building-reconstruction law.

c) According independent agreement. Independent agreement of the rent rate occurs most often in two cases:
The dwelling was built after 1954 without public funding by a non-public welfare builder;
The dwelling was built up until 1954, but from the year 1968 was newly rented with a raised rate
For dwellings that were created through the division of large dwellings, an independent agreement was also possible before 1968.
Work or civil servant housing [Naturalwohnung]
A company apartment is an additional benefit of payment [Nebenleistung zur Entlohnung], whereas with the use is part of payment (often in agriculture) [Naturalwohnung].
Other legal argument:
Included here [are] for example dwelling related expenditures [Ausgedingewohnungen]

(13) The last monthly dwelling expenditure (including value-added tax) should only be entered for dwellings that were listed as "Owner's dwelling", "union dwelling" or "apartment" in Question 12. What should be included in the dwelling expenditure and what not is explained alongside Question 13 on the Dwelling Sheet. In the situation that parts of a dwelling are used as a workplace, also include the total expenditure for the dwelling and workplace. With irregular payments, please calculate the yearly total and then divide by 12.

[p. 6]
Austrian Statistic Central Agency
People's census on May 12, 1981

Household list

Name of the head of household:

Last Name ____
First Name ____
Address of Dwelling:
Street Place ____
House number ____
Stair ____
Floor ____
Door ____
Municipality / community ____
Telephone number:
Area code______/_____________

All answers on the survey sheets are only allowed for statistical purposes and are subject to the right of confidentiality according to § 4 (1) of the People's census law.

In accordance with §3 (3) of the People's census law is the obligation to complete the census papers fully and honestly.

Please fill out the EDV-forms (colored sheets) with pencil and when possible write digits in the Computer style:

[Follows is a diagram of boxes with examples of all ten digits with another picture of a pencil drawing an 'x' in a box (corresponds with comment about the use of pencil).]

If you received too few census sheets, please procure the remaining necessary forms from the local authority's ordered census publications or directly from the local authority (Magistrate, town council).

We thank you for your understanding and effort.

Austrian Statistic Central Agency

Please turn over.

(Print: Gerstmayer, 80.434)
[p. 7]
Explanations for completion of Household list

Dear Head of Household,

1. Please list yourself in column 1 of the household list on the first line, and on the lines underneath list all other persons who belong to your household, as long as they live with you and manage a communal budget together with you, and also those persons who are temporarily absent on the day of the census. Within your household also belong persons who work for you and receive room and board.

2. Do not list the following persons on the household list:

a) Persons who reside only temporarily in the dwelling (i.e. visitors on vacation),
b) out-of-country persons (Personnel of foreign agency authorities and international organizations with foreign citizenship)
[p. 7, Column 1]

Last Name, First Name ________

of all household members
(Persons who live in this dwelling, but have a separate household economy, should fill out a separate Household List.)

[Column 2, Row 1]

Residence

If the person listed in Column 1 has yet more residences--apart from this residence (address from the front page of this list)--it is requested that the exact addresses be recorded in Rows b and c, if need be.

[Column 2, Row 2]
a) Residence at the noted dwelling from the front page of the Household List

Other residences:
b)
Zip code ____
Municipality ____
Street (Location) ____
House number/ Door number ____

c)
Zip Code ____
Municipality ____
Street (Location) ____
House number/ Door number ____

[Column 3, Row 1]

Which residence is your "permanent residence"?

Please mark the corresponding residence.

[Column 3, Row 2]

[] 3a
[] 3b
[] 3c
[p. 8]

3. Subtenants should only be included in the household list when they predominantly participate in the household of the shelter provider. Otherwise the subtenants must fill out their own household list. Within one dwelling there can therefore exist also multiple households. A single person can also constitute a household.

4. The deciding time for inclusion onto the household list is 1 a.m. in the morning (Census time) on the night of Tuesday, the twelfth of May, 1981 (census day). Persons who die before this time or were born after this time should not be included in the household list.

Residence (column 2): For every person who has other residences outside of the dwelling that was listed in the present household, these other residences should be noted in Column 2 (lines b and c).

Permanent residence (Column 3):

1. Persons with only one residence should mark the box in column 3a.

2. Persons with multiple residences should mark the box in column 3a, 3b, or 3c, depending upon whichever of these residences is their permanent residence. At this [residence]--and only at this [residence]--should also a Persons Sheet be completed.

3. The permanent residence is defined by the People's census law as follows: "The permanent residence is established at a place, in which the counted person has settled with the demonstrable intention of or circumstances resulting from the center of their life relations [Mittelpunkt ihrer Lebensbeziehungen] to choose for the time being. Here it is irrelevant, if the object concentrated upon it, always to remain at that location."

4. Persons who posses multiple residences, must indicate on the occasion of the completion of the printed forms [Drucksorten], which residence is their permanent residence. Each person is only allowed to be recorded with a check in column 3a on a single household's list.

5. Persons with multiple residences must therefore decide which is the permanent residence as defined by the census law. This for example applies to persons with a city and a country dwelling. They have to decide which of the two dwellings represents the center of their life relations.

Married Professionals with a residence with their family and another at the worksite as a rule have their permanent residence with their family. On the other hand, the permanent residence of single professionals is located as a rule in the dwelling at the worksite.

Patients in hospitals, rest homes, or sanatoriums normally have their permanent residence in the same dwelling that they will return to after their release. Persons in retirement homes, however, have their permanent residence at the institution.

Students, or rather college students, who, separated from their parents, are housed in dorms or private quarters at the location of study, have their permanent residence with their parents (legal guardians), so long as they are not yet legal adults (not yet of age). Adult pupils and students who live in dorms or private quarters at the place of study have their permanent residence at the place of study.

Active duty guardsmen have their permanent residence at the same residence that they will return to after serving their National Guard duty. If they have given up their earlier dwelling, the barracks are noted as the permanent residence.
For persons held in prison, the permanent residence is noted concerning the same rule.

Permanent guests at accommodation companies [ Beherbergungsbetrieben ] without private households elsewhere have their permanent residence at the Beherbergungsbetrieben and complete individual Household Lists and Persons Sheets for each family there. Temporarily held persons at the Beherbergungsbetrieben will be recorded at the location of their permanent resident. For those persons in the Beherbergungsbetrieben there should be no Household List completed.

Working Foreign Nationals, excluding seasonal workers, have their permanent residence at their Austrian residence.

[Form headings, beginning page 7--there is space for the Head of Household and 7 other persons on the form]

[Page 8, Column 4 from table started on page 7]

Birth year

[Answer in Row 2 of column 4]

[Column 5, Row 1]


Relation to head of household

(i.e. wife, husband, partner, daughter, stepfather, nephew, etc., or household employee, employee, etc.)

[In Column 5, Row 2 it is marked with "Head of Household", but Rows 3-9 are left blank]

[Column 6]
Nationality

(only when Column 3a was chosen)

[At the bottom of the form]

With more than 8 household members, please use a second list.

Persons who marked Column 3a must also complete a Person's sheet.

Signature of the Head of Household (or rather the person who completed the form) ____

Please turn over.

[p. 9]


Explanations for the completion of the Persons sheet

1. For every Persons Sheet on the upper left-hand side, the Name and Address of the person who completed the sheet should be completed.

2. Questions 1 through 3, 6, 7, and 10 should be completed by each person. The other questions are directed toward those with specific circles. It is indicated in the question text or in the explanations, which persons are excluded from responding.

3. Questions 3 through 9 are to be answered for the situation on May 12, 1981 (census day). Questions 10 through 17 refer to the last weeks before the census day and only in case of doubt (i.e. company change) on May 12, 1981.

4. As the Person's sheet is meant to be read with an electronic facility, they must be handled carefully and should not be creased and not folded.
When answering the individual questions, the corresponding box should be marked firmly with pencil.

When necessary, the answer should be written in the provided spaces in words or digits in Computer style of the following form: [Below is provided an example of all ten digits in the appropriate style.]

5. If the requested information is not known (i.e. due to the absence of the questioned person), they should nevertheless be answered as well as possible. If for example the birth date is unknown, we would like at least the birth year--if for example the address of the worksite is unknown, we would like at least the work union to be given.

Explanations for the individual questions on the Persons sheet

(3) Marital Status: "widowed" should only be marked when the marriage was still binding at the time of death of the marital spouse, but not when they already were divorced. Divorced persons who have not married again should mark "divorced", regardless whether the previous spouse still lived or not.

(4) For remarried, divorced, or widowed [persons]: As opposed to Question 3, here the date of the first marriage should be given. If the current marriage is the first marriage, the question is therefore not applicable.

(5) How many children have you given birth to? The total number of all natural, live-born children should be indicated, also when they today live elsewhere or in the mean time have died. Step-, adopted, or pull [Zieh] children should not be considered.

Women with only stillbirths mark "no child born alive". For the first four children the birth date should also be given, i.e. for twins the same date marked twice.
For women under the age of 16, as well as for men, the question is not applicable.

(7) Colloquial language: Knowledge of a foreign language should not be noted here. With respect to children who cannot yet talk, and with mute [persons], the colloquial language should be given that is spoken by their family.

(8) Residence five years prior: If you lived outside of the country on May 12, 1976, so five years ago, please give instead of the municipality the country.

For children who were born following May 12, 1976, the question is not applicable.

(9) Education: In the case of two trained professions, or rather two completed post-secondary studies, it is sufficient to give the most important (with the practiced profession the best related), trained job or study.

For those under 15 years, the question is not applicable.

(10) Livelihood: When answering the question, include the situation in the last weeks before the day of census, if in doubt, the situation on May 12, 1981.

Working person is marked, if you are employed full or part-time. The extent for full-time employment should only be interpreted as an index; i.e. mark teacher "full-time" when you have a full teaching position, also when this makes up less than 35 hours weekly. [Page 9, Column 2] If multiple jobs are pursued part-time, still "full-time" should be marked, when the total of these jobs totals 35 or more hours weekly.

Pensioners and retired persons answer Questions 11 and 12 concerning the last practiced profession, so long as they were previously employed at least over a number of years.
Marking "Housewife (Stay-at-home husband) or "Child, Student, College Student" means that support is from the spouse or rather parents. If the livelihood is taken predominantly from one pension or another source, the box "Pensioner, Retired person" or "Other livelihood" should be marked.

Persons in practical vocational training (i.e. apprentices, nursing students, etc) are included as "employed".

Persons in professional retraining mark the box "employed", preparing the answers to Questions 11 through 16 on the previously practiced job (therefore not: "employment exchange").

(11) Through (17): In the existence of multiple work circumstances, Questions 11 through 16 follow the main job (majority of work time), Question 17 the side job.
In the case of a change of work circumstances during the People's census, follow the situation on May 12, 1981.

Persons who are both students, or rather college students, and also working answer Questions 11-16 depending upon if they marked themselves as "employed" or as "Student, College Student" in Question 10.

(11) Exact Job Description: Your Answers will to be organized into about 600 different job categories, which is why the clearest answer possible of your professional circumstances is requested. It is also requested therefore in addition a short description of the most important work tasks. For this description, the following questions may be a help to you: What do I have to work on? Which product do I have to produce? Which work tools, machines, instruments, etc. are typical for my profession? Do I have also executive duties?

Examples of exact job descriptions:

Gas welding [Autogenschweißen] of steel construction pieces for bridges.
Operator of a reservation automatic machine.
Taking of samples, testing of unit/ measure accuracy, release of goods.
Foreman in a painting crew
Answering business mail, writing out receipts.
Scholarly research in the field of conservation.

(12) Employed as: Self-employed are persons who have no work conditions as an employee, but practice their profession under their own direction. With/without employees: depending on if salaried and wage-earning employees are employed at your work. Self-employed [persons], who are assisted only by family members without formal pay, should mark "without employees".

Assisting family members are employed when they help at the work of a family member without formal pay and are themselves without social security insured. Employees mark "skilled worker", "semi-skilled worker", or "helper", depending upon how they are registered at their work according to collective agreement.

(13) Name of the company, or rather type of present, attending school: Persons with multiple employers (i.e. operators) choose "Multiple employers."

(15) And (16) Route to workplace or school and the address: These questions serve to include your routes from the dwelling to workplace or school. A teacher registers therefore, for example, the school, at which he/she teaches (primary school) and not the province school agency, for example.

Those who work in their residential building or on the same property (i.e. caretaker, farmer, house worker) or in the school as they live mark the box "in this house" in Question 16; for these persons Question 15 is not applicable.

If the place of work (school) is abroad, the country should also be given.

Persons with alternating place of work (i.e. operators) should answer Questions 15 and 16 according to their situation on May 12, 1981.

(17) Side job: A side job is included as an occupation, when a second social security proportions are established or are practiced according to a trading license or member of a chamber--as long as this side employment is practiced at least part-time (so approximately a minimum of 13 hours a week). Side jobs are, for example, also a job-related cultivation of private agriculture, as long as at least 13 hours a week is devoted to it.