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Sample characteristics: Sudan

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 5th Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency Central Bureau of Statistics
Population universe Residents of Sudan
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day April 22, 2008
Field work period April 22nd - May 6th, 2008
Questionnaire Two forms: Long Questionnaire (for a sample of areas) and Short Questionnaire (for the rest of the country). The information used here is based on the long form questionnaire.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Long form questionnaire for sedentary households (selected enumeration areas) and a sample of nomad households.
Sample fraction 16.6%
Sample size (person records) 5066530
Sample weights Computed by census agency and should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings No
Smallest geography County
Unit definitions
Dwellings A building is an independent free-standing structure irrespective of its construction material, composed of one or more rooms.
Households A household consists of a person or a group of persons who live together in the same housing unit or part of it and who consider themselves as one unit in terms of the provision of food and/or other essentials of living for the group. When most of the members of such a group are related by blood (i.e., biologically) the group shall be referred to as a Private Household for the purpose of the census. On the other hand when the group (i.e., household as defined earlier) consists of members who are not related by blood and they are more than 10, they will be considered as Non-Institutional Collective Household. Note that if the group consists of 10 or less members, it should be considered a private household.
Collective dwellings An institution is usually a set of premises used to house a large number of people who are not related by blood or marriage but bound together by a common objective or personal interest (e.g., universities, boarding houses, hospitals, army barracks, camps, prisons, hotels, etc.)
Special populations Homeless, regugees, camp residents.

Nomadic population is that group of people who rear cattle or livestock and do not stay in specific areas for long periods of time. They live in mobile housing units, usually made of wood, hide, etc. and are continuously moving in search of water and grazing for their animals. Administratively they are affiliated to tribal 'Sheikhs'and 'Farigs' councils.