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Sample characteristics: Rwanda

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Recensement Général de la Population et de l’Habitat, 16-30 août 1991
Statistical agency Ministere du plan, Direction generale de la statistique
De jure or de facto De jure and de facto
Census/survey day August 1, 1991
Field work period September 16th to 30th, 1991
Questionnaire One questionnaire for each one of the following statistical units: household, individual
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design A systematic sample of every 10th dwelling with a random start was drawn by the IPUMS.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 742,918
Sample weights Not available
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Township
Unit definitions
Dwellings Not available
Households Not available
Collective dwellings Not available
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title IIIème Recensement Général de la Population et de l’Habitat, 16-30 août 2002
Statistical agency Ministère des Finances et de la Planification Economique, Commission Nationale du Recensement
De jure or de facto De jure and de facto
Census/survey day (Night from) August 15th to 16th, 2002
Field work period August 16th to 30th, 2002
Questionnaire One questionnaire for each one of the following statistical units: household, individual
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design A systematic sample of every 10th dwelling with a random start was drawn by the IPUMS.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 843,392
Sample weights Not available
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit may encompass one or several rooms, may be located as a separate building or part of a set of houses located in a land patch or compound [parcelle or urupangu].
Households A private household is a set of persons, related by blood or not, who acknowledge the authority of a same person called the “head of household,” and who share in majority their resources or expenses. They live most of the time under the same roof or in the same compound [enclos/urugo].
Collective dwellings An institutional household is a group of persons who live together in special conditions, and who are most often not related by blood.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 4th Populatioin and Housing Census
Statistical agency National Institute of Statistics
Population universe All residents of the country at the time of the census
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day August 16, 2012
Field work period Two weeks from census day
Questionnaire Separate forms for private and institutional dwellings and their occupants
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 10% sample drawn by national statistics office
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,038,369
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings No
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Households A private household consists of one or more persons living together and sharing at least one daily meal, it consists also of one person or more persons or a group of unrelated persons living together under the authority of a household head.
Collective dwellings The institutional household comprises the group of persons who are living, working, or studying under prescribed rules. They include the homeless, overnight travelers and institutional population who reside in military barracks, hostels, hospitals, prisons, hotels and lodges, etc. As mentioned earlier, separate living households within an institution constitute separate households.