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Sample characteristics: Norway

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Census of Norway 1801
Statistical agency (Danish) Department of Finances
Population universe All persons present at the time of the census and temporarily absent "natives"
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day February 1, 1801
Field work period February 1, 1801
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration in towns. In rural areas, vicars compiled lists of parish residents.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Not applicable
Sample fraction 100%
Sample size (person records) 878,936
Sample weights Not applicable
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Parish
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Census of Norway 1865
Statistical agency Department of the Interior
Population universe All persons present at the time of the census and temporarily absent residents
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day December 31, 1865
Field work period December 31, 1865
Questionnaire Single household enumeration form used in both towns and rural areas
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration in towns. In rural areas, vicars, bailiffs, and school teachers compiled lists of parish residents.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Not applicable
Sample fraction 100%
Sample size (person records) 1,684,480
Sample weights Not applicable
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Municipality
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Census of Norway 1875
Statistical agency Department of the Interior, Central Statistical Bureau
Population universe All persons present at the time of the census and temporarily absent residents, including visitors, travellers, and sailors aboard Norwegian vessels at sea and sailors aboard foreign vessels in Norwegian harbors
De jure or de facto De facto and de jure
Census/survey day December 31, 1875
Field work period January 3, 1876 until completed
Questionnaire The census operation involved four forms: A, B, C, and D. Form B was used to enumerate households and farms and collected information on housing, individual characteristics, livestock and crops.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration in urban and rural areas. In urban areas, the census was overseen by the local magistrate and administered by ward masters or other public employees. In rural areas, the census was overseen by the local bailiff and administered by school teachers. In towns, certain household household heads filled in the census form themselves. Sailors aboard vessels in Norwegian harbors were enumerated by custom officers. Sailors aboard Norwegian vessel in foreign habors were enumerated by Swedish and Norwegian consuls.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Different municipalities sampled at 2% or 100%. List of municipalities sampled at 2% available here.
Sample fraction 2;100%
Sample size (person records) 642,937
Sample weights Weights computed by data producer should be used for most types of analysis
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Municipality
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Census of Norway 1900
Statistical agency Department of the Interior, Central Statistical Bureau
Population universe All persons present at the time of the census and temporarily absent residents, including visitors, travellers, and sailors aboard Norwegian vessels at sea and sailors aboard foreign vessels in Norwegian harbors
De jure or de facto De facto and de jure
Census/survey day December 3, 1901
Field work period December 3, 1901 until completed
Questionnaire The census operation involved three forms. Form 1 was used to enumerate households, form 2 was used to prepare a household listing summary, and form 3 collected information on livestock and crops.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration in urban and rural areas. In urban areas, the census was overseen by the local magistrate and administered by ward masters or other public employees. In rural areas, the census was overseen by the vicar and the local bailiff and administered by school teachers. In both urban and rural areas, farm and house owners and heads of households were urged to assist in the filling in of census forms. Sailors aboard vessels in Norwegian harbors were enumerated by custom officers. Sailors aboard Norwegian vessel in foreign habors were enumerated by Swedish and Norwegian consuls.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Not applicable
Sample fraction 100%
Sample size (person records) 2,294,599
Sample weights Not applicable
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Households Lodgers who eat meals at the "family table" are included in the household. Family members or servants living in a separate dwelling (e.g. the servants building) were enumerated as part of the household.
Collective dwellings Enumerators were instructed to enumerate public institutions (hospitals, prisons, etc.) and guest houses using the main form in the same manner as for private households. The group quarter's staff were to be listed first, and next the inmates.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Census of Norway 1910
Statistical agency Department of the Interior, Central Statistical Bureau
Population universe All persons present at the time of the census and temporarily absent residents, including visitors, travellers, and sailors aboard Norwegian and foreign vessels in Norwegian harbors
De jure or de facto De facto and de jure
Census/survey day December 1, 1910
Field work period December 1, 1910 until completed
Questionnaire The census operation involved seven forms. Form 1 was used to enumerate households and collected information on housing and individual characteristics. Other forms were used to compile summary lists and collected information on handicraft production.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration in urban and rural areas. In urban areas, the census was overseen by the local magistrate and administered by persons found competent by the magistrate. In rural areas, the census was overseen by the mayor of the municipality and two members of the local assembly and administered by persons selected by the census board. Sailors aboard Norwegian and foreign vessels in Norwegian harbors were enumerated by custom officers.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Not applicable
Sample fraction 100%
Sample size (person records) 2,468,823
Sample weights Not applicable
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Households Lodgers who eat meals at the "family table" are included in the household. Family members or servants living in a separate dwelling (e.g. the servants building) were enumerated as part of the household.
Collective dwellings Enumerators were instructed to enumerate public institutions (hospitals, prisons, etc.) and guest houses using the main form in the same manner as for private households. The group quarter's staff were to be listed first, and next the inmates.