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Sample characteristics: Mexico

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title VIII General Population and Housing Census, 1960
Statistical agency Dirección General de Estadística, Secretaría de Industria y Comercio
Population universe Mexican residents; foreign born living more than 6 months in Mexico, excluding diplomatic personnel
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day June 8, 1960
Field work period June 8, 1960
Questionnaire Separate enumeration form for each census block
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Representative sample of individuals.
Sample fraction 1.5%
Sample size (person records) 502,800
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 66.7.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Not available in microdata sample
Vacant units No
Households Not available in microdata sample
Collective dwellings Not identified
Smallest geography State
Unit definitions
Dwellings Occupied dwelling with independent entryway used for shelter
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings Not defined
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title IX General Population and Housing Census, 1970
Statistical agency Dirección General de Estadística, Secretaría de Industria y Comercio
Population universe Mexican residents, excluding foreign diplomats; includes Mexican diplomats, military, and sailors, including their families, resident in other countries
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day January 28, 1970
Field work period Most work was completed on enumeration day
Questionnaire Separate enumeration form for each dwelling
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every hundredth dwelling, after a random start.
Sample fraction 1%
Sample size (person records) 483,405
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 100.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Not identified
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings Occupied dwelling with independent entryway used for shelter
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings Not defined
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title XI General Population and Housing Census, 1990
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)
Population universe Mexican citizens, including Mexican diplomats and their families resident in other countries; foreign residents, not including foreigners in diplomatic service or their families. The census sought to enumerate vagrants, the homeless, and transient workers. The current version of the microdata sample excludes persons living abroad.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 12, 1990
Field work period March 12-16, 1990
Questionnaire Separate enumeration form for each dwelling
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of private dwellings. Geographically sorted by population size (municipality and locality) to increase precision. Samples executed independently for each federal entity.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 8,118,242
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 10.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Not available in microdata sample
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings Occupied dwelling with independent entryway used for shelter
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings Building used to shelter people for reasons of assistance, health, education, religion, confinement or service
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population and Dwelling Count 1995
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)
Population universe Mexican citizens, including Mexican diplomats and their families resident in other countries, as well as foreign residents. The census sought to enumerate vagrants, the homeless, and transient workers. The current version of the microdata sample excludes persons living abroad and group quarters.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day November 5, 1995
Field work period October 23-November 18, 1995
Questionnaire Long (f1) and short (f2) dwelling enumeration forms; long form was applied to a sample survey.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Stratified cluster design; stratified geographically by similar socio-economic characteristics. Clusters are defined as enumeration areas (AGEB). About fifty dwellings within a cluster are included in the sample. Sample fraction depends upon demographic heterogeneity of municipalities. The sample was designed to yield representative statistics for all dwellings.
Sample fraction 0.4%
Sample size (person records) 332,061
Sample weights Weights computed by census agency should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Not available in microdata sample
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings Occupied dwelling with independent entryway used for shelter
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings Building used to shelter people for reasons of assistance, health, education, religion, confinement or service
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title XII General Population and Housing Census, 2000
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)
Population universe Mexican citizens, including Mexican diplomats and their families resident in other countries, as well as foreign residents. The census sought to enumerate vagrants, the homeless, and transient workers. The current version of the microdata sample excludes persons living abroad and group quarters.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day February 14, 2000
Field work period February 7-18, 2000
Questionnaire Long (f1) and short (f2) dwelling enumeration forms; long form was applied to a sample survey.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Stratified cluster design; stratified geographically by municipality and urban area. Clusters are defined as enumeration areas (AGEB), blocks of dwellings or localities. All dwellings within a cluster are included in sample. Sample fraction depends upon demographic heterogeneity of municipalities. The sample was designed to yield representative statistics for all localities with 50,000 inhabitants or more.
Sample fraction 10.6%
Sample size (person records) 10,099,182
Sample weights Weights computed by census agency should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Not available in microdata sample
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings Occupied dwelling with independent entryway used for shelter
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings Building used to shelter people for reasons of assistance, health, education, religion, confinement or service
Special populations Non-resident migrants available, but not included in the current version of the microdata.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Count of Population and Dwellings, 2005
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)
Population universe Mexican citizens, including Mexican diplomats and their families resident in other countries, as well as foreign residents. The census sought to enumerate vagrants, the homeless, and transient workers. The current version of the microdata sample excludes persons living abroad and group quarters.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day October 17, 2005
Field work period October 4-29, 2005
Questionnaire Dwelling enumeration and dwelling inventory forms.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth private dwelling after a random start. Selection was accomplished by a register of private dwellings maintained by INEGI. Where the field worker encountered a building that was no longer occupied, the immediately following occupied dwelling was substituted.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 10,284,550
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 10.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Not available in microdata sample
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings Occupied dwelling with independent entryway used for shelter
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings Building used to shelter people for reasons of assistance, health, education, religion, confinement or service
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 2010 Population adn Housing Census
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)
Population universe Mexican citizens, including Mexican diplomats and their families resident in other countries, as well as foreign residents. The census sought to enumerate vagrants, the homeless, and transient workers. The current version of the microdata sample excludes persons living abroad and group quarters.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day June 12, 2010
Field work period May 31-June 25, 2010
Questionnaire Long and short dwelling enumeration forms; long form was applied to a sample survey.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Estimated undercount 1.3% from post-enumeration survey
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design One stage stratified cluster sample by municipality. Enumeration areas (blocks of dwellings within a locality) selected by simple random sampling within strata.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 11,938,402
Sample weights Weights computed by census agency should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Not available in microdata sample
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings This is the space generally delineated by walls and roofs of any material, with an independent entrance, that was constructed for the habitation of people, or that at the moment of data collection is used to live- that is, to sleep, prepare food, eat, and protect oneself from the environment. The independent entrance permits the occupants to enter from and go out to the street, the field, or rather the space common to other dwellings, like a hallway, patio, or stairs, without passing through the rooms of another dwelling.
Households Group of persons, related or not, who live together under the same roof and share food expenses
Collective dwellings This is a premise intended to provide housing for large groups of people that submit themselves to living and behavior norms based on motives of health, education, discipline, religion, work, and social assistance, amongst others, and that in the moment of the data collection has habitual residents.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Intercensal Survey 2015
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI)
Population universe All people that reside in the country at the moment of the interview, whether nationals or foreigners. This includes Mexicans that cross the border daily to work in another country.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 15th, 2015
Field work period March 2 to 27, 2015
Questionnaire Long and short dwelling enumeration forms; long form was applied to a sample survey.
Type of fieldwork Self-enumeration or direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design One stage cluster sample stratified by municipality size.
Sample fraction 9.5%
Sample size (person records) 11,344,365
Sample weights Stratified cluster sample based on municipality size, drawn by the statistical office.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings No
Smallest geography Municipality
Unit definitions
Dwellings The immediate space where a human being's daily life takes place. It provides its inhabitants privacy and protection from the natureal and social environment and it must be sufficient to fulfill the vital domestic duties and activities; additonally it must have basic services and sanitary facilities that ensure proper health and guarantee the human development and social integration.
Households A unit considting of one or more people, linked by family ties or not, and live together regularly in the same dwelling.
Collective dwellings Premise intended to provide housing for groups of people that submit themselves to living and behavior norms based on motives of health, education, discipline, religion, work, and social assistance, amongst others, and who are living in the place as habitual residents at the moment of data collection.