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Sample characteristics: Malawi

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1987 Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency National Statistical Office
Population universe All persons present in Malawi at the time of census, including both Malawians and foreigners
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day Unspecified day during September 1 to 21, 1987
Field work period September 1st - September 21st, 1987
Questionnaire There are 3 questionnaires: (i) Household questionnaire which collects information on characteristics of individual household members, deaths that occurred in the household, household economic activities and dwelling unit characteristics and access to facilities, (ii) Record of vacant and other structures which collects information on main use of the structures and materials used for construction, and (iii) Record of community facilities which collects information on the availability of community facilities such as primary schools, primary health care centers, post offices, etc.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th household with a random start, drawn by the IPUMS Note: There can be multiple dwellings per household in the data.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 798,669
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10).
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Traditional authority (TA)
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit may be defined as any structure, permanent or temporary, where people sleep. It may be hut, a house, a store with a sleeping room or rooms at the back or sides, a shelter of reeds/straw such as those used by fishermen, or any other structure where people sleep.
Households A household consists of one or more persons, related or unrelated, who live together and make common provision for food. They regularly take all their food from the same pot, and/or share the same grain store (nkhokwe) or pool their incomes for the purpose of purchasing food. Persons in a household may live in one or more dwelling units.
Collective dwellings Public places such as hospitals, markets, hotels, and rest houses.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1998 Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency National Statistical Office
Population universe All persons present in Malawi at the time of census, including both Malawians and foreigners
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day Unspecified day during June 1 to 21, 1998
Field work period June 1st - June 21st, 1998
Questionnaire There are 2 questionnaires: (i) Census questionnaire which collects information on characteristics of individual household members, household information and dwelling unit characteristics and access facilities; (ii) Record of vacant and other structure which collects information on main use of the structures and materials used for construction
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th household with a random start, drawn by the IPUMS Note: There can be multiple dwellings per household in the data.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 991,393
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10).
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Traditional authority (TA)
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit may be defined as any structure, permanent or temporary, where people sleep. It may be hut, a house, a store with a sleeping room or rooms at the back or sides, a shelter of reeds/straw such as those used by fishermen, or any other structure where people sleep.
Households A household consists of one or more persons, related or unrelated, who live together and make common provision for food. They regularly take all their food from the same pot, and/or share the same grain store (nkhokwe) or pool their incomes for the purpose of purchasing food. Persons in a household may live in one or more dwelling units.
Collective dwellings Public places such as hospitals, markets, hotels, and rest houses.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 2008 Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency National Statistical Office
Population universe All persons present in Malawi at the time of census. These include foreigners with acknowledged status as refugees, and citizens of Malawi who at the time of census are absent temporarily (less than 6 months). However, diplomatic personnel of the foreign diplomatic and consular representative offices, foreign military personnel and their family members, and the members and representatives of the international organizations and communities located in Malawi are not enumerated.
De jure or de facto De jure and de facto
Census/survey day Unspecified day during June 1 to 21, 2008
Field work period June 1st - June 21st, 2008
Questionnaire Census questionnaire containing questions on demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population, dwelling unit characteristics, emigration, and maternal and general deaths
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th household with a random start, drawn by the IPUMS
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,343,078
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10).
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Traditional authority (TA)
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit may be defined as any structure; permanent, semi permanent or traditional where people live and sleep. It may be a hut, house, stores with a sleeping room or rooms at the back or sides, a shelter of reeds/straw such as those used by fishermen, or any other structure where people sleep.
Households A household consists of one or more persons, related or unrelated, who live together and make common provision for food. They regularly take all their food from the same pot, and/or share the same grain store (nkhokwe) or pool their incomes for the purpose of purchasing food. Persons in a household may live in one or more dwelling units.
Collective dwellings Collective household refers to a large group of people who live together and sharing common facilities such as kitchen, toilet, lounge, and dormitories. In such situation the residents may not have complete independent quarters that qualify as housing units as their living quarters during the census period.