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Sample characteristics: Myanmar

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population and Housing Census of Myanmar, 2014
Statistical agency Department of Population, Ministry of Immigration and Population
Population universe All persons who spent the census night in Myanmar.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day March 29, 2014
Field work period March 29 to April 10, 2014
Questionnaire Separate enumeration form for each dwelling
Type of fieldwork Direct interview
Estimated undercount The sample covers people who were enumerated in the census. The field operation was completed in almost all areas within 12 days after the start of the fieldwork. The total enumerated population stood at 50,279,900. Some populations in three areas of the country were not enumerated. These included an estimated 1,090,000 persons in Rakhine State, 69,753 persons in Kayin State and 46,600 persons in Kachin State (see Department of Population, Census Union Report for the reasons that these populations were not enumerated). In total, therefore, it is estimated that 1,206,400 persons were not enumerated in the 2014 Census. The total estimated population of Myanmar on Census Night, both enumerated and non-enumerated, was 51,486,253.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of enumerated households, stratified by geographic unit, drawn by the Department of Population, Ministry of Immigration and Population.
Sample fraction 0.1
Sample size (person records) 5032818
Sample weights Weights calculated by the Department of Population, Ministry of Immigration and Population.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Township
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit includes a building or structure in which people are living, whether or not it is a "conventional dwelling." Non-conventional dwellings, such as mobile units (trailers, vans, tents, boats), semi-permanent structures (shacks) or improvised units (makeshift shelter) should be enumerated.
Households A household refers to one or more persons who usually share their living quarters (single quarter or compound) and share their meals. In common usage it might be said that a household consists of “all persons living and eating together or eating from the same cooking-pot”. They may be residing in several structures within a compound like in the rural areas.
Collective dwellings Coolective households are groups of people live together but cannot be said to belong to a conventional “ordinary” household. Examples are;- old-people’s homes, orphanages, hospitals and rehabilitation centers, including children’s hospitals and psychiatric hospitals, boarding schools, hotels, hostels and inns, institutions for people with disabilities, prisons and other penal institutions, religious centers - including monasteries and convents, camps for workers, military and police barracks, etc.