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Sample characteristics: Cambodia

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998
Statistical agency National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day March 3, 1998
Field work period March 3 to 12, 1998
Questionnaire Form A: Houselist and Form B: Household Questionnaire. The latter for the information used here.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Stratified systematic sample.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,141,254
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes (institutional)
Smallest geography Districts with 20,000+ population; combined as necessary by IPUMS.
Unit definitions
Dwellings A building is generally a single structure on the ground. It is covered by a roof and usually enclosed within external walls or with common dividing walls with adjacent buildings. In some areas the very nature of construction of houses is such that there may not be any wall. For example a conical roof almost touches the ground and an entrance is also provided and there will not be any wall as such. Such structures should be treated as buildings.
Households A household is a group of persons who commonly live together and would take their meals from a common kitchen unless the exigencies of work prevented any of them from doing so.
Collective dwellings An institutional household is a household of unrelated persons like boarding houses, messes, hostels, residential hotels, rescues homes, jails, pagodas etc. It should be noted that if a group of persons who are unrelated to each other live in a building/structure, but do not have their meals from a common kitchen, then they would not constitute an Institutional household.
Special populations Persons living in boats which are on the move are referred to as boat population. Transient population includes the following: (i) persons who stayed on Census Night in airports, railway stations, bus stands, harbours, ferries and in carts (as travellers) (ii) nomadic population who camped on Census Night in a village (iii) persons who on Census Night stayed in ships within the Cambodian territorial waters and (iv) persons who stayed on Census Night at international border posts.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of Cambodia, 2008
Statistical agency National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning
De jure or de facto De facto Census asked about both de facto and de jure persons,but microdata contain only de facto persons.
Census/survey day March 3, 2008
Field work period March 3 to 13, 2009
Questionnaire Form A: Houselist and Form B: Household Questionnaire. The latter for the information used here.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Stratified systematic sample.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,340,121
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes (institutional)
Smallest geography Districts with 20,000+ population; combined as necessary by IPUMS.
Unit definitions
Dwellings A building is generally a single structure on the ground. It is covered by a roof and usually enclosed within external walls or with common dividing walls with adjacent buildings. In some areas the very nature of construction of houses is such that there may not be any wall. Sometimes a building is made up of more than one component unit which are used or likely to be used as dwellings (residences) or as establishments such as shops, business houses, offices, factories, workshops, work-sheds, schools, places of entertainment and places of worship or as go-downs, stores, animal sheds, etc.
Households A household is a group of persons who commonly live together and would take their meals from a common kitchen unless the exigencies of work prevented any of them from doing so. There may be a household of persons related by blood, a household of unrelated persons or a mix of both.
Collective dwellings An institutional household is a household of unrelated persons like boarding houses, messes, hostels, residential hotels, rescues homes, jails, pagodas, etc. It should be noted that if a group of persons who are unrelated to each other live in a building/structure, but do not have their meals from a common kitchen, then they would not constitute an institutional household.
Special populations Persons living in boats which are on the move are referred to as boat population. Transient population includes the following: (i) persons who stayed on Census Night in airports, railway stations, bus stands, harbours, ferries and in carts (as travellers) (ii) nomadic population who camped on Census Night in a village (iii) persons who on Census Night stayed in ships within the Cambodian territorial waters and (iv) persons who stayed on Census Night at international border posts.