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Sample characteristics: Kenya

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1969 Population Census
Statistical agency Statistics Division Ministry of Finance and Planning
Population universe All persons who were in Kenya at midnight on Census Night.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day August 24, 1969
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on individuals.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Unknown sample design includes oversample of Nairobi. Data are weighted by age and district of residence.
Sample fraction 6%
Sample size (person records) 659,310
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Households Yes
Smallest geography District
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1979 Population Census
Statistical agency Central Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Finance and Planning
Population universe All persons who were in Kenya at midnight on Census Night.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day August 24, 1979
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on individuals.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Unknown sample design. NOTE: The sample is a sample of individuals.
Sample fraction 6.7%
Sample size (person records) 1,033,769
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Households No
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Households A group of persons who normally live and eat together, whether or not they are related by blood or marriage.
Collective dwellings Group quarters consist of schools/colleges, barracks, prisons, hospitals and other institutions.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1989 Population and Housing census
Statistical agency Central Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Finance and Planning
Population universe All persons present in Kenya on the reference date.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day October 25, 1989
Field work period Unknown.
Questionnaire A long form was used to enumerate individuals in private households and in institutions such as schools, colleges, barracks, prisons, and hospitals. The long form includes both individual and housing characteristics. A greatly abbreviated form was used for persons in transit or who slept outdoors, in hotels or boarding houses.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every twentieth household.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 1,074,098
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Included in microdata without identification
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Dwellings A homestead is a structurally separate and independent place of abode. A structure is a building that is used for dwelling purposes. In rural areas most of the structures will be found within a homestead and may contain one or more dwelling units. A dwelling unit is the abode occupied by the respondents and constitutes one or more households.
Households A person or a group of persons who live together in the same dwelling unit or homestead and eat together. They may or may not be related by blood or marriage
Collective dwellings Group quarters consist of schools/colleges, barracks, prisons, hospitals and other institutions.
Special populations Persons who sleep outdoors and travelers in hotels, lodges, and boarding houses
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1999 Population and Housing census
Statistical agency Central Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Finance and Planning
Population universe All persons present in Kenya on the reference date.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day August 25, 1999
Field work period 7 days after census day, to August 31
Questionnaire A long form was used to enumerate individuals in private households and in institutions such as schools, colleges, barracks, prisons, and hospitals. The long form includes both individual and housing characteristics. A greatly abbreviated form was used for persons in transit or who slept outdoors, in hotels or boarding houses.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every twentieth household.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 1,407,547
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Included in microdata without identification
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Dwellings A homestead is a structurally separate and independent place of abode. A structure is a building that is used for dwelling purposes. In rural areas most of the structures will be found within a homestead and may contain one or more dwelling units. A dwelling unit is the abode occupied by the respondents and constitutes one or more households.
Households A person or a group of persons who live together in the same dwelling unit or homestead and eat together. They may or may not be related by blood or marriage
Collective dwellings Group quarters consist of schools/colleges, barracks, prisons, hospitals and other institutions.
Special populations Persons who sleep outdoors and travelers in hotels, lodges, and boarding houses
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency Kenya National Bureau of Statistics
Population universe All persons who spent the Census Night in
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day August 24-25, 2009
Questionnaire A long form was used to enumerate individuals in private households and in institutions such as schools, colleges, barracks, prisons, and hospitals. The long form includes both individual and housing characteristics. A greatly abbreviated form was used for persons in transit or who slept outdoors, in hotels or boarding houses.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth household.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 3,841,935
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Households Yes
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Households A person or a group of persons who live together in the same dwelling unit or homestead and eat together. They may or may not be related by blood or marriage.
Collective dwellings Group quarters consist of schools/colleges, barracks, prisons, hospitals and other institutions.
Special populations Persons who sleep outdoors and travelers in hotels, lodges, and boarding houses