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Sample characteristics: Hungary

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1970 Population census
Statistical agency Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Resident population in private and collective living quarters
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day January 1, 1970
Field work period January 1-12, 1970
Questionnaire Housing questionnaire (short and long forms); person questionnaire (short and long form); questionnaire for institutional households; PES (post-enumeration survey) questionnaires
Type of fieldwork Interview by enumerator
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th dwelling after a random start; drawn by the national statistical office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 515,119
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 20)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Type of locality
Unit definitions
Households The sphere of persons living together in a common dwelling or in a part of it, having a common meal at least once a week, and commonly bear the costs of living.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1980 Population census
Statistical agency Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Resident population in private and collective living quarters
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day January 1, 1980
Field work period January 1-14, 1980
Questionnaire Housing questionnaire; questionnaire for group quarters; questionnaire on holiday-home units; personal questionnaire; housing questionnaire and personal questionnaire for subsequent checking (PES)
Type of fieldwork Interview by enumerator
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th dwelling after a random start; drawn by the national statistical office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 536,007
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 20)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Type of locality
Unit definitions
Dwellings Architecturally connected units (living-, cooking-, hygienic- etc. rooms) built originally or transformed later for residential purposes and having\ direct access from outside (i.e. from a street).
Households A group of persons living together in a common housing unit or in a part of it, sharing the costs of living partly or totally, and having their meals together on one or more days of the week.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1990 Population census
Statistical agency Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Resident population in private and collective living quarters
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day January 1, 1990
Field work period January 2 - February 3, 1990
Questionnaire Dwelling questionnaire (short and long form); person questionnaire (short and long form); questionnaire for institutional households; PES (post enumeration survey) questionnaires
Type of fieldwork Interview by enumerator
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th dwelling after a random start; drawn by the national statistical office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 518,240
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 20)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Type of locality
Unit definitions
Dwellings A unit of places and rooms of specified functions (living rooms, cooking places, sanitary places etc.) generally connected with each other architecturally and built originally for human accommodation.
Households A group of persons living together in a common dwelling or in one of its parts, bear together partly or completely the costs of living, and having their meals together on one or several days of the week.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population census 2001
Statistical agency Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Resident population in private and collective living quarters
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day February 1, 2001
Field work period February 1-21, 2001
Questionnaire Dwelling questionnaire, person questionnaire, institutional building's and household's questionnaire
Type of fieldwork Interview by enumerator
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th dwelling after a random start; drawn by the national statistical office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 510,502
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 20)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Type of locality
Unit definitions
Dwellings A unit of places and rooms with specific functions (living rooms, cooking places, sanitary places etc.) generally architecturally connected to each other and intended for human accommodation.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population census 2011
Statistical agency Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Population universe All Hungarian citizens and foreign citizens staying in Hungary for more than three months (excluding members of foreign dimplomatic corps and their family members) living om private and group quarters.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day October 1, 2011
Field work period October 1-31, 2012
Questionnaire Possible to do fill in a census form via the internet. Self respone, or direct enumeration. There is a household questionnaire, a person questionnaire, and institutional building's and household questionnaire.
Type of fieldwork Self-administered via internet or post. Or household interview
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 5% sample drawn by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 496,762
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10).
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography None
Unit definitions
Dwellings Structure intended for human accommodation, stay (home) or converted into dwelling and also suitable for living at present. A group of technically (architecturally) adjoining places that is suitable for accommodation for the whole year. It has which has a separate entrance from a public place, courtyard or from a collectively used place inside the building (staircase, corridor etc.)
Households An economic unit including family members studying or working away from home as well, together forming and economic community of productive and dependent persons.
Collective dwellings Premises or premise groups providing collective accommodation and certain boarding for five or more persons, irrespective of whether there were persons living and boarding there at the reference date of the census. Among others, student hostels, infants' and children's home, workers' homes, hospitals, residential social institutions, hotels, boarding houses and campsites, holdiay houses owned by corporations and institutions, as well as prisons, etc. belong to this category.