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Sample characteristics: Ghana

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1984 Population Census
Statistical agency Ghana Statistical Service
Population universe Every person who spent the night of 11 March 1984 in a household, institution, or outdoors in the country
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day March 11, 1984
Field work period March 11 to April 12, 1984
Questionnaire Two enumeration forms were used. Form H, collected information on individuals living in private households, and Form G collected information on individuals living in institutions and the floating population. Some enumeration documents are dated 1982, but the census was actually conducted in March of 1984.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth private dwelling drawn by the Minnesota Population Center from 100% microdata.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,309,352
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10).
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Local Authority
Unit definitions
Dwellings A house or compound is a structurally separate and independent place of abode. An enclosure may be considered as separate if it is surrounded by walls, fences, etc. so that a person or group of persons can isolate themselves from other persons in the community for the purpose of sleeping, preparing and taking their meals, or protecting themselves from hazards of climate such as storms and the sun. Any shelter used as living quarters at the time of the census, e.g. a hut or a group of huts, should be counted as a house or compound.
Households A person or a group of persons who live together in the same house or compound, share the same house-keeping arrangements and are catered for as one unit.
Collective dwellings The following are institutions: (a) Educational institutions, e.g., boarding schools, universities, training colleges, blind schools, seminaries, convents, children's homes, orphanages, nurseries, hostels (YWCA), etc.; (b) Hospitals, including mental hospitals, maternity homes, divine healers' and herbalists' establishments, rehabilitation centres and similar institutions for the physically and mentally handicapped, and convalescent homes; (c) Prisons, including borstal institutions, remand homes and industrial schools; (d) Service barracks, including army camps, military academies, police training schools and colleges.
Special populations The floating population is comprised of the following: (a) Persons who on census night were travelling in lorries, trains or on foot and therefore did not sleep in any house or compound on that night, e.g. cattle drivers; (b) Persons who spent census night in hotels, rest houses, transit quarters, road camps and labour transit camps; (c) Persons at airports, on ships, ferries, at international border stations; (d) Soldiers on field training; (e) Fishermen and other persons who were at sea in Ghana's territorial waters on census night; (f) All persons who slept in lorry parks, markets, in front of stores and offices, public bathrooms, petrol filling stations, railway stations, verandahs, pavements and all such places which are not houses or compounds; (g) Watchmen; (h) Beggars and vagrants (mad or otherwise).
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 2000 Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency Ghana Statistical Service
Population universe All persons in households and all living quarters in Ghana at midnight of Census Night
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day March 26, 2000
Field work period Certain non-household groups were enumerated a week before the census and revisited on census day. All household interviews took place on census day.
Questionnaire A single form requested information about dwellings, households and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth private dwelling. Drawn by the IPUMS from 100% microdata.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,894,133
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Dwellings A structurally separate and independent place of abode. It could be a building or some form of space or shelter arranged for human habitation which was occupied at the time of the Census (e.g. a hut or group of huts). It may contain one or more households.
Households A household consists of a person or a group of persons, who live together in the same house or compound, share the same house-keeping arrangements and are catered for as one unit. It is important to remember that members of a household are not necessarily related (by blood or marriage) because nonrelatives (e.g. house helps) may form part of a household.
Collective dwellings Institutions include educational Institutions such as boarding schools, universities; seminaries and convents; children's homes, orphanages, nurseries, and hostels (e.g. Y.W.C.A.); hospitals, including mental hospitals, maternity homes, divine healers' and herbalists' establishments, rehabilitation centers, and similar institutions for the physically and mentally handicapped; prisons, including borstal institutions, remand homes and industrial schools; service barracks, army camps, military academies, police training schools and colleges.
Special populations Floating population: Outdoor sleepers, persons who on census night were travelling in lorries, trains, or on foot, persons who spent census night in hotels, rest houses, transit quarters, road camps and labour transit camps, soldiers on field exercise, hunting and fishing groups, beggars, and vagrants (mentally sick or otherwise).
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 2010 Population and Housing Census
Statistical agency Ghana Statistical Service
Population universe All persons in households and all persons in institutions and in transit in Ghana at midnight on the night of September 26-27, 2010, inlcuding the floating population
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day September 27, 2010
Field work period Certain non-household groups were enumerated a week before the census and revisited on census day. All household interviews took place on census day.
Questionnaire Seprate forms were used to enumerate the household population and the non-household population. The household form requested information on individual charactersitics, emigration and mortality of household members, agricultural activity of the household, and housing conditions. The non-household form requested information on type of residence and individual characteristics only.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic Sample of every 10th dwelling with a random start, drawn by the country
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 2,466,289
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography District
Unit definitions
Dwellings A structurally separate and independent place of abode. It could be a building or some form of space or shelter arranged for human habitation which was occupied at the time of the Census (e.g. a hut or group of huts). It may conatin one or more households. Living quarters originally intended for habitation and used wholly for other purposes at the time of the census must be excluded from the census coverage, while shelters not intended for habitation but occupied at the time of the census must be included.
Households A household consists of a person or a group of persons, who live together in the same house or compound, share the same house-keeping arrangements and are catered for as one unit. It is important to remember that members of a household are not necessarily related (by blood or marriage) because nonrelatives (e.g. house helps) may form part of a household.
Collective dwellings Group quarters include educational institutions such as boarding schools and student hostels; seminaries, convents, etc.; children's homes, orphanages, nurseries; homes for the elderly; hospitals and healing centers, including mental hosptials, maternity homes, divine healers' camps, herablists' establishments; hotels, motels, hostels, and guest houses; prisons, including borstal institutions, remand homes, industrial schools, and police, immigration, and military cells; service barracks, including army camps, military academies, police training schools and colleges; soldiers on field exercise; and the floating population.
Special populations Floating population: Outdoor sleepers, hunting and fishing groups, relatives of patients sleeping on in hospital waiting rooms, on hospital grounds, or in prayer or healing camps, beggars, and vagrants (mentally sick or otherwise).