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Sample characteristics: France

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of 1962
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents in France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through. The microdata sample includes mainland France and Corsica.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 7, 1962
Field work period March 7 to March 30
Questionnaire Separate forms for buildings, group quarters (collective households), group quarters (compte a part), private households, and boats. Four forms for individuals (living in group quarters and private dwellings; two different forms for people compte a part; living in boats).
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic manual sorting into lots with different sample units, according to target population.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 2,320,901
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households, except in the case of persons in psychiatric hospitals and prisons. Legal population refers to de jure population plus population compte a part.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of 1968
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents in France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 1, 1968
Field work period March 1 to March 23
Questionnaire Separate forms for buildings, group quarters (collective households), group quarters (compte a part), private households, and boats. Four forms for individuals (living in group quarters and private dwellings; two different forms for people compte a part; living in boats).
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic manual sorting into lots with different sample units according to target population. Lots divide the population into different samples (1/20,1/5,3/4).
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 2,487,778
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households, except in the case of persons in psychiatric hospitals and prisons. Legal population refers to de jure population plus population compte a part.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of 1975
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents in France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day February 20, 1975
Field work period February 20 to March 21
Questionnaire Separate forms for buildings, group quarters (collective households), group quarters (compte a part), private households, and boats. Four forms for individuals (living in group quarters and private dwellings; two different forms for people compte a part; living in boats).
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic manual sorting into lots with different sample units according to target population. Lots divide the population into different samples (1/5 and 4/5). 1/20 sample is selected from 1/5 sample.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 2,629,456
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households, except in the case of persons in psychiatric hospitals and prisons. Legal population refers to de jure population plus population compte a part.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of 1982
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents of France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 4, 1982
Field work period March 4 to April 3
Questionnaire Separate forms for buildings, group quarters (collective households), group quarters (compte a part), private households, and boats. Four forms for individuals (living in group quarters and private dwellings; two different forms for people compte a part; living in boats).
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic manual sorting into lots with different sample units according to target population. Lots divide the population into different samples (1/4 and 3/4). 1/20 sample is selected from 1/4 sample.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 2,631,713
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households, except in the case of persons in psychiatric hospitals and prisons. Legal population refers to de jure population plus population compte a part.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of 1990
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents of France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 5, 1990; March 15 for overseas departments
Field work period March and April
Questionnaire Separate forms for buildings, group quarters (collective households), group quarters (compte a part), private households, and boats. Four forms for individuals (living in group quarters and private dwellings; two different forms for people compte a part; living in boats).
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 1/20 sample: 1/5 sample selected from 1/4 sample. All individuals in private households from 1/4 sample from a district selected with probability 1/5. Other populations: systematic selection of individuals with probability 1/5. 1/4 sample: corresponds to a cluster sample of districts stratified by locality and size of household. All individuals within households constitute the 1/4 sample. For other populations, selection is based on individuals stratified by locality and type of group quarters.
Sample fraction 4.2%
Sample size (person records) 2,360,854
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 24.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households, except in the case of persons in psychiatric hospitals and prisons. Legal population refers to de jure population plus population compte a part.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Population Census of 1999
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents of France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 8, 1999
Field work period March and April
Questionnaire Form 1A for dwelling consists of (1) dwelling characteristics, (2) List A. permanent occupants of the dwelling, (3) List B. household members who do not live in the dwelling of enumeration, and (4) building characteristics; Form 2B. Individual form.
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 1/20 sample: A 1/5 systematic sample selected from 1/4 sample. 1/4 sample: a systematic sample of every 4th dwelling (or individual from institutional households). Dwellings, either for households/quasi-households or vacant dwellings, are sorted by locality and household size (if for households/quasi-households), before sampling. Individuals from communities/quasi-communities are sorted by locality, type of community and date of birth before sampling. All individuals within households constitute the 1/4 sample.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 2,934,758
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households. Legal population refers to the population without duplicate counts (population sans double compte) and the institutional population (population comptee a part).
Census/survey characteristics
Type "Rolling" census
Title 2006-Census (cycle 2004-2008)
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents of France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day January 19 to February 25, annually 2004-2008
Field work period January-February each year 2004-2008
Questionnaire Form "feuille de logement" for dwelling consists of (1) dwelling characteristics, (2) List A. permanent occupants of the dwelling, (3) Lists B and C household members who do not live in the dwelling of enumeration, and (4) building characteristics; Form "bulletin individuel": Individual form.
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design "Rolling Census." Enumerated each year: one fifth of communes under 10,000 population (taken in their entirety); 8% of housing units sampled from communes of 10,000 or more population. Microdata are a 40% sample of persons in communes over 10,000 and a 25% sample for smaller communes. Weights are designed to describe the population in the median year of the dataset (2006).
Sample fraction 33% (approximately)
Sample size (person records) 19,973,287
Sample weights This is a weighted sample. Weights designed by INSEE, and should be used to yield accurate population counts.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons that does not live in an ordinary household, but lives in a collective establishment, sharing meal times.
Special populations Reintegrated persons: Persons living in group quarters or without a fixed address but having a usual home elsewhere (i.e., enumerated away from their usual residence). During data processing, most of these people are reintegrated into their usual households. Legal population refers to the population without duplicate counts (population municipale) and the institutional population (population comptee a part).
Census/survey characteristics
Type "Rolling" census
Title Population Census 2011 (cycle 2009-2013)
Statistical agency INSEE (Institut National de la Statisque et des Etudes Economiques)
Population universe Residents of France, of any nationality. Does not include French citizens living in other countries, foreign tourists, or people passing through.
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day Janurary 1, 2011
Field work period Each January and Februrary of 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013
Questionnaire Two separate forms, Feuille de logement and Bulletin individuel, were used to collect information on dwellings and individuals. Households in overseas departments and territories were enumerated using a slightly modified form.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design "Rolling Census." Enumerated each year: one fifth of communes under 10,000 population (taken in their entirety); 8% of housing units sampled from communes of 10,000 or more population. Microdata are a 40% sample of persons in communes over 10,000 and a 25% sample for smaller communes. Weights are designed to describe the population in the median year of the dataset (2011).
Sample fraction 31%
Sample size (person records) 20,541,337
Sample weights Weights computed by census agency should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Region
Unit definitions
Dwellings A structure that is separate, completely enclosed by walls and partitions, without connecting with another unit unless this is by means of the shared parts of the building (corridor, staircase, lobby, etc.), and self-contained, with an entrance from which there is direct access to the outside or to the shared parts of the building, without having to go through another unit.
Households All persons, not necessarily related, sharing the same main residence. A household can also be made up of a single person. Persons living in mobile dwellings, sailors, homeless persons, and persons living in collective dwellings are considered to be living outside households.
Collective dwellings A community is a group of residential premises falling under the same managing authority and whose residents share a common mode of living. The community population includes those people who live in the community, with the exception of those who live in company accommodation. Community categories are: medium- or long-stay services of public or private health establishments; medium- and long-stay social establishments; retirement home and similar social residences; religious communities; military barracks, quarters, bases, or camps; student housing, including military teaching establishments; prisons; short-term social establishments, and other similar communities.