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Sample characteristics: Ethiopia

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title 1984 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia
Statistical agency Central Statistical Agency
Population universe All housing units and households; all individuals who passed the night of the census date in the dwelling
De jure or de facto De jure (only age, sex, relate are collected for visitors)
Census/survey day May 9, 1984
Field work period Completed within 15 days in most areas
Questionnaire Two census questionnaires were used, one in rural areas and another in urban areas. Blocks 1-3 of the forms--area identification, particulars of household members, and information on deaths--are identical across forms. Block 4, detailed information on housing unit, differs between the two forms. More details on housing unit characteristics were collected in urban areas.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth enumerated household drawn by the Minnesota Population Center. The sample is not representative of the country-level population. Due to famine and conflict, parts of the country are missing from the sample. Detailed documentation about the nature of the undercount and affected geographic areas is given in the report available on the Source Documents page.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 3,404,306
Sample weights Weights computed by MPC should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Awraja
Unit definitions
Dwellings A housing unit is a separate structure with independent access used for habitation or used for a combination of habitation and commercial activity
Households A group of persons who live together in a single housing unit or adjacent housing units who have a common cooking arrangement and eat from the same kitchen
Collective dwellings Premises (housing units, buildings, or compounds) in which a number of unrelated or related persons reside together, and share common facilities. It includes hotels, hostels, boarding schools, orphanages, homes for the elderly, children's homes, prisons, military barracks, monasteries, work camps, rehabilitation centers, etc. It is important to note that in the premises of some collective quarters there may be private households.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title The 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia
Statistical agency Central Statistical Agency
Population universe All housing units and households; all individuals who passed the night of the census date in the dwelling
De jure or de facto De jure (only age, sex, relate are collected for visitors)
Census/survey day October 10, 1994 for all regions except Afar and Somali. Afar was enumerated July 22, 1996 and Somali was enumerated September 11, 1997
Field work period Completed within 10 days in most areas
Questionnaire Four census questionnaires were used, a short and long form in rural areas and a short and long form in urban areas. The long questionnaire was completed for a sample of households, and for all hotels/hostels and other collective quarters. In each EA except those in Afar and Somali (where the residents are predominantly nomadic) 1 in 5 households were systematically selected for the long questionnaire. In Afar and Somali regions 1 in 20 sample households were selected for the long questionnaires. Urban forms collected more details on housing unit characteristics.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic 1-in-2 sample drawn by the Minnesota Population Center from the original 20% sample for all regions except Somali and Affar, which were sampled at lower densities.
Sample fraction 10% in all but Afar and Somali regions.
Sample size (person records) 5,044,598
Sample weights Weights computed by MPC should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Zone
Unit definitions
Dwellings A housing unit is a separate and independent part of the whole of a building or a group of buildings used or intended to be used for habitation by a household, or if not so, used or intended to be used for a combination of habitation and commercial activity, or commercial activity only.
Households A group of persons who live in the same housing unit or in connected premises and have common arrangements for cooking and eating their food. A household could consist of a single person, but usually, it consists of a husband, his wife, his children, relatives and non-relatives. The non-relatives could be friends, servants, employees, etc. As long as household members have the same arrangement for food it includes servants and guards, too.
Collective dwellings Premises (housing units, buildings, or compounds) in which a number of unrelated or related persons reside together, and share common facilities. It includes hotels, hostels, boarding schools, orphanages, homes for the elderly, children's homes, prisons, military barracks, monasteries, work camps, rehabilitation centers, etc. It is important to note that in the premises of some collective quarters there may be private households.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title The 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia
Statistical agency Central Statistical Agency
Population universe All housing units and households; all individuals who passed the night of the census date in the dwelling
De jure or de facto De jure (only age, sex, relate are collected for visitors)
Census/survey day May 28, 2007 for all regions except Afar and Somali, which were enumerated November 28, 2007
Field work period Completed within 10 days in all regions except Afar and Somali, which were completed within 15 days
Questionnaire Two census questionnaires, a short form and a long form, collected information in five sections: 1) Area identification, 2) Type of residence and housing identification, 3) Details of persons in the household, 4) Deaths in the household during the last 12 month, and 5) Information on housing unit. The long questionnaire was administerd to 1 in 5 households in each enumeration area. The short questionnaire with a subset of the long questionnaire items corresponding to basic demographic and social characteristics (population size, sex, age, religion, mother tongue, ethnic group, disability and orphanage) was administered to the remaining (non-sample) households.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th household with a random start, drawn by the country. NOTE: The sample includes data from both the short and the long questionnaire. Only one-fifth of household received the long questionnaire, thus only 20% of the population have responses for most variables.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 7,434,086
Sample weights Weights computed by census agency should be used for most types of analysis. The weight applies to long form respondents only (short form respondents have a weight of zero). Use of the weight is essential for most analyses and yields point estimates that correspond closely to published reports for all variables.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Zone
Unit definitions
Dwellings A housing unit is a separate and independent part of the whole of a building or a group of buildings used or intended to be used for habitation by a household, or if not so, used or intended to be used for a combination of habitation and commercial activity, or commercial activity only.
Households A group of persons who live in the same housing unit or in connected premises and have common arrangements for cooking and eating their food. A household could consist of a single person, but usually, it consists of a husband, his wife, his children, relatives and non-relatives. The non-relatives could be friends, servants, employees, etc. As long as household members have the same arrangement for food it includes servants and guards, too.
Collective dwellings Premises (housing units, buildings, or compounds) in which a number of unrelated or related persons reside together, and share common facilities. It includes, hotels, hostels, boarding schools, home for the aged , childrenÂ’s home, prisons, military barracks, monasteries, work camps, rehabilitation centers, childrenÂ’s home, etc. It is important to note that in the premises of some collective quarters there may be private households.