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Sample characteristics: Ecuador

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Censos de Población y Vivienda, 1962
Statistical agency Departamento de los Censos Nacionales
Population universe Everyone who spent the night of November 24 to November 25 in a Dwelling in Ecuador. Including individuals that spent the night away for special reasons (e.g. away for a party or a funeral, physicians, guards).
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day November 25, 1962 at 0 hours
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on dwellings and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample fraction 3%
Sample size (person records) 136,443
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 33.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households No
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings Any fixed or mobile, structurally separate or independent premises or enclosure that has been built or made, converted or prepared for the purpose of permanently or temporarily housing a census household.
Households Census Family.- A group of people, generally related, who live together under a family system. It is made up in most cases by a Head of Family, their relatives (spouse or consensual union partner, children, grandchildren, etc.), close friends, guests, domestic servants and any occupant who lives in the same dwelling and shares the same food. Any person who lives alone in a family dwelling also makes up a census family.
Collective dwellings Unrelated Group- A group of generally unrelated people who live together for reasons of discipline, health, teaching, religious or military life, work, or other reasons and who reside in non-family dwellings such as: hospitals, clinics, hotels, guesthouses, jails, reformatories, barracks, convents, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title III Censo de Población y II de Vivienda, 1974
Statistical agency Oficina de Censos Nacionales, Junta Nacional dePlanificación
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day June 8, 1974
Field work period Urban population in one day and rural population in eight days.
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on dwellings and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel. The enumerators in urban areas were students supervised by their teachers and personnel from the census office. In rural areas teachers and other paid personnel were the enumeratiors.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample was drawn from the 13.6% stratified sample developed by the statistical office.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 648,678
Sample weights Computed by census agency and should be used for most types of analysis. Weights were inflated to adjust for the lower sample fraction of the IPUMS sample.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings There is a discrepancy between the enumerator’s manual (where dwellings are divided into family and non-family) and the enumeration form (where dwellings are divided into private and collective). There is no formal definition of dwelling in either document.
Households House or villa, Apartment, room in a rooming house, “mediagua” (construction with roof sloping in only one direction), ranch, shack, other.
Collective dwellings Hotel or pension, military or police barracks, hospital, convent, boarding school, other.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title IV Censo de Población y III de Vivienda, 1982
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Population universe Everyone who spent the night of November 27 to November 28 in a Dwelling in Ecuador. Including individuals who usually reside at the household, but were away for special reasons (e.g. physicians, army personnel, fishermen).
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day November 28, 1982
Field work period Urban population in one day and rural population in eight days.
Questionnaire A single enumeration form that requested information on dwellings and individuals, but the field work was divided into urban and rural enumerator’s manuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel. The enumerators were teachers and students.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th household.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 806,834
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 10.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings Housing premises meant for habitation, which even when it may not have been originally built for housing people, is being occupied as a dwelling at the time the Census is taken.
Households House or villa, Apartment, room in a rooming house, “mediagua” (construction with roof sloping in only one direction), ranch, shack, other.
Collective dwellings Hotel or pension, military or police barracks, hospital, convent, boarding school, other.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title V Censo de Población y IV de Vivienda, 1990
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Population universe Everyone in Ecuador on November 25 at 0 hours.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day November 25, 1990
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on dwellings, hoseholds and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel. The enumerators were teachers and secondary students from the terminal years.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 966,234
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 10.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings This is the space of housing quarters with an independent entry, constructed, built, transformed or conditioned to be inhabited by one or more persons, as long as it is not being completely used for a different purpose. Dwellings are also the mobile or improvised housings and spaces not designated as living quarters that are inhabited in the moment that the census is taken, such as: boats, caves, tents, wagons, etc.
Households A separate and independent housing unit which houses one or various households (the households are formed by one or more persons, related or not, who eat out of the same pot and sleep in the same dwelling). An individual dwelling is also a dwelling that is not designated for housing persons, but is occupied as a dwelling at the time of the census.
Collective dwellings This is a dwelling that is inhabited by a group of persons who share the dwelling for reasons of health, discipline, religion, etc, such as hotel, residences, barracks, hospitals, convents, homes for the elderly, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title VI Censo de Población y V de Vivienda, 2001
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Population universe Everyone in Ecuador who spent the night of November 24 to November 25. there is an additional part of the enumeration form that requests information on members of the country that moved out of the country within the previous 5 years.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day November 25, 2001
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on dwellings, hoseholds and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel, mainly secondary students from the terminal years and university students.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,213,725
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 10.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings A premise or place of lodging with independent access, constructed, built, transformed, or ready to be inhabited by one or more people, as long as it is not exclusively used for a different purpose at the Time of the Census. Also considered dwellings are mobile and improvised dwellings and places not meant for living in, but which are inhabited at the time the Census is taken, such as: barges, caves, tents, train cars, etc.
Households A separate premises or place of lodging with independent access intended for accommodating one or more households (a household is considered a person or group of people, related or not by kinship bonds, that cooks their food separately and sleeps in the same dwelling). Also considered a private dwelling is one which, though not meant for human lodging, is occupied as such at the time the census is taken.
Collective dwellings Is a dwelling inhabited by a group of people who share it due to reasons of health, discipline, religion, etc., such as: hotels, boarding houses, barracks, hospitals, convents, retirement homes, military camps, jails, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title VII Censo de Población y VI de Vivienda, 2010
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Population universe Everyone in Ecuador who spent the night of November 27 to November 28.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day November 28, 2010
Field work period Urban population in one day and rural populations from November 28 through December 5, 2010.
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on dwellings, hoseholds and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel, mainly students (urban areas) and teachers (rural areas).
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,448,233
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 10.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings A premise or place of lodging with independent access, constructed, built, transformed, or ready to be inhabited by one or more people, as long as it is not exclusively used for a different purpose at the Time of the Census. Also considered dwellings are mobile and improvised dwellings and places not meant for living in, but which are inhabited at the time the Census is taken, such as: barges, caves, tents, train cars, etc.
Households A separate premises or place of lodging with independent access intended for accommodating one or more households.
Collective dwellings Is a dwelling inhabited by a group of people who share it due to reasons of health, discipline, religion, etc., such as: hotels, boarding houses, barracks, hospitals, convents, retirement homes, military camps, jails, etc.