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Sample characteristics: Germany

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title The 1970 Census of the Federal Republic Germany
Statistical agency Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt)
Population universe Total population entitled to reside in households
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 27, 1970
Field work period The enumerators (interviewers) distributed the questionnaires to all households until 23 May and collected the completed questionnaires until 6 June.
Questionnaire 2 questionnaires: (f1) population census questionnaire: 90% of the population received a questionnaire comprising 18 questions, the remaining 10% received a questionnaire containing 39 questions; (f2) local unit questionnaire
Type of fieldwork Standardized interview
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design A randomized 50% sub-sample was drawn from the 10% sample of the factually anonymous Scientific-Use-File (SUF) by using the ending numbers method. This yields the Public Use File, which is 5% sample of the total 1970 FRG population. NOTE: Persons are not organized into households.
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 3,094,845
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=20)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households No
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography State
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling, in terms of a survey unit, is defined as a self-contained set of rooms intended for living purposes which enable persons to keep their own household.
Households A household consists of all persons who live in the same dwelling and have a common housekeeping budget. Also. persons living and keeping house alone as well as lodgers are counted as households.
Collective dwellings Persons in institutions, homes or the like are covered if they live there, are registered at that address with the police or relevant authorities and, fully or partly, make use of communal catering arrangements or of any joint facilities.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title The 1971 Census of Population, Occupation, Dwellings and Buildings of the German Democratic Republic
Statistical agency Central State Office for Statistics
Population universe Total population entitled to reside in households
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day January 1, 1971
Questionnaire There are 4 forms: (1) household questionnaire containing questions for all persons in the household; (2) dwelling questionnaire containing questions for all dwellings; (3) building questionnaire containing questions for all residential buildings; and (4) institution questionnaire.
Type of fieldwork Standardized interview
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 25% sample of households drawn based on anonymization methodology by the Federal Statistical Office.
Sample fraction 25%
Sample size (person records) 4,110,749
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=4)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography State
Unit definitions
Dwellings Living quarters which could be in residential buildings and non-residential buildings
Households A household is a group of persons who live and keep house together. A person living alone forms a household. Subtenants are treated as separate households.
Collective dwellings Institutions were collective dwelling for the accommodation and care of citizens who for reasons of working, training or studying, or for educational, health, social or other reasons needed to be accommodated collectively.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title The 1981 Census of Population, Occupation, Dwellings and Buildings of the German Democratic Republic
Statistical agency Central State Office for Statistics
Population universe Persons who live permanently in the GDR, excluding members of foreign embassies and consular offices, and military and civil members of the Soviet Union military and their families
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day December 31, 1981
Questionnaire There are 3 forms: (1) household list; (2) person list which contains information on all persons living in the household; and (3) housing list which contains information on the rooms of residence
Type of fieldwork Standardized interview
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 25% sample of households drawn by the Federal Statistical Office. Sample method unknown
Sample fraction 25%
Sample size (person records) 4,278,563
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=4)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography State
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling is defined as a group of connected rooms, which are built as living quarters, have a separate entrance directly from a stair well or directly from the outside, and have a kitchen or a kitchenette.
Households A household is a group of persons who live and keep house together. A person living alone forms a household. Persons occupying several dwellings are assigned to one household in each dwelling.
Collective dwellings Collective dwellings, for the purpose of the census, are hostels, establishments for the care of children and youth, for health services, or for social welfare to provide care and accommodations to persons who lived there for reasons of working, occupational training, studying or for special education and treatment.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population Census 1987, Federal Republic Germany
Statistical agency Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt)
Population universe Total population entitled to reside in households
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 25, 1987
Questionnaire There are 2 forms: (1) dwelling questionnaire which contains question relating to building characteristics; and (2) personal questionnaire which contains questions about individual characteristics
Type of fieldwork Standardized interview
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 5% sample of households drawn by the Federal Statistical Office. Sample method unknown
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 3,160,224
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=20)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography State
Unit definitions
Dwellings Accommodations/rooms
Households A household comprises all persons living and keeping house together. Persons keeping house alone are regarded as separate households. Persons having more than one dwelling will be allocated to a household in each dwelling.
Collective dwellings All individual persons in community residences that do not keep house for themselves compose a collective household.