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Sample characteristics: Costa Rica

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title VI Censo Nacional de Población y II de Vivienda
Statistical agency Dirección General de Estadísticas y Censos
Population universe All occupied dwellings including all individuals living in the country at midnight April 1, 1963 (i.e. between March 31 and April 1).
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day March 31, 1963
Field work period Clearly longer than April 1, 1963.
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on the dwelling and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel mainly selected from a pool of teachers.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample fraction 6%
Sample size (person records) 82,345
Sample weights Self-weighting.

Expansion factor = 17.

Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households No
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Cantons with 20,000+ population in 2000; combined as necessary by IPUMS
Unit definitions
Dwellings Every place or premises structurally separate or independent, that has been built, converted or available for purposes of lodging or housing of persons, temporarily or permanently, such as any other class of lodging, fixed or mobile, occupied as living quarters on the date of the Census.
Households A group of persons who form a Census Family. It is used as living quarters by a Census Family, which can constitute a single person.
Collective dwellings A group of persons who form a Non Family Group and use the space as living quarters.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Censos Nacionales- Mayo de 1973. III de Vivienda – VII de Población
Statistical agency Dirección General de Estadísticas y Censos, Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Comercio
Population universe All individuals residing in the country at midnight May 15, 1973 (i.e. between May 14 and May 15).
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 14, 1973
Field work period Clearly longer than May, 1973.
Questionnaire Single enumeration form that requested information on the dwelling and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel mainly selected from a pool of teachers and students.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th household.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 186,762
Sample weights Self-weighting.

Expansion factor = 10.

Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Cantons with 20,000+ population in 2000; combined as necessary by IPUMS
Unit definitions
Dwellings A building or house occupied entirely by a Census Family or Non Family Group. If a building or house is divided into flats or rooms, each flat or room inhabited by a different Census Family or Non Family Group constitutes a separate dwelling.
Households CENSUS FAMILY: It is a group of persons with or without family ties, that lives together under a set of family rules. It can constitute also a person who lives alone. Generally a Census Family consists of a Head of Family, the relatives who live with the Head and those persons who participate in this common life for reasons of work (servants and laborers) or other ties.
Collective dwellings NON FAMILY GROUP: Group of persons, generally without family ties, that lives together for reasons of discipline, health, education etc. such as those who live in jails, reformatories, hotels, boarding houses, boarding school, etc. Include also families who have six or more boarders.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Censos Nacionales 1984. Octavo Censo Nacional de Población. Cuarto Censo Nacional de Vivienda
Statistical agency Dirección General de Estadísticas y Censos, Ministerio de Economía y Comercio
Population universe All live individuals at midnight June 11, 1970 (i.e. between June 10 and June 11)
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day June 11, 1984 at 0 hours
Questionnaire A single enumeration form requested information on the dwelling and household, and a single enumeration form requested information of the individuals.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 241,220
Sample weights Self-weighting.

Expansion factor = 10.

Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Cantons with 20,000+ population in 2000; combined as necessary by IPUMS
Unit definitions
Dwellings Any independent premises within the total installation that has been equipped to lodge persons and permits them to reside there for many reasons (they are watchpersons or guards of an industry for example).
Households Separate and independent premises that are meant to lodge a single person (INDIVIDUAL DWELLING) or a group of persons (one or many HOMES) that can have family ties or not, but that are distinguished because they live together and because they prepare and consume their own food. A dwelling is not considered individual when the home established here has six or more persons considered as “Others non family” (Pensioned, etc.) agreeing with question 1 of the Population Census form.
Collective dwellings Those places, buildings and houses in which the sick, police, prisoners for various crimes, young or children delinquents, workers, students, religious persons, the elderly or other groups that carry out or live together under the same roof. These places, buildings or houses in which groups of persons live without family ties between them, or that is, who being NON FAMILY groups, have been designated by the government, by a private company or other institution, to resolve problems or social necessities like health, discipline, security, social adaptation, work in places far from the family dwelling, old age, being orphaned, poverty, study or religious life, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Censos Nacionales IX de Población y V de Vivienda 2000
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Population universe All live individuals at midnight June 28, 2000 (i.e. between June 27 and June 28).
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day June 28, 2000 at 0 hours
Questionnaire A single enumeration form requested information on the dwelling and household individuals. There is an additional enumeration form for indigenous populations.
Type of fieldwork Face to face interview (direct enumeration) conducted by trained personnel.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 381,500
Sample weights Self-weighting.

Expansion factor = 10.

Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Cantons with 20,000+ population in 2000; combined as necessary by IPUMS
Unit definitions
Dwellings Premises that human beings use to sleep, prepare and consume their meals, also for protecting themselves from the weather and that has the following characteristics: a) SEPARATE- surrounded by walls and covered by a roof; b) constructed, transformed, fixed or available for the LODGING OF PERSONS or that, although not designed for this purpose, is inhabited by persons at the moment of the carrying out the census; c) INDEPENDENT: with entrances or direct access to the street or through halls, stairs, patios, corridors, a public or communal terrace, etc., which does not oblige persons to pass through the interior of other houses in order to leave or enter it.
Households PRIVATE HOME- A group of persons who, having family ties between them or not, reside usually in the same individual dwelling, live together and buy and consume their own food. Examples of private home are: family homes formed by father, mother, children and other family members; a single person; a Group of students who rent an apartment together.

INDIVIDUAL DWELLING- Separated or independent premises designed to lodge one or more private homes, such as: a neighborhood or residential house, shacks made of straw, palm or cane; an apartment; a hovel; a room with an independent entrance that is rented in a dwelling.

Collective dwellings COLLECTIVE HOME- A group of persons without family ties between them, but who live together for reasons of discipline, health, education, religious life, work, such as: a group or body of nuns who reside usually in a convent; students in a boarding school; guests of a hotel; a group of elderly persons who reside in a nursing home; interns in jail.

COLLECTIVE DWELLING- Place, office or house designed by the government, a private company or other institution for resolving problems or social needs, such as convents, hotels, jails, orphanages or worker booths.

Special populations Indigenous People Questionnaire
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title X Censo Nacional de Población y VI de Vivienda
Statistical agency Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Population universe All live individuals at 12am on 29 May 2011
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 30, 2011
Field work period May 30 to June 3, 2011
Questionnaire A single enumeration form requested information on the dwelling, household, and individuals.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling, drawn by the country
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 430,082
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10).
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings A structurally separate and independent enclosure designed to house one or more private households possessing the following characteristics: it is separate, enclosed by walls and covered by a roof; it was built, transformed, arranged, or available for the housing of people, or, even if it was not designed for this purpose, it is inhabited by people at the time of the census; and it is independent, with entrances and direct access from the street or hallway, stairs, patio, corridor, public or communal terrain, etc., so that persons do not have to pass through the interior of another dwelling in order to enter or leave the dwelling.
Households A private household can be composed of one person or a group of people with or without family ties that consume and share a common budget to buy food.
Collective dwellings Any building designed to be inhabited by people, usually without family ties that live together for reasons of health, education, religion, work, or other causes. Usually, in collective dwellings there are not family ties and a third person imposes cohabitation rules that the residents must respect.