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Sample characteristics: Cameroon

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Census of Population and Housing, 1976
Statistical agency Direction de la Statistique et de la Compatabilité Nationale
Population universe All persons present in Cameroon at the time of the census, including visitors from other countries.
De jure or de facto De jure and de facto
Census/survey day April 9-24, 1976
Field work period April 9-24, 1976
Questionnaire Two forms: Dwelling units and collective households
Type of fieldwork Direct interview
Estimated undercount 7%
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling with a random start, drawn by IPUMS
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 736,514
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Arrondissement
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Second General Census of Population and Housing,1987
Statistical agency Ministère du Plan et de l'Amenagement du Territoire
Population universe All persons present in Cameroon at the time of the census, including visitors from other countries.
De jure or de facto De jure and de facto
Census/survey day April 14-28, 1987
Field work period April 14-28, 1987
Questionnaire No information available.
Type of fieldwork Direct interview
Estimated undercount 11.3%
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling with a random start, drawn by IPUMS
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 897,211
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Arrondissement
Unit definitions
Households A private household comprises either one person who provides his own essential needs or a group of related or unrelated persons who join together to provide their essential needs. Such a group therefore recognizes the authority of one person: the head of the household.
Collective dwellings A collective household is a group of persons who live in camps, institutions or boarding schools.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Third General Census of Population and Housing
Statistical agency Bureau Central des Recensements et des Études de Population
Population universe All persons present in Cameroon at the time of the census, including visitors from other countries.
De jure or de facto De jure and de facto
Census/survey day November 11, 2005
Questionnaire Four forms: Standard household questionnaire, communal household questionnaire, nomad questionnaire, and homeless questionnaire
Type of fieldwork Direct interview
Estimated undercount No available estimate
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th dwelling with a random start, drawn by IPUMS
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,772,359
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Arrondissement
Unit definitions
Households A standard household is a person or a group of people related or not, living in the same housing unit, often taking their meals together and working together on the other essential needs. This group generally recognizes the authority of one person who is called the Head of Household.
Collective dwellings This is a group of people, who for non-family reasons which are mainly related to profession, health, school, denomination, or detention, live together in a specialized establishment or institution like a workers camp, military barracks, dormitories, a hospital with rooms, a convent, an orphanage, a prison.
Special populations Populations whose way of life is characterized by frequent displacement. These displacements, designated as “migration,” are conducted according to seasons and are driven by a search for water and zones with pastures for the nomads who do breeding. These movements are generally followed by a return to the location from where the individuals left; they live in groups which are not attached to one territorial region and they displace themselves permanently. All persons who are not attached to a household, or who do not identify themselves as member of a standard or communal household. Homeless individuals are different from individuals who permanently live on the street and continue to maintain close relationships with their household/family. Homeless individuals who normally live in a group consider the street their dwelling. This is where they look for and find their shelter, their work, and their food.