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Sample characteristics: Switzerland

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Swiss Federal Population Census of 1970
Statistical agency Federal Statistical Office
Population universe All persons residing in Switzerland, except foreign diplomats stationed in Switzerland and their families.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day December 1, 1970
Field work period November 25-28, 1970
Questionnaire There are three forms: (i) person questionnaire, (ii) dwelling [household] questionnaire, and (iii) building questionnaire.
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th household, drawn by the Federal Statistical Office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 312,538
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings Residential buildings including single family home, mutiple family home, farm, and apartment building; other buildings (e.g. factory or commercial buildings) if they contain at least one unit for residential purposes; other accommodations (e.g., barracks, mountain farms, wagons) if they are occupied on the census day.
Households Family members living together and all other persons living with them (e.g. maids, apprentices, lodgers, paying guests, permanent guests, nurses); lodgers or sub-tenants living with the host household; single persons or persons not related to each other living in their own closed dwelling or single room which they have rented from the landlord and is separated from his dwelling.
Collective dwellings Collective households are groups of persons who reside in hotels, boarding houses, care facilities, boarding schools, hospitals, company dormitories, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Swiss Federal Population Census of 1980
Statistical agency Federal Statistical Office
Population universe All persons residing in Switzerland, except foreign diplomats stationed in Switzerland and their families.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day December 2, 1980
Field work period November 25 - December 9, 1980
Questionnaire There are three sets of questionnaires: (i) person questionnaire, (ii) household questionnaire, and (iii) building questionnaire
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th household, drawn by the Federal Statistical Office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 317,803
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings Residential building including single family home, mutiple family home, farm, and apartment building; other buildings (e.g. factory or commercial buildings) if they contain at least one unit for residential purposes; other accommodations (e.g., barracks, mountain farms, wagons) if they are occupied on the census day.
Households Members of a family and all other persons living with them (e.g. maids, apprentices, boarders, permanent guest, care staff); a person living alone or persons not related to each other living in their own closed dwelling; subtenants of boarder taking one meal daily with the landlord; groups of persons living together.
Collective dwellings Collective households are groups of persons who live in hotels, boarding homes, care homes, boarding schools, hospitals, company dormitories. Other collective households include staff members and company workers who live in a common accommodation but do not keep house and are neither connected to another household.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Federal Population Census 1990
Statistical agency Federal Statistical Office
Population universe All persons residing in Switzerland, except foreign diplomats stationed in Switzerland and their families.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day December 4, 1990
Field work period November 23 - 31 December, 1990
Questionnaire There are three sets of questionnaires: (i) person questionnaire, (ii) household questionnaire, and (iii) building questionnaire
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th household, drawn by the Federal Statistical Office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 342,797
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings Buildings isolated or separated by a wall that, on the day of the census, is inhabited or habitable. Buildings that are uninhabited on the day of the census are recorded only if equipped for permanent residence and are accessible throughout the year. For duplexes, either in groups or in series, each building separated from the others by a wall, going from the cellar to the roof, is considered an independent building.
Households Family members living together and all other persons living with them (e.g., mainds, apprentices, lodgers, permanent guests, nurses, etc.); persons living in the same dewlling without specific family ties; persons living alone in a dwelling.
Collective dwellings Collective households are groups of persons who reside in hotels, boarding homes, care facilities, hospitals, company dormitories, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Federal Population Census 2000
Statistical agency Federal Statistical Office
Population universe All persons residing in Switzerland, except foreign diplomats stationed in Switzerland and their families.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day December 5, 2000
Questionnaire There are three sets of questionnaires: (i) person questionnaire, (ii) household questionnaire, and (iii) building questionnaire
Type of fieldwork Direct and self-enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 20th household, drawn by the Federal Statistical Office
Sample fraction 5%
Sample size (person records) 364,086
Sample weights Self-weighting. Expansion factor = 20.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units Yes
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Canton
Unit definitions
Dwellings Buildings that are free standing or separated by a fire wall from other buildings, and they are occupied or can be occupied on the census day. In the case of row houses, duplexes and other grouped houses, each building part is considered a building if a fire wall exists.
Households All persons living in the same dwelling (apartment or single family house); persons belonging to one family plus all other persons living in the same dwelling (such as maids, other domestic personnel, care children, sub-tenants, permanent guests, care givers); persons living alone in a closed dwelling; non–related persons keeping house together.
Collective dwellings All households which are not private households are considered collective households. Such households are hotels, pensions, boarding schools, workers dormitories, long term care homes