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Sample characteristics: Benin

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title General Census of Population and Housing 1979
Statistical agency National Institute for Statistics and Economic Analysis
Population universe All persons present on the national territory on the day of the census, regardless of nationality.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day March, 1979
Questionnaire A single census form with sections for dwellings and persons
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth dwelling drawn by IPUMS from 100% microdata
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 331,883
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Commune
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit is a space or a collection of spaces used by a household for living purposes during the census period. Note that dwelling units in the same building as other establishments such as a hospital, a hotel, etc., must be considered separately and counted as dwelling units. For example, an independent and separate house situated within the enclosure of a hospital building or a school to be used by the director and his family must be considered a dwelling unit. Similarly, independent apartments in the same building as a hotel must be must considered dwelling units if they have a separate entrance.
Households This is a grouping of persons, related or not, that recognize the authority of the same individual called "Head of Household," living under the same roof and generally eating together. The ordinary household is composed, in the large majority of cases, of the head of household, his only or several spouses, his single children, and potentially other relatives such as father, mother, brothers, lodgers, and servants living with them. A person renting a room and who does not dine with the household should be considered as forming a separate ordinary household (case of renters). A person living alone and who attends by him- or herself to his or her basic needs, alimentary and others (case of celibate persons, widows) also forms a household. Those are cases where the household is limited to one person.
Collective dwellings A collective household is defined as a group of unrelated persons living together in the same establishment for disciplinary, study, travel, health, or professional purposes.
(a) Military personnel, police officers, and policemen living in camps or barracks without their families.
(b) Persons detained in prisons and jails.
(c) Boarding students in high schools, middle schools, or other educational institutions.
(d) Persons living in a hotel or boarding with families or homes.
(e) Sick persons staying in hospitals or in sanitary establishments.
(f) Temporary site workers living on-site without their families.
(g) Members of religious communities living in convents, monasteries, etc.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Second General Census of the Population and Habitation
Statistical agency National Institute for Statistics and Economic Analysis
Population universe All persons present on the territory of the Republic of Benin on census day
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day February 15, 1992
Questionnaire A single census form for persons and dwellings
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth dwelling drawn by IPUMS from 100% microdata
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 498,419
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Commune
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit is an area or a collection of areas used for housing purposes by a household at the time of the census. Note that dwelling units in the same building as other establishments such as a hospital, a hotel, etc., must be considered separately and counted as dwelling units. For example, an independent and separate house situated within the enclosure of a hospital building or a school to be used by the director and his family must be considered a dwelling unit. Similarly, independent apartments in the same building as a hospital or a school must be considered dwelling units if they have a separate entrance.
Households This is a grouping of persons, related or not, who recognize the authority of the same individual called "Head of Household," and whose resources and spending are communal. More than often, these persons live under the same roof, in the same courtyard, or the same concession.
Collective dwellings A collective household is defined as a group of persons, generally unrelated, who live together in an establishment for discipline, travel, health, education, or professional purposes. Establishments in which collective households are found are: barracks, boarding schools, prisons, monasteries, convents and religious communities, orphanages, mental health institutions, hotels, temporary work sites' barracks. If an ordinary household lives in one of the above-mentioned establishments (household of a prison director, hospital director), it shall be counted as an ordinary household.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Third Population and Habitation Census
Statistical agency National Institute for Statistics and Economic Analysis
Population universe All persons present on the territory of the Republic of Benin on census day
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day February 11, 2002
Questionnaire A single census form for persons and dwellings
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every tenth dwelling drawn by IPUMS from 100% microdata
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 685,467
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Commune
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit is an area (part of a building) or a collection of areas used for housing purposes by a household at the time of the census. Note that dwelling units in the same building as other establishments such as a hospital, a hotel, etc., must be considered separately and counted as dwelling units. For example, a house, separated or not and independent or not, situated within the enclosure of a hospital or a school to be used by the director and his family must be considered a dwelling unit. Similarly, independent apartments in the same building as a hospital or a school must be considered dwelling units.
Households This is a grouping of persons, related or not, who recognize the authority of the same individual called "head of household," and whose resources and spending are communal. More than often, these persons live under the same roof, in the same courtyard, or the same concession.
Collective dwellings A collective household is defined as a group of persons, generally unrelated, who live together in an establishment for discipline, travel, health, education, or professional purposes. Establishments in which collective households are found are: barracks, boarding schools, prisons, monasteries, convents and religious communities, orphanages, mental health institutions, hotels, temporary work site barracks. If an ordinary household lives in one of the above-mentioned establishments (household of a prison director, hospital director), it shall be counted as an ordinary household.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Fourth Population and Habitation Census
Statistical agency National Institute for Statistics and Economic Analysis
Population universe All persons present on the national territory on census day
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day May 11, 2013
Questionnaire A single census form with six sections, including persons and dwellings
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design 10% sample drawn by national statistics office; systematic sample of every tenth dwelling
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 1,009,693
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor=10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Commune
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling unit is a space or a group of spaces used by a household for housing purposes. These spaces can be found in one building, in one part of a building, or in several buildings situated close to each other. Dwelling units found in the same building housing an establishment, a hospital, a hotel, etc. must be considered separately and counted as dwelling units. For example, a house, separated or not, independent or not, within a hospital or an educational establishment, used to house the director and his family or the guardian and is family, must be considered as a dwelling unit. Similarly, independent apartments situated in the same building as a hospital or a school must be considered as dwelling units.
Households A person/several persons, related or not, living in the same dwelling unit, [often] eating together, supporting each other in their essential needs, [generally] recognizing the authority of a sole person called the "head of household".
Collective dwellings This is a group of persons who, for extra-familial, notably professional reasons, health reasons, confessional reasons, reasons of deprivation of freedom, live together in a specialized establishment or institution such as a workers' camp, a military barrack, a boarding school, a hospital with hospitalization rooms, a convent, an orphanage, or a prison.