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Sample characteristics: Austria

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population Census; Building and Housing Census 1971
Statistical agency Austrian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Population with a main residence in the territory
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 12, 1971
Questionnaire For every enumeration unit the same form was used all over the country. The enumeration forms are separete for buildings, housing units, and persons.
Type of fieldwork Distribution and collection of questionnaires by enumerators; self-completion of questionnaires or by enumerators
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household after a random start; 100% data of institutional households; drawn by Statistics Austria
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 836,044
Sample weights Self-weighting.
Expansion factor=10
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Eurostat NUTS3 region (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics)
Unit definitions
Dwellings All housing units except those in group quarters or temporary homes; including dwellings consisting of one room without accessories or a kitchen
Households A household consists of persons who live and work together. For this reason, there can also be multiple households within a dwelling.
Collective dwellings Group quarters are defined as instututions such as hospitals, convalescence establishments, nursing homes, old people's homes, welfare institutions, military installations, religious institutions, dormitories of educational institutions, correctional and penal institutions etc.; two different types of institutional households: those of inmates and those of staff
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population Census; Building and Housing Census 1981
Statistical agency Austrian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Population with a main residence in the territory
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 12, 1981
Questionnaire For every enumeration unit the same form was used all over the country
Type of fieldwork Distribution and collection of questionnaires by enumerators; self-completion of questionnaires or by enumerators
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household after a random start; 100% data of institutional households; drawn by Statistics Austria
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 836,833
Sample weights Self-weighting.
Expansion factor=10
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Eurostat NUTS3 region (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics)
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling (housing unit) is defined as a room or suite of rooms and its accessories (at least a kitchen or a kitchenette).
Households A household is comprised of persons who live and work together (compare to the explanations for the household list). There can therefore be also multiple households within the same dwelling.
Whether a family constitutes an individual household while residing in the same dwelling as living parents or parents-in-law, you must allow those persons to decide. As a reference to the "joint economies", for example can be the joint receipt of meals, a joint economy income, and the use of the same living spaces are considered. A household can consist also of a single person.
Collective dwellings Group quarters are defined as instututions such as hospitals, convalescence establishments, nursing homes, old people's homes, welfare institutions, military installations, religious institutions, dormitories of educational institutions, correctional and penal institutions etc.; two different types of institutional households: those of inmates and those of staff
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population Census; Building and Housing Census 1991
Statistical agency Austrian Central Statistical Office
Population universe Population with a main residence in the territory
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 15, 1991
Questionnaire For every enumeration unit the same form was used all over the country
Type of fieldwork Distribution and collection of questionnaires by enumerators; self-completion of questionnaires or by enumerators
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household after a random start; 100% data of institutional households; drawn by Statistics Austria
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 902,568
Sample weights Self-weighting.
Expansion factor=10
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Eurostat NUTS3 region (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics)
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling (housing unit) is defined as a room or suite of rooms and its accessories (at least a kitchen or a kitchenette).
Households A household is comprised of all persons that live with one another and together keep a common home economy. Therefore, there can also be several households within a housing unit. A household can also consist of a single person. The decision whether a family is formed with those parents or parents-in-law living in the same housing unit, must be left up to these persons. Communal meal times, common housekeeping money or the use of the same living spaces can be seen as an indication of "communal housekeeping." Household personnel and commercial or agricultural employees also belong to the household if they are provided room and board.
Collective dwellings Group quarters are defined as instututions such as hospitals, convalescence establishments, nursing homes, old people's homes, welfare institutions, military installations, religious institutions, dormitories of educational institutions, correctional and penal institutions, refugee camps, worker dormitories, hotels, boarding houses etc. There are two different types of institutional households: those of inmates and those of staff.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title Population Census; Building and Housing Census 2001
Statistical agency Statistics Austria
Population universe Population with a main residence in the territory
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day May 15, 2001
Questionnaire For every enumeration unit the same form was used all over the country
Type of fieldwork Distribution and collection of questionnaires by enumerators; self-completion of questionnaires or by enumerators
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household after a random start; 100% data of institutional households; drawn by Statistics Austria
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 883,878
Sample weights Self-weighting.
Expansion factor=10
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Eurostat NUTS3 region (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics)
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling (housing unit) is defined as a room or suite of rooms and its accessories (at least a kitchen or a kitchenette).
Households A household is comprised of all persons that live with one another and keep a common home economy together. (Household personnel also belong to the household if they are provided room and board.) A household can also consist of one person living alone. Other occupants (e.g. subtenants) that manage their own home economy can fill out their own census lists. If a household lives divided across several housing units, all household members are nevertheless recorded in one single census list.
Collective dwellings Group quarters are defined as institutions for the purpose of (long-term) inhabitation and provision of institutionalised care given to a group of persons. Such institutions are one of the following: dormitories of educational institutions, old people' and nursing homes, religious institutions, military installations, correctional and penal institutions, refugee camps etc. Only one type of institutional household: those of inmates.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Register-based census
Title Population Census; Housing Census 2011
Statistical agency Statistics Austria
Population universe Population with a main residence in the territory
De jure or de facto De jure
Census/survey day October 31, 2011
Field work period None: register-based census.
Questionnaire None: register-based census.
Type of fieldwork None: register-based census
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household after a random start; 100% data of institutional households; drawn by Statistics Austria
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 839,501
Sample weights Self-weighting.
Expansion factor=10
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Eurostat NUTS3 region (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics)
Unit definitions
Dwellings Structurally separate units with their own entrance from the street, or a stairwell in permanent buildings, that are suitable for residential purposes. Dwellings consist of one room or multiple rooms with ancillary rooms. It makes no difference whether a kitchen or kitchenette is present.
Households All persons living in a dwelling or similar accommodation
as their main residence form a private household. The size of the household therefore corresponds to the number of people with their main residence in the dwelling. Up to the 1991 Population Census, the
housekeeping-unit concept was used, according to which all persons living together and jointly managing a household formed a private household.
Collective dwellings An institutional household is an establishment that is used for the accommodation and care of
a group of persons – normally over the longer term. The term covers boarding schools, student residences, senior citizen and nursing homes, monasteries, military barracks, penal institutions,
refugee centres, facilities for disabled, socially deprived or homeless persons, homes for young people or trainees and similar institutions. In contrast to the 2001 Population Census, the 2011 register-based census also considers non-institutional forms of living together in collective living quarters (e.g. company accommodation, hotels, etc.) as institutional households.Solely main residence registrations are recorded. Because of
secondary residence registrations, the actual occupancy of individual
facilities may be higher.