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Sample characteristics: Argentina

Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title National Population, Family, and Housing Census, 1970
Statistical agency Argentine National Institue of Statistics and Censuses
Population universe All the population in the national territory at the moment the census is carried out.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day September 30, 1970
Field work period Interviews take place on the expected census day in each state.
Questionnaire (1) Dwelling questionnaire (2) Population questionnaire (both questionnaires make up a single booklet).
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration via house-to-house visits and personal interviews performed by teachers called upon to perform census activities as public obligation.
Estimated undercount 2.79%
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 50th household with a random start. The sample was elaborated by INDEC.
Sample fraction 2%
Sample size (person records) 466,892
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 50)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Department
Unit definitions
Dwellings Any lodging fixed or movable that has been built or adapted to be inhabited by people. It can be occupied by one or more particular census households or a group quarters census household and one or more private households. A private dwelling is one that is occupied by one or several private census households. A group quarters dwelling is the one that is occupied by a group quarters census household.
Households A group of people, relatives or not, that live under the same roof and regularly share their food.
Collective dwellings A group of people that share the same dwelling under non-family reasons due to military, work, health, discipline, religion, punishment, etc. A family household with more than six boarders is also a group quarters home.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title National Population and Housing Census, 1980
Statistical agency Argentine National institute of Statistics and Censuses
Population universe All the population in the national territory at the moment the census is carried out.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day October 22, 1980
Field work period The interviews take place on the expected census day. In some areas the enumeration took place the following day because of access problems due to heavy rains.
Questionnaire Short form questionnaire: (1) Dwelling questionnaire (2) Population questionnaire (both questionnaires made up a single booklet). Long form questionnaire: (1) Dwelling questionnaire (2) Population questionnaire (both questionnaires make up a single booklet).
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration via house-to-house visits and personal interviews performed by teachers called upon to perform census activities as public obligation.
Estimated undercount 1.01%
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design In locations where the sample fraction is 10 percent, 100 percent of households are chosen. In locations where the sample fraction is 20 percent, every 2nd household is chosen with a random start. For the remaining locations were there is not a sample, every 10th household is chosen. In group quarters, the sample was not applied in the enumeration. They are chosen as a systematic sample of every 10th person with a random start. The sample was drawn by INDEC.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 2,667,714
Sample weights Computed by census agency and should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings Yes
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Department
Unit definitions
Dwellings Any lodging fixed or movable that has been built or adapted to be inhabited by people. A private dwelling is occupied by private households. A dwelling inhabited by six or more lodgers is considered to be a group quarters household.
Households A person or a set of people, relatives or not, which occupy the same dwelling.
Collective dwellings A dwelling occupied by a group of people that share the dwelling under a non-family arrangement due to the following reasons: work, military, health, religion, discipline.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title National Population and Housing Census, 1991
Statistical agency Argentine National Institute of Statistics and Censuses
Population universe All the population in the national territory at the moment the census is carried out.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day May 15, 1991
Field work period The interviews take place on the expected census day.
Questionnaire Short form questionnaire: (1) Dwelling questionnaire (2) Population questionnaire (both questionnaires made up a single booklet). Long form questionnaire: (1) Dwelling questionnaire (2) Population questionnaire (both questionnaires make up a single booklet).
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration via house-to-house visits and personal interviews performed by teachers called upon to do census tasks as a public obligation (even though an economic compensation was established in order to cover expences). In bordering areas, islands, and ports, the participation of the security forces (the National Guard and Navy) was required.
Estimated undercount 1.06%
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design The microdatabase was obtained in the following way. In those locations in which the sample fraction was 10 percent, 100 percent of the households were chosen. In locations in which the sample fraction was 20 percent, a sample of 1 out of two households was taken from random start. For the remaining locations were there was not a sample, one of every 10 households was taken. In group quarters the sample was not applied in the enumeration. A systematic sample of every 10th person was taken with random start. The sample was drawn by INDEC. NOTE: Roughly half the population lacks data for several important write-in variables, including occupation, industry, birthplace, and previous residence. An alternative weight variable, AR1991A_0434 (WTPERC), properly adjusts the statistics, and it should be applied to any analyses involving the affected variables.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 4,143,727
Sample weights Computed by census agency and should be used for most types of analysis.
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Department
Unit definitions
Dwellings Any place designed to lodge people or a place not originally designed to lodge people but on the census day it was used for that purpose. Private dwellings are those occupied by one or more private households. The Inquilinato houses are those which made up a single dwelling in which one or more households are situated. Non-touristic hotels with a housing capacity inferior to 15 rooms in the federal capital and 10 rooms for the rest of the country are considered private dwellings.
Households A person or group of people, relatives or not that live under the same roof according to a family arrangement, meaning they share their food expenses.
Collective dwellings A place for lodging groups, or one that was not primarily designed for that purpose but used for that purpose on the census day. The following are considered group quarters: a home for the elderly, a home for the underaged, boarding schools, camping/working sites, hospitals, prisons, policemen's headquarters, firemen's headquarters, and military headquarters, religious households and hotels.
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title National Population, Households, and Dwellings Census, 2001
Statistical agency Argentine National Institute of Statistics and Censuses
Population universe All the population in the national territory at the moment the census is carried out. This includes everyone (of any nationality) that spent the night of November 16-17 in any Argentine diplomatic embassy abroad; all the sailors or fishermen that spent the night of November 16-17 in ships with an Agentine flag or a foreign one docked in Argentine waters; and all Argetine workers that are abroad performing missions for the national government.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day November 17 and 18, 2001
Field work period The interviews take place on the expected census day. In some areas, the enumeration continued a week after the originally expected date, and, in flooded areas, the operation was performed afterwards. In some cases of the flooded areas like Rivadavia in the State of Buenos Aires, the interviews could not be completed until May 2002.
Questionnaire (1) Household questionnaire (2) Population questionnaire (both questionnaires are part of the same booklet).
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration via house-to-house visits and personal interviews performed by teachers called upon to do census tasks as a public obligation (even though an economic compensation was established in order to cover expences). In addition, employees of the Ministry of Economics were called upon by Ministerial Resolution Number 690/01, Article 14, Law Number 17.622 as census interviewers in cases where replacements were needed due to a conflict by the Teacher's Union. In bordering areas, islands, and ports, the participation of the security forces (the National Guard and Navy Prefecture) was required.
Estimated undercount 2.75%
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household and collective quarters with a random start. The sample was drawn by INDEC from the microdata of 100 percent of households.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 3,626,103
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings Yes
Smallest geography Department
Unit definitions
Dwellings A place for lodging structurally separated and adapted to be inhabited by people, and those which were not originally built or adapted to be inhabited by people but used for that purpose at the moment when the census was being carried out. Each Inquilinato room and each hotel room or pension not used for touristic purposes are considered as private dwellings.
Households A person or a group of people that live under the same roof and share food expenses.
Collective dwellings A place destined to lodge people that live under a non-family arrangement by norms of living and being these include places that are administrative, military, religious, health, punishment, work-related, etc.
Special populations Special populations include the identification of households where at least one member has a disability and households that self-identify or descend from Indigenous people. Based on this information, additional information was gathered via the National Disability Survey and the Survey of Indigenous People (appendices to the 2001 Census).
Census/survey characteristics
Type Census
Title National Population, Households, and Dwellings Census, 2010
Statistical agency Argentine National Institute of Statistics and Censuses
Population universe All people who spent the night before October 27, 2010 in a specific dwelling, including visitors.
De jure or de facto De facto
Census/survey day October 27, 2010
Field work period The interviews take place on the expected census day.
Questionnaire (1) Private household questionnaire - basic and long form (2) Collective household questionnaire.
Type of fieldwork Direct enumeration via house-to-house visits and personal interviews.
Microdata sample characteristics
Sample design Systematic sample of every 10th private household, drawn by INDEC from the microdata of 100 percent of households. The sample is drawn from the short (basic) form census questionnaire responses.
Sample fraction 10%
Sample size (person records) 3,966,245
Sample weights Self-weighting (expansion factor = 10)
Units identified in microdata
Dwellings No
Vacant units No
Households Yes
Collective dwellings No
Smallest geography Department
Unit definitions
Dwellings A dwelling is a space where persons live. It should be a place that is separated and independent: surrounded by walls or another element of separation, covered by a roof (to be able to sleep, feed oneself, and protect oneself from the environment); and have an independent entrance so that its occupants can enter and leave without passing through the interior of other dwellings. For the Census, dwellings are the spaces that have been built or adapted to be inhabited and are also the spaces that not originally designated to house persons but that on the day of the Census are used for this purpose (for example, a business space or a warehouse where a person spent the night of reference).
Households A person or group of persons, related or not, who live in the same dwelling and share the expenses of food. The persons who live alone also form a household.
Collective dwellings A dwelling occupied by a group of people that share the dwelling under a non-family arrangement due to the following reasons: work, military, health, religion, discipline, etc.