P18 Activity status in the last seven days What was name's main activity status in the last 7 days? (If not working for pay, (code 13-19) skip to P21, otherwise write appropriate code) ___
136. Is defined as work, which involves the production of goods and services for sale or exchange and production of certain products for own consumption. Non paid Household chores such as preparing food, house cleaning, care of children or collecting fire wood for own consumption are considered as non economic activities. Also community and volunteer services and prostitution are classified as non-economic activities.
137. According to the above definition, economic activity covers production of goods and services intended for market, all government activities, production and processing of primary products (crop farming, animal rearing, fishing, forestry and logging activities; and mining and quarrying) for own consumption, processing of primary products and production of other commodities where part of it is sold on the market. In addition, they include own account construction, fixed asset production.
138. Personal activity status is defined in relation to the person's position at his/her place of work and his/her mode of remuneration i.e. self employed, Paid employee, Unpaid family worker, Student, pensioner, etc.
139. Main activity Refers to the most important economic activity the respondent was engaged in terms of time spent during the last seven (7) days preceding the Census night. 140. Self-Employed: It comprises of employers and own account workers.
2. Own account worker: is a person who operates his/her own economic enterprise without employing other people as helpers. For example, a person who makes bricks and does not employ any helper is considered an own account worker, not an employer.
141. Unpaid Family workers: Refers to those members of the Household who work in an enterprise operated by the Household without pay or profit.
142. Paid Employee: This is a person who performs work for a public or private employer and receives remuneration in wage or salary, commission and piece rates in cash or in kind.
143. Some examples of paid employees are a primary teacher who works in a school for a wage/salary is a paid employee; a person who makes bricks from materials owned by others, and who is paid a salary or wage for work is a paid employee; a person who works in a shop belonging to a Household for a salary is a paid employee.
144. All persons who will be temporary absent from work because they are on holiday, sick leave, maternity leave, annual leave and for some other reasons but continue to receive wage or salary, will be recorded as paid employees code '10'. For example: A teacher on holiday, he/she may not have taught during the last 7 days before the census night but continued to receive his/her salary. Such person is considered as a paid employee.
145. Also all persons who were engaged in temporary activity while on holiday, leave or some other reason but have a permanent job to return to, his/her usual activity will be recorded not the temporary activity. For example, a secondary school teacher who is on holiday and is currently employed as a census enumerator or Supervisor, his /her usual activity status (Paid employee) and occupation (Secondary teacher) is the one to be recorded.
146. Looking for Work: These include persons without work i.e. were not in paid employment or self employed and had taken specific steps in a specified recent period to seek paid employment or self-employment. The specific steps include registration at a public or private employment exchange, application to employers, checking at work sites, farms, factory gates, market or other assembly places, placing or answering newspaper advertisements, seeking assistance from friends or relatives, looking for land, building, machinery or equipment to establish own enterprise, arranging for financial resources, applying for permits and licenses, etc.
147. Full time Student: A person who attends a regular formal educational institution, public or private, and does so on a full time basis is called a full time student. Part-time students in formal institutions but also working elsewhere should be regarded as Working.
148. Household Worker: A person of either sex involved in housework and is not paid for the chores he/she performs is called a Household worker.
149. Refers to the type of economic activity carried out by the enterprise where a person is working. For example, a school nurse is considered to be in the education sector, while an accountant in a soap factory is in the manufacturing sector. Subsistence farmers are considered to be in the agricultural sector.
150. Manufacturing is defined here as the physical or chemical transformation of materials or components into new products, whether the work is performed by power-driven machines or by hand, whether it is done in a factory or in the worker's home, and whether the products is sold at wholesale or retail.
151. Some common manufacturing activities include making pancakes, making chapatti, grinding groundnuts, slaughtering animals, coffee processing, maize milling, making curry powder, brewing local beer, distilling local waragi, making furniture, etc.
152. Occupation refers to the actual work that an individual does at the place of work. This is irrespective of what the organization actually produces. The information on occupation will be coded in the office. You are thus required to give brief but precise descriptions of the actual occupations, in order for the head office to be able to assign appropriate codes.
153. A description such as "farmer" or "Crop Farmer" is not sufficient. To get the appropriate code we need a description such "Subsistence crop farmer". Additional examples
ii. Do not report "farmer" but the type of farmer, such as "Subsistence Crop Farmer ", "Subsistence Animal Farmer", "Commercial Crop Farmer", "Commercial Animal Farmer", "Commercial Fish Monger"
iii. Do not report Trader but the type of trader, such as "Retail Trader Of Food Items", "Wholesalers, Importers".
iv. One of the common occupations is a retailer who sells a wide variety of products such as foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, stationery items, soap, cigarettes, and other products. Report the occupation description for these as "Retail trader in General Merchandise"
How to fill in Questions 18 - 20
154. Questions P18, P19 and P20 are meant for all persons aged 5 years or above. Look back at the age you have entered for each person. For those aged 0 to 4 years write "N/A" for question P18, leave the rest of the columns blank and continue to the next person.
155. Ask the questions as they are set out on the questionnaire and talk to each member of the Household and code after understanding what he/she did during the last 7 days prior to the Census Night.
Question P18: Activity Status in the last 7 days
Ask, "What was (name's) main activity during the last 7 days"
156. This question should be asked to all Household members aged 5 years and above. Write the appropriate code using the code list. Make sure that you understand the activity status of the Household member as explained above before coding.
157. We are interested in someone having worked for a minimum of 1 hour per day on average.
158. For those members of the Household with more than one economic activity, seek the main economic activity in terms of time spent.
159. Many of these peasant farmers engage in more than one activity but in describing their work you should pick the main activity i.e. where he/she spent most of the time during the last 7 days.
160. If the person combines paid employment with unpaid work you should record the paid job rather than the unpaid job - for example, if the person is a bus driver who earns a salary, and worked as well in his garden to grow food, we are interested in the paid job. If the person is a Household worker but performed some economic activity (say sold fruit), such a person should be classified in category of selling fruits, codes 10 - 12.
161. A person may not have worked last week because he or she was temporarily absent from work. In such cases ask about the person's usual occupation. A primary teacher on holiday, but continues to receive a wage or salary, you should record his /her occupation, but if he/she does not continue to receive wage/or salary his /her occupation or she/ he intends not to go back, you should not record the occupation. Probe further to find out what he/ she is doing.
162. Note: Questions P19 and P20 are applicable to Household members with codes 10-12 only in Question P18, i.e. paid employees, self-employed and unpaid family workers. For other codes in Question P18 (codes 13-19), write 'N/A' in Question P18 and skip to Question P21.
Question P19: Industry. Ask, "What is the main economic activity in the place where (name) works?"