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DHS-IPUMS-I India regions, 1983-2009 [consistent boundaries, GIS]

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


DHS_IPUMSI_IN provides geographic codes for India that match those in the DHS and IPUMS-International databases. This variable can be used to link contextual area data from IPUMS-DHS to IPUMS-International or vice versa. The codes in DHS_IPUMSI_IN indicate the major administrative unit in which the household was enumerated or surveyed.

GIS shapefiles for India can be downloaded here.

Comparability — General

The units in DHS_IPUMSI_IN are harmonized across DHS and IPUMS-International samples to account for changing boundaries in the major administrative level of geography. The time span for DHS samples are 1992 to 2015 and corresponds to the census samples from 1983 to 2009 in IPUMS-International.

Sikkim and the Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir were excluded from the 1992 DHS sample. Also, some of the union territories were excluded from the DHS surveys until 2005:

  • Chandigarh
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  • Lakshadweep
  • Pondicherry
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Boundary changes:
  • Chattisgarh created from Madyha Pradesh
  • Jharkhand created from Bihar
  • Uttaranchal created from Uttar Pradesh


  • All households


  • India: 1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2009